Syria Under Bashar Al Asad

Author: Volker Perthes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136056327
Size: 66.78 MB
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Syria Under Bashar Al Asad from the Author: Volker Perthes. Syria entered a new phase with the death of its long-serving leader, Hafiz al-Asad, and the accession of his son Bashar in 2000. While the new president has disappointed much of the hopes for political opening which he himself has created, Syria is clearly undergoing a process of change. The author analyses the factors of economic and political change in the country, and gives a portrait of its new leadership.

The New Lion Of Damascus

Author: David W. Lesch
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300109917
Size: 38.47 MB
Format: PDF
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The New Lion Of Damascus from the Author: David W. Lesch. An account of contemporary Syria, its extraordinary leader, and its current and future place in the Middle East.

The Middle East

Author: Ellen Lust
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1483304833
Size: 71.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Middle East from the Author: Ellen Lust. Providing the most comprehensive and balanced coverage of the domestic, regional, and international politics of the Middle East, as well as detailed examinations of all of the countries in the region, this new edition of Ellen Lust's The Middle East has been fully revised to take into account the watershed events that have taken place since the 2011 "Arab Spring" uprisings. The new edition also adds coverage of religion, society, and politics in the region in a new chapter that examines the role of both Islam and Judaism, and every country profile chapter now also includes more explicit coverage of religion.

Deadly Connections

Author: Daniel Byman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139445955
Size: 45.25 MB
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Deadly Connections from the Author: Daniel Byman. Thousands of people have died at the hands of terrorist groups who rely on state support for their activities. Iran and Syria are well known as sponsors of terrorism, while other countries, some with strong connections to the West, have enabled terrorist activity by turning a blind eye. Daniel Byman's hard-hitting and articulate book analyzes this phenomenon. Focusing primarily on sponsors from the Middle East and South Asia, it examines the different types of support that states provide, their motivations, and the impact of such sponsorship. The book also considers regimes that allow terrorists to raise money and recruit without providing active support. The experiences of Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and Libya are detailed here, alongside the histories of radical groups such as al-Qaida and Hizballah. The book concludes by assessing why it is often difficult to force sponsors to cut ties to terrorist groups and suggesting ways in which it could be done better in the future.

Syria From Reform To Revolt

Author: Raymond Hinnebusch
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 0815653026
Size: 13.66 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Syria From Reform To Revolt from the Author: Raymond Hinnebusch. When Bashar al-Asad smoothly assumed power in July 2000, just seven days after the death of his father, observers were divided on what this would mean for the country’s foreign and domestic politics. On the one hand, it seemed everything would stay the same: an Asad on top of a political system controlled by secret services and Baathist one-party rule. On the other hand, it looked like everything would be different: a young president with exposure to Western education who, in his inaugural speech, emphasized his determination to modernize Syria. This volume explores the ways in which Asad’s domestic and foreign policy strategies during his first decade in power safeguarded his rule and adapted Syria to the age of globalization. The volume’s contributors examine multiple aspects of Asad’s rule in the 2000s, from power consolidation within the party and control of the opposition to economic reform, co-opting new private charities, and coping with Iraqi refugees. The Syrian regime temporarily succeeded in reproducing its power and legitimacy, in reconstructing its social base, and in managing regional and international challenges. At the same time, contributors clearly detail the shortcomings, inconsistencies, and risks these policies entailed, illustrating why Syria’s tenuous stability came to an abrupt end during the Arab Spring of 2011. This volume presents the work of an international group of scholars from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds. Based on extensive fieldwork and on intimate knowledge of a country whose dynamics often seem complicated and obscure to outside observers, these scholars’ insightful snapshots of Bashar al-Asad’s decade of authoritarian upgrading provide an indispensable resource for understanding the current crisis and its disastrous consequences.

Islamic Revivalism In Syria

Author: Line Khatib
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136661778
Size: 79.10 MB
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Islamic Revivalism In Syria from the Author: Line Khatib. Contemporary studies on Syria assume that the country’s Ba’thist regime has been effective in subduing its Islamic opposition, placing Syria at odds with the Middle East’s larger trends of rising Islamic activism and the eclipse of secular ideologies as the primary source of political activism. Yet this assumption founders when confronted with the clear resurgence in Islamic militantism in the country since 2004. This book examines Syria’s current political reality as regards its Islamic movement, describing the country’s present day Islamic groups – particularly their social profile and ideology – and offering an explanation of their resurgence. The analysis focuses on: Who are today’s Syrian Islamic groups? Why and how are they re-emerging after 22 years of relative silence as an important socio-economic and political force? How is the Syrian state dealing with their re-emergence in light of Syria’s secularism and ideologically diverse society? Bridging area studies, Islamic studies, and political science, this book will be an important reference for those working within the fields of Comparative Politics, Political Economy, and Middle Eastern Studies.

Minority Rights In The Middle East

Author: Joshua Castellino
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0199679495
Size: 54.73 MB
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Minority Rights In The Middle East from the Author: Joshua Castellino. Minority rights in the Middle East are subject to different legal regimes: national law and international law, as well as Islamic law. This book investigates the treatment of ethnic and religious minorities in the region both from a historical and contemporary perspective, before addressing three case studies: Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon.

The Foreign Policies Of Arab States

Author: Bahgat Korany
Publisher: American Univ in Cairo Press
ISBN: 9789774163609
Size: 22.56 MB
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The Foreign Policies Of Arab States from the Author: Bahgat Korany. A third edition of a popular text includes new material reflecting the earth-shaking events at the end of the Cold War and the continuation of violence and terrorism and examines the foreign policies of nine Arab states--including Iraq, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and more--in the context of globalization. Original.

Business Networks In Syria

Author: Bassam S. A. Haddad
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804778418
Size: 51.61 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Business Networks In Syria from the Author: Bassam S. A. Haddad. Collusion between business communities and the state can lead to a measure of security for those in power, but this kind of interaction often limits new development. In Syria, state-business involvement through informal networks has contributed to an erratic economy. With unique access to private businessmen and select state officials during a critical period of transition, this book examines Syria's political economy from 1970 to 2005 to explain the nation's pattern of state intervention and prolonged economic stagnation. As state income from oil sales and aid declined, collusion was a bid for political security by an embattled regime. To achieve a modicum of economic growth, the Syrian regime would develop ties with select members of the business community, reserving the right to reverse their inclusion in the future. Haddad ultimately reveals that this practice paved the way for forms of economic agency that maintained the security of the regime but diminished the development potential of the state and the private sector.

Business Politics In The Middle East

Author: Steffen Hertog
Publisher: Hurst Publishers
ISBN: 1849042357
Size: 22.90 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Business Politics In The Middle East from the Author: Steffen Hertog. Although most Arab countries remain authoritarian, many have undergone a restructuring of state-society relations in which lower- and middle-class interest groups have lost ground while big business has benefited in terms of its integration into policy-making and the opening of economic sectors that used to be state-dominated. Arab businesses have also started taking on aspects of public service provision in health, media and education that used to be the domain of the state; they have also become increasingly active in philanthropy. The ‘Arab Spring,’ which is likely to lead to a more pluralistic political order, makes it all the more important to understand business interests in the Middle East, a segment of society that on the one hand has often been close to the ancien regime, but on the other will play a pivotal role in a future social contract. Among the topics addressed by the authors are the role of business in recent regime change; the political outlook of businessmen; the consequences of economic liberalisation on the composition of business elites in the Middle East; the role of the private sector in orienting government policies; lobbying of government by business interests and the mechanisms by which governments seek to keep businesses dependent on them.