Sport And Crime Reduction

Author: Geoff Nichols
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317571576
Size: 68.51 MB
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Sport And Crime Reduction from the Author: Geoff Nichols. The use of sports-based activity programmes as a means of tackling crime has been explored in a number of countries worldwide, particularly in relation to the prevention of re-offending in the ten to eighteen age bracket. However, until now there has been no definitive and rigorous analysis of the rationale behind these programmes, and evidence of their successes and failures has been piecemeal, uncritical and without standardization. This book addresses this gap in the literature, bringing together empirical research from programmes in the UK, US and Australia with an explanation and evaluation of the results of these initiatives. Subjects covered include: assessment of programmes in a range of contexts the first evidence base of crime reduction sport programmes international comparisons and case studies conclusions for best practice advice for monitoring the effectiveness of programmes synergies with sport development and promotion of facility use. Examining a variety of realworld case studies set up with the aim of reducing levels of crime in the community, Sport and Crime Reduction should be read by students and professionals in local government, sports development, youth and community work, criminology, the youth justice system and leisure policy.

Sports Marketing

Author: Melissa Jane Johnson Morgan
Publisher: Cengage Learning Australia
ISBN: 9780170128599
Size: 18.28 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Sports Marketing from the Author: Melissa Jane Johnson Morgan. Sports Marketing provides an innovative approach to the study of marketing issues in a sport context. The book addresses sports marketing from a strategic perspective and explores both the 'marketing of sport' and 'marketing using sport'. Importantly, Sports Marketing also includes commentary on the social aspects of sport that is increasingly relevant for those dealing with public entities and funding bodies.

The Relationship Between The Physical Urban Environment And Crime Reduction And Prevention

Publisher: Council of Europe
ISBN: 9789287150653
Size: 36.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Relationship Between The Physical Urban Environment And Crime Reduction And Prevention from the Author: . It is generally accepted that the physical environment in towns and cities can affect patterns of crime and antisocial behaviour. This report presents the proceedings of an international conference, held in Poland in October 2000, as part of the work programme of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe (CLRAE) of the Council of Europe to develop and promote policies for the reduction of urban crime in its 41 member countries. The conference discussions focused on four key themes: housing and crime; open spaces, street planning and design; urban transport planning to reduce crime; and the relationship between the siting and design of sporting facilities and crime.

Sport Culture And Society

Author: Grant Jarvie
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415306478
Size: 33.14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 2007
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Sport Culture And Society from the Author: Grant Jarvie. This exciting new undergraduate textbook introduces the reader to the broad and complex relationship between sport, culture and society, and critically examines the key assumptions that we hold with regard to the nature of sport.

Midnight Basketball

Author: Douglas Hartmann
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022637498X
Size: 43.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Midnight Basketball from the Author: Douglas Hartmann. Sport-based intervention programs designed to divert poor minority youth from gangs and crime got their start with the Midnight Basketball initiatives of the late 1980s. Hartmann explains the mystery of why a basketball- based program became popular as a solution to problems of crime and poverty in dozens of American cities. In part, then, this book is a history, but also a cultural analysis to explain the prominence of these programs at first (and then so controversial later on), and how they were expanded upon in the years that followed. In fact, it was in Chicagohome of Michael Jordan and the Bullsthat Midnight Basketball first achieved prominence. Under the direction of former Congressman Jack Kemp and the Chicago Housing Authority, two leagues were organized, in Rockwell Gardens and the Henry Horner Homes. To understand why the program caught on, Hartmann explores the policy transformations of the period (such as the new penology and neoliberal paternalism), and, at length, he gets into the cultural tensions and institutional realities that shaped this program and the entire field of sport-based social policy. In the end, Midnight Basketball, Race, and Neoliberal Social Policy provides a one-of-a-kind view of the culture of sport and race in America, and neoliberal policy broadly conceived."

Crime Prevention Through Sport And Physical Activity

Author: Margaret Cameron
ISBN: 9780642241832
Size: 48.90 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Crime Prevention Through Sport And Physical Activity from the Author: Margaret Cameron. Crime prevention is not the primary objective of sport and physical activity, but it may be a positive by-product. This paper examines a variety of sporting activities that appear to have had a beneficial effect in helping young people steer away from trouble. It examines wilderness programs, programs in which youth participate and learn skills, and programs in which the sense of belonging reduces vandalism and develops other prosocial behaviours.

