The Socialist Alternative

Author: Michael Lebowitz
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1583674942
Size: 18.56 MB
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The Socialist Alternative from the Author: Michael Lebowitz. “A good society,“ Michael Lebowitz tells us, “is one that permits the full development of human potential.” In this slim, lucid, and insightful book, he argues persuasively that such a society is possible. That capitalism fails his definition of a good society is evident from even a cursory examination of its main features. What comes first in capitalism is not human development but privately accumulated profits by a tiny minority of the population. When there is a conflict between profits and human development, profits take precedence. Just ask the unemployed, those toiling at dead-end jobs, the sick and infirm, the poor, and the imprisoned. But if not capitalism, what? Lebowitz is also critical of those societies that have proclaimed their socialism, such as the former Soviet Union and China. While their systems were not capitalist and were capable of achieving some of what is necessary for the “development of human potential,” they were not “good societies.” A good society as Lebowitz defines it must be marked by three characteristics: social ownership of the means of production, social production controlled by workers, and satisfaction of communal needs and purposes. Lebowitz shows how these characteristics interact with and reinforce one another, and asks how they can be developed to the point where they occur more or less automatically—that is, become both a society’s premises and outcomes. He also offers fascinating insights into matters such as the nature of wealth, the illegitimacy of profits, the inadequacies of worker-controlled enterprises, the division of labor, and much more.

East Central Europe In Exile Volume 2

Author: Anna Mazurkiewicz
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443852104
Size: 42.21 MB
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East Central Europe In Exile Volume 2 from the Author: Anna Mazurkiewicz. The East Central Europe in Exile series consists of two volumes which contain chapters written by both esteemed and renowned scholars, as well as young, aspiring researchers whose work brings a fresh, innovative approach to the study of migration. Altogether, there are thirty-eight chapters in both volumes focusing on the East Central European émigré experience in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The first volume, Transatlantic Migrations, focuses on the reasons for emigration from the lands of East Central Europe; from the Baltic to the Adriatic, the intercontinental journey, as well as on the initial adaptation and assimilation processes. The second volume is slightly different in scope, for it focuses on the aspect of negotiating new identities acquired in the adopted homeland. The authors contributing to Transatlantic Identities focus on the preservation of the East Central European identity, maintenance of contacts with the “old country”, and activities pursued on behalf of, and for the sake of, the abandoned homeland. Combined, both volumes describe the transnational processes affecting East Central European migrants.

British Elections Parties Review

Author: Lynn G. Bennie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113634540X
Size: 40.93 MB
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British Elections Parties Review from the Author: Lynn G. Bennie. Containing contributions from leading names in British politics, this review continues to publish front-rank research on parties, elections and voting behaviour in Britain.

The Socialist Alternative To Bolshevik Russia

Author: Elizabeth White
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136905723
Size: 50.83 MB
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The Socialist Alternative To Bolshevik Russia from the Author: Elizabeth White. The Socialist Revolutionary party, which had been the largest and most popular party in Russia in 1917, did not after the October Revolution just disappear into the "dustbin of history", as Trotsky hoped, but – led by its leadership in exile in the 1920s and 1930s – continued to observe and comment on developments in Russia. In emigration, the Socialist Revolutionary (SR) party often put forward policy proposals on a wide range of topics: policies which, based on a shrewd understanding of the real situation in Russia, offered realistic alternatives to the policies being pursued by the Marxist Bolshevik regime. This book fills a gap in examining one of the most significant Russian political parties, and is based on extensive original analysis of SR party materials, shows how it operated; how it formulated and disseminated its ideas; what these ideas were, and how the party's ideas developed in response to changing circumstances in Russia and Europe more widely. Far from being the agrarian Slavophile romantics as they are often portrayed, this book shows the SRs were energetic European modernisers who contributed vigorously to the leading debates of their day; it also shows how the SR vision of a populist, socialist regime failed to materialise as state control, dictatorship and the collectivisation of agriculture took hold.

