A Social And Religious History Of The Jews

Author: Salo Wittmayer Baron
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231088541
Size: 64.45 MB
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A Social And Religious History Of The Jews from the Author: Salo Wittmayer Baron. Why do smokers claim that the first cigarette of the day is the best? What is the biological basis behind some heavy drinkers' belief that the "hair-of-the-dog" method alleviates the effects of a hangover? Why does marijuana seem to affect ones problem-solving capacity? Intoxicating Minds is, in the author's words, "a grand excavation of drug myth." Neither extolling nor condemning drug use, it is a story of scientific and artistic achievement, war and greed, empires and religions, and lessons for the future. Ciaran Regan looks at each class of drugs, describing the historical evolution of their use, explaining how they work within the brain's neurophysiology, and outlining the basic pharmacology of those substances. From a consideration of the effect of stimulants, such as caffeine and nicotine, and the reasons and consequences of their sudden popularity in the seventeenth century, the book moves to a discussion of more modern stimulants, such as cocaine and ecstasy. In addition, Regan explains how we process memory, the nature of thought disorders, and therapies for treating depression and schizophrenia. Regan then considers psychedelic drugs and their perceived mystical properties and traces the history of placebos to ancient civilizations. Finally, Intoxicating Minds considers the physical consequences of our co-evolution with drugs--how they have altered our very being--and offers a glimpse of the brave new world of drug therapies.

A Social And Religious History Of The Jews Late Middle Ages And Era Of European Expansion V 9 Under Church And Empire V 10 On The Empires Periphery V 11 Citizen Or Alien Conjurer V 12 Economic Catalyst V 13 Inquisition Renaissance And Reformation V 14 Catholic Restoration And Wars Of Religion V 15 Resettlement And Exploration V 16 Poland Lithuania 1500 1650 V 17 Byzantines Mamelukes And Maghribians V 18 The Ottoman Empire Persia Ethiopia India And China

Author: Salo Wittmayer Baron
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 27.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A Social And Religious History Of The Jews Late Middle Ages And Era Of European Expansion V 9 Under Church And Empire V 10 On The Empires Periphery V 11 Citizen Or Alien Conjurer V 12 Economic Catalyst V 13 Inquisition Renaissance And Reformation V 14 Catholic Restoration And Wars Of Religion V 15 Resettlement And Exploration V 16 Poland Lithuania 1500 1650 V 17 Byzantines Mamelukes And Maghribians V 18 The Ottoman Empire Persia Ethiopia India And China from the Author: Salo Wittmayer Baron.

The Jewish Polity

Author: Daniel Judah Elazar
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253331564
Size: 49.29 MB
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The Jewish Polity from the Author: Daniel Judah Elazar.

Jews Christians And Muslims In Medieval And Early Modern Times

Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004267840
Size: 43.34 MB
Format: PDF
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Jews Christians And Muslims In Medieval And Early Modern Times from the Author: . This volume brings together articles on various aspects of cultural, religious, social and commercial interactions between Jews, Christians and Muslims in the medieval and early modern periods.

Sephardic Studies In The University

Author: Jane S. Gerber
Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press
ISBN: 9780838635421
Size: 72.25 MB
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Sephardic Studies In The University from the Author: Jane S. Gerber. Since the 1970s the field of Jewish Studies has witnessed a remarkable growth in universities in Israel, the United States, and Europe. Hundreds of Western universities have incorporated the Jewish experience into the course offerings in established departments of religion, philosophy, history, and literature, or created new programs to reflect the growth of the field. It is paradoxical, however, that Sephardic Studies have always been unevenly represented in institutions of higher learning, for the teaching of Jewish life in the medieval world always included a natural focus on both Spain and Iraq. Spanish Jewry was the jewel of medieval Jewish civilization, and Iraq was the seedbed of rabbinic culture. Nevertheless, the teaching of Sephardic civilization was incomplete and Eurocentric, with the Jews of Islam, an ongoing entity for over a thousand years, scarcely figuring in any course offerings. Sephardic Studies in the University provides indispensible teaching aids for the introduction of Sephardic Studies, the newest branch of Jewish Studies, into the university curriculum. Internationally recognized experts in several disciplines from the United States, Canada, France, and Israel contribute bibliographical essays, university course syllabi, and teaching suggestions based upon their individual approaches to teaching the civilization of the Jews of Spain and the Muslim world in medieval and modern times. Teachers and students of Jewish civilization, Spanish history, and the Jewish-Muslim encounter will welcome this timely collaborative project of the International Center for the University teaching of Jewish Civilization and the Institute for Sephardic Studies of the Graduate Center of the City University of New York.

