Tourism In Destination Communities

Author: Shalini Singh
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9780851997605
Size: 16.32 MB
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Tourism In Destination Communities from the Author: Shalini Singh. Annotation. As a result of the ongoing growth in the tourism industry, many destinations around the world are undergoing transformations. New destinations are being 'discovered' in regions previously ignored, as people search for regions that are yet unspoiled by the ravages of mass tourism. At the same time, traditional destinations are experiencing rapid environmental, socio-cultural and economic modifications. These changes have the most effect on the destination community - the location where tourists spend their time and money, and influence development or degradation of the local environment.Tourism in Destination Communities describes both the positive and negative effects of tourism on the destination community. The chapters are divided into three sections which address the relationship between tourism and the destination community, the various impacts of tourism on the destination community and the challenges and opportunities for destination communities. Each chapter contains brief case studies and empirical examples.

Destination Community

Author: David Twiggs
ISBN: 9781943103997
Size: 28.93 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Destination Community from the Author: David Twiggs. Giving New Life to Old or Forgotten Communities - Understand the branding of small communities for improved tourism, economic development and placemaking. In this book, David Twiggs discusses tourism in destination communities, destination branding for small cities and community development through tourism. This book intends to layout the components of creating an Integrated Tourism System for Destination Communities. These concepts can be used to develop destination communities in urban as well as rural settings for truly sustainable communities. To build an understanding of this process the following areas will be discussed: - Opportunities Resulting From Value and Behavioral Shifts In Specific Target Markets - Using Complementary Subcultures as Basis for Building Specific Destinations - Understanding Subcultures and Human Capital - Cataloging System Assets and Creating Narrative of Place - Growth and Maturation of Destination Communities Why You Need to Read Destination Community: This book begins with where does the concept of "destination community" come from, how does it work and where to go from here, how it develops and matures. We see the shifts in cultural values in the American society since the 1950's, which results from the economic prosperity and technology advancement. The culture shift brings forward the changes in people's lifestyle, when people became more and more distant from the agrarian based living. Later, the shift in community models and tourism experience is discussed. As the formula community, as David calls it, rises and declines, the concept of Destination Community, as a more sustainable tourism based community, is introduced. The new generation of in-migration is becoming smarter in choosing their community. We explore the main characteristics of a destination community, why David calls it "handmade" experience, and why people are attracted by it. It all comes down to connecting authentic and versatile "subcultures" fostered by a supportive business environment. Later we look at theory and examples to explain a supportive business environment, namely "Integrated Tourism System," and how to design such a system. In David's opinion, this is a key to the success of a destination community. We lay out the vision of the future growth beyond the initial phases of building a destination community, where all readers are invited to imagine with us, work with us and proceed with hope, creativity, passion, and thoughtfulness.

Tourism In China

Author: Chris Ryan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135851778
Size: 72.72 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Tourism In China from the Author: Chris Ryan. China is forecast to be the primary tourist destination and tourist-generating country by 2020. However, much of the writing on tourism in China has come from people within the English academic world who are not involved in the issues related to Chinese tourism development. This book provides a voice to Chinese mainland academic researchers and examines the nature of tourism research and tourism development in China. Contributors, many of whom are based in China and are immersed in the daily issues of teaching, researching and planning tourism development within China, discuss issues related to resource use, destination image and community participation with case studies that combine conceptual frameworks and practical issues. This authoritative text on tourism in China will be of interest to scholars and students of tourism throughout the world.

Tourism And Development

Author: Richard Sharpley
Publisher: Channel View Publications
ISBN: 9781873150344
Size: 27.54 MB
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Tourism And Development from the Author: Richard Sharpley. This text explores the role of tourism as a potential contibutor to socio-economic development in destination areas. Establishing a link between tourism studies and development studies, it considers what is meant by development, the processes through which development may be achieved and, in particular, a number of fundamental issues related to the use of tourism as a development agent. In so doing, it challenges conventional thinking about the relationship between tourism and development.

Tourism Branding

Author: Liping A. Cai
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1849507201
Size: 52.96 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Tourism Branding from the Author: Liping A. Cai. Academic studies have predominantly treated destination branding as a marketing phenomenon that happens to involve tourists as customers in a marketplace. Tourism Branding: Communities in Action, the first volume in a new and exciting book series, considers a traditional marketing subject from multidisciplinary perspectives. Refreshingly this book attempts to free branding research and practice in tourism fields from the shackles of marketing that are dominated by the conventional approach of product, price, place, and promotion. Considering tourism branding as a community affair, this collection is distinguished from other publications by adopting a global and more multidisciplinary approach, and brings the subject of tourism branding outside of the conventional domains of marketing and destination. Special attention is given to the role and expectations of main tourism stakeholders, particularly residents, business, and government in the hosting community. Built on theoretical foundations with both empirical findings and practical cases, this book brings together different perspectives and offers an intellectual and open dialogue among academics and practitioners of the field.

