Teaching Oral Traditions

Author: John Miles Foley
Publisher: Modern Language Assn of Amer
ISBN: 9780873523707
Size: 26.28 MB
Format: PDF
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Teaching Oral Traditions from the Author: John Miles Foley. Research is beginning to unearth the astounding wealth of oral traditions that have served as a vital cultural activity and verbal art for peoples throughout the world, from antiquity to the present. In this thirteenth volume of the MLA series Options for Teaching, forty-two scholar-teachers bring these discoveries and rediscoveries from the scholarly forum to the classroom. The essays in this exciting field touch on more than a hundred traditions and draw from the methodologies of literary studies, folklore, anthropology, and linguistics. They are filled with vivid specifics. Among the subjects discussed are the unwritten roots of the Bible; the genesis and art of the Homeric poems; Native American traditions, like the Zuni "Deer Boy" tale and the Quechua proverb "Corn-Planting Day"; the performance of the African American toast "Stagolee"; Old English charms for afflictions; Mexican American corridos; the Travelling People of Scotland; African trickster tales; women's songs of mid-eleventh-century Andalusia; a Yiddish picaresque narrative; the fifth-century Indian Tale of an Anklet; South Slavic epics; the oral traditions behind Beowulf and behind the Canterbury Tales; the professional entertainers (jongleurs) of medieval France; and Icelandic sagas. Teaching Oral Traditions demonstrates the importance of performance and challenges many current assumptions about the authority of the written word.

Oral Tradition And The Gospels

Author: Barry Henaut
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1850754071
Size: 46.69 MB
Format: PDF
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Oral Tradition And The Gospels from the Author: Barry Henaut. The problem of oral tradition is well known, for without some theory of this medium no history of Jesus would be possible. This study examines Mark 4.1-34 in the light of three distinctive models of orality: Rudolf Bultmann's form-critical method, B. Gerhardsson's 'Memory and Manuscript' theory and the recent contribution of W. Kelber. The form-critically separate units in the test (allegory, parables and aphorisms) are examined on the basis of their attestation in various documents (Mark, Q, Thomas) to determine whether independent versions of these sayings can be identified and what they tell us about the oral phase and Jesus. This analysis suggests that the criteria for authenticity of 'distinctiveness' and 'multiple attestation' need to be re-examined in light of the folkloric understanding of orality.

Oral Tradition In Ancient Israel

Author: Robert D. Miller
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1610972716
Size: 44.31 MB
Format: PDF
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Oral Tradition In Ancient Israel from the Author: Robert D. Miller. Providing a comprehensive study of "oral tradition" in Israel, this volume unpacks the nature of oral tradition, the form it would have taken in ancient Israel, and the remains of it in the narrative books of the Hebrew Bible. The author presents cases of oral/written interaction that provide the best ethnographic analogies for ancient Israel and insights from these suggest a model of transmission in oral-written societies valid for ancient Israel. Miller reconstructs what ancient Israelite oral literature would have been and considers criteria for identifying orally derived material in the narrative books of the Old Testament, marking several passages as highly probable oral derivations. Using ethnographic data and ancient Near Eastern examples, he proposes performance settings for this material. The epilogue treats the contentious topic of historicity and shows that orally derived texts are not more historically reliable than other texts in the Bible.

How To Read An Oral Poem

Author: John Miles Foley
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252070822
Size: 39.99 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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How To Read An Oral Poem from the Author: John Miles Foley. Uses examples from Homer's Odyssey to contemporary urban America's slam poetry to explore the cultural contexts of this verbal artform, discussing the structure, principles, and social applications of the oral poem.

Oral Tradition And The Internet

Author: John Miles Foley
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 0252078691
Size: 43.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Oral Tradition And The Internet from the Author: John Miles Foley. The major purpose of this book is to illustrate and explain the fundamental similarities and correspondences between humankind's oldest and newest thought-technologies: oral tradition and the Internet. Despite superficial differences, both technologies are radically alike in depending not on static products but rather on continuous processes, not on "What?" but on "How do I get there?" In contrast to the fixed spatial organization of the page and book, the technologies of oral tradition and the Internet mime the way we think by processing along pathways within a network. In both media it's pathways--not things--that matter. To illustrate these ideas, this volume is designed as a "morphing book," a collection of linked nodes that can be read in innumerable different ways. Doing nothing less fundamental than challenging the default medium of the linear book and page and all that they entail, Oral Tradition and the Internet shows readers that there are large, complex, wholly viable, alternative worlds of media-technology out there--if only they are willing to explore, to think outside the usual, culturally constructed categories. This "brick-and-mortar" book exists as an extension of The Pathways Project (http://pathwaysproject.org), an open-access online suite of chapter-nodes, linked websites, and multimedia all dedicated to exploring and demonstrating the dynamic relationship between oral tradition and Internet technology

From Conversation To Oral Tradition

Author: Raymond F Person
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317327535
Size: 80.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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From Conversation To Oral Tradition from the Author: Raymond F Person. This book argues that many of the most prominent features of oral epic poetry in a number of traditions can best be understood as adaptations or stylizations of conversational language use, and advances the claim that if we can understand how conversation is structured, it will aid our understanding of oral traditions. In this study that carefully compares the "special grammar" of oral traditions to the "grammar" of everyday conversation as understood in the field of conversation analysis, Raymond Person demonstrates that traditional phraseology, including formulaic language, is an adaptation of practices in turn construction in conversation, such as sound-selection of words and prosody, and that thematic structures are adaptations of sequence organization in talk-in-interaction. From this he concludes that the "special grammar" of oral traditions can be understood as an example of institutional talk that exaggerates certain conversational practices for aesthetic purposes and that draws from cognitive resources found in everyday conversation. Person’s research will be of interest to conversation analysts as well as literary scholars, especially those interested in ancient and medieval literature, the comparative study of oral traditions and folklore, and linguistic approaches to literature. This volume lays the groundwork for further interdisciplinary work bridging the fields of literature and linguistics.

A New Companion To Homer

Author: Ian Morris
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004099890
Size: 71.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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A New Companion To Homer from the Author: Ian Morris. This volume is the first English-language survey of Homeric studies to appear for more than a generation, and the first such work to attempt to cover all fields comprehensively. Thirty leading scholars from Europe and America provide short, authoritative overviews of the state of knowledge and current controversies in the many specialist divisions in Homeric studies. The chapters pay equal attention to literary, mythological, linguistic, historical, and archaeological topics, ranging from such long-established problems as the "Homeric Question" to newer issues like the relevance of narratology and computer-assisted quantification. The collection, the third publication in Brill's handbook series, "The Classical Tradition," will be valuable at every level of study - from the general student of literature to the Homeric specialist seeking a general understanding of the latest developments across the whole range of Homeric scholarship.

Connecticut S Indigenous Peoples

Author: Lucianne Lavin
ISBN: 9780300212587
Size: 12.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Connecticut S Indigenous Peoples from the Author: Lucianne Lavin. A groundbreaking volume on the rich 10,000-plus-year history and culture of Connecticut's indigenous peoples