Criminal Jury Old And New

Author: John Hostettler
Publisher: Waterside Press
ISBN: 190653408X
Size: 73.19 MB
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Criminal Jury Old And New from the Author: John Hostettler. This text looks at great historical, political, social and legal landmarks to show how the jury evolved to become a key democratic institution resisting attacks, pressure, interference, legal imperatives, and on occasion, apparently compelling law or evidence. Bridging past and present, the author conveys the unique nature of the jury, its central role in the administration of justice and its importance as a barrier to manipulation, oppression and abuse.

Choosing For Juries

Author: Nazim Ziyadov
Publisher: Maklu
ISBN: 9046605892
Size: 25.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Choosing For Juries from the Author: Nazim Ziyadov. Why do governments try to limit the application of jury trials, both in countries where jury trials are native and in countries that have more recently instituted them? This is a critical question today as government authorities are trying to limit the role of juries, especially when it comes to complex fraud cases, national security/terrorism cases, and cases where juries seem to have a propensity for high acquittal rates. Therefore, understanding how governments are promoting and constraining jury trials is important. This book analyzes the reasons that motivate governments to introduce jury trial practices and the factors that condition the role these types of trials play in the administration of criminal justice systems as a whole. The book's research derives its finding from the comparative analysis of criminal justice systems of the United Kingdom, the Russian Federation, and the Republic of Azerbaijan. It also assesses prospects of the application of jury trials in the Republic of Azerbaijan based on analysis of the criminal justice systems of countries where these practices already exist.

Sir William Garrow

Author: John Hostettler
Publisher: Waterside Press
ISBN: 1906534829
Size: 16.68 MB
Format: PDF
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Sir William Garrow from the Author: John Hostettler. Now scheduled by BBC TV for autumn 2009 as a mini-series under the title 'Garrow's LawÂż, the story of Sir William GarrowÂżs unique contribution to the development of English law and its processes is so far little known by the general public.With the TV series and this book he is about to enter the nationÂżs consciousness for his 'gifts to the worldÂż - as the originator of the modern-day presumption of innocence, the right to universal legal representation and access to justice in a criminal court, expert cross-examination and early traces of human rights (among other things).A book that will be invaluable to anyone wishing to understand the development of the criminal trial and learn about legal history in the making.Sir William Garrow was born in Middlesex in 1760 and called to the Bar in 1783. He was the dominant figure at the Old Bailey from 1783 to 1793, later becoming an MP, Solicitor-General, Attorney-General and finally a judge and lawmaker within the Common Law Tradition.

Unfair

Author: Adam Benforado
Publisher: Crown
ISBN: 0770437761
Size: 56.19 MB
Format: PDF
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Unfair from the Author: Adam Benforado. "A crusading legal scholar exposes the powerful psychological forces that undermine our criminal justice system--and affect us all Our nation is founded on the notion that the law is impartial, that legal cases are won or lost on the basis of evidence, careful reasoning and nuanced argument. But they may, in fact, turn on the temperature of the courtroom, the camera angle of a defendant's taped confession, or a simple word choice or gesture during a cross-examination. In Unfair, law professor Adam Benforado shines a light on this troubling new research, showing, for example, that people with certain facial features receive longer sentences and that judges are far more likely to grant parole first thing in the morning. In fact, over the last two decades, psychologists and neuroscientists have uncovered many cognitive forces that operate beyond our conscious awareness--and Benforado argues that until we address these hidden biases head-on, the social inequality we see now will only widen, as powerful players and institutions find ways to exploit the weaknesses in our legal system. Weaving together historical examples, scientific studies, and compelling court cases--from the border collie put on trial in Kentucky to the five teenagers who falsely confessed in the Central Park Jogger case--Benforado shows how our judicial processes fail to uphold our values and protect society's weakest members, convicting the innocent while letting dangerous criminals go free. With clarity and passion, he lays out the scope of the problem and proposes a wealth of reforms that could prevent injustice and help us achieve true fairness and equality before the law"--

Dissenters Radicals Heretics And Blasphemers

Author: John Hostettler
Publisher: Waterside Press
ISBN: 1904380824
Size: 62.44 MB
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Dissenters Radicals Heretics And Blasphemers from the Author: John Hostettler. A stream of dissent, protest, uprising and rebellion is a central part of UK history. Taking key events from both the past and modern times John Hostettler demonstrates how when legitimate avenues of challenge to the actions of the state or other powerful groups are closed to people then they are bound to assert their rights in other ways.

