Studies In The Philosophy Of Biology

Author: Francisco José Ayala
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520026490
Size: 23.20 MB
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Studies In The Philosophy Of Biology from the Author: Francisco José Ayala.

Aristotle S Philosophy Of Biology

Author: James G. Lennox
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521659765
Size: 41.66 MB
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Aristotle S Philosophy Of Biology from the Author: James G. Lennox. In addition to being one of the world's most influential philosophers, Aristotle can also be credited with the creation of both the science of biology and the philosophy of biology. The papers collected in this volume, written by a pre-eminent figure in the field of Aristotle's philosophy and biology, examine Aristotle's approach to biological inquiry and explanation, his concepts of matter, form and kind, and his teleology. Gathering important essays written over a span of twenty years, this volume will be of special value to historians of science and philosophers of science.

Topics In The Philosophy Of Biology

Author: Marjorie Grene
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401018294
Size: 22.89 MB
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Topics In The Philosophy Of Biology from the Author: Marjorie Grene. The philosophy of biology should move to the center of the philosophy of science - a place it has not been accorded since the time of Mach. Physics was the paradigm of science, and its shadow falls across con temporary philosophy of biology as well, in a variety of contexts: reduction, organization and system, biochemical mechanism, and the models of law and explanation which derive from the Duhem-Popper Hempel tradition. This volume, we think, offers ample evidence of how good contempo rary work in the philosophical understanding of biology has become. Marjorie Grene and Everett Mendelsohn aptly combine a deep philo sophical appreciation of conceptual issues in biology with an historical understanding of the radical changes in the science of biology since the 19th century. In this book, they present essays which probe such historical and methodological questions as reducibility, levels of organization, function and teleology, and the range of issues emerging from evolution ary theory and the species problem. In conjunction with Professor Grene's collection of essays on the philosophy of biology, The Under standing of Nature (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. XXIII) and the occasional essays on these topics which we have published in other volumes (listed below), this volume contributes to bringing biology to the center of philosophical attention. Everett Mendelsohn, 'Explanation in Nineteenth Century Biology' (Boston Studies, Vol. II, 1965). David Hawkins, 'Taxonomy and Information', (Boston Studies, Vol. III, 1967).

Species Of Mind

Author: Colin Allen
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262511087
Size: 44.24 MB
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Species Of Mind from the Author: Colin Allen. The heart of this book is the reciprocal relationship between philosophical theories of mind and empirical studies of animalcognition.

Trees Of Life

Author: P.E. Griffiths
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401580383
Size: 31.15 MB
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Trees Of Life from the Author: P.E. Griffiths. Australia and New Zealand boast an active community of scholars working in the field of history, philosophy and social studies of science. • Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science' aims to provide a distinctive publication outlet for their work. Each volume comprises a group of essays on a connected theme, edited by an Australian or a New Zealander with special expertise in that particular area .. In each volume, a majority of the contributors is from Australia or New Zealand. O;mtributions from elsewhere are by no means ruled out, however, and are indeed actively encouraged wherever appropriate to the balance of the volume in question. Earlier volumes in the series have been welcomed for significantly advancing the discussion of the topics they have dealt with. The present volume will I believe be greeted equally enthusiastically by readers in many parts of the world. R. W. Home General Editor Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science TABLE OF CONTENTS v FOREWORD PAUL GRIFFITHS / Introduction 1 SECTION ONE: BEYOND NATURAL SELECTION ELLIOTI SOBER / Models of Cultural Evolution 17 KIM STERELNY / Punctuated Equilibrium and Macroevolution 41 ROBIN CRAW / Margins of Cladistics: Identity, Difference and Place in the Emergence of Phylogenetic Systematics 1864-1975 65 SECTION TWO: CENTRAL CONCEPTS OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY PAUL GRIFFITHS / Adaptive Explanation and the Concept of a Vestige 111 TIMOTHY SHANAHAN / Selection, Drift and the Aims of Evolutionary Theory 133 SECTION THREE: THE DEVELOPMENTAL SYSTEMS APPROACH

From A Biological Point Of View

Author: Elliott Sober
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521477536
Size: 67.28 MB
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From A Biological Point Of View from the Author: Elliott Sober. This new collection of essays will appeal to a readership that extends well beyond the frontiers of the philosophy of science. Sober shows how ideas in evolutionary biology bear in significant ways on traditional problems in philosophy of mind and language, epistemology, and metaphysics. Among the topics addressed are psychological egoism, solipsism, and the interpretation of belief and utterance, empiricism, Ockham's razor, causality, essentialism, and scientific laws.

Understanding Purpose

Author: Philippe Huneman
Publisher: University Rochester Press
ISBN: 9781580462655
Size: 76.89 MB
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Understanding Purpose from the Author: Philippe Huneman. Understanding Purpose is an exploration of the central concept of natural purpose (Naturzweck) in Kant's philosophy of biology. Kant's work in this area is marked by a strong teleological concern: living organisms, in his view, are qualitatively different from mechanistic devices, and as a result they cannot be understood by means of the same principles. At the same time, Kant's own use of the concept of purpose does not presuppose any theological commitments, and is merely "regulative," that is, it is employed as a heuristic device. The contributors to this volume also investigate the following key historical questions relating to Kant's philosophy of biology: how does it relate to European work in the life sciences that was done before Kant arrived on the scene? How did Kant's unique approach to the philosophy of biology in turn influence later work in this area? The issues explored in this volume are as pertinent to the history of philosophy as they are to the history of science-it is precisely the blurred boundaries between these two disciplines that allows for new perspectives on Kantianism and early nineteenth-century German biology to emerge. Contributors: Jean-Claude Dupont, Mark Fisher, Philippe Huneman, Robert J. Richards, Phillip R. Sloan, Stéphane Schmitt, and John Zammito. Philipe Huneman is researcher at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unit of the Université Paris.

The Oxford Handbook Of Philosophy Of Biology

Author: Michael Ruse
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195182057
Size: 25.52 MB
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The Oxford Handbook Of Philosophy Of Biology from the Author: Michael Ruse. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology contains exciting new essays written to introduce the reader to one of the most vibrant areas of scholarship today. The handbook covers the history of the topic, moves through evolutionary theory, continues with discussions of molecular biology and ecology, and covers biology and ethics as well as biology and religion. There is no better way of learning about this dynamic subject than through the essays in this volume.

French Studies In The Philosophy Of Science

Author: Anastasios Brenner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402093683
Size: 55.24 MB
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French Studies In The Philosophy Of Science from the Author: Anastasios Brenner. Having examined previous volumes of the Boston Studies series devoted to different countries, and having discussed the best way to present contemporary research in France, we have arrived at a careful selection of 15 participants, including the organizers. Our aim is to bring together philosophers and practicing scientist from the major institutions of the country, both universities and research centers. The areas of research represented here cover a wide spectrum of sciences, from mathematics and physics to the life sciences, as well as linguistics and economics. This selection is a showcase of French philosophy of science, illustrating the different methods employed: logico-linguistic analysis, rational reconstruction and historical inquiry. These participants have the ability to relate their research both to the French tradition and current discussions on the international scene. Also included is a substantial historical introduction, explaining the development of philosophy of science in France, the various schools of thought and methods as well as the major concepts and their significance.

Biology And Epistemology

Author: Richard Creath
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521597012
Size: 47.34 MB
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Biology And Epistemology from the Author: Richard Creath. This book, first published in 2000, explores a range of diverse issues in the intersection of biology and epistemology.