History Of The Balkans

Author: Barbara Jelavich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521274593
Size: 73.68 MB
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History Of The Balkans from the Author: Barbara Jelavich. This volume concentrates on the Balkan wars and World War II, which both had their origins in the desire of nationalist circles to complete the territorial unification of their states. A substantial part of this book deals with the wartime experience, the establishment of the postwar regimes and their internal development to 1980 and the divergent paths followed by the five states (Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia) since 1945.

The Fragmentation Of Yugoslavia

Author: A. Pavkovic
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230285848
Size: 12.98 MB
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The Fragmentation Of Yugoslavia from the Author: A. Pavkovic. War - World War I - created the state of Yugoslavia in 1918 and, in a series of wars, starting in 1991, Yugoslavia was replaced by several new and smaller states. The victors had always presented these wars as wars of national liberation: each war was fought for the sacred cause of national liberty. The book traces the origins of ideologies, appealing to the cause of national liberty, and outlines their use in the creation of new states and new political regimes in the Balkans.

The Balkans In World War Two

Author: C. Catherwood
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230285880
Size: 51.28 MB
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The Balkans In World War Two from the Author: C. Catherwood. Between 1939 and 1941 Britain had a terrible dilemma. She was keen to see Turkey, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania and Yugoslavia join the Allies against Nazi Germany. But the 1939 Molotov Ribbentrop Pact had changed everything: the Balkan countries were far more afraid of Stalin than of Hitler. Britain and France were also concerned about the Soviets giving so much oil to Germany: in 1940 Britain almost went to war with the USSR in an attack on the Caucasus. This book looks at how Britain tried to solve these dilemmas and ultimately failed to do so.

A History Of The Balkans 1804 1945

Author: Stevan K. Pavlowitch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317900162
Size: 44.82 MB
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A History Of The Balkans 1804 1945 from the Author: Stevan K. Pavlowitch. The Balkans have often been a flashpoint of conflict in European history. The recent civil war has torn the country apart and the region faces an uncertain future. This authoritative study provides an account of the history of the whole area from the first major nationalist rising against its Ottoman rulers in 1804 to the aftermath of World War II. Covering the former Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Bulgaria and Romania , it provides a Balkan-wide overview as well as histories of specific states and sets the context to the recent conflict.

Terror In The Balkans

Author: Ben Shepherd
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674065131
Size: 39.61 MB
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Terror In The Balkans from the Author: Ben Shepherd. Main description: Germany's 1941 seizure of Yugoslavia led to an insurgency as bloody as any in World War II. The Wehrmacht waged a brutal counter-insurgency campaign in response, and by 1943 German troops in Yugoslavia were engaged in operations that ranked among the largest of the entire European war. Their actions encompassed massive reprisal shootings, the destruction of entire villages, and huge mobile operations unleashed not just against insurgents but also against the civilian population believed to be aiding them. Terror in the Balkans explores the reasons behind the Wehrmacht's extreme security measures in southern and eastern Europe.Ben Shepherd focuses his study not on the high-ranking generals who oversaw the campaign but on lower-level units and their officers, a disproportionate number of whom were of Austrian origin. He uses Austro-Hungarian army records to consider how the personal experiences of many Austrian officers during the Great War played a role in brutalizing their behavior in Yugoslavia. A comparison of Wehrmacht counter-insurgency divisions allows Shepherd to analyze how a range of midlevel commanders and their units conducted themselves in different parts of Yugoslavia, and why. Shepherd concludes that the Wehrmacht campaign's violence was driven not just by National Socialist ideology but also by experience of the fratricidal infighting of Yugoslavia's ethnic groups, by conditions on the ground, and by doctrines that had shaped the military mindsets of both Germany and Austria since the late nineteenth century. He also considers why different Wehrmacht units exhibited different degrees of ruthlessness and restraint during the campaign.

War In The Balkans An Encyclopedic History From The Fall Of The Ottoman Empire To The Breakup Of Yugoslavia

Author: Richard C. Hall
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610690311
Size: 29.53 MB
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War In The Balkans An Encyclopedic History From The Fall Of The Ottoman Empire To The Breakup Of Yugoslavia from the Author: Richard C. Hall. This authoritative reference follows the history of conflicts in the Balkan Peninsula from the 19th century through the present day. • Places the conflicts, battles, and wars in perspective through informative "Causes and Consequences" essays • Features introductions to primary source documents written by a top scholar • Offers topic finders and a detailed bibliography that will help students conduct research • Defines important military terms unfamiliar to most audiences

Balkan Genocides

Author: Paul Mojzes
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442206632
Size: 31.48 MB
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Balkan Genocides from the Author: Paul Mojzes. Details the history of the three major waves of genocide and ethnic cleansing in the Balkan peninsula and Yugoslavia during the twentieth century.

