The Philosophy Of The Commentators 200 600 Ad Physics

Author: Richard Sorabji
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801489884
Size: 32.48 MB
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The Philosophy Of The Commentators 200 600 Ad Physics from the Author: Richard Sorabji. Physics in Neoplatonist thought, the subject which occupies the second volume of this sourcebook, was innovative: the world of space and time was causally ordered by a nonspatial, nontemporal world, and this view required original thinking

The Philosophy Of The Commentators 200 600 Ad

Author: Richard Sorabji
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781474229531
Size: 23.85 MB
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The Philosophy Of The Commentators 200 600 Ad from the Author: Richard Sorabji. "This is a sourcebook that draws upon the 400 years of transition from ancient Greek philosophy to the medieval philosophy of Islam and the West. Philosophy was then often written in the form of commentaries on the works of Plato and Aristotle. Many ideas wrongly credited to the Middle Ages derive from this period, e.g. that of impetus in dynamics and intentional objects in philosophy of mind. The later Neoplatonist commentators fought a losing battle with Christianity, but inadvertently made Aristotle acceptable to Christians by ascribing to him belief in a Creator God and human immortality. They also provided a panorama of up to 1000 years of preceding Greek philosophy, much of it otherwise lost. They serve as the missing link essential for understanding the history of Western philosophy. The physics of the commentators was innovatory. The Neoplatonists among them thought that the world of space and time was causally ordered by a non-spatial, non-temporal world, and this required original thinking. Of the sixth-century Neoplatonists, Simplicius considered his teacher's ideas on space and time to be unprecedented, and Philoponus revised Aristotelianism, to produce a new physics built around the Christian belief in God's creation of the world. The Middle Ages borrowed from Philoponus and other commentators, the proofs of a finite past, the idea of degrees of latitude in change and mixture, and in dynamics the idea of impetus and the defence of motion in a vacuum. All sources appear in English translation and are carefully linked and cross-referenced by editorial comment and explanation."--Bloomsbury Publishing.

Neoplatonism

Author: Pauliina Remes
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520258341
Size: 53.89 MB
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Neoplatonism from the Author: Pauliina Remes. Although Neoplatonism has long been studied, until recently many had dismissed this complex system of ideas as more mystical than philosophical. Recent research, however, has provided a new perspective on this highly influential school of thought, which flourished in the pagan world of Greece and Rome up through late antiquity. Pauliina Remes's lucid, comprehensive, and up-to-date introduction reassesses Neoplatonism's philosophical credentials, from its founding by Plotinus (204-70, C.E.) through the closure of Plato's Academy in 529. Using an accessible, thematic approach, she explores the ideas of leading Neoplatonists such as Porphyry, Iamblichus, Proclus, Simplicius, and Damascius, as well as less well-known thinkers. She situates their ideas alongside classical Platonism, Stoicism, and the neo-Pythagoreans as well as other intellectual movements of the time, including Gnosticism, Judaism, and Christianity. She also considers Neoplatonism's enduring legacy in the history of philosophical thought, providing a gateway to Neoplatonism for contemporary readers. Copub: Acumen Publishing Limited

Philoponus On Aristotle Physics 4 10 14

Author: Philoponus,
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1472501713
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Philoponus On Aristotle Physics 4 10 14 from the Author: Philoponus,. Philoponus' commentary on the last part of Aristotle's Physics Book 4 does not offer major alternatives to Aristotle's science, as did his commentary on the earlier parts, concerning place, vacuum and motion in a vacuum. Aristotle's subject here is time, and his treatment of it had led to controversy in earlier writers. Philoponus does offer novelties when he treats motion round a bend as in one sense faster than motion on the straight over the same distance in the same time, because of the need to consider the greater effort involved. And he points out that in an earlier commentary on Book 8 he had argued against Aristotle for the possibility of a last instant of time. This volume contains an English translation of Philoponus' commentary, as well as a detailed introduction, extensive explanatory notes and a bibliography.

Aristotelianism In The First Century Bce

Author: Andrea Falcon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139502522
Size: 12.74 MB
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Aristotelianism In The First Century Bce from the Author: Andrea Falcon. This book is a full study of the remaining evidence for Xenarchus of Seleucia, one of the earliest interpreters of Aristotle. Andrea Falcon places the evidence in its context, the revival of interest in Aristotle's philosophy that took place in the first century BCE. Xenarchus is often presented as a rebel, challenging Aristotle and the Aristotelian tradition. Falcon argues that there is more to Xenarchus and his philosophical activity than an opposition to Aristotle; he was a creative philosopher, and his views are best understood as an attempt to revise and update Aristotle's philosophy. By looking at how Xenarchus negotiated different aspects of Aristotle's philosophy, this book highlights elements of rupture as well as strands of continuity within the Aristotelian tradition.

Lustrum

Author: Hans Joachim Mette
Publisher:
ISBN:
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Lustrum from the Author: Hans Joachim Mette.

Aesthetics And Theurgy In Byzantium

Author: Sergei Mariev
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9781614513278
Size: 34.13 MB
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Aesthetics And Theurgy In Byzantium from the Author: Sergei Mariev. In comparison with the wave of research dedicated to the aesthetics of the Latin Middle Ages, Byzantine aesthetics must be considered a relatively new and still largely unexplored subject. The contributions assembled in the present volume document the growing research interest in this field and present a wide variety of issues and methodologies that will be of interest to students and scholars of the philosophy, art, and literature of Late Antiquity and the Byzantine period.

On Providence

Author: Proclus
Publisher:
ISBN:
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On Providence from the Author: Proclus. "'The universe is, as it were, one machine, wherein the celestial spheres are analogous to the interlocking wheels and the particular beings are like the things moved by the wheels, and all events are determined by an inescapable necessity. To speak of free choice or self determination is only an illusion we human beings cherish.' Thus writes Theodore the engineer to his old friend Proclus. Proclus' reply is one of the most remarkable discussions on fate, providence and free choice in Late Antiquity. It continues a long debate that had started with the first polemics of the Platonists against the Stoic doctrine of determinism. How can there be a place for free choice and moral responsibility in a world governed by an unalterable fate? Notwithstanding its great interest, Proclus' treatise has not received the attention it deserves, probably because its text is not very accessible to the modern reader. It has survived only in a Latin medieval translation and in some extensive Byzantine Greek extracts. This first English translation, based on a retro-conversion that works out what the original Greek must have been, brings the arguments he formulates again to the fore."--BOOK JACKET.