The Criminal Trial In Later Medieval England

Author: John G. Bellamy
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802042958
Size: 47.38 MB
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The Criminal Trial In Later Medieval England from the Author: John G. Bellamy. This book represents the first full-length study of the English criminal trial in a crucial period of its development (1300-1550). Based on prime source material, The Criminal Trial in Later Medieval England uses legal treatises, contemporary reports of instructive cases, chancery rolls, state papers and court files and rolls to reconstruct the criminal trial in the later medieval and early Tudor periods. There is particular emphasis on the accusation process (studied in depth here for the first time, showing how it was, in effect, a trial within a trial); the discovery of a veritable revolution in conviction rates between the early fifteenth century and the later sixteenth (why this revolution occurred is explained in detail); the nature and scope of the most prevalent types of felony in the period; and the startling contrast between the conviction rate and the frequency of actual punishment. The role of victims, witnesses, evidence, jurors, justices and investigative techniques are analysed. John Bellamy is one of the foremost scholars in the field of English criminal justice and in The Criminal Trial in Later Medieval England gives a masterful account of what the medieval legal process involved. He guides the reader carefully through the maze of disputed and controversial issues, and makes clear to the non-specialist why these disputes exist and what their importance is for a fuller understanding of medieval criminal law. Those with a special interest in medieval law, as well as all those interested in how society deals with crime, will appreciate Professor Bellamy's clarity and wisdom and his careful blend of critical overview and new insights.

Forensic Medicine And Death Investigation In Medieval England

Author: Sara M. Butler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317610253
Size: 40.17 MB
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Forensic Medicine And Death Investigation In Medieval England from the Author: Sara M. Butler. England has traditionally been understood as a latecomer to the use of forensic medicine in death investigation, lagging nearly two-hundred years behind other European authorities. Using the coroner's inquest as a lens, this book hopes to offer a fresh perspective on the process of death investigation in medieval England. The central premise of this book is that medical practitioners did participate in death investigation – although not in every inquest, or even most, and not necessarily in those investigations where we today would deem their advice most pertinent. The medieval relationship with death and disease, in particular, shaped coroners' and their jurors' understanding of the inquest's medical needs and led them to conclusions that can only be understood in context of the medieval world's holistic approach to health and medicine. Moreover, while the English resisted Southern Europe's penchant for autopsies, at times their findings reveal a solid understanding of internal medicine. By studying cause of death in the coroners' reports, this study sheds new light on subjects such as abortion by assault, bubonic plague, cruentation, epilepsy, insanity, senescence, and unnatural death.

The Language Of Abuse

Author: Sara Butler
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9047418956
Size: 28.49 MB
Format: PDF
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The Language Of Abuse from the Author: Sara Butler. Drawing on a wide range of legal and literary sources, this book offers a comprehensive investigation into the acceptability of violence in marriage at a time when social expectations of gender and marriage were in transition.

Rape And Ravishment In The Literature Of Medieval England

Author: Corinne J. Saunders
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
ISBN: 9780859916103
Size: 66.98 MB
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Rape And Ravishment In The Literature Of Medieval England from the Author: Corinne J. Saunders. An exploration of the development of Middle English portrayals of rape and ravishment in the context of shifting legal, theological and medical attitudes.

Gender And Petty Crime In Late Medieval England

Author: Karen Jones
Publisher: Boydell Press
ISBN: 9781843832164
Size: 65.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Gender And Petty Crime In Late Medieval England from the Author: Karen Jones. First full-length study of the relations between gender and crime in late medieval England.

Punishing The Dead

Author: Robert Allan Houston
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019958642X
Size: 29.34 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Punishing The Dead from the Author: Robert Allan Houston. This strikingly original work shows how, from treatment of suicides in historic Britain, unique insights can be gained into the development of both social and political relationships and cultural attitudes in a period of profound change. Drawing ideas from a range of disciplines including law, philosophy, the social sciences, and literary studies as well as history, the book comprehensively analyses how successful and attempted suicide was viewed by the living andhow they dealt with its aftermath, using a wide variety of legal, fiscal, and literary sources. By investigating the distinctive institutional environments and mental worlds of early modern England and Scotland, it explains why suicide was treated as a crime subject to financial and corporalpunishments, and it questions modern assumptions about the apparent 'enlightenment' of attitudes in the eighteenth century.

The Historical Literature Of The Jack Cade Rebellion

Author: Alexander L. Kaufman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317029070
Size: 35.34 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Historical Literature Of The Jack Cade Rebellion from the Author: Alexander L. Kaufman. Accounts of Jack Cade's 1450 Rebellion-an uprising of some 30,000 middle-class citizens, protesting Henry VI's policies, and resulting in hundreds of deaths as well as the leaders' execution-form the dominant entry in a group of quasi-historical documents referred to as the London chronicles of the Fifteenth Century. However, each chronicle is inherently different and highly subjective. In the first study of the primary documents related to the Cade Rebellion, Alexander L. Kaufman shows that the chroniclers produced multiple representations of the event rather than a single, unified narrative. Aided by contemporary theories of historiography and historical representation, Kaufman scrutinizes the differing representations and distinguishes the writers' objectiveness, their underrated literary skills, and their ideological positions on the rebellion and fifteenth-century politics. He demonstrates how the use of figurative language is related to writing about trauma, and how descriptions of Cade's procession through London are a violent parody of midsummer festivals. In an exploration of authenticity in the descriptions of Cade, Kaufman also examines the characterization and plot devices that push Cade towards the realm of myth, showing that representations of Cade are influenced by popular fifteenth-century stories of Robin Hood.

The Criminal Jury Old And New

Author: John Hostettler
Publisher: Waterside Press
ISBN: 1904380115
Size: 36.67 MB
Format: PDF
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The Criminal Jury Old And New from the Author: John Hostettler. This text looks at great historical, political, social and legal landmarks to show how the jury evolved to become a key democratic institution resisting attacks, pressure, interference, legal imperatives, and on occasion, apparently compelling law or evidence. Bridging past and present, the author conveys the unique nature of the jury, its central role in the administration of justice and its importance as a barrier to manipulation, oppression and abuse.

Rancor Reconciliation In Medieval England

Author: Paul R. Hyams
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801439964
Size: 23.43 MB
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Rancor Reconciliation In Medieval England from the Author: Paul R. Hyams. Duels and bloodfeuds have long been regarded as essentially Continental phenomena, counter to the staid and orderly British ways of settling differences. In this surprising work of social and legal history, Paul R. Hyams reveals a post-Conquest England not all that different from the realms across the Channel. Drawing on a wide range of texts and the long history of argument about these texts, Hyams shatters the myth of English exceptionalism, the notion that while feud and vengeance prevailed in the lands of the Franks, England had advanced beyond such anarchic barbarism by the time of the Conquest and forged a centralized political and legal system. This book provides support for the notion that feud and vengeance flourished in England long beyond the Conquest, and that this fact obliges us to reconsider the genealogies of both common law and the English monarchy.Moving back and forth between a broad overview of 300 years of legal history and the details of specific disputes, Hyams attends to the demands of individuals who believed that they had been aggrieved and sought remedy. He shows how individuals perceived particular acts of violence and responded to them. These reactions, in turn, sparked central efforts to manage disputes and thereby establish law and order. Respectable litigation, however, never eclipsed the danger of direct action, often violent and physical.

Jury State And Society In Medieval England

Author: James Masschaele
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230607798
Size: 16.17 MB
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Jury State And Society In Medieval England from the Author: James Masschaele. This book portrays the great variety of work that medieval English juries carried out while highlighting the dramatic increase in demands for jury service that occurred during this period.