The Movers And The Shirkers

Author: Eric M. Uslaner
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472088706
Size: 30.55 MB
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The Movers And The Shirkers from the Author: Eric M. Uslaner. How legislators pursue their policy agenda and represent their constituents

Actors Athletes And Astronauts

Author: David T. Canon
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226092683
Size: 71.66 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Actors Athletes And Astronauts from the Author: David T. Canon. The U.S. Congress is typically seen as an institution filled with career politicians who have been seasoned by experience in lower levels of political office. In fact, political amateurs have comprised roughly one quarter of the House of Representatives since 1930. The effect of amateurs' inexperience on their political careers, roles in Congress, and impact on the political system has never been analyzed in detail. Written in a lucid style accessible to the nonspecialist, David T. Canon's Actors, Athletes, and Astronauts is a definitive study of political amateurs in elections and in Congress. Canon examines the political conditions that prompt amateurs to run for office, why they win or lose, and whether elected amateurs behave differently from their experienced counterparts. Challenging previous work which presumed stable career structures and progressively ambitious candidates, his study reveals that amateurs are disproportionately elected in periods of high political opportunity, such as the 1930s for Democrats and 1980s for Republicans. Canon's detailed findings call for significant revision of our prevailing understanding of ambition theory and disarm monolithic interpretations of political amateurs. His unique typology of amateurism differentiates among policy-oriented, "hopeless," or ambitious amateurs. The latter resemble their professional counterparts; "hopeless" amateurs are swept into office by strong partisan motivations and decision-making styles of each type vary, affecting their degree of success, but each type of amateur provides a necessary electoral balance by defeating entrenched incumbents rarely challenged by more experienced politicians.

Frank Porter Graham And The 1950 Senate Race In North Carolina

Author: Julian M. Pleasants
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 9780807819333
Size: 78.34 MB
Format: PDF
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Frank Porter Graham And The 1950 Senate Race In North Carolina from the Author: Julian M. Pleasants. The tumultuous North Carolina Senate primaries of 1950 are still viewed as the most bitter chapter in the state's modern political history. The central figure in that frenzied race was the appointed incumbent, Frank Porter Graham, former president of the University of North Carolina (1931-49) and liberal activist of national stature.

The Cost Of Courage

Author: Carl Elliott
Publisher: Doubleday Books
ISBN:
Size: 59.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Cost Of Courage from the Author: Carl Elliott. The Alabama congressman tells how his spirit and career were crushed by racist reactionaries

Participatory Democracy And Political Participation

Author: Thomas Zittel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134194706
Size: 80.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Participatory Democracy And Political Participation from the Author: Thomas Zittel. A detailed new examination of the initiatives governments are exploring to reform the institutions and procedures of liberal democracy in order to provide more opportunities for political participation and inclusion. Combining theory and empirical case studies, this is a systematic evaluation of the most visible and explicit efforts to engineer political participation via institutional reforms. Part I discusses the phenomenon of participatory engineering from a conceptual standpoint, while parts II, III and IV take a comparative, as well as an empirical, perspective. The contributors to these sections analyze participatory institutions on the basis of empirical models of democracy such as direct democracy, civil society and responsive government and analyze the impact of these models on political behaviour. Part V includes exploratory regional case studies on specific reform initiatives that present descriptive accounts of the policies and politics of these reforms. Delivering a detailed assessment of democratic reform, this book will of strong interest to students and researchers of political theory, democracy and comparative politics.

Zoopolis

Author: Sue Donaldson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191620556
Size: 79.78 MB
Format: PDF
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Zoopolis from the Author: Sue Donaldson. Zoopolis offers a new agenda for the theory and practice of animal rights. Most animal rights theory focuses on the intrinsic capacities or interests of animals, and the moral status and moral rights that these intrinsic characteristics give rise to. Zoopolis shifts the debate from the realm of moral theory and applied ethics to the realm of political theory, focusing on the relational obligations that arise from the varied ways that animals relate to human societies and institutions. Building on recent developments in the political theory of group-differentiated citizenship, Zoopolis introduces us to the genuine "political animal". It argues that different types of animals stand in different relationships to human political communities. Domesticated animals should be seen as full members of human-animal mixed communities, participating in the cooperative project of shared citizenship. Wilderness animals, by contrast, form their own sovereign communities entitled to protection against colonization, invasion, domination and other threats to self-determination. "Liminal" animals who are wild but live in the midst of human settlement (such as crows or raccoons) should be seen as "denizens", resident of our societies, but not fully included in rights and responsibilities of citizenship. To all of these animals we owe respect for their basic inviolable rights. But we inevitably and appropriately have very different relations with them, with different types of obligations. Humans and animals are inextricably bound in a complex web of relationships, and Zoopolis offers an original and profoundly affirmative vision of how to ground this complex web of relations on principles of justice and compassion.

Government In America

Author: George C. Edwards
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780134627533
Size: 39.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Government In America from the Author: George C. Edwards.

Mussolini In The First World War

Author: Paul O'Brien
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
ISBN: 9781845200510
Size: 58.81 MB
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Mussolini In The First World War from the Author: Paul O'Brien. How did Mussolini come to fascism? Standard accounts of the dictator have failed to explain satisfactorily the transition from his pre-World War I "socialism" to his post-war fascism. This controversial new book is the first to examine Mussolini's political trajectory during the Great War through his journalistic writings, speeches and war diary. The author argues that the 1914-18 conflict provided the catalyst for Mussolini to clarify his deep-rooted nationalist tendencies. He demonstrates that Mussolini's interventionism was already anti-socialist and anti-democratic in the early autumn of 1914 and shows how in and through the experience of the conflict the future Duce fine-tuned his authoritarian vision of Italy in a state of permanent mobilization for war.

The Shape Of Things To Come

Author: H. G. Wells
Publisher:
ISBN: 6050436347
Size: 49.21 MB
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The Shape Of Things To Come from the Author: H. G. Wells. The Shape of Things to Come is a work of science fiction by H. G. Wells, published in 1933, which speculates on future events from 1933 until the year 2106. In the book, a world state is established as the solution to humanity's problems. The Shape of Things to Come was written as a future history. Seen in retrospect, it can be considered as an alternative history, diverging from reality in late 1933 or early 1934, the point of divergence being US President Franklin D. Roosevelt's failure to implement the New Deal and revive the US economy and Adolf Hitler's failure to revive the German economy by rearmament. Instead, the worldwide economic crisis continues for thirty years, concurrently with the war.

Corruption Inequality And The Rule Of Law

Author: Eric M. Uslaner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139472372
Size: 26.10 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Corruption Inequality And The Rule Of Law from the Author: Eric M. Uslaner. Corruption flouts rules of fairness and gives some people advantages that others don't have. Corruption is persistent; there is little evidence that countries can escape the curse of corruption easily - or at all. Instead of focusing on institutional reform, in this book Eric M. Uslaner suggests that the roots of corruption lie in economic and legal inequality, low levels of generalized trust (which are not readily changed), and poor policy choices (which may be more likely to change). Economic inequality provides a fertile breeding ground for corruption, which, in turn, leads to further inequalities. Just as corruption is persistent, inequality and trust do not change much over time, according to Uslaner's cross-national aggregate analyses. He argues that high inequality leads to low trust and high corruption, and then to more inequality - an inequality trap - and identifies direct linkages between inequality and trust in surveys of the mass public and elites in transition countries.