A Wider Social Role For Sport

Author: Fred Coalter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134227124
Size: 64.96 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A Wider Social Role For Sport from the Author: Fred Coalter. Sport is perceived to have the potential to alleviate a variety of social problems and generally to ‘improve’ both individuals and the communities in which they live. Sport is promoted as a relatively cost effective antidote to a range of social problems – often those stemming from social exclusion - including poor health, high crime levels, drug abuse and persistent youth offending, educational under-achievement, lack of social cohesion and community identity and economic decline. To this end, there is increasing governmental interest in what has become known as ‘sport for good’. A Wider Social Role for Sport presents the political and historical context for this increased government interest in sport’s potential contribution to a range of social problems. The book explores the particular social problems that governments seek to address through sport, and examines the nature and extent of the evidence for sport’s positive role. It illustrates that, in an era of evidence-based policy-making, the cumulative evidence base for many of these claims is relatively weak, in part because such research is faced with substantial methodological problems in isolating the precise contribution of sport in many contexts. Drawing on worldwide research, A Wider Social Role for Sport explores the current state of knowledge and understanding of the presumed impacts of sport and suggests that we need to adopt a different approach to research and evaluation if sports researchers are to develop their understanding and make a substantial contribution to sports policy..

Exercise Health And Mental Health

Author: Guy E.J. Faulkner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134314132
Size: 27.19 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Exercise Health And Mental Health from the Author: Guy E.J. Faulkner. Exercise, Health and Mental Health provides an introduction to this emerging field and a platform for future research and practice. Written by internationally acclaimed exercise, health and medical scientists, it is the first systematic review of the evidence for the potential role of exercise in: treating and managing mental health problems including dementia, schizophrenia, drug and alcohol dependence coping with chronic clinical conditions including cancer, heart disease and HIV/AIDS enhancing well-being in the general population – by improving sleep, assisting in smoking cessation, and as a way of addressing broader social issues such as anti-social behaviour. Adopting a consistent and accessible format, the research findings for each topic are clearly summarized and critically examined for their implications.

Police Crime Control Strategies

Author: Larry Hoover
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 128560847X
Size: 69.65 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Police Crime Control Strategies from the Author: Larry Hoover. POLICE CRIME CONTROL STRATEGIES is a practical, realistic, one-of-a-kind book that provides readers with a balanced assessment of approaches to police crime reduction. Written by an expert in the field of law enforcement, this book covers the strengths and weaknesses of a variety of approaches including crime-specific, community-oriented, problem-oriented, hot spot targeting, concentrated patrol deployment, broken windows enforcement, and intelligence-guided. Opening chapters trace the accumulating evidence for the substantial impact upon crime that focused police efforts can have. Community and problem-oriented programs are reviewed in the context of their employment for crime reduction. State-of-the-art strategies are organized by three targeting foci: geographic, offense, and offender. The role of investigative units in proactive crime reduction is critically assessed and Compstat as a framework receives special attention. Also discussed are crime strategy meetings, and staffing and deployment for crime control. Care is taken to review both the successes and failures of structured efforts both in suburban environments and major cities so that readers are provided with an unbiased overview of policing in the real world. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Sport In Prison

Author: Rosie Meek
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135081905
Size: 72.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 5445
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Sport In Prison from the Author: Rosie Meek. Although prison can present a critical opportunity to engage with offenders through interventions and programming, reoffending rates among those released from prison remain stubbornly high. Sport can be a means through which to engage with even the most challenging and complex individuals caught up in a cycle of offending and imprisonment, by offering an alternative means of excitement and risk taking to that gained through engaging in offending behaviour, or by providing an alternative social network and access to positive role models. This is the first book to explore the role of sport in prisons and its subsequent impact on rehabilitation and behavioural change. The book draws on research literature on the beneficial role of sport in community settings and on prison cultures and regimes, across disciplines including criminology, psychology, sociology and sport studies, as well as original qualitative and quantitative data gathered from research in prisons. It unpacks the meanings that prisoners and staff attach to sport participation and interventions in order to understand how to promote behavioural change through sport most effectively, while identifying and tackling the key emerging issues and challenges. Sport in Prison is essential reading for any advanced student, researcher, policy-maker or professional working in the criminal justice system with an interest in prisons, offending behaviour, rehabilitation, sport development, or the wider social significance of sport.