Tradition Und Innovation In Der Offiziellen Sprache Des Mittleres Reiches

Author: Roberto A. Diaz Hernandez
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz
ISBN: 9783447069588
Size: 78.77 MB
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Tradition Und Innovation In Der Offiziellen Sprache Des Mittleres Reiches from the Author: Roberto A. Diaz Hernandez. English summary: The official language of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt (11th- 12th dynasty) was the classical language of Egyptian antiquity. It was used in public, and especially in religious texts, until well into the Roman period. In this study, Roberto A. Diaz Hernandez compares historic-biographical documents with literary texts from the First Intermediate Period to the Twelfth Dynasty. Hernandez illustrates the differences and similarities between the two variants of the language by means of 143 examples taken from both types of hieroglyphic text along with transcriptions and a German translation. German description: Die offizielle Sprache des Mittleren Reichs (11.-12. Dynastie) war die klassische Sprache der agyptischen Antike und wurde bis in die romische Zeit hinein fur offentliche und vor allem religiose Texte verwendet. Roberto A. Diaz Hernandez vergleicht in seiner Studie historisch-biographische mit literarischen Texten aus der 1. Zwischenzeit bis zur 12. Dynastie. Die Unterschiede und Gemeinsamkeiten der beiden Sprachvarianten werden anhand von 143 Beispielen aus beiden Textgruppen in hieroglyphischer Schrift, Transkription und deutscher Ubersetzung dargestellt. Aus dem Vergleich ergibt sich, dass sowohl die historisch-biographischen als auch die literarischen Texte des Mittleren Reichs in derselben Mischsprache geschrieben sind, die sich aus typischen Konstruktionen der offiziellen Sprache des Alten Reichs und aus Elementen altagyptischer Dialekte, insbesondere aus Bestandteilen des thebanischen Dialekts, zusammensetzt. Trotzdem lassen sich in den Textgruppen zwei unterschiedliche "Reden" beobachten: Zum einen eine traditionelle Rede in den historisch-biographischen Texten, die durch den vorwiegenden Gebrauch von altertumlichen Sprachformen gekennzeichnet ist, zum anderen eine kunstlerische Rede in den literarischen Texten, die sich durch eine Abneigung gegen die Sprachkonventionen des Alten Reichs und eine Vorliebe fur neue Sprachformen charakterisiert.

Coping With Obscurity

Author: James P. Allen
Publisher: ISD LLC
ISBN: 1937040437
Size: 11.77 MB
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Coping With Obscurity from the Author: James P. Allen. Coping with Obscurity publishes the papers discussed at the Brown University Workshop on Earlier Egyptian grammar in March, 2013. The workshop united ten scholars of differing viewpoints dealing with the central question of how to judge and interpret the grammatical value of the written evidence preserved in texts of the Old and Middle Kingdoms (ca. 2350-1650 BC). The nine papers in the volume present orthographic, lexical, morphological, and syntactic approaches to the data and represent a significant step toward a new, pluralistic understanding of Earlier Egyptian grammar.

The Private Feast Lists Of Ancient Egypt

Author: Anthony John Spalinger
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447038737
Size: 68.31 MB
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The Private Feast Lists Of Ancient Egypt from the Author: Anthony John Spalinger. This volume covers the numerous small lists of feasts that occur mainly on stelae and in tombs. A chronological study is presented wherein the major phases of Pharaonic Egypt (Old Kingdom to the Ptolemaic Period) are covered. Questions of dating these inscriptions as well as reasons concerning alterations in the lists form a major part of the discussion. In particular, differences in arrangement of these private celebrations both within a specific time period as well as between eras provide causes for the alterations of religious patterns of a non-royal sort. Calendrical ideas are likewise surveyed although for the most part the aim of this study remains focused upon the religious events themselves.Material of an ancillary nature (including some data from royal inscriptions) will be found only when they provide light upon the private religious practices.

Graeco Coptica

Author: Andrea Hasznos
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz
ISBN: 9783447067522
Size: 67.55 MB
Format: PDF
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Graeco Coptica from the Author: Andrea Hasznos. Coptic scholarship is still quite far from having an agreement on how and where the Egyptian language was affected by Greek. It is indeed an intriguing question whether outside of loanwords Greek had any influence on Coptic. Andra Haznos' study makes observations on syntax and stylistics in translated and original Coptic literature, sifting out the syntactic patterns showing Greek influence in one or both text groups, showing how certain patterns came to be used in Coptic clearly through translations, and raising the question whether those syntactic influences which came to the Egyptian language through the bilingual situation can be detected with certainty. With these observations the author helps develop the criterium system needed to determine whether a Coptic text was written in Coptic or Greek originally. While examining the final clauses, consecutive clauses, object clauses/infinitive constructions after verbs of exhorting and subject clauses/infinitive constructions from the point of view of syntactic graecism in translations and in original Coptic texts, valuable observations on Coptic dialects (esp. Sahidic, Mesokemic, Lycopolitan) and their relations are also made.

The Invention Of Tradition

Author: Eric Hobsbawm
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107604672
Size: 17.62 MB
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The Invention Of Tradition from the Author: Eric Hobsbawm. Many of the traditions which we think of as very ancient in their origins were not in fact sanctioned by long usage over the centuries, but were invented comparatively recently. This book explores examples of this process of invention - the creation of Welsh and Scottish 'national culture'; the elaboration of British royal rituals in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries; the origins of imperial rituals in British India and Africa; and the attempts by radical movements to develop counter-traditions of their own. It addresses the complex interaction of past and present, bringing together historians and anthropologists in a fascinating study of ritual and symbolism which poses new questions for the understanding of our history.

The Habsburg Monarchy S Many Languaged Soul

Author: Michaela Wolf
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027268681
Size: 46.67 MB
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The Habsburg Monarchy S Many Languaged Soul from the Author: Michaela Wolf. In the years between 1848 and 1918, the Habsburg Empire was an intensely pluricultural space that brought together numerous “nationalities” under constantly changing – and contested – linguistic regimes. The multifaceted forms of translation and interpreting, marked by national struggles and extensive multilingualism, played a crucial role in constructing cultures within the Habsburg space. This book traces translation and interpreting practices in the Empire’s administration, courts and diplomatic service, and takes account of the “habitualized” translation carried out in everyday life. It then details the flows of translation among the Habsburg crownlands and between these and other European languages, with a special focus on Italian–German exchange. Applying a broad concept of “cultural translation” and working with sociological tools, the book addresses the mechanisms by which translation and interpreting constructs cultures, and delineates a model of the Habsburg Monarchy’s “pluricultural space of communication” that is also applicable to other multilingual settings. Published with the support of the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)img src="/logos/fwf-logo.jpg" width=300