The Silk Road

Author: Valerie Hansen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190218428
Size: 45.15 MB
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The Silk Road from the Author: Valerie Hansen. The Silk Road is as iconic in world history as the Colossus of Rhodes or the Suez Canal. But what was it, exactly? It conjures up a hazy image of a caravan of camels laden with silk on a dusty desert track, reaching from China to Rome. The reality was different--and far more interesting--as revealed in this new history. In The Silk Road, Valerie Hansen describes the remarkable archeological finds that revolutionize our understanding of these trade routes. For centuries, key records remained hidden--sometimes deliberately buried by bureaucrats for safe keeping. But the sands of the Taklamakan Desert have revealed fascinating material, sometimes preserved by illiterate locals who recycled official documents to make insoles for shoes or garments for the dead. Hansen explores seven oases along the road, from Xi'an to Samarkand, where merchants, envoys, pilgrims, and travelers mixed in cosmopolitan communities, tolerant of religions from Buddhism to Zoroastrianism. There was no single, continuous road, but a chain of markets that traded between east and west. China and the Roman Empire had very little direct trade. China's main partners were the peoples of modern-day Iran, whose tombs in China reveal much about their Zoroastrian beliefs. Silk was not the most important good on the road; paper, invented in China before Julius Caesar was born, had a bigger impact in Europe, while metals, spices, and glass were just as important as silk. Perhaps most significant of all was the road's transmission of ideas, technologies, and artistic motifs. The Silk Road is a fascinating story of archeological discovery, cultural transmission, and the intricate chains across Central Asia and China.

The Silk Roads

Author: Vadime Elisseeff
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9781571812216
Size: 72.34 MB
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The Silk Roads from the Author: Vadime Elisseeff. Towards the middle of the 20th century, scholarly research revealed that the fabled Silk Roads, far from being mere trade routes, were cultural highways that played a pivotal role in linking east and west, intermittently bringing together nomads and city dwellers, pastoral peoples and farmers, merchants and monks, and soldiers and pilgrims. The notion of movement is therefore central to an understanding of the relations between peoples; it is also the factor of which specialists have, for various reasons, not taken sufficient account. It is in this context that the Silk Roads Project, initiated by UNESCO, assumes its significance. It has proved very fruitful and led to a large variety of projects of which this volume presents a selection. Although the papers collected here are wide-ranging, they reveal the emergence of the concept of a common heritage and plural identity. The studies carried out under the Project have shown that identity, seen from a long-term perspective, cannot be viewed as a ghetto or an enclosure, but as the result of a whole process of synthesis and encounter between peoples and cultures. (from the Introduction) Vadim Elisseeffwas Chairman of the UNESCO International Consultative Committee of the Silk Roads during the ten years of its existence. He is a specialist in the archaeology and history of the Far East and has held a number of important posts in national and international academic or cultural institutions such as that of General Inspector of the Museums of France and Director of Research in Archaeology of the Far East at the Ecole pratique des hautes ├ętudes en sciences sociales, Paris, and was a member of the French Commission for Archaeological Excavations from 1955 to 1968.

The Silk Road

Author: Susan Whitfield
Publisher: Serindia Publications, Inc.
ISBN: 9781932476132
Size: 43.31 MB
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The Silk Road from the Author: Susan Whitfield.

The Silk Road In World History

Author: Xinru Liu
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199798803
Size: 54.61 MB
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The Silk Road In World History from the Author: Xinru Liu. The Silk Road was the contemporary name for a complex of ancient trade routes linking East Asia with Central Asia, South Asia, and the Mediterranean world. This network of exchange emerged along the borders between agricultural China and the steppe nomads during the Han Dynasty (206BCE-220CE), in consequence of the inter-dependence and the conflicts of these two distinctive societies. In their quest for horses, fragrances, spices, gems, glassware, and other exotics from the lands to their west, the Han Empire extended its dominion over the oases around the Takla Makan Desert and sent silk all the way to the Mediterranean, either through the land routes leading to the caravan city of Palmyra in Syria desert, or by way of northwest India, the Arabian Sea and the Red Sea, landing at Alexandria. The Silk Road survived the turmoil of the demise of the Han and Roman Empires, reached its golden age during the early middle age, when the Byzantine Empire and the Tang Empire became centers of silk culture and established the models for high culture of the Eurasian world. The coming of Islam extended silk culture to an even larger area and paved the way for an expanded market for textiles and other commodities. By the 11th century, however, the Silk Road was in decline because of intense competition from the sea routes of the Indian Ocean. Using supply and demand as the framework for analyzing the formation and development of the Silk Road, the book examines the dynamics of the interactions of the nomadic pastoralists with sedentary agriculturalists, and the spread of new ideas, religions, and values into the world of commerce, thus illustrating the cultural forces underlying material transactions. This effort at tracing the interconnections of the diverse participants in the transcontinental Silk Road exchange will demonstrate that the world had been linked through economic and ideological forces long before the modern era.