Cold War In The Balkans

Author: Michael M. Boll
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813162173
Size: 36.68 MB
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Cold War In The Balkans from the Author: Michael M. Boll. As World War II drew to a close, the United States and the Soviet Union began to maneuver for position in postwar Europe, in the first exploratory moves of what would soon become a worldwide contest for power and prestige. In Bulgaria, Michael Boll finds a unique vantage point for study of the processes of international politics during these years of the emergence of the Cold War. Bulgaria, he writes, was to assume a significance for both the United States and the Soviet Union greater than that small nation's intrinsic importance to either Great Power. Bulgaria had joined the Axis -- under pressure -- during the war, though it alone among the Axis satellites had refused to declare war on the Soviet Union. Willing in 1943 to lend support to an American plan devised to bring about Bulgaria's surrender and its participation in the war against Germany, the Soviet by the fall of 1944 was to invade Bulgaria and form an alliance with the Bulgarian Communists, who offered dependable support in the Red Army's continuing war effort. When military objectives were replaced by the Soviet's political drive for consolidation of its newly won empire, the Bulgarian Communists remained indispensable allies and continued the determined campaign that culminated in 1947 in declaration of the People's Republic of Bulgaria. Boll refutes the frequent charge of American "nonpolicy" toward Eastern Europe in this period, concluding that the "loss" of Bulgaria was the result not of the lack of determined policy, but of a realistic assessment of American capabilities and strategic priorities. Cold War in the Balkans, drawing on important new Eastern European sources and newly declassified British and American archives, relates international diplomatic history to local political developments in a way that gives new depth to the study of Cold War origins.

Free City In The Balkans

Author: Matthew Parish
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 085771273X
Size: 20.93 MB
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Free City In The Balkans from the Author: Matthew Parish. Following the brutal wars which raged in the former Yugoslavia in the early 1990s, Bosnia and Herzegovina was awkwardly partitioned into two governing entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. But there was one part of the country which could not be fitted into either category: the Br?ko District, a strategically critical land-bridge between the two parts of the Bosnian Serb territory. This region was the subject of a highly unusual experiment: placed under a regime of internationally supervised government, Br?ko became a 'free city', evoking the memory of Trieste or Danzig over fifty years ago. What has this experiment in state-building revealed about the history of this troubled corner of the Balkans - and its future? What lessons can be applied to conflict resolution in other parts of the world? And was the experiment successful or have the citizens of Br?ko suffered further at the hands of the international community?_x000D_ _x000D_ The city of Br?ko is largely unknown outside Bosnia. Yet for the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina it came to represent the worst brutalities and the worst destruction of the 1992-1995 war. When the Dayton Peace Accords, ending the war in Bosnia, were signed in December 1995, the town lay in ruins, the scene of some of the severest fighting in the entire conflict. Over the subsequent twelve years, this region became the subject of one of the most intensive exercises in modern state-building techniques ever undertaken by the international community. An international proconsul was appointed by the U.S. Government, called the "Supervisor", to govern the territory. Under this system of benign dictatorship, one of the most brutally war-scarred parts of the country was successfully reintegrated, society was reconstructed, and a modicum of wealth was returned to people who had suffered so greatly._x000D_ _x000D_ Now international community interest in the country has fallen away and the period of Bosnia being run as an international governorate is fast drawing to a close. This has created a power vacuum and the previously hugely successful Br?ko experiment now teeters on the brink of collapse. This crisis reflects a broader malaise in the rest of the country, as institutions of central government, also built up by the international community since the end of the war, likewise suffer rapid decay. Severe political instability seems likely to affect the county for the next few years at least, in significant part through mistakes made by the international officials who have run the country for the last decade. A Free City in the Balkans investigates the rise and fall of Br?ko and post-war Bosnia and asks what lessons can be learned for international peacekeeping missions elsewhere._x000D_