Aristotle S Philosophy Of Biology

Author: James G. Lennox
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521659765
Size: 23.92 MB
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Aristotle S Philosophy Of Biology from the Author: James G. Lennox. In addition to being one of the world's most influential philosophers, Aristotle can also be credited with the creation of both the science of biology and the philosophy of biology. The papers collected in this volume, written by a pre-eminent figure in the field of Aristotle's philosophy and biology, examine Aristotle's approach to biological inquiry and explanation, his concepts of matter, form and kind, and his teleology. Gathering important essays written over a span of twenty years, this volume will be of special value to historians of science and philosophers of science.

Trees Of Life

Author: P.E. Griffiths
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401580383
Size: 15.25 MB
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Trees Of Life from the Author: P.E. Griffiths. Australia and New Zealand boast an active community of scholars working in the field of history, philosophy and social studies of science. • Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science' aims to provide a distinctive publication outlet for their work. Each volume comprises a group of essays on a connected theme, edited by an Australian or a New Zealander with special expertise in that particular area .. In each volume, a majority of the contributors is from Australia or New Zealand. O;mtributions from elsewhere are by no means ruled out, however, and are indeed actively encouraged wherever appropriate to the balance of the volume in question. Earlier volumes in the series have been welcomed for significantly advancing the discussion of the topics they have dealt with. The present volume will I believe be greeted equally enthusiastically by readers in many parts of the world. R. W. Home General Editor Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science TABLE OF CONTENTS v FOREWORD PAUL GRIFFITHS / Introduction 1 SECTION ONE: BEYOND NATURAL SELECTION ELLIOTI SOBER / Models of Cultural Evolution 17 KIM STERELNY / Punctuated Equilibrium and Macroevolution 41 ROBIN CRAW / Margins of Cladistics: Identity, Difference and Place in the Emergence of Phylogenetic Systematics 1864-1975 65 SECTION TWO: CENTRAL CONCEPTS OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY PAUL GRIFFITHS / Adaptive Explanation and the Concept of a Vestige 111 TIMOTHY SHANAHAN / Selection, Drift and the Aims of Evolutionary Theory 133 SECTION THREE: THE DEVELOPMENTAL SYSTEMS APPROACH

Biology And The Foundations Of Ethics

Author: Jane Maienschein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521559232
Size: 19.50 MB
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Biology And The Foundations Of Ethics from the Author: Jane Maienschein. This collection of new essays focuses on the connection between biology and questions in ethics.

Qu Bec Studies In The Philosophy Of Science Biology Psychology Cognitive Science And Economics

Author: Hugues Leblanc
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Pub
ISBN: 9780792335603
Size: 46.38 MB
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Qu Bec Studies In The Philosophy Of Science Biology Psychology Cognitive Science And Economics from the Author: Hugues Leblanc. This, the second of two volumes of essays written by scholars from Québec, is dedicated to the eminent and pioneering logician, Hugues Leblanc. Together, the volumes comprise the first full-scale, English-language collection of studies in the philosophy and history of science from the French and English culture of Québec. They will be appreciated as a major contribution to North-American philosophy of science. Audience: The second volume will be of particular interest to students and scholars engaged in research in the philosophy of biology, psychology, cognitive science and economics.

Species Of Mind

Author: Colin Allen
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262511087
Size: 80.10 MB
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Species Of Mind from the Author: Colin Allen. The heart of this book is the reciprocal relationship between philosophical theories of mind and empirical studies of animalcognition.

The Oxford Handbook Of Philosophy Of Biology

Author: Michael Ruse
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195182057
Size: 61.98 MB
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The Oxford Handbook Of Philosophy Of Biology from the Author: Michael Ruse. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology contains exciting new essays written to introduce the reader to one of the most vibrant areas of scholarship today. The handbook covers the history of the topic, moves through evolutionary theory, continues with discussions of molecular biology and ecology, and covers biology and ethics as well as biology and religion. There is no better way of learning about this dynamic subject than through the essays in this volume.

The Understanding Of Nature

Author: Marjorie Grene
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401022240
Size: 18.12 MB
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The Understanding Of Nature from the Author: Marjorie Grene. No student or colleague of Marjorie Grene will miss her incisive presence in these papers on the study and nature of living nature, and we believe the new reader will quickly join the stimulating discussion and critique which Professor Grene steadily provokes. For years she has worked with equally sure knowledge in the classical domain of philosophy and in modern epistemological inquiry, equally philosopher of science and metaphysician. Moreover, she has the deeply sensible notion that she should be a critically intelligent learner as much as an imaginatively original thinker, and as a result she has brought insightful expository readings of other philosophers and scientists to her own work. We were most fortunate that Marjorie Grene was willing to spend a full semester of a recent leave here in Boston, and we have on other occasions sought her participation in our colloquia and elsewhere. Now we have the pleasure of including among the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science this generous selection from Grene's philosophical inquiries into the understanding of the natural world, and of the men and women in it. Boston University Center for the R. S. COHEN Philosophy and History of Science M. W. W ARTOFSKY April 1974 PREFACE This collection spans - spottily - years from 1946 ('On Some Distinctions between Men and Brutes') to 1974 ('On the Nature of Natural Necessity').

Philosophy Of Experimental Biology

Author: Marcel Weber
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139453912
Size: 46.41 MB
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Philosophy Of Experimental Biology from the Author: Marcel Weber. Philosophy of Experimental Biology explores some central philosophical issues concerning scientific research in experimental biology, including genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, developmental biology, neurobiology, and microbiology. It seeks to make sense of the explanatory strategies, concepts, ways of reasoning, approaches to discovery and problem solving, tools, models and experimental systems deployed by scientific life science researchers and also integrates developments in historical scholarship, in particular the New Experimentalism. It concludes that historical explanations of scientific change that are based on local laboratory practice need to be supplemented with an account of the epistemic norms and standards that are operative in science. This book should be of interest to philosophers and historians of science as well as to scientists.

Genetics And Reductionism

Author: Sahotra Sarkar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521637138
Size: 66.78 MB
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Genetics And Reductionism from the Author: Sahotra Sarkar. With the advent of the Human Genome Project there have been many claims for the genetic origins of complex human behavior including insanity, criminality, and intelligence. But what does it really mean to call something 'genetic'? This is the fundamental question that Sahotra Sarkar's book addresses. The author analyses the nature of reductionism in classical and molecular genetics. He shows that there are two radically different kinds of reductionist explanation: genetic reduction (as found in classical genetics) and physical reduction (found in molecular genetics). This important book clarifies the meaning of the term 'genetic', shows how molecular studies have affected genetics, and provides the philosophical background necessary to understand the debates over the Human Genome Project. It will be of particular interest to professionals and students in the philosophy of science, the history of science, and the social studies of science, medicine, and technology.