The Variables Of Moral Capacity

Author: David C. Thomasma
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402025521
Size: 59.18 MB
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The Variables Of Moral Capacity from the Author: David C. Thomasma. Moral capacity is an important feature of what it means to be human. In this volume, the contributors have taken on the daunting task of trying to distinguish between legal and moral capacity. This distinction is difficult at times for clinicians, philosophers and legal scholars alike. Part of the challenge of defining moral capacity lies in the difficulty of adequately categorizing it. For this reason, the editors have chosen to divide the book into three parts. The first looks at the concepts involved in the discussion of moral capacity; the second considers the role of moral capacity in the lives of professionals; and the final part reflects on case studies of moral capacity or incapacity illustrating the challenge that moral capacity presents - its definition lying between two seemingly incommensurable models, those of the threshold and continuum. This volume takes a multidisciplinary approach to the subject, and ties the disciplines of medicine, philosophy and law into the health context. It will be of interest to medical health professionals as well as researchers working in the areas of philosophy and law.

Ethics Law And Aging Review Volume 11

Author: Marshall B. Kapp, JD, MPH, FCLM
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826116536
Size: 28.36 MB
Format: PDF
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Ethics Law And Aging Review Volume 11 from the Author: Marshall B. Kapp, JD, MPH, FCLM. We are now engaged in a movement that de-emphasizes the reliance on institutional forms of long-term care for disabled persons needing ongoing daily living assistance and converges on the use of non-institutional service providers abnd residential settings. In this latest edition of Ethics, Law and Aging Review , Kapp and ten expert contributors help us examine the forces and potential for changeing the long-term care industry (both positively and negatively) and address this paradigm shift from the inpersonal, public psychiatric institutions of the 1960s and 1970s to the present-day assisted living environments that have been fueled by economic, social, polictical, and legal forces. Most important ly, this volume identifies obstaclesto change and enlighten service providers, advocates, and key policy makers to the pitfalls that can largely interfere with positive outcomes as a result of long-term care deinstitutionalization. Topics explored include: Community-based alternatives for older adults with serious mental illness Failing consumer-directed alternatives to nursing homes Ethics of Medicare privatization

Competence Assessment In Dementia

Author: European Dementia Consensus Network
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3211723692
Size: 49.67 MB
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Competence Assessment In Dementia from the Author: European Dementia Consensus Network. The increasing proportion of demented elderly in populations, debates over patient’s rights and autonomy, and the growing body of knowledge on dementia has inspired the European Dementia Consensus Network to regard competence assessment in dementia as an important topic of debate. This book contains a summarised consensus as well as chapters on state-of-art neuropsychological functions and how they relate to competence, and chapters discussing ethical, legal perspectives.

The Social Organization Of Schools

Author: Maureen T. Hallinan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489904689
Size: 63.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Social Organization Of Schools from the Author: Maureen T. Hallinan. This volume addresses key issues in the sociology of education concerning how schools are organized for instruction and what processes link school organization and instruction to educa tional achievement. The content of the chapters represents a shift in focus from traditional and even recent themes in soci ology of education, including the study of school effects and of classroom processes, to a concern with the social organization of schools and its consequences for student outcomes. Rather than reviewing or evaluating existing research, the chapters present new and developing conceptualizations of the school ing process and provide theoretical models to guide future empirical work on schools. A unique feature of this book is its heavy emphasis on theory. Each chapter presents a theoretical model or argument concerning an issue of central importance in sociology of edu cation. The empirical analyses and simulations that are included are often more for illustrative purposes than for rigorous hypothesis testing, and some chapters have no data analysis at all. The major strength of the volume, therefore, lies in the new conceptualizations and reconceptualizations it provides of fundamental processes relating school organization to student learning. Theoretical work such as this is exactly what is needed in an area that has traditionally been, for the most part, empir ical and atheoretical. Another important feature of this volume is the various approaches it presents to the study of school organization.

Women And Children In Health Care

Author: Mary Briody Mahowald
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195108705
Size: 52.50 MB
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Women And Children In Health Care from the Author: Mary Briody Mahowald. Although women and children comprise the majority of health caregivers and patients, they often do not receive equal treatment. This book addresses that discrepancy by focusing on health care issues that particularly affect women and children. Topics considered include gender stereotypes in medicine and in adolescent socialization, fertility curtailment and enhancement, coercive treatment during pregnancy, fetal tissue transplantation, decisions regarding newborns, decision-making by minors, the feminization of poverty and its impact on women's and children's health, and the meaning and role of "family" in health care decisions. Women and Children in Health Care examines these topics, often using actual cases to develop the analysis. The author describes a care-based model of reasoning while warning of its possible use as a rationale for exploitation of women in the context of health care. Different versions of feminism are explained and applied to different issues, with the author advocating an egalitarian perspective that involves the use of one's power to empower others. Health care approaches that affect the lives of women and children are some of the most controversial yet genuinely humanitarian issues facing society today. Because of the timeliness of the topics covered and the depth of detail, this book is necessary reading for all those interested in bioethics, health care, women, and children.

Evil

Author: Marie Coleman Nelson
Publisher: Human Sciences Pr
ISBN:
Size: 58.16 MB
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Evil from the Author: Marie Coleman Nelson.

The Psychoanalytic Review

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 25.70 MB
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The Psychoanalytic Review from the Author: . Contemporary theory and practice of psychoanalysis.

Moral Judgement From Childhood To Adolescence International Library Of The Philosophy Of Education Volume 5

Author: Norman J. Bull
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135171319
Size: 58.30 MB
Format: PDF
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Moral Judgement From Childhood To Adolescence International Library Of The Philosophy Of Education Volume 5 from the Author: Norman J. Bull. Originally published in 1969 this book analyzes the development of moral judgement in children and adolescents. Interviews were held with 360 children aged 7 to 17, with equal numbers of either sex. Original visual devices were planned to elicit judgements in moral areas known to be of universal significance, such as the value of life, cheating, stealing and lying. The book inlcudes a critical survey of previous work in this field and places the research in its wider philosophical, psychological and sociological context.

Will The Juvenile Court System Survive

Author: Ira M. Schwartz
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780761920311
Size: 76.18 MB
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Will The Juvenile Court System Survive from the Author: Ira M. Schwartz. The year 1999 marks the 100th anniversary of the juvenile court. At the time of its creation, the juvenile court was heralded as one of the greatest advancements in the cause for children. While few will argue with the fact that the juvenile court has been a constructive force in promoting the welfare of children, the court has also been the subject of ongoing and increasingly sever criticism. The problems and abuses that plagued the juvenile court eventually reached the United States Supreme Court, whose decisions transformed the juvenile court from a social welfare institution into a court of law for young people. Now, the juvenile court is faced with legislative policy changes resulting in a loss of jurisdiction over serious, chronic, and in particular, violent delinquent acts. The juvenile court’s centennial arrives at a time when the voices calling for its abolition are getting louder and gaining support. Will the Juvenile Court System Survive?, a special issue of THE ANNALS, features articles written by some of the country’s leading juvenile justice policymakers, practitioners, researchers and child advocates. Articles in this issue cover a diverse range of topics: · Young women and the juvenile justice system · The role of the juvenile court in children’s mental health · The future of youth corrections · Reassessing the need for a separate juvenile justice court As the turn of the century approaches, scholars and practitioners are asking the questions of whether the juvenile court will survive. This special issue features valuable discussions and debates on all aspects of the juvenile court and its future in the United States.