The Philosophy Of The Commentators 200 600 Ad

Author: Richard Sorabji
ISBN: 9781474229531
Size: 26.51 MB
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The Philosophy Of The Commentators 200 600 Ad from the Author: Richard Sorabji. "This is a sourcebook that draws upon the 400 years of transition from ancient Greek philosophy to the medieval philosophy of Islam and the West. Philosophy was then often written in the form of commentaries on the works of Plato and Aristotle. Many ideas wrongly credited to the Middle Ages derive from this period, e.g. that of impetus in dynamics and intentional objects in philosophy of mind. The later Neoplatonist commentators fought a losing battle with Christianity, but inadvertently made Aristotle acceptable to Christians by ascribing to him belief in a Creator God and human immortality. They also provided a panorama of up to 1000 years of preceding Greek philosophy, much of it otherwise lost. They serve as the missing link essential for understanding the history of Western philosophy. The physics of the commentators was innovatory. The Neoplatonists among them thought that the world of space and time was causally ordered by a non-spatial, non-temporal world, and this required original thinking. Of the sixth-century Neoplatonists, Simplicius considered his teacher's ideas on space and time to be unprecedented, and Philoponus revised Aristotelianism, to produce a new physics built around the Christian belief in God's creation of the world. The Middle Ages borrowed from Philoponus and other commentators, the proofs of a finite past, the idea of degrees of latitude in change and mixture, and in dynamics the idea of impetus and the defence of motion in a vacuum. All sources appear in English translation and are carefully linked and cross-referenced by editorial comment and explanation."--Bloomsbury Publishing.

The Philosophy Of The Commentators 200 600 Ad Physics

Author: Richard Sorabji
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801489884
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The Philosophy Of The Commentators 200 600 Ad Physics from the Author: Richard Sorabji. Physics in Neoplatonist thought, the subject which occupies the second volume of this sourcebook, was innovative: the world of space and time was causally ordered by a nonspatial, nontemporal world, and this view required original thinking


Author: Pauliina Remes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317492897
Size: 36.89 MB
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Neoplatonism from the Author: Pauliina Remes. Although Neoplatonism has long been studied by classicists, until recently most philosophers saw the ideas of Plotinus et al as a lot of religious/magical mumbo-jumbo. Recent work however has provided a new perspective on the philosophical issues in Neoplatonism and Pauliina Remes new introduction to the subject is the first to take account of this fresh research and provides a reassessment of Neoplatonism's philosophical credentials. Covering the Neoplatonic movement from its founder, Plotinus (AD 204-70) to the closure of Plato's Academy in AD 529 Remes explores the ideas of leading Neoplatonists such as Porphyry, lamblichus, Proclus, Simplicius and Damascius as well as less well-known thinkers. Situating their ideas alongside classical Platonism, Stoicism, and the neo-Pythagoreans as well as other intellectual movements of the time such as Gnosticism, Judaism and Christianity, Remes provides a valuable survey for the beginning student and non-specialist.

Philoponus On Aristotle Physics 4 10 14

Author: Philoponus,
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1472501713
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Philoponus On Aristotle Physics 4 10 14 from the Author: Philoponus,. Philoponus' commentary on the last part of Aristotle's Physics Book 4 does not offer major alternatives to Aristotle's science, as did his commentary on the earlier parts, concerning place, vacuum and motion in a vacuum. Aristotle's subject here is time, and his treatment of it had led to controversy in earlier writers. Philoponus does offer novelties when he treats motion round a bend as in one sense faster than motion on the straight over the same distance in the same time, because of the need to consider the greater effort involved. And he points out that in an earlier commentary on Book 8 he had argued against Aristotle for the possibility of a last instant of time. This volume contains an English translation of Philoponus' commentary, as well as a detailed introduction, extensive explanatory notes and a bibliography.

Ideas In Motion In Baghdad And Beyond

Author: Damien Janos
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004306269
Size: 12.21 MB
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Ideas In Motion In Baghdad And Beyond from the Author: Damien Janos. This volume contains a collection of articles focusing on the philosophical and theological exchanges between Muslim and Christian intellectuals living in Baghdad during the classical period of Islamic history, when this city was a vibrant center of philosophical, scientific, and literary activity.

Aristotle S Categories In The Early Roman Empire

Author: Michael J. Griffin
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019872473X
Size: 68.71 MB
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Aristotle S Categories In The Early Roman Empire from the Author: Michael J. Griffin. This volume studies the origin and evolution of philosophical interest in Aristotle's Categories. Griffin builds on earlier work to reconstruct the fragments of the earliest commentaries on the treatise, and illuminates the earliest arguments for Aristotle's approach to logic as the foundation of higher education.

Proclus On Providence

Author: Proclus,
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1472501470
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Proclus On Providence from the Author: Proclus,. 'The universe is, as it were, one machine, wherein the celestial spheres are analogous to the interlocking wheels and the particular beings are like the things moved by the wheels' and all events are determined by an inescapable necessity. To speak of free choice or self determination is only an illusion we human beings cherish. Thus writes Theodore the engineer to his old friend Proclus. Proclus' reply is one of the most remarkable discussions on fate, providence and free choice in Late Antiquity. It continues a long debate that had started with the first polemics of the Platonists against the Stoic doctrine of determinism. How can there be place for free choice and moral responsibility in a world governed by an unalterable fate? Notwithstanding its great interest, Proclus' treatise has not received the attention it deserves, probably because the text survived only in a Latin medieval translation and, in its original language, is not very accessible to the modern reader. This volume, the first English translation of the work, redresses this problem and once again brings the arguments he formulates to the fore.

Aristotelianism In The First Century Bce

Author: Andrea Falcon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139502522
Size: 45.48 MB
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Aristotelianism In The First Century Bce from the Author: Andrea Falcon. This book is a full study of the remaining evidence for Xenarchus of Seleucia, one of the earliest interpreters of Aristotle. Andrea Falcon places the evidence in its context, the revival of interest in Aristotle's philosophy that took place in the first century BCE. Xenarchus is often presented as a rebel, challenging Aristotle and the Aristotelian tradition. Falcon argues that there is more to Xenarchus and his philosophical activity than an opposition to Aristotle; he was a creative philosopher, and his views are best understood as an attempt to revise and update Aristotle's philosophy. By looking at how Xenarchus negotiated different aspects of Aristotle's philosophy, this book highlights elements of rupture as well as strands of continuity within the Aristotelian tradition.

Simplicius On Aristotle Physics 1 5 9

Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 147250173X
Size: 78.18 MB
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Simplicius On Aristotle Physics 1 5 9 from the Author: . Simplicius greatest contribution in his commentary on Aristotle on Physics 1.5-9 lies in his treatment of matter. The sixth-century philosopher starts with a valuable elucidation of what Aristotle means by principle and element in Physics. Simplicius own conception of matter is of a quantity that is utterly diffuse because of its extreme distance from its source, the Neoplatonic One, and he tries to find this conception both in Platos account of space and in a stray remark of Aristotles. Finally, Simplicius rejects the Manichaean view that matter is evil and answers a Christian objection that to make matter imperishable is to put it on a level with God. This is the first translation of Simplicius important work into English.

Proclus On Nature

Author: Marije Martijn
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004181911
Size: 77.84 MB
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Proclus On Nature from the Author: Marije Martijn. This study presents a revision of Proclus natural philosophy, starting from the Commentary on Plato s "Timaeus." It provides new insight into Proclus' metaphysics of nature, his surprisingly peripatetic philosophy of science, the role of mathematics, and the nature of discourse.