The New Jim Crow

Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 1595588191
Size: 32.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The New Jim Crow from the Author: Michelle Alexander. The New Jim Crow was initially published with a modest first printing and reasonable expectations for a hard-hitting book on a tough topic. Now, ten-plus printings later, the long-awaited paperback version of the book Lani Guinier calls “brave and bold,” and Pulitzer Prize–winner David Levering Lewis calls “stunning,” will at last be available. In the era of colorblindness, it is no longer socially permissible to use race, explicitly, as a justification for discrimination, exclusion, and social contempt. Yet, as legal star Michelle Alexander reveals, today it is perfectly legal to discriminate against convicted criminals in nearly all the ways that it was once legal to discriminate against African Americans. Once you’re labeled a felon, the old forms of discrimination—employment discrimination, housing discrimination, denial of the right to vote, denial of educational opportunity, denial of food stamps and other public benefits, and exclusion from jury service—are suddenly legal. Featured on The Tavis Smiley Show, Bill Moyers Journal, Democracy Now, and C-Span’s Washington Journal, The New Jim Crow has become an overnight phenomenon, sparking a much-needed conversation—including a recent mention by Cornel West on Real Time with Bill Maher&mdas;about ways in which our system of mass incarceration has come to resemble systems of racial control from a different era.

The Supreme Court Against The Criminal Jury

Author: John A. Murley
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739136232
Size: 11.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Supreme Court Against The Criminal Jury from the Author: John A. Murley. The Supreme Court against the Criminal Jury: Social Science and the Palladium of Liberty is an analysis of the United States Supreme Court decisions in what has come to be called the “jury-size” and “jury-decision rule” cases. In Williams v. Florida (1970) and Ballew v. Georgia (1978), a majority of the Supreme Court looked to history, empirical studies, and functional analysis to support its claim that there was “no discernible difference” between the verdicts of juries of six and juries of twelve. In the process the Court also decided that the number twelve was an historical accident and that the twelve-member jury was not an essential ingredient of trial by jury. Two years later, the Court, following essentially the same line of reasoning used in Williams, decided in the companion cases Apodaca v. Oregon (1972) and Johnson v. Louisiana (1972) that defendants were as well served with juries that reached verdicts by a majority vote of 11-1,10-2 and 9-3 as they were with unanimous jury verdicts. In these cases the Supreme Court rejected the centuries old common law view that the unanimous jury verdict was an essential element of trial by jury. With these four decisions, the criminal jury as it had been known for more than six hundred years under the common law and the Constitution was in principle abandoned. We critique these decisions from the perspective of unreliable jury studies and the impact of these decision on jury nullification.

English Common Law In The Age Of Mansfield

Author: James Oldham
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807864005
Size: 44.69 MB
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English Common Law In The Age Of Mansfield from the Author: James Oldham. In the eighteenth century, the English common law courts laid the foundation that continues to support present-day Anglo-American law. Lord Mansfield, Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench, 1756-1788, was the dominant judicial force behind these developments. In this abridgment of his two-volume book, The Mansfield Manuscripts and the Growth of English Law in the Eighteenth Century, James Oldham presents the fundamentals of the English common law during this period, with a detailed description of the operational features of the common law courts. This work includes revised and updated versions of the historical and analytical essays that introduced the case transcriptions in the original volumes, with each chapter focusing on a different aspect of the law. While considerable scholarship has been devoted to the eighteenth-century English criminal trial, little attention has been given to the civil side. This book helps to fill that gap, providing an understanding of the principal body of substantive law with which America's founding fathers would have been familiar. It is an invaluable reference for practicing lawyers, scholars, and students of Anglo-American legal history.