Sex Botany And Empire Icon Science

Author: Patricia Fara
Publisher: Icon Books
ISBN: 1785782428
Size: 51.93 MB
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Sex Botany And Empire Icon Science from the Author: Patricia Fara. When the imperial explorer James Cook returned from his first voyage to Australia, scandal writers mercilessly satirised the amorous exploits of his botanist Joseph Banks, whose trousers were reportedly stolen while he was inside the tent of Queen Oberea of Tahiti. Was the pursuit of scientific truth really what drove Enlightenment science? In Sweden and Britain, both imperial powers, Banks and Carl Linneaus ruled over their own small scientific empires, promoting botanical exploration to justify the exploitation of territories, peoples and natural resources. Regarding native peoples with disdain, these two scientific emperors portrayed the Arctic North and the Pacific Ocean as uncorrupted Edens, free from the shackles of Western sexual mores. In this ‘absorbing’ (Observer) book, Patricia Fara reveals the existence, barely concealed under Banks' and Linnaeus' camouflage of noble Enlightenment, of the altogether more seedy drives to conquer, subdue and deflower in the name of the British Imperial state.

Erasmus Darwin

Author: Patricia Fara
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199582661
Size: 52.43 MB
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Erasmus Darwin from the Author: Patricia Fara. Written by the prize-winning author Patricia Fara, this is a book packed with differences. Its main character is Dr Erasmus Darwin, grandfather of Charles, but Erasmus Darwin is more original and innovative than a straightforward biography. Inviting her readers to accompany her on a tour of the past, Fara describes the impact that Erasmus Darwin had on his eighteenth-century colleagues, impressing many with his poetry but scandalizing others by puttingforward ideas about evolution before his grandson had even been born. Based in the Midlands, this ebullient yet compassionate doctor influenced contemporary society as well - as the science of the future.

Science

Author: Patricia Fara
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191655570
Size: 26.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Science from the Author: Patricia Fara. Science: A Four Thousand Year History rewrites science's past. Instead of focussing on difficult experiments and abstract theories, Patricia Fara shows how science has always belonged to the practical world of war, politics, and business. Rather than glorifying scientists as idealized heroes, she tells true stories about real people - men (and some women) who needed to earn their living, who made mistakes, and who trampled down their rivals in their quest for success. Fara sweeps through the centuries, from ancient Babylon right up to the latest hi-tech experiments in genetics and particle physics, illuminating the financial interests, imperial ambitions, and publishing enterprises that have made science the powerful global phenomenon that it is today. She also ranges internationally, illustrating the importance of scientific projects based around the world, from China to the Islamic empire, as well as the more familiar tale of science in Europe, from Copernicus to Charles Darwin and beyond. Above all, this four thousand year history challenges scientific supremacy, arguing controversially that science is successful not because it is always right - but because people have said that it is right.

Pandora S Breeches

Author: Patricia Fara
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1446435164
Size: 53.46 MB
Format: PDF
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Pandora S Breeches from the Author: Patricia Fara. 'Had God intended Women merely as a finer sort of cattle, he would not have made them reasonable.' Writing in 1673, Bathsua Makin was one of the first women to insist that girls should receive a scientific education. Despite the efforts of Makin and her successors, women were excluded from universities until the end of the nineteenth century, yet they found other ways to participate in scientific projects. Taking a fresh look at history, Pandora's Breeches investigates how women contributed to scientific progress. As well as collaborating in home-based research, women corresponded with internationally-renowned scholars, hired tutors, published their own books and translated and simplified important texts, such as Newton's book on gravity. They played essential roles in work frequently attributed solely to their husbands, fathers or friends.

An Entertainment For Angels Icon Science

Author: Patricia Fara
Publisher: Icon Books
ISBN: 1785782177
Size: 14.57 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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An Entertainment For Angels Icon Science from the Author: Patricia Fara. Electricity was the scientific fashion of the Enlightenment, 'an Entertainment for Angels, rather than for Men'. Lecturers attracted huge audiences to marvel at sparkling fountains, flaming drinks, pirouetting dancers and electrified boys. Enlightenment optimists predicted that this new-found power of nature would cure illnesses, improve crop production, even bring the dead back to life. Benjamin Franklin, better known as one of America's founding fathers, played a key role in developing the new instruments and theories of electricity during the eighteenth century. Celebrated for drawing lightning down from the sky with a kite, Franklin was an Enlightenment expert on electricity, developing one of the most successful explanations of this mysterious phenomenon. But Patricia Fara, Senior Tutor of Clare College Cambridge, reveals how the study of electricity became intertwined with Enlightenment politics. By demonstrating their control of the natural world, Enlightenment philosophers hoped to gain authority over society. And their stunning electrical performances provided dramatic evidence of their special powers.

Empire Of Extinction

Author: Ryan Tucker Jones
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199373809
Size: 39.34 MB
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Empire Of Extinction from the Author: Ryan Tucker Jones. In the second half of the eighteenth century, the Russian Empire-already the largest on earth-expanded its dominion onto the ocean. Through a series of government-sponsored voyages of discovery and the establishment of a private fur trade, Russians crossed and re-crossed the Bering Strait and the North Pacific Ocean, establishing colonies in Kamchatka and Alaska and exporting marine mammal furs to Europe and China. In the process they radically transformed the North Pacific, causing environmental catastrophe. In one of the most hotly-contested imperial arenas of the day, the Russian empire organized a host of Siberian and Alaskan native peoples to rapaciously hunt for fur seals, sea otters, and other fur-bearing animals. The animals declined precipitously, and Steller's sea cow went extinct. This destruction captured the attention of natural historians who for the first time began to recognize the threat of species extinction. These experts drew upon Enlightenment and Romantic-era ideas about nature and imperialism but their ideas were refracted through Russian scientific culture and influenced by the region's unique ecology. Cosmopolitan scientific networks ensured the spread of their ideas throughout Europe. Heeding the advice of these scientific experts, Russian colonial governors began long-term management of marine mammal stocks and instituted some of the colonial world's most forward-thinking conservationist policies. Highlighting the importance of the North Pacific in Russian imperial and global environmental history, Empire of Extinction focuses on the development of ideas about the natural world in a crucial location far from what has been considered the center of progressive environmental attitudes.

Author: Адам Джонсон
Publisher: Family Leisure Club
ISBN: 617120773X
Size: 65.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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from the Author: Адам Джонсон.

Author: Льюїс К.С.
Publisher: Family Leisure Club
ISBN: 9661468818
Size: 42.57 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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from the Author: Льюїс К.С.. Чарівний кінь Ігого і маленький хлопчик Шаста були рабами в Тархистані. Раптова зустріч змінила їхнє життя — вони вирішили втекти до Нарнії. Але під час мандрівки вони дізналися, що підступні тархистанці готують напад на Орландію. Друзі мають випередити ворогів і попередити шляхетного короля Лума...