History Of The Balkans

Author: Barbara Jelavich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521274593
Size: 63.64 MB
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History Of The Balkans from the Author: Barbara Jelavich. This volume concentrates on the Balkan wars and World War II, which both had their origins in the desire of nationalist circles to complete the territorial unification of their states. A substantial part of this book deals with the wartime experience, the establishment of the postwar regimes and their internal development to 1980 and the divergent paths followed by the five states (Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia) since 1945.

War In The Balkans An Encyclopedic History From The Fall Of The Ottoman Empire To The Breakup Of Yugoslavia

Author: Richard C. Hall
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610690311
Size: 18.30 MB
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War In The Balkans An Encyclopedic History From The Fall Of The Ottoman Empire To The Breakup Of Yugoslavia from the Author: Richard C. Hall. This authoritative reference follows the history of conflicts in the Balkan Peninsula from the 19th century through the present day. • Places the conflicts, battles, and wars in perspective through informative "Causes and Consequences" essays • Features introductions to primary source documents written by a top scholar • Offers topic finders and a detailed bibliography that will help students conduct research • Defines important military terms unfamiliar to most audiences

Free City In The Balkans

Author: Matthew Parish
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 085771273X
Size: 53.63 MB
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Free City In The Balkans from the Author: Matthew Parish. Following the brutal wars which raged in the former Yugoslavia in the early 1990s, Bosnia and Herzegovina was awkwardly partitioned into two governing entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. But there was one part of the country which could not be fitted into either category: the Br?ko District, a strategically critical land-bridge between the two parts of the Bosnian Serb territory. This region was the subject of a highly unusual experiment: placed under a regime of internationally supervised government, Br?ko became a 'free city', evoking the memory of Trieste or Danzig over fifty years ago. What has this experiment in state-building revealed about the history of this troubled corner of the Balkans - and its future? What lessons can be applied to conflict resolution in other parts of the world? And was the experiment successful or have the citizens of Br?ko suffered further at the hands of the international community?_x000D_ _x000D_ The city of Br?ko is largely unknown outside Bosnia. Yet for the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina it came to represent the worst brutalities and the worst destruction of the 1992-1995 war. When the Dayton Peace Accords, ending the war in Bosnia, were signed in December 1995, the town lay in ruins, the scene of some of the severest fighting in the entire conflict. Over the subsequent twelve years, this region became the subject of one of the most intensive exercises in modern state-building techniques ever undertaken by the international community. An international proconsul was appointed by the U.S. Government, called the "Supervisor", to govern the territory. Under this system of benign dictatorship, one of the most brutally war-scarred parts of the country was successfully reintegrated, society was reconstructed, and a modicum of wealth was returned to people who had suffered so greatly._x000D_ _x000D_ Now international community interest in the country has fallen away and the period of Bosnia being run as an international governorate is fast drawing to a close. This has created a power vacuum and the previously hugely successful Br?ko experiment now teeters on the brink of collapse. This crisis reflects a broader malaise in the rest of the country, as institutions of central government, also built up by the international community since the end of the war, likewise suffer rapid decay. Severe political instability seems likely to affect the county for the next few years at least, in significant part through mistakes made by the international officials who have run the country for the last decade. A Free City in the Balkans investigates the rise and fall of Br?ko and post-war Bosnia and asks what lessons can be learned for international peacekeeping missions elsewhere._x000D_

Cold War In The Balkans

Author: Michael M. Boll
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813162173
Size: 22.92 MB
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Cold War In The Balkans from the Author: Michael M. Boll. As World War II drew to a close, the United States and the Soviet Union began to maneuver for position in postwar Europe, in the first exploratory moves of what would soon become a worldwide contest for power and prestige. In Bulgaria, Michael Boll finds a unique vantage point for study of the processes of international politics during these years of the emergence of the Cold War. Bulgaria, he writes, was to assume a significance for both the United States and the Soviet Union greater than that small nation's intrinsic importance to either Great Power. Bulgaria had joined the Axis -- under pressure -- during the war, though it alone among the Axis satellites had refused to declare war on the Soviet Union. Willing in 1943 to lend support to an American plan devised to bring about Bulgaria's surrender and its participation in the war against Germany, the Soviet by the fall of 1944 was to invade Bulgaria and form an alliance with the Bulgarian Communists, who offered dependable support in the Red Army's continuing war effort. When military objectives were replaced by the Soviet's political drive for consolidation of its newly won empire, the Bulgarian Communists remained indispensable allies and continued the determined campaign that culminated in 1947 in declaration of the People's Republic of Bulgaria. Boll refutes the frequent charge of American "nonpolicy" toward Eastern Europe in this period, concluding that the "loss" of Bulgaria was the result not of the lack of determined policy, but of a realistic assessment of American capabilities and strategic priorities. Cold War in the Balkans, drawing on important new Eastern European sources and newly declassified British and American archives, relates international diplomatic history to local political developments in a way that gives new depth to the study of Cold War origins.

