Two Republics In China

Author: X. L. Woo
Publisher: Algora Publishing
ISBN: 1628940964
Size: 20.19 MB
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Two Republics In China from the Author: X. L. Woo. Mr. Woo continues his history of China from 1911, when the Qing dynasty was overthrown after the death of Empress Dowager Cixi, to modern times: a tumultuous century that saw chaos and warlords, invasions, regime change, confiscation of property, and later a return to a mixed economy allowing some capitalist features. In fact, China now has over 100 billionaires - but many families lost everything along the way. To understand the context of today's international face-off in the South China Sea, readers will appreciate Woo's quick briefing on the extremely bloody Japanese invasion and subsequent repression (1937 to 1941) that left a deep imprint on China's worldview. Since the last decades of the Empire, the Chinese people suffered one seismic event after another as competing political factions fought from one end of the country to the other. Chiang Kai-shek brought a semblance of order by founding the Republic of China in 1928; but the Communist Party was growing, and then came Japan. After World War II, the Communists drove Chiang Kai-shek and his Nationalist Party out in 1949, and they retreated to Taiwan, taking with them the designation 'Republic of China'. Then the author describes the social and economic devastation that attended the establishment of the People's Republic of China, the repression of capitalists - business owners and property owners in particular - and the destruction of the educated classes. Today, China is moving toward the top position among world powers, a position it enjoyed for centuries prior to Britain's Industrial Revolution. But this has been one long march, indeed.

Birth Of Two Nations The Republic Of China And The People S Republic Of China

Author: Eric Kwok-wing Leung, Ph.D.
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1493114085
Size: 42.49 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Birth Of Two Nations The Republic Of China And The People S Republic Of China from the Author: Eric Kwok-wing Leung, Ph.D.. Birth of two Nations: the Republic of China and the People’s Republic of China is a historical account how the Republic of China is formally established in 1911 after a bloody struggle that destroyed the Qing Dynasty and once and for all broke the thousands years traditional dynasty cycle. The ensuing events that led to the People’s Republic of China as it is formally established in 1949. However, the book is more than chronological accounts. For history cannot come in a social vacuum. Factors including historical, cultural, political, and socio-economical that impact and shape the development must be taken into account to enable the readers to have a better understanding of the development. This book, therefore, explores and interprets sociologically, economically, politically, and historically from the embryonic stage to the full birth of the two nations in account of these factors and the ensuing years. The external forces and pressures, particularly from that of the Japanese aggressors, let to internal discord between the Guomindang (Nationalist Party) and the Kungchandang (Communist Party) and the civil war with great suffering by the people. The book attempts to detail the inter-relatedness of these factors with documentations and my personal and my family experience in the developmental years. My mother in particular shared with me, when I was old enough, perhaps five or old, how we survived the hardship and suffering during those years of bitter of conflict between the warlords of the Guangdong Province and Guangxi Province. Our village in the Guangning County, Guangdong Provincce situated in the border of the two provinces we took the beating first from the Guangxi warlord. I grew up during the eight years war of resistance against the Japanese aggression. Some historians considered the war to be a fourteen years war. It probably depends on which event was considered the starting point since there were so many pretexts and aggressions launched by the Japanese against China. We almost died of starvation, surviving only on sweet potatoes, weeds, and locust. My elder brothers were very bitter for they lost their chance to get an education and destined laborers for life. Personal as it may be, however, it is by no means unique. Chinese people of my cohort, 70 plus, who were in China during those years would be able to collaborate and even share familiar experience of mine and of my family. The book does not attempt to be a scientific account of the development. I tried to be as objective as I can for I am open to scrutinize by my cohort and historians. Data of the book come primarily from personal observation in the normal course of daily life and interviews, oral history from older Chinese who experienced and witnessed the development constituted a significant part of the study. Reviews and critical analysis of available data in English and Chinese related to the development. It is a crystallization of available data, particularly the oral history that should be preserved for posterity. Other sources I gratefully acknowledged. I regret and apologize for any inadvertent omission. I am specially grateful to my next door neighbor who is close to 90 years old came to the United States as a “paper son” worked in his “father’s” restaurant for a number of years. He later joined the U.S. Air Force and became a Staff Sergeant served in WWII and stationed in Kunming, China. Because his ability to speak Chinese and English, he played a significant role between the two governments – China and the United States. He often commuted, in U.S. Air Force transportation between Kunming and Chongqing, the Chinese wartime capital. He recalled his experience of those years and provided me with his valuable insight of the two worlds. I am grateful to my long-time friend, Mr. Louis Lau, for his moral and sponsorship in making this research and endeavor possible. His encouragement provided me with the strength and a willingness to make sacrif

Two Societies In Opposition

Author: Ramon Hawley Myers
Publisher: Hoover Press
ISBN: 9780817990930
Size: 78.70 MB
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Two Societies In Opposition from the Author: Ramon Hawley Myers.

Unequal Treaties And China 2 Volume Set

Author: Wang Jianlang
Publisher: Enrich Professional Publishing Limited
ISBN: 1623201195
Size: 20.19 MB
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Unequal Treaties And China 2 Volume Set from the Author: Wang Jianlang. Understanding a country’s history is a vital way of understanding its people. In Unequal Treaties and China, author Wang Jianlang looks at how history has affected the nation and how those unequal treaties from foreign powers have shaped China’s policies even up until the modern day. From the first Opium War (1839-1842) and until the birth of New China in 1949, China was forced to sign multiple unequal treaties by foreign imperialist and invading powers. In these treaties, China conceded many of its sovereign rights in terms of territory and commerce. Ever since the time of the first unequal treaty (the Treaty of Nanjing), the people of China have struggled to invalidate these unequal treaties. Unequal Treaties and China provides a comprehensive overview of China’s history of fighting against these unequal treaties.

Entrepreneurs And Enterprises In Macau

Author: V.F.S. Sit
Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
ISBN: 9622092063
Size: 46.28 MB
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Entrepreneurs And Enterprises In Macau from the Author: V.F.S. Sit. This book provides an investigation of Macau’s industrial fabric as well as its framework of economy. Particular attention has been given to the form and function of the small and medium industries in Macau’s economy. Topics coyered include the post Second World War industrialization process; characteristics of the entrepreneurs – their social origins, educational background, career patterns, management style, and self assessment; general business characteristics of the enterprises – their histories of establishment, size, financial and management control, technology employed, products, and marketing; subcontracting relationships between small and medium firms and larger firms; out-processing relationships with Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta; industrial policies of the Macau Government; and finally a summary of the main findings and suggestions of policies concerning the future development of the manufacturing industries.

Handbook Of Christianity In China

Author: Nicolas Standaert
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004114300
Size: 72.75 MB
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Handbook Of Christianity In China from the Author: Nicolas Standaert. The second volume on Christianity in China covers the period from 1800 to the present day, dealing with the complexities of both Catholic and Protestant aspects.

People S Republic Of China

Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475591667
Size: 27.21 MB
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People S Republic Of China from the Author: International Monetary Fund. This paper presents a detailed assessment report on the observance of China’s compliance with the International Association of Insurance Supervisor's insurance core principles. The China Insurance Regulatory Commission employs a rules-based framework and has achieved a high level of regulatory compliance from supervised companies. The market demand for skilled resources continues to increase and must be satisfied if the projected rate of development is to be sustained; compromises on the suitability of personnel should be avoided at all costs.