The Contradictions Of Real Socialism

Author: Michael Lebowitz
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1583673385
Size: 30.25 MB
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The Contradictions Of Real Socialism from the Author: Michael Lebowitz. What was “real socialism”—the term which originated in twentieth-century socialist societies for the purpose of distinguishing them from abstract, theoretical socialism? In this volume, Michael A. Lebowitz considers the nature, tendencies, and contradictions of those societies. Beginning with the constant presence of shortages within “real socialism,” Lebowitz searches for the inner relations which generate these patterns. He finds these, in particular, in what he calls “vanguard relations of production,” a relation which takes the apparent form of a social contract where workers obtain benefits not available to their counterparts in capitalism but lack the power to decide within the workplace and society. While these societies were able to claim major achievements in areas from health care to education to popular culture, the separation of thinking and doing prevented workers from developing their capacities as fully developed human beings. The relationship within “real socialism” between the vanguard as conductor and a conducted working class, however, did not only lead to the deformation of workers and those elements necessary for the building of socialism; it also created the conditions in which enterprise managers emerged as an incipient capitalist class, which was an immediate source of the crises of “real socialism.” As he argued in The Socialist Alternative: Real Human Development, Lebowitz stresses the necessity to go beyond the hierarchy inherent in the relation of conductor and conducted (and beyond the “vanguard Marxism” which supports this) to create the conditions in which people can transform themselves through their conscious cooperation and practice—i.e., a society of free and associated producers.

Racism And Education In The U K And The U S

Author: Mike Cole
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230119352
Size: 60.70 MB
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Racism And Education In The U K And The U S from the Author: Mike Cole. Extends Marxist analysis to include key concepts from the work of neo-Marxists Antonio Gramsci and Louis Althusser. It looks in detail at racism in the U.K. and the U.S. and goes on to examine the differences between schooling and education, and their relationship to racism in those two countries and in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Redefining Human Rights In The Struggle For Peace And Development

Author: Terrence E. Paupp
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107047153
Size: 11.61 MB
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Redefining Human Rights In The Struggle For Peace And Development from the Author: Terrence E. Paupp. "the primary purpose of this book is to offer concrete paths for the achievement of alternative priorities to those which currently govern the economic, political, and social arrangements of trade and investment, peace and war, as well as the lingering dichotomy between the ideology of markets and a dogmatic adherence to untrammeled growth versus advancing forms of genuine human security and human welfare. In so doing, what makes this book different from others on the subject is that it takes the hindrance of structural injustices seriously and, in so doing, does not seek to stake out compromise positions with the masters of the status quo, the vested interests, and the convenient methods employed by a transnational capitalist class used to engage in patterns of obfuscation which deny human rights and their realization"--

Canada Since 1960 A People S History

Author: Cy Gonick
Publisher: James Lorimer & Company
ISBN: 1459411137
Size: 31.97 MB
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Canada Since 1960 A People S History from the Author: Cy Gonick. When Winnipeg's Cy Gonick started the magazine Canadian Dimension in 1963 to provide a home for the thinking and analysis of mostly young leftists engaged in Canadian economic, social, cultural, artistic and political issues, he had no grand plan. But Canadian Dimension was welcomed by intellectuals, scholars and students, and it proved enduring. Hundreds of Canada's leading figures of the left have contributed to its pages over the years, writing about every major topic in Canadian public life. This book offers an account of the most important developments in Canadian history from the sixties until today, as seen and interpreted by scholars and writers on the pages of Dimension. Each chapter reviews a major theme, such as Canada's relationship to the U.S., the development of our health care system, the dynamics of Aboriginal-non-Aboriginal relations and the role of Canadian cultural work in shaping Canadian society. Taken together, the book provides a unique and broad perspective on virtually every significant event and development in recent Canadian history. Readers who know the magazine will find this book a compelling summary of how Canada changed in the past five decades, and how the Left saw those changes and challenged them. Readers who discover Canadian Dimension through this book will find a multitude of compelling voices who challenge the dominant neoliberal thinking of mainstream Canadian intellectual life. The twenty-seven contributors, from every part of the country are Greg Albo, Brenda Austin Smith, Chris Bailey, Evan Bowness, Mordecai Briemburg, Elizabeth Comack, Angela Day, Bryan Evans, Alvin Finkel, Peter Graefe, Judy Haiven, Larry Haiven, Trevor Harrison, Henry Heller, David Hugill, Peter Kulchyski, Andrea Levy, James McCorrie, James Naylor, Bryan Palmer, Denis Pilon, Joe Roberts, Stephanie Ross, Arthur Schafer, Frank Tester, John Warnock and Chris Webb.

The Science Society Reader

Author: David Laibman
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1462503020
Size: 42.21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Science Society Reader from the Author: David Laibman. This special collection features articles selected by editor David Laibman spanning the last 10 years of Science & Society's publication. Coverage encompasses five broad categories of interest, illustrating the scope of this scholarly journal -- now in its 75th year -- and chronicling the continued critical redevelopment of the Marxist tradition. Topics discussed include: * Political Economy and Economics * Historical Materialism and Social Theory * Philosophy, Language, and Literature * Working-Class and Popular History * Socialism and Socialist Theory