A History Of The Balkans 1804 1945

Author: Stevan K. Pavlowitch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317900162
Size: 51.44 MB
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A History Of The Balkans 1804 1945 from the Author: Stevan K. Pavlowitch. The Balkans have often been a flashpoint of conflict in European history. The recent civil war has torn the country apart and the region faces an uncertain future. This authoritative study provides an account of the history of the whole area from the first major nationalist rising against its Ottoman rulers in 1804 to the aftermath of World War II. Covering the former Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Bulgaria and Romania , it provides a Balkan-wide overview as well as histories of specific states and sets the context to the recent conflict.

The Secret War In The Balkans

Author: Richard H. Kraemer
Publisher: Author House
ISBN: 1452036241
Size: 16.90 MB
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The Secret War In The Balkans from the Author: Richard H. Kraemer. World War II was the most important event of the twentieth century. Sixty three nations took part, engaging more than 100 million soldiers, sailors, and airmen. All of the major campaigns of that war have been thoroughly covered in print and film with one exception, the secret war in the Balkans. While raids by bombers and fighter attacks were routinely reported by both military and civilian news media, the nocturnal activities of the 60th Troop Carrier Group supplying the Balkan guerrillas remained “Top Secret.” Beginning in March 1944, the 60th carried 7,000 tons of weapons and equipment to secret drop and landing zones in Axis-held territory in the Balkans. With this equipment, the guerrillas tied down half a million Axis troops prior to the D-Day landings in Normandy on June 6, 1944. What if the 60th Troop Carrier Group or the guerrillas had not done their job? Adolf Hitler would have been able to move eight or ten divisions to western France prior to D-Day. No on can say with certainty, but this writer’s judgment is that the landings may well have failed. At the very least, the war would have been much longer and much more destructive. The importance of the Balkan supply drops to Allied victory in Europe has never been adequately recognized. The Secret War in the Balkans provides this heretofore missing chapter in the story of World War II.

War And Warfare In Late Antiquity 2 Vol Set

Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004252584
Size: 21.47 MB
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War And Warfare In Late Antiquity 2 Vol Set from the Author: . This collection of papers, arising from the Late Antique Archaeology conference series, explores war and warfare in Late Antiquity. Papers examine strategy and intelligence, weaponry, literary sources and topography, the West Roman Empire, the East Roman Empire, the Balkans, civil war and Italy.

African Foreign Policy And Diplomacy From Antiquity To The 21st Century 2 Volumes

Author: Daniel Don Nanjira
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313379831
Size: 59.62 MB
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African Foreign Policy And Diplomacy From Antiquity To The 21st Century 2 Volumes from the Author: Daniel Don Nanjira. This book offers a continent-wide examination of Africa's foreign policy and diplomacy, addressing the relevance of its many languages, precolonial history, traditional value systems, and previous international relationships. • Presents an exhaustive assessment of all the African nations and their international relations from the perspective of African history and the continent's traditions of statecraft • Contains fascinating information regarding Africa's natural resource base, its status as the "Cradle of Humankind," descriptions of Africa as ''The Dark Continent," Africa's paradoxes, and the reasons for Africa's isolation, exploitation, impoverishment, and marginalization • Six charts provide handy reference to topics such as territories and regions adjacent to Africa in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, dates of independence, status, and leaders of African countries at independence and now, and years of political independence of Sub-Saharan African countries • Includes six useful maps, including a world map and physical, historical, colonial, regional and political maps of Africa

The Balkans

Author: Mark Biondich
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199299056
Size: 29.91 MB
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The Balkans from the Author: Mark Biondich. Examines the origins of political violence in the Balkans since the 19th century, while treating the region as an integral part of modern European history, reminding us that political violence and ethnic cleansing are hardly unique to this region.

The Balkans In World War Two

Author: C. Catherwood
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230285880
Size: 15.95 MB
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The Balkans In World War Two from the Author: C. Catherwood. Between 1939 and 1941 Britain had a terrible dilemma. She was keen to see Turkey, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania and Yugoslavia join the Allies against Nazi Germany. But the 1939 Molotov Ribbentrop Pact had changed everything: the Balkan countries were far more afraid of Stalin than of Hitler. Britain and France were also concerned about the Soviets giving so much oil to Germany: in 1940 Britain almost went to war with the USSR in an attack on the Caucasus. This book looks at how Britain tried to solve these dilemmas and ultimately failed to do so.