Kinship And Casework

Author: Hope Jensen Leichter
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610446623
Size: 33.86 MB
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Kinship And Casework from the Author: Hope Jensen Leichter. Reaffirms the importance of the larger kinship network through analysis of extensive data on the clients of one social agency. The authors show that the less kinship-oriented caseworkers often attempt to change clients' kin relationships in the direction of less involvement, raising questions about value differences in therapeutic practice. The book also points to the importance of concepts, such as those dealing with family kinship, that will enable the caseworker to appraise the client's social relationships more fully. The authors emphasize the benefits to be derived from a closer liaison between social work and social science.

Reappraisals And New Studies Of The Modern Jewish Experience

Author: Brian Smollett
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004284664
Size: 56.60 MB
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Reappraisals And New Studies Of The Modern Jewish Experience from the Author: Brian Smollett. Reappraisals and New Studies of the Modern Jewish Experience provides a variety of new perspectives on several central questions in Jewish intellectual, social, and religious history from the eighteenth century to the present.

The Beta Israel Falasha In Ethiopia

Author: Steven Kaplan
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814746646
Size: 73.37 MB
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The Beta Israel Falasha In Ethiopia from the Author: Steven Kaplan. ...balanced and well informed...a striking piece of scholarship aimed at demythologizing the origins of the Ethiopian Falasha. -Foreign Affairs Kaplan's definitive treatment will be of interest to students and scholars of Jewish history, African history, and comparative religion, as well as anyone interested in Jewish affairs and the modern Middle East. The Midwest Book Review Kaplan's conceptualizations are judicious and clearly expressed...incisive and well documented... and provides essential background for the process of assimilation now taking lace in Israel. -The International Journal of African Historical Studies Kaplan's able interdisciplinary approach is of great value for persons interested in religion, civilization, and process of change. -Religious Studies Review Kaplan's well-written, lucid presentation make[s] this important, competent contribution accessible to all levels of readers. Highly recommended. Choice Insightful and thorough, a welcome contribution.Kay Kaufman Shelemay, Professor of Music, Harvard University Undoubtedly the most detailed, most scholarly, and most dispassionate argument of Falasha history hitherto published. [T]his work deserves ... the most careful study by all those (and in particular in Israel) who have any practical or scholarly connection with the Beta Israel. -- Edward UllendorffEmeritus Professor of Ethiopian Studies, University of LondonFellow of the British Academy Given Kaplan's facility with both written and oral sources, he is in a unique position to synthesize and reconcile the new historical findings of ethnographers with the written sources and differing conclusions of earlier historians and linguists. His work is insightful and thorough, a welcome contribution. -- Kay Shelemay, Wesleyan University The origin of the Black Jews of Ethiopia has long been a source of fascination and controversy. Their condition and future continues to generate debate. The culmination of almost a decade of research, The Beta Israel (Falasha) in Ethiopia marks the publication of the first book-length scholarly study of the history of this unique community. In this volume, Steven Kaplan seeks to demythologize the history of the Falasha and to consider them in the wider context of Ethiopian history and culture. This marks a clear departure from previous studies which have viewed them from the external perspective of Jewish history. Drawing on a wide variety of sources including the Beta Israel's own literature and oral traditions, Kaplan demonstrates that they are not a lost Jewish tribe, but rather an ethnic group which emerged in Ethiopia between the 14th and 16th century. Indeed, the name, Falasha, their religious hierarchy, sacred texts, and economic specialization can all be dated to this period. Among the subjects the book addresses are their links with Ethiopian Christianity, the medieval legends concerning their existence, their wars with the Ethiopian emperors, their relegation to the status of a despised semi-caste, their encounters with European missionaries, and the impact of the Great Famine of 1888-1892. Kaplan's definitive treatment will be of interest to students and scholars of Jewish history, African history, and comparative religion, as well as anyone interested in Jewish affairs and the modern Middle East.

Jews Of Spain

Author: Jane S. Gerber
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0029115744
Size: 10.59 MB
Format: PDF
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Jews Of Spain from the Author: Jane S. Gerber. The history of the Jews of Spain is a remarkable story that begins in the remote past and continues today. For more than a thousand years, Sepharad (the Hebrew word for Spain) was home to a large Jewish community noted for its richness and virtuosity. Summarily expelled in 1492 and forced into exile, their tragedy of expulsion marked the end of one critical phase of their history and the beginning of another. Indeed, in defiance of all logic and expectation, the expulsion of the Jews from Spain became an occasion for renewed creativity. Nor have five hundred years of wandering extinguished the identity of the Sephardic Jews, or diminished the proud memory of the dazzling civilization which they created on Spanish soil.This book is intended to serve as an introduction and scholarly guide to that history.