The Unilateral Presidency And The News Media

Author: Mark Major
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137387890
Size: 36.81 MB
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The Unilateral Presidency And The News Media from the Author: Mark Major. Media coverage of presidential actions can not only serve journalistic purposes, but can also act as a check against unilateral decision making. The book seeks to uncover how the news media has worked to curtail overreaching power within the executive branch, demonstrating how the fourth estate keeps presidential overreach at bay.

Hiding In Plain Sight

Author: Mark Major
Size: 17.96 MB
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Hiding In Plain Sight from the Author: Mark Major. This dissertation explores the dynamic process of traditional print and online news media framing of direct presidential actions. Since President George Washington's Proclamation of Neutrality, the proper scope and exercise of executive unilateral powers are an ongoing debate. With a mere "stroke of the pen, " presidents can change the political status quo. However, the legality of unilateral powers remains murky, at best, as the US Constitution is silent about these actions. This research investigates the role of news institutions in bringing attention to these unwritten powers of the presidency, examining the amount of coverage, type of frames that are used, who influences the frames, and whether these frames serve as a substantive check on the unilateral powers of the American presidency. Employing content and textual analyses of more than 1,000 news items and nearly 7,000 quoted sources from the New York Times, Washington Post, and USA Today as well as top online blogs like Huffington Post, Daily Kos, Talking Points Memo, Townhall, Hot Air, and Michelle Malkin, across twelve presidential administrations, it is argued that the framing of direct presidential action is largely favorable to executive power. This is due to presidential sources being treated as more authoritative than congressional sources and other political actors in the news and a passive political system that is indifferent to presidential unilateral actions. Thus, the news provides cover to the president by normalizing the use of these unwritten powers. However, when the political system pushes back against unitary executive actions, the media responds in kind.

Selling War Selling Hope

Author: Anthony R. DiMaggio
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438457952
Size: 38.78 MB
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Selling War Selling Hope from the Author: Anthony R. DiMaggio . Details how presidents utilize mass media to justify foreign policy objectives in the aftermath of 9/11. Modern presidents have considerable power in selling U.S. foreign policy objectives to the public. In Selling War, Selling Hope, Anthony R. DiMaggio documents how presidents often make use of the media to create a positive informational environment that, at least in the short term, successfully builds public support for policy proposals. Using timely case studies with a focus on the Arab Spring and the U.S. “War on Terror” in the Middle East and surrounding regions, DiMaggio explains how official spin is employed to construct narratives that are sympathetic to U.S. officialdom. The mass media, rather than exhibiting independence when it comes to reporting foreign policy issues, is regularly utilized as a political tool for selling official proposals. The marginalization of alternative, critical viewpoints poses a significant obstacle to informed public deliberations on foreign policy issues. In the long run, however, the packaging of official narrative and its delivery by the media begins to unravel as citizens are able to make use of alternative sources of information and assert their independence from official viewpoints. “Selling War, Selling Hope is an innovative project that pushes the fields of political science, political communication, public opinion, and presidential rhetoric into new and exciting directions. This book is essential reading.” — Mark Major, author of The Unilateral Presidency and the News Media: The Politics of Framing Executive Power “This eye-opening exposition offers a radical new conclusion to the debate over why Americans oppose wars: Americans oppose particular wars for moral reasons. By capturing the wide range of presidential rhetoric from fear to hope, DiMaggio documents the depths plumbed by political and other elites to manipulate the American public to support the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. In order to counteract American citizens’ moral opposition to war, political elites manipulate citizens’ fears into support for war by giving them hope, but the policies they choose, more often than not, lead to more war and reason for fear which creates a vicious cycle: fear—hope—war. The challenge we face is to break through the noise and the manipulation of political, economic, and military elites. DiMaggio offers us a way to see clearly.” — Amentahru Wahlrab, University of Texas at Tyler

Guide To The Presidency And The Executive Branch

Author: Michael Nelson
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 1452234280
Size: 59.41 MB
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Guide To The Presidency And The Executive Branch from the Author: Michael Nelson. This comprehensive two-volume guide is the definitive source for researchers seeking an understanding of those who have occupied the White House and on the institution of the U.S. presidency. Readers turn Guide to the Presidency and the Executive Branch for its wealth of facts and analytical chapters that explain the structure, powers, and operations of the office and the president’s relationship with Congress and the Supreme Court. The fifth edition of this acclaimed reference completes coverage of the George W. Bush presidency, the 2008 election, and the first 3 years of the presidency of Barack Obama. This includes coverage of their handling of the economic crisis, wars abroad, and Obama’s healthcare initiatives. The work is divided into eight distinct subject areas covering every aspect of the U.S. presidency, and all chapters in each subject area have been revised and updated: Origins and Development of the Presidency, including constitutional beginnings, history of the presidency and vice presidency, and presidential ratings Selection and Removal of the President, including the electoral process, a chronology of presidential elections, removal of the president and vice president, and succession Powers of the Presidency, including the unilateral powers of the presidency and those as chief of state, chief administrator, legislative leader, commander in chief, and chief economist The President, the Public, and the Parties, including presidential appearances, the president and political parties, the president and the news media, the presidency and pop culture, public support and opinion, and the president and interest groups The Presidency and the Executive Branch, including the White House Office, the Office of the Vice President, supporting organizations, the cabinet and executive departments, presidential commissions, and executive branch housing, pay, and perquisites Chief Executive and Federal Government, including the president and Congress, the president and the Supreme Court, and the president and the bureaucracy Presidents, their Families, and Life in the White House and Beyond, including the daily life of the president, the first lady, the first family, friends of presidents, and life after the presidency Biographies of the Presidents, Vice Presidents, First Ladies This new volume also features more than 200 textboxes, tables, and figures. Major revisions cover the supporting White House organizations and the president’s role as chief economist. Additional reference materials include explanatory headnotes, as well as hundreds of photographs with detailed captions.

