Value Theory In Philosophy And Social Science Rle Social Theory

Author: James B. Wilbur
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317650484
Size: 37.57 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 7267
Download Read Online

Value Theory In Philosophy And Social Science Rle Social Theory from the Author: James B. Wilbur. The annual Conferences on Value Inquiry bring together philosophers, scientists and humanists to discuss the many facets of the problem of value in the experience of the individual and in contemporary society. One of the criteria in choosing papers for the Conference is the ability to stimulate discussion and clarification. The papers in the present volumes show deep concern with the problems and responsibilities in making choices of value.

Rationality And The Social Sciences Rle Social Theory

Author: S.I. Benn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131765126X
Size: 45.18 MB
Format: PDF
View: 7569
Download Read Online

Rationality And The Social Sciences Rle Social Theory from the Author: S.I. Benn. The concepts of rationality that are used by social scientists in the formation of hypotheses, models and explanations are explored in this collection of original papers by a number of distinguished philosophers and social scientists. The aim of the book is to display the variety of the concepts used, to show the different roles they play in theories of very different kinds over a wide range of disciplines, including economics, sociology, psychology, political science and anthropology, and to assess the explanatory and predictive power that a theory can draw from such concepts.

Concepts And Society Rle Social Theory

Author: Ian C. Jarvie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317652010
Size: 38.22 MB
Format: PDF
View: 5033
Download Read Online

Concepts And Society Rle Social Theory from the Author: Ian C. Jarvie. The main concern of Dr Jarvie’s book is the relation of belief to action. He argues that people act in society because of beliefs, because of ‘the way they see things’. There is the world of physical and social conditioning – where fixed roles, tropisms, adaptations seem to operate; there is the world of mind – where action, alternatively, seems to originate; but then there is Karl Popper’s ‘third world’ – where dwell the objects of thought (ideals, theories, beliefs, values) which ‘directly affect how people act, and thus affect the way the world is’. Reform, change, improvement, modification, all proceed from the competitive interaction between our private beliefs about the world, and their ‘third world’ brothers. Jarvie contends that the struggle of privately held beliefs to realize themselves in the world through the actions of their believers is a fundamental force behind social change.

The Scope Of Understanding In Sociology Rle Social Theory

Author: Werner Pelz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317648439
Size: 50.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 338
Download Read Online

The Scope Of Understanding In Sociology Rle Social Theory from the Author: Werner Pelz. In their efforts to emulate the methodology which had proved so successful in the natural sciences, the social sciences – including sociology – have not yet faced the question as to what constitutes understanding in their area with sufficient seriousness. This book asks again: what does understanding denote in an area where man tries to understand man, where self-understanding is involved, where new understanding immediately becomes part of that which is to be understood? What can we know and what is the use and limitation of knowledge in sociology? When are we conscious that we know and understand? Werner Pelz argues for a thorough reorientation in our approach to sociological thinking, and suggests that scientistic preconceptions have often precluded possibly fruitful approaches to humane understanding. He investigates the relations between various kinds of knowing, and examines the new possibilities of understanding made available, for example, by psychoanalytical and phenomenological insights, as well as by those of poets, artists, mystics. He shows that in the social and humanistic sciences, creative or constitutive contributions illuminate rather than demonstrate, and that, for this reason, sociology has not yet found an appropriate method for conveying them without serious distortions.

Sociological Theory In Use Rle Social Theory

Author: Kenneth Menzies
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317657195
Size: 78.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2405
Download Read Online

Sociological Theory In Use Rle Social Theory from the Author: Kenneth Menzies. Central to most sociologists’ self-image is the claim that their theories are based on research. However, using a random sample of 680 articles appearing in major American, British and Canadian journals, Dr Menzies shows that in some areas of sociology the wide gap between theory and research means that much of sociological theory is virtually untested. He explains how theory is embodied in eight particular types of research, critically examines these research theories, and contrasts them with the positions of modern theorists. The sample of journal articles also permits a comparison of British, American and Canadian sociology. By contrasting on how researchers us theories, Dr Menzies is able to reassess several theories. For instance, symbolic interactionist research uses embedded causal claims and stands in a dialectical relationship to other sociological research, while the research version of conflict theory depends on external causes to explain social change. The implications of using statistical techniques like factor analysis and regression are also considered in relation to the form of explanation.

