Space Exploration In A Changing International Environment

Author: James Andrew Lewis
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442240237
Size: 71.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Space Exploration In A Changing International Environment from the Author: James Andrew Lewis. This CSIS Report examines the strategic implications of manned space exploration. The current phase of exploration is coming to an end, and nations are seeking the next step. The decisions of the United States and its partners on the future of space exploration will determine the strategic situation in space. There are difficult issues to consider in moving ahead: the target of exploration beyond LEO, the balance between manned and unmanned programs, the future of partnership and cooperation in space, and the ultimate fate of the ISS. How Western space powers answer these questions will determine both the pace and the future direction of exploration in space.

Securing U S Innovation

Author: Darren E. Tromblay
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442256362
Size: 14.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Securing U S Innovation from the Author: Darren E. Tromblay. As experienced by the United States, competition has played out in three distinct types of threat activity: sabotage (the destruction of capabilities), espionage (the theft of specific capabilities), and defection (the carrying of knowledge out of the country). Today, the changing innovation environment has created new challenges. Significant advances are being made in start-ups as well as larger companies who no longer rely on U.S. government contracts. Not only does this place a key element of national power in the hands of the private sector, but it often leaves Washington at an informational disadvantage in understanding technologies. This book analyzes these concepts from the perspective of the United States’ experience in the field of innovation security. Historical and recent examples illustrate the threats to innovation, the various approaches to mitigating them, and how the evolution of the innovative process now requires rethinking how the United States can benefit from and preserve its cutting edge human capital.

North Korea S Cyber Operations

Author: Jenny Jun
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442259035
Size: 45.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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North Korea S Cyber Operations from the Author: Jenny Jun. This report presents an open source analysis of North Korea’s cyber operations capabilities and its strategic implications for the United States and South Korea. The purpose is to mitigate the current knowledge gap among various academic and policy communities on the topic by synthesizing authoritative and comprehensive open source reference material. The report is divided into three chapters, the first chapter examining North Korea’s cyber strategy. The authors then provide an assessment of North Korea’s cyber operations capabilities by examining the organizational structure, history, and functions of North Korea’s cyber units, their supporting educational training and technology base, and past cyber attacks widely attributed to North Korea. This assessment is followed by a discussion on policy implications for U.S. and ROK policymakers and the larger security community.

International Environmental Law

Author: S Bhatt
Publisher: APH Publishing
ISBN: 9788131301258
Size: 52.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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International Environmental Law from the Author: S Bhatt. With special reference to India.

The Future Of Human Space Exploration

Author: Giovanni Bignami
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137526580
Size: 13.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Future Of Human Space Exploration from the Author: Giovanni Bignami. For several decades it has been widely accepted that human space exploration is the exclusive domain of government agencies. The cost of performing such missions, estimated in multiple reports to amount to hundreds of billions dollars over decades, was far beyond what private entities could afford. That arrangement seems to be changing. Buoyed by the success of its program to develop commercial cargo capabilities to support the International Space Station, NASA is becoming increasingly open to working with the private sector in its human space exploration plans. The new private-public partnership will make 'planet hopping' feasible. This book analyses the move towards planet hopping, which sees human outposts moving across the planetary dimensions, from the Moon to Near-Earth Asteroids and Mars. It critically assesses the intention to exploit space resources and how successful these missions will be for humanity. This insightful and accessible book will be of great interest to scholars and students of space policy and politics, international studies, and science and technology studies.

International Environmental Policy

Author: Lynton Keith Caldwell
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822318668
Size: 47.69 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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International Environmental Policy from the Author: Lynton Keith Caldwell. In this newly revised and expanded edition of the award-winning International Environmental Policy, Lynton Keith Caldwell updates his comprehensive survey of the global international movement for protection of the environment. Serving as a history of international cooperation on environmental issues, this book focuses primarily on the development of international agreements and institutional arrangements—both governmental and nongovernmental—along with the impact of science, technology, trade, and communication on environmental policy. With implications for multinational commerce, population policy, agriculture, energy issues, biological and cultural diversity, transnational equity, ideology, and education, this book takes a broad view of the policy outcomes of what may be the most important social movement of the 20th century, and addresses the events and politics that have significantly affected the movement over the last twenty years and will continue to affect it into the next century.