Debating The Presidency

Author: Richard J. Ellis
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 1483307743
Size: 40.75 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Debating The Presidency from the Author: Richard J. Ellis. The study of the presidency—the power of the office, the evolution of the institution, the men who have served—has generated a rich body of research and scholarship. What better way to get students to grapple with this literature than through conflicting perspectives on some of the most pivotal issues facing the modern presidency? Once again Ellis and Nelson have assembled a cadre of top scholars to offer pro/con essays that will inspire spirited debate beyond the pages of the book in the Third edition of Debating the Presidency. Based on reviewers’ suggestions the authors have added new debate topics that include the presidential power to persuade, an up/down vote by Congress on legislation proposed by the president, presidential czars, the unitary executive, and the president’s war powers. Ellis and Nelson introduce each pair of essays, providing context and preparing students to read each argument critically, so they can decide for themselves which side of the debate they find most persuasive.

The Oxford Handbook Of The American Presidency

Author: George C. Edwards III
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019960441X
Size: 68.75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Oxford Handbook Of The American Presidency from the Author: George C. Edwards III. With engaging, new contributions from major figures in the field, 'The Oxford Handbook of the American Presidency' provides the key point of reference for anyone working in American politics today.

Reclaiming Accountability

Author: Heidi Kitrosser
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022619163X
Size: 17.23 MB
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Reclaiming Accountability from the Author: Heidi Kitrosser. Americans have long treated government accountability as a birthright. However, accountability is frequently tossed about in a rhetorically effective but substantively empty way. We often feel that those in government “work for us” and therefore must “answer to us,” but fail to grapple with the conditions under which we can really assess how accountable our government is. This is especially true with respect to matters of secrecy and transparency in government as, while we routinely voice support for transparency and accountability, we too often tolerate secrecy when associated with “national security.” The government plainly needs to keep some information secret, and there are ways to reconcile secrecy with accountability. InReclaiming Accountability, unchecked secrecy is the primary concern as insufficient checking breeds unnecessary, even counterproductive, secrecy and is also deeply antithetical to accountability. Heidi Kitrosser shows how, for all of its influence, “presidentialism” badly misreads the Constitution. The book first explains presidentialism and its major component parts – “supremacy” and “unitary executive theory.” It then details how supremacy and unitary executive theory manifest themselves as arguments for a broad presidential power to control information. The descriptive elements lay the groundwork for Kitrosser's two normative arguments. The first is that the Constitution situates the presidency within a substantive accountability framework that entails substantial congressional and judicial leeway to impose and enforce external and internal checks on presidential power to foster transparency and accountability. And, closely related, the second argument is that supremacy and unitary executive theory misread the Constitution.

Eisenhower And The Mass Media

Author: Craig Allen
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807860077
Size: 24.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Eisenhower And The Mass Media from the Author: Craig Allen. A UNC Press Enduring Edition -- UNC Press Enduring Editions use the latest in digital technology to make available again books from our distinguished backlist that were previously out of print. These editions are published unaltered from the original, and are presented in affordable paperback formats, bringing readers both historical and cultural value.

The Enigma Of Presidential Power

Author: Fang-Yi Chiou
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107191505
Size: 17.15 MB
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The Enigma Of Presidential Power from the Author: Fang-Yi Chiou. Presidents are more constrained in exercising unilateral actions than before. This book asks: when does unilateral action correspond to presidential power?

The President S Legislative Policy Agenda 1789 2002

Author: Jeffrey E. Cohen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107012708
Size: 46.78 MB
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The President S Legislative Policy Agenda 1789 2002 from the Author: Jeffrey E. Cohen. Jeffrey E. Cohen looks at U.S. presidents' legislative proposals to Congress from 1789 to 2002, analyzing why presidents submit one proposal rather than another and what Congress does with the proposals. He investigates trends in presidential requests to Congress, the substantive policies of the proposals, and the presidential decision process in building legislative agendas.