Building Community Capacity For Tourism Development

Author: G. Moscardo
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845934482
Size: 74.38 MB
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Building Community Capacity For Tourism Development from the Author: G. Moscardo. A lack of entrepreneurial capacity, limited understanding of tourism markets and a lack of community understanding of tourism and its impacts have been identified as barriers to effective tourism development in peripheral regions. This book provides an analysis of this issue within tourism development practice.

A Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Of A Tourism Destination Community A Case Study Of Oistins Barbados

Author: Zainab Moghal
Size: 80.98 MB
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A Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Of A Tourism Destination Community A Case Study Of Oistins Barbados from the Author: Zainab Moghal. The Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has documented substantial evidence for human influence as the dominant cause of global climate change. As some degree of further climate change is inevitable, natural and human systems are faced with a range of impacts they must adapt to. Small island developing states (SIDS) are widely considered to be highly vulnerable to climate change, for which appropriate adaptation measures need to be planned and implemented. SIDS are also key tourist attractions with tourism representing significant part of national and community economies. As the sector is highly exposed to climate change, further research is needed regarding its adaptation, particularly in countries where tourism is a major component of future development strategies. Additional research is also needed to understand climatic and non-climatic stressors that influence the vulnerability of tourism dependent communities and their households, including methods that facilitate comparative assessments. This dissertation seeks to understand climate change vulnerability at the tourism destination community scale in a small island developing state. The research is guided by two goals: 1) To examine the influence of climatic and non-climatic stressors on the pre-existing vulnerability of a destination community, including its local tourism stakeholders; and 2) To employ and compare two methods (an indicator approach and a Community-Based Vulnerability Assessment (CBVA) approach) to assess vulnerability across and within the community and determine whether either or both can advance knowledge gaps in this understanding at the destination community scale. This research was carried out in the tourism destination community of Oistins, Barbados, in the eastern Caribbean. The Caribbean is considered a 'tourism climate change vulnerability hotspot' by the United Nations World Tourism Organization, as it has the most tourism intensive economy in the world and because climate change impacts to its sector are predicted to be significant. Oistins is a key tourist attraction in Barbados, due to its beaches, hotels and restaurants, the Bay Garden Vendors Area and the Oistins Fish-Market, which are all at risk from an increase in climate-related events. The research undertook a mixed methods case-study. A national tourism sector vulnerability assessment was completed via a critical review and empirical analysis of the literature, which contextualized the Oistins' community scale vulnerability assessment and informed its potential adaptation choices. Field work for the indicators and CBVA was also carried out in 2010 and 2011. Approximately 150 individuals participated in the research, including tourism stakeholders i) whose livelihoods were most connected to the tourism related activities of the destination community, ii) who lived in two neighbourhoods (households) adjacent to its key attractions and iii) who were decision-makers and/or tourism, government and community representatives (key informants). Five focus groups were held with key informants to develop destination-community and household level indicators. Some of the destination-community indicators were applied through data collection and the household indicators applied through the collection and analysis of neighbourhood surveys. Individuals were also consulted via CBVA interviews representing vendors, fishers, beach activities, accommodation and restaurants and key institutional informants. The national tourism vulnerability assessment indicates that studies have examined climate change and tourism at the Caribbean or national level, with only a few having addressed adaptation and if so not comprehensively. No studies have examined destination-community level vulnerability. Furthermore, Barbados' tourism sector is and will experience a range of climatic and non-climatic stressors. Mid-century scenario planning predicts a doubling of tourism arrivals to the island, yet does not account for increased water scarcity or the long-term degradation of tourism infrastructure and assets due to sea level rise. The assessment thereby suggests that the island transformatively adapt its tourism sector, by reconsidering the emphasis and location of its infrastructure and attractions, while diversifying its economic activities as a whole. This could involve Barbados emphasizing luxury facilities and catering to fewer tourists along a protected west coast, where communities such as Oistins could maintain cultural attractions on an increasingly degraded south coast. With regards to goal #1, the CBVA results suggest that Oistins interviewees were exposed to minor and local level impacts of climatic stressors, though recent non-climatic stressors were found to be causing far more adverse impacts. Tourist enjoyment of tourism-related facilities was not being affected by observed climate variability, though their numbers and spending had been affected substantially by non-climatic stressors such as the global economic crisis of 2008. Individuals working within small to mid-scale operations faced the highest exposure-sensitivity and lowest adaptive capacity to both types of stressors and resulting impacts to their livelihoods. The manner in which stakeholders are coping with present multiple stressors and plan to adapt to future changes, provides some insight in how they could adapt to near-term changes in climate. In regards to future climate change exposure sensitivities, vulnerabilities were not well understood in the destination community, as stakeholders were focused on near-term or minor weather changes, not the more significant long-term or severe impacts of climate change, such as sea-level rise, ecosystem changes or mitigation policy and the mobility of international tourists. In terms of goal #2, this research determined that the indicator and CBVA methods were limited in advancing the understanding of climate change tourism vulnerability of the community level study area. Destination community indicators were most applicable if a defined boundary was determined to collect relevant data, though even then data was lacking for the majority of indicators at that scale. Household level indicators provided useful information on socioeconomic determinants to understand stakeholder dependence on tourism-related livelihoods, though analysis was found to be more worthwhile at the parish and national levels. Of both methods, the CBVA approach provided a more comprehensive assessment and offered some value in community-based adaptation. For the tourism sector, the CBVA also provided novel information by highlighting that most stakeholders identified vulnerabilities and adaptation measures occurred above the destination community scale. Among the original contributions of this research, two are key. The first is that local stakeholder led adaptation was not found effective to reduce tourism vulnerability, suggesting that sectoral and community-level adaptations are not always consistent. The adaptive strategies suggested by stakeholders differed by scale, with some that could be undertaken locally by destination-community stakeholders and others that would require the support of national or international stakeholders. Second, this research advances methodology at a broader community-scale, by suggesting that both methods work in combination to address certain limitations of each. Certain applicable destination-community indicators could identify vulnerable systems within the destination community and monitor long-term some of the processes and contexts of the baseline vulnerability detailed with the CBVA approach. The CBVA approach could also collect qualitative data for the conceptually relevant indicators that were not found applicable at the destination community or household scale, to provide descriptive and disaggregated information to assist with local adaptation planning efforts. The results of this research provide several contributions to theory, practice and policy. Theoretically, the research demonstrated the assessment of tourism sector vulnerability of SIDS to multiple stressors at several scales. The empirical results propose enhancing local stakeholders' adaptive capacity to current stressors, including increasing their understanding of climate change and its predicted impacts to the tourism sector and to their destination-community. Barbados' tourism industry also benefits from this research, as it identifies gaps pertaining to the understanding of sector vulnerability at several scales and highlights areas in which it can build adaptive capacity and adapt. Methodologically, the results show how an indicator and CBVA approach could be used in combination if a broader assessment is required at a community level. Stakeholders also concluded that in future, for SIDS the size and density of Barbados, it would be more useful to define and develop indicators for a national tourism destination. In summary, this research has contributed to the further understanding of vulnerability in small island tourism dependent communities, thereby informing more effective sectoral and community-based adaptation initiatives.