The Silk Road A Very Short Introduction

Author: James A. Millward
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199782865
Size: 33.15 MB
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The Silk Road A Very Short Introduction from the Author: James A. Millward. The Silk Road: A Very Short Introduction is a new look at an ancient subject: the silk road that linked China, India, Persia and the Mediterranean across the expanses of Central Asia. James A. Millward highlights unusual but important biological, technological and cultural exchanges over the silk roads that stimulated development across Eurasia and underpin civilization in our modern, globalized world.

The Silk Road

Author: Janey Levy
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group
ISBN: 9781404229389
Size: 78.69 MB
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The Silk Road from the Author: Janey Levy. This book explains that the scale on a map is an indicator of the relationship between distances on the map and the corresponding actual distances and that maps can show the distance of the Silk Road, which stretched from eastern China to the Middle East.

Foreign Devils On The Silk Road

Author: Peter Hopkirk
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1848546327
Size: 53.64 MB
Format: PDF
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Foreign Devils On The Silk Road from the Author: Peter Hopkirk. The Silk Road, which linked imperial Rome and distant China, was once the greatest thoroughfare on earth. Along it travelled precious cargoes of silk, gold and ivory, as well as revolutionary new ideas. Its oasis towns blossomed into thriving centres of Buddhist art and learning. In time it began to decline. The traffic slowed, the merchants left and finally its towns vanished beneath the desert sands to be forgotten for a thousand years. But legends grew up of lost cities filled with treasures and guarded by demons. In the early years of the last century foreign explorers began to investigate these legends, and very soon an international race began for the art treasures of the Silk Road. Huge wall paintings, sculptures and priceless manuscripts were carried away, literally by the ton, and are today scattered through the museums of a dozen countries. Peter Hopkirk tells the story of the intrepid men who, at great personal risk, led these long-range archaeological raids, incurring the undying wrath of the Chinese.

The Silk Road

Author: Frances Wood
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520243408
Size: 51.52 MB
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The Silk Road from the Author: Frances Wood. Covering five thousand years of history and delving deeply into the archives the British Museum and other famous collections of art and antiquities, this fascinating tour of a storied trade route introduces readers to the sights, sounds, smells, and tastes of this legendary trail. (History)

The Silk Road

Author: Judy Bonavia
Publisher: Odyssey Publications
ISBN: 9789622177611
Size: 10.32 MB
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The Silk Road from the Author: Judy Bonavia. Presents information on cultural sites, accommodations, and restaurants, and provides an overview of the famous trade route's history.

Take The Silk Road Home

Author:
Publisher: Barry Terenna
ISBN: 1623149126
Size: 48.28 MB
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Take The Silk Road Home from the Author: . Gianni and Vinnie Fresco, two very different brothers, grow up in a close but neurotic Italian American family in a small town in Westchester County, New York. The responsible younger brother aids his reckless brother through the trials of his life. Take the Silk Road Home traces the journey of each brother through the 1960s to the present day, relating their careers, loves, and relationship with one another and the women in their lives. The story begins hundreds of years earlier with a glimpse of ancestors past and ultimately leads to the curious events in the lives of both brothers. The simple life in the old country contributes to the paths both brothers take. There is a strong connection to Asia where one brother faces the horrors of the war in Vietnam and the other travels to China for adventure and inspiration. Cultures and national heritage enrich the human interactions and connections between friends, families and lovers and show that different backgrounds are less important to relationships than human emotions.