Securing U S Innovation

Author: Darren E. Tromblay
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442256362
Size: 14.88 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Securing U S Innovation from the Author: Darren E. Tromblay. As experienced by the United States, competition has played out in three distinct types of threat activity: sabotage (the destruction of capabilities), espionage (the theft of specific capabilities), and defection (the carrying of knowledge out of the country). Today, the changing innovation environment has created new challenges. Significant advances are being made in start-ups as well as larger companies who no longer rely on U.S. government contracts. Not only does this place a key element of national power in the hands of the private sector, but it often leaves Washington at an informational disadvantage in understanding technologies. This book analyzes these concepts from the perspective of the United States’ experience in the field of innovation security. Historical and recent examples illustrate the threats to innovation, the various approaches to mitigating them, and how the evolution of the innovative process now requires rethinking how the United States can benefit from and preserve its cutting edge human capital.

A Strategy For American Innovation

Author: U.S. Government
Publisher: Books LLC
ISBN: 9781234058906
Size: 58.30 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A Strategy For American Innovation from the Author: U.S. Government. Original publisher: [Washington, D.C.]: National Economic Council, Council of Economic Advisers, and Office of Science and Technology Policy, [2011] OCLC Number: (OCoLC)702485469 Subject: Job creation -- United States. Excerpt: ... i n T ro d u C T i o n Other " market failures " surround commercial invention, where markets may still fail to provide adequate incentives As discussed in Box 1, businesses typically capture only a small portion of the benefits of their innovations, partly because consumers enjoy a substantial share of the social gain and partly because follow-on innovations may be captured by other firms 5 This general issue calls for policies that enhance private sector innovation incentives These policies can act to lower commercial research costs through mechanisms such as the Research & Experimentation Tax Credit Other mechanisms enhance the demand for innovations For example, demonstration funding and government procurement can encourage the creation and deployment of next generation technologies, bringing private innovation incentives closer to the social interest Government procurement was used, for example, by the Defense Department to promote the development of the Internet Prize competitions ( see Box 2 ) can be especially useful in driving innovation for specific needs Collectively, these demand mechanisms can be targeted at well-defined national priority areas, such as clean energy, and can be especially useful in contexts where markets under-price an activity's costs, such as our national dependence on fossil fuel consumption Government also plays an essential role in setting and enforcing appropriate rules Foremost in the innovation context is a well-functioning property rights system Absent effective legal protections for innovators, other businesses can immediately exploit an innovator's idea, undermining the incen-tive to invent in the first place Public policy solves this problem through intellectual property rights - allowi...

Securing