Tourism A Community Approach Rle Tourism

Author: Peter E Murphy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113508324X
Size: 28.61 MB
Format: PDF
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Tourism A Community Approach Rle Tourism from the Author: Peter E Murphy. Written in 1989 when the modern tourist industry had reached a crucial stage in its development, when increased mobility and affluence had led to more extensive and extravagant travel, and competition within the industry had intensified, this book is comprehensive examination of tourism development. The author provides a new perspective for its evaluation, and a suggested strategy for its continued development and evolution. He examines tourism from the viewpoint of destination areas and their aspirations, and recommends an ecological, community approach to developing and planning – one which encourages local initiative, local benefits, and a tourism product in harmony with the local environment and its people.

Responsible Tourism

Author: David Leslie
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9781845939885
Size: 70.57 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Responsible Tourism from the Author: David Leslie. Tourism is one of the world's biggest industries. Responsible tourism is concerned with the effects of tourism on people, ecology, and communities, and seeks to ameliorate these impacts by providing tourism which benefits host communities, improves working conditions, involves the local community, promotes cultural heritage, and benefits the environment. This book discusses responsible tourism as a whole, including the politics, policy and planning behind it, and the major subject sub-topics, such as poverty reduction, the environment, transport, governance, wildlife tours and heritage. It is.

Managing Volunteers In Tourism

Author: Kirsten Holmes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0750687673
Size: 44.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Managing Volunteers In Tourism from the Author: Kirsten Holmes. Recent years have seen an explosion in research on tourism volunteering. Volunteers are an essential part of tourism, whether they are volunteering in their local museum, at a sporting mega-event, as an airport ambassador, or travelling the global as a volunteer tourist. Managing Volunteers in Tourism reviews the latest research to highlight the key management issues and relate them to the tourism volunteering context. It includes previously under-researched forms of tourism volunteering such as meet-and-greeters, surf life-savers, conservation, festival, and information centre volunteers and volunTourists. The book develops through three distinct sections: Part A begins by introducing the concept of volunteering and considering the variety of volunteer forms and settings within tourism. Part B picks up the organisational approach and examines volunteer program design and planning, volunteer motivation, recruitment and selection, training and development, reward and retention, and diversity management. Part C consists of ten case studies from leading international researchers and practitioners identifying best practice and key management challenges. Real-life examples and case studies throughout this book provide an in-depth examination of the challenges facing those managing tourism volunteers, making this book indispensible for current and future managers in the tourism industry. Kirsten Holmes completed her PhD on museum volunteers at the University of Leeds and has since lectured in leisure and tourism at the Universities of Sheffield and Surrey in the UK. She is currently a research fellow at Curtin University, Western Australia. Karen Smith is a Senior Lecturer in Tourism Management at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. She completed her PhD on the management of volunteers in literary heritage attractions at Nottingham Trent University, UK, and has published on volunteer management in tourism and event organisations. * The first text to present an overview of voluntary activity across the broad spectrum of the tourism industry, looking at volunteer work in museums, cultural festivals, sports events, national parks and many more.. * Packed with international case studies highlighting best practice on how to manage volunteers. * Looks at the future of volunteering including the economic, social and policy issues involved.