Aristotle S Philosophy Of Biology

Author: James G. Lennox
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521659765
Size: 20.51 MB
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Aristotle S Philosophy Of Biology from the Author: James G. Lennox. In addition to being one of the world's most influential philosophers, Aristotle can also be credited with the creation of both the science of biology and the philosophy of biology. The papers collected in this volume, written by a pre-eminent figure in the field of Aristotle's philosophy and biology, examine Aristotle's approach to biological inquiry and explanation, his concepts of matter, form and kind, and his teleology. Gathering important essays written over a span of twenty years, this volume will be of special value to historians of science and philosophers of science.

Topics In The Philosophy Of Biology

Author: Marjorie Grene
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401018294
Size: 29.21 MB
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Topics In The Philosophy Of Biology from the Author: Marjorie Grene. The philosophy of biology should move to the center of the philosophy of science - a place it has not been accorded since the time of Mach. Physics was the paradigm of science, and its shadow falls across con temporary philosophy of biology as well, in a variety of contexts: reduction, organization and system, biochemical mechanism, and the models of law and explanation which derive from the Duhem-Popper Hempel tradition. This volume, we think, offers ample evidence of how good contempo rary work in the philosophical understanding of biology has become. Marjorie Grene and Everett Mendelsohn aptly combine a deep philo sophical appreciation of conceptual issues in biology with an historical understanding of the radical changes in the science of biology since the 19th century. In this book, they present essays which probe such historical and methodological questions as reducibility, levels of organization, function and teleology, and the range of issues emerging from evolution ary theory and the species problem. In conjunction with Professor Grene's collection of essays on the philosophy of biology, The Under standing of Nature (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. XXIII) and the occasional essays on these topics which we have published in other volumes (listed below), this volume contributes to bringing biology to the center of philosophical attention. Everett Mendelsohn, 'Explanation in Nineteenth Century Biology' (Boston Studies, Vol. II, 1965). David Hawkins, 'Taxonomy and Information', (Boston Studies, Vol. III, 1967).

Trees Of Life

Author: P.E. Griffiths
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401580383
Size: 74.99 MB
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Trees Of Life from the Author: P.E. Griffiths. Australia and New Zealand boast an active community of scholars working in the field of history, philosophy and social studies of science. • Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science' aims to provide a distinctive publication outlet for their work. Each volume comprises a group of essays on a connected theme, edited by an Australian or a New Zealander with special expertise in that particular area .. In each volume, a majority of the contributors is from Australia or New Zealand. O;mtributions from elsewhere are by no means ruled out, however, and are indeed actively encouraged wherever appropriate to the balance of the volume in question. Earlier volumes in the series have been welcomed for significantly advancing the discussion of the topics they have dealt with. The present volume will I believe be greeted equally enthusiastically by readers in many parts of the world. R. W. Home General Editor Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science TABLE OF CONTENTS v FOREWORD PAUL GRIFFITHS / Introduction 1 SECTION ONE: BEYOND NATURAL SELECTION ELLIOTI SOBER / Models of Cultural Evolution 17 KIM STERELNY / Punctuated Equilibrium and Macroevolution 41 ROBIN CRAW / Margins of Cladistics: Identity, Difference and Place in the Emergence of Phylogenetic Systematics 1864-1975 65 SECTION TWO: CENTRAL CONCEPTS OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY PAUL GRIFFITHS / Adaptive Explanation and the Concept of a Vestige 111 TIMOTHY SHANAHAN / Selection, Drift and the Aims of Evolutionary Theory 133 SECTION THREE: THE DEVELOPMENTAL SYSTEMS APPROACH

Understanding Purpose

Author: Philippe Huneman
Publisher: University Rochester Press
ISBN: 9781580462655
Size: 63.71 MB
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Understanding Purpose from the Author: Philippe Huneman. Understanding Purpose is an exploration of the central concept of natural purpose (Naturzweck) in Kant's philosophy of biology. Kant's work in this area is marked by a strong teleological concern: living organisms, in his view, are qualitatively different from mechanistic devices, and as a result they cannot be understood by means of the same principles. At the same time, Kant's own use of the concept of purpose does not presuppose any theological commitments, and is merely "regulative," that is, it is employed as a heuristic device. The contributors to this volume also investigate the following key historical questions relating to Kant's philosophy of biology: how does it relate to European work in the life sciences that was done before Kant arrived on the scene? How did Kant's unique approach to the philosophy of biology in turn influence later work in this area? The issues explored in this volume are as pertinent to the history of philosophy as they are to the history of science-it is precisely the blurred boundaries between these two disciplines that allows for new perspectives on Kantianism and early nineteenth-century German biology to emerge. Contributors: Jean-Claude Dupont, Mark Fisher, Philippe Huneman, Robert J. Richards, Phillip R. Sloan, Stéphane Schmitt, and John Zammito. Philipe Huneman is researcher at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unit of the Université Paris.

Biology And The Foundations Of Ethics

Author: Jane Maienschein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521559232
Size: 43.69 MB
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Biology And The Foundations Of Ethics from the Author: Jane Maienschein. This collection of new essays focuses on the connection between biology and questions in ethics.

Biology And Epistemology

Author: Richard Creath
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521597012
Size: 31.29 MB
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Biology And Epistemology from the Author: Richard Creath. This book, first published in 2000, explores a range of diverse issues in the intersection of biology and epistemology.

Spanish Studies In The Philosophy Of Science

Author: Gonzalo Munévar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400903057
Size: 41.11 MB
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Spanish Studies In The Philosophy Of Science from the Author: Gonzalo Munévar. An anthology of contemporary philosophy of science in Spain. Essays on 19th Century physics, the new cosmology, philosophy of biology, scientific rationality, philosophy of mathematics, phenomenology's account of scientific progress, science and ethics, philosophy of economics, methodology, and the philosophy of technology.

Species Of Mind

Author: Colin Allen
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262511087
Size: 36.32 MB
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Species Of Mind from the Author: Colin Allen. The heart of this book is the reciprocal relationship between philosophical theories of mind and empirical studies of animalcognition.

Genetics And Reductionism

Author: Sahotra Sarkar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521637138
Size: 42.33 MB
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Genetics And Reductionism from the Author: Sahotra Sarkar. With the advent of the Human Genome Project there have been many claims for the genetic origins of complex human behavior including insanity, criminality, and intelligence. But what does it really mean to call something 'genetic'? This is the fundamental question that Sahotra Sarkar's book addresses. The author analyses the nature of reductionism in classical and molecular genetics. He shows that there are two radically different kinds of reductionist explanation: genetic reduction (as found in classical genetics) and physical reduction (found in molecular genetics). This important book clarifies the meaning of the term 'genetic', shows how molecular studies have affected genetics, and provides the philosophical background necessary to understand the debates over the Human Genome Project. It will be of particular interest to professionals and students in the philosophy of science, the history of science, and the social studies of science, medicine, and technology.