Research Handbook On Emissions Trading

Author: Stefan E. Weishaar
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1784710628
Size: 73.49 MB
Format: PDF
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Research Handbook On Emissions Trading from the Author: Stefan E. Weishaar. Research Handbook on Emissions Trading examines the origins, implementation challenges and international dimensions of emissions trading. It pursues an interdisciplinary approach drawing on law, economics and at times, political science, to present relevant research strands regarding emissions trading. Intermixing theoretical insights with experiences from existing trading systems, this Handbook offers insights that can be applied around the world. It identifies key bodies of research for both upcoming and seasoned people in the field and highlights future research opportunities.

The Environmental Element In Space Law

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004167447
Size: 41.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Environmental Element In Space Law from the Author: . While decades of space ventures have led to significant technological advances, space activities have also brought increasing environmental problems. This book examines the current international legal regimes in space law and environmental law in order to ascertain their applicability and efficacy in addressing environmental threats in the space sector. The research suggests mechanisms which could improve environmental protection in the sector and strengthen the environmental element in space law. These mechanisms include a variety of norm-setting strategies used in international environmental management. Special attention is drawn to the potential of environmental impact assessment in the space sector and to dispute resolution procedures. Like other areas of human activities, the space sector should accommodate both economic interests and environmental protection in line with the principle of sustainable development

America S Space Futures

Author: Eric R. Sterner
Publisher: BookBaby
ISBN: 1619276852
Size: 15.82 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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America S Space Futures from the Author: Eric R. Sterner. America’s Space Futures is an important contribution to the ongoing debate about space policy, the American space program, and the human destiny in space. It lays out alternative paradigms and frameworks for assessing America’s future in space and how different visions would require changes to America’s current approach to space development and exploration. Since the end of the Apollo program in the 1970s, the U.S. civil space program has accomplished a great number of things: from deploying orbital observatories that see into deep space and exploring objects around the solar system robotically to studying the earth and building the International Space Station, perhaps the most challenging engineering feat ever achieved by man. Yet, the program frequently finds itself adrift when these missions come to an end. Consequently, space experts have long worried that the sum total of NASA’s accomplishments is somehow still less than the total value of its component parts. Policymakers respond by establishing national commissions and expert panels to help lay out a long-term guiding vision for the space program. From the National Commission on Space in the 1980s, through 1990’s Advisory Committee on the Future of the U.S. Space Program, the Columbia Accident Investigation Board, to the National Research Council in 2012, panel after panel has bemoaned the lack of a unifying vision for the space program. Unable to sustain such a vision over the course of several Presidential administrations, the White House and Congress have papered over the uncertainty with compromises that sometimes leave NASA working against itself and no one satisfied. In 2013, The Space Foundation, one of the United States’ largest space education organizations, insisted “NASA needs to embrace a singular, unambiguous purpose that leverages its core strengths and provides a clear direction for prioritizing tasks and assigning resources.” America’s Space Futures responds by considering the costs, benefits, and risks of different visions for the American space program. Contributors, who all have years of experience working on space issues from a variety of perspectives—civil, commercial, military, intelligence, academic, and advocacy—offer out-of-the-box thinking and analyses that lays out a space future and sets priorities to achieve a specific national goal. These include space commerce and commercialization, maximizing American soft power through international space cooperation, settling the solar system, and advancing the frontiers of technology. Their goal is to raise new ideas, sharpen differences rather than blur them, and establish better foundations for setting the space program on a path for a brighter future. Essayists include: William B. Adkins, president of Adkins Strategies and an aerospace engineer with experience in the civil and national security space communities; Charles M. Miller, President of NextGen Space, a space entrepreneur and former NASA Senior Advisor for Commercial Space; Dr. Scott D. Pace, Director of George Washington University’s Space Policy Institute and a former senior official at NASA and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy; Eric Sterner, a Fellow at the George C. Marshall Institute, adjunct professor at Missouri State University, and a former senior official at NASA and the House Science and Armed Services Committees; and, Dr. James A. Vedda, a senior policy analyst at the Aerospace Corporation with years of experience in the Department of Defense, author of two books on the space program, and a former associate professor at the University of North Dakota.


Author: Everett C. Dolman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113576400X
Size: 33.28 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Astropolitik from the Author: Everett C. Dolman. This volume identifies and evaluates the relationship between outer-space geography and geographic position (astrogeography), and the evolution of current and future military space strategy. In doing so, it explores five primary propositions.