Knowledge And Social Structure Rle Social Theory

Author: Peter Hamilton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317634993
Size: 32.18 MB
Format: PDF
View: 3807
Download Read Online

Knowledge And Social Structure Rle Social Theory from the Author: Peter Hamilton. The primary concern of this study is to present, elucidate and analyse the developments which have characterized the sociology of knowledge, and which have set for it the outlines of its major problematics. Peter Hamilton examines the most distinctive approaches to the determinate relationship between knowledge and social structure. He considers the three main ‘pre-paradigms’ of the sociology of knowledge based on the work of Marx, Durkheim and Weber, and looks at the contribution of Scheler, Mannheim and phenomenological studies to this complex field. He explores the intellectual context, particularly that of Enlightenment philosophy, in which the problems involved in producing a sociology of knowledge first came to light. In conclusion, the author suggests an inclusive perspective for approaching the difficulties posed in any attempt to describe and explain relations between knowledge and social structure.

Philosophical Foundations Of The Three Sociologies Rle Social Theory

Author: Ted Benton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317651421
Size: 11.30 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 1888
Download Read Online

Philosophical Foundations Of The Three Sociologies Rle Social Theory from the Author: Ted Benton. An extended historical and philosophical argument, this book will be a valuable text for all students of the philosophy of the social sciences. It discusses the serious alternatives to positivist and empiricist accounts of the physical sciences, and poses the debate between naturalism and anti-naturalism in the social sciences in new terms. Recent materialist and realist philosophies of science make possible a defence of naturalism which does not make concessions to positivism and which recognizes the force of several of the anti-positivist arguments from the main anti-naturalist (neo-Kantian) tradition. The author presents a critical evaluation of empiricist and positivist theories of knowledge, and investigates some classic attempts at using them to provide the philosophical foundation for a scientific sociology. He takes the Kantian critique of empiricism as the starting point for the main anti-positivist and anti-naturalist philosophical approaches to the social studies. He goes on to investigate the inadequacy of post-Kantian arguments from Rickert, Weber, Winch and others, both against non-positivist forms of naturalism and as the possible source of a distinctive philosophical foundation for the social studies. The book concludes with a critical investigation of the Marxian tradition and an attempt to establish the possibility of a materialist and realist defence of the project of a natural science of history, which escapes the fundamental flaws of both positivist and neo-Kantian attempts at philosophical foundation.

Studies In Social And Political Theory Rle Social Theory

Author: Anthony Giddens
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317650646
Size: 78.14 MB
Format: PDF
View: 1074
Download Read Online

Studies In Social And Political Theory Rle Social Theory from the Author: Anthony Giddens. The studies which comprise this book are essentially organized around a critical encounter with European social theory in its 'classical period' – i.e. from the middle years of the nineteenth century until the First World War – and have the aim of working out some of the implications of that encounter for the position and prospects of the social sciences today. The issues involved relate to the following series of problems: method and epistemology; social development and transformation; the origins of 'sociology' in nineteenth-century social theory; and the status of social science as critique. In each of these areas, Giddens develops views that challenge existing orthodoxies, and connects these ideas to a reconstruction of social theory in the contemporary era.

Key Thinkers Past And Present Rle Social Theory

Author: Jessica Kuper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317651669
Size: 42.52 MB
Format: PDF
View: 3661
Download Read Online

Key Thinkers Past And Present Rle Social Theory from the Author: Jessica Kuper. This volume provides a fascinating perspective on the social sciences through its examination of the leading proponents, their ideas and careers. It includes useful suggestions for further reading. All the great names in the history of the subject are here – Freud, Marx, Weber, Adam Smith and so on – along with many less prominent but nevertheless important thinkers.

Science And The Sociology Of Knowledge Rle Social Theory

Author: Michael Mulkay
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317651170
Size: 24.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 5853
Download Read Online

Science And The Sociology Of Knowledge Rle Social Theory from the Author: Michael Mulkay. How far is scientific knowledge a product of social life? In addressing this question, the major contributors to the sociology of knowledge have agreed that the conclusions of science are dependent on social action only in a very special and limited sense. In Science and the Sociology of Knowledge Michael Mulkay's first aim is to identify the philosophical assumptions which have led to this view of science as special; and to present a systematic critique of the standard philosophical account of science, showing that there are no valid epistemological grounds for excluding scientific knowledge from the scope of sociological analysis. The rest of the book is devoted to developing a preliminary interpretation of the social creation of scientific knowledge. The processes of knowledge-creation are delineated through a close examination of recent case studies of scientific developments. Dr Mulkay argues that knowledge is produced by means of negotiation, the outcome of which depends on the participants' use of social as well as technical resources. The analysis also shows how cultural resources are taken over from the broader social milieu and incorporated into the body of certified knowledge; and how, in the political context of society at large, scientists' technical as well as social claims are conditioned and affected by their social position.