Syria Under Bashar Al Asad

Author: Volker Perthes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136056327
Size: 58.42 MB
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Syria Under Bashar Al Asad from the Author: Volker Perthes. Syria entered a new phase with the death of its long-serving leader, Hafiz al-Asad, and the accession of his son Bashar in 2000. While the new president has disappointed much of the hopes for political opening which he himself has created, Syria is clearly undergoing a process of change. The author analyses the factors of economic and political change in the country, and gives a portrait of its new leadership.

The New Lion Of Damascus

Author: David W. Lesch
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300109917
Size: 21.47 MB
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The New Lion Of Damascus from the Author: David W. Lesch. An account of contemporary Syria, its extraordinary leader, and its current and future place in the Middle East.

Syria From Reform To Revolt

Author: Raymond Hinnebusch
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 0815653026
Size: 43.53 MB
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Syria From Reform To Revolt from the Author: Raymond Hinnebusch. When Bashar al-Asad smoothly assumed power in July 2000, just seven days after the death of his father, observers were divided on what this would mean for the country’s foreign and domestic politics. On the one hand, it seemed everything would stay the same: an Asad on top of a political system controlled by secret services and Baathist one-party rule. On the other hand, it looked like everything would be different: a young president with exposure to Western education who, in his inaugural speech, emphasized his determination to modernize Syria. This volume explores the ways in which Asad’s domestic and foreign policy strategies during his first decade in power safeguarded his rule and adapted Syria to the age of globalization. The volume’s contributors examine multiple aspects of Asad’s rule in the 2000s, from power consolidation within the party and control of the opposition to economic reform, co-opting new private charities, and coping with Iraqi refugees. The Syrian regime temporarily succeeded in reproducing its power and legitimacy, in reconstructing its social base, and in managing regional and international challenges. At the same time, contributors clearly detail the shortcomings, inconsistencies, and risks these policies entailed, illustrating why Syria’s tenuous stability came to an abrupt end during the Arab Spring of 2011. This volume presents the work of an international group of scholars from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds. Based on extensive fieldwork and on intimate knowledge of a country whose dynamics often seem complicated and obscure to outside observers, these scholars’ insightful snapshots of Bashar al-Asad’s decade of authoritarian upgrading provide an indispensable resource for understanding the current crisis and its disastrous consequences.

Syria From Reform To Revolt

Author: Leif Stenberg
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 0815653514
Size: 76.61 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Syria From Reform To Revolt from the Author: Leif Stenberg. As Syria’s anti-authoritarian uprising and subsequent civil war have left the country in ruins, the need for understanding the nation’s complex political and cultural realities remains urgent. The second of a two-volume series, Syria from Reform to Revolt: Culture, Society, and Religion draws together closely observed, critical and historicized analyses, giving vital insights into Syrian society today. With a broad range of disciplinary perspectives, contributors reveal how Bashar al-Asad’s pivotal first decade of rule engendered changes in power relations and public discourse—dynamics that would feed the 2011 protest movement and civil war. Essays focus on key arenas of Syrian social life, including television drama, political fiction, Islamic foundations, and Christian choirs and charities, demonstrating the ways in which Syrians worked with and through the state in attempts to reform, undermine, or sidestep the regime. The contributors explore the paradoxical cultural politics of hope, anticipation, and betrayal that have animated life in Syria under Asad, revealing the fractures that obstruct peaceful transformation. Syria from Reform to Revolt provides a powerful assessment of the conditions that turned Syria’s hopeful Arab spring revolution into a catastrophic civil war that has cost over 200,000 lives and generated the worst humanitarian crisis of the twenty-first century.

The Middle East

Author: Ellen Lust
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1483304833
Size: 56.44 MB
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The Middle East from the Author: Ellen Lust. Providing the most comprehensive and balanced coverage of the domestic, regional, and international politics of the Middle East, as well as detailed examinations of all of the countries in the region, this new edition of Ellen Lust's The Middle East has been fully revised to take into account the watershed events that have taken place since the 2011 "Arab Spring" uprisings. The new edition also adds coverage of religion, society, and politics in the region in a new chapter that examines the role of both Islam and Judaism, and every country profile chapter now also includes more explicit coverage of religion.

Islamic Revivalism In Syria

Author: Line Khatib
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136661778
Size: 12.24 MB
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Islamic Revivalism In Syria from the Author: Line Khatib. Contemporary studies on Syria assume that the country’s Ba’thist regime has been effective in subduing its Islamic opposition, placing Syria at odds with the Middle East’s larger trends of rising Islamic activism and the eclipse of secular ideologies as the primary source of political activism. Yet this assumption founders when confronted with the clear resurgence in Islamic militantism in the country since 2004. This book examines Syria’s current political reality as regards its Islamic movement, describing the country’s present day Islamic groups – particularly their social profile and ideology – and offering an explanation of their resurgence. The analysis focuses on: Who are today’s Syrian Islamic groups? Why and how are they re-emerging after 22 years of relative silence as an important socio-economic and political force? How is the Syrian state dealing with their re-emergence in light of Syria’s secularism and ideologically diverse society? Bridging area studies, Islamic studies, and political science, this book will be an important reference for those working within the fields of Comparative Politics, Political Economy, and Middle Eastern Studies.

The Political Economy Of Syria Under Asad

Author: Volker Perthes
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860641923
Size: 66.39 MB
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The Political Economy Of Syria Under Asad from the Author: Volker Perthes. Syria under Asad has been one of the key regional powers of the Middle East. Though its political development has been a much-debated subject, there has been no comprehensive study in English of the country's political economy and its evolution since 1970 to the present day. Beginning with an account of economic development and of changing development strategies, Perthes discusses the factors which in the late 1980s precipitated a change in direction from the socialist orientation of the earlier Ba'thist years to "infitah" and a larger role for the private sector. He pays particular attention to class structure and class-state relations and examines the nature of the state, the political structure and the mechanisms and dynamics of political decision-making. Addressing the issue of the interplay between economic transformation and political change, Perthes argues that, although a shift in the power structure will not occur under Asad, his regime has created the institutions which will allow a reasonably smooth succession and a creation of a less personalized and more participatory political order.

Minority Rights In The Middle East

Author: Joshua Castellino
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0199679495
Size: 80.55 MB
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Minority Rights In The Middle East from the Author: Joshua Castellino. Minority rights in the Middle East are subject to different legal regimes: national law and international law, as well as Islamic law. This book investigates the treatment of ethnic and religious minorities in the region both from a historical and contemporary perspective, before addressing three case studies: Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon.

The Struggle For Power In Syria

Author: Nikolaos Van Dam
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857720538
Size: 23.54 MB
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The Struggle For Power In Syria from the Author: Nikolaos Van Dam. In the midst of turmoil in the Middle East, and in the face of protests and demonstrations from Homs to Damascus and other places all over Syria, the Ba‘th Party and Bashar al-Asad are truly caught up in a struggle to hold onto power in Syria. In this important book, Nikolaos van Dam explores and explains how the Asad dynasty has come to rule Syria for about half a century and keep the complex patchwork of minorities, factions and opponents securely under control for such an unprecedented long period. Through an in-depth examination of the role of sectarian, regional and tribal loyalties, van Dam traces developments within the Ba‘th party and the military and civilian power elite from the 1963 Ba‘thist takeover up to the present day.

Asad In Search Of Legitimacy

Author: Mordechai Kedar
Size: 43.18 MB
Format: PDF
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Asad In Search Of Legitimacy from the Author: Mordechai Kedar. The Syrian regime, ruled by the Ba’th socialist party and headed by presidents from the ’Alawi minority, faces problems of legitimacy vis-à-vis its people, which it tackles through powerful security organizations and the state media. The government media machine exists to express the regime’s viewpoint in both local and external spheres, and to promote acceptance of the legitimacy of Asad’s presidency and government. The media also attempts to mobilize the masses to act in the service of the state by disseminating information which reflects Asad’s position on current issues. The organs of the regime – army, party, security services, national and local authorities – are proclaimed as acting by order of the president. While personal commitment to the legitimacy of Hafiz al-Asad is the principal “article of faith”, this message is supported by complementary messages – Asad being true to the Moslem faith; Asad as historic leader; Asad as the focus of identity of all Syrian citizens; the “crimes” of the Moslem Brotherhood, etc. – and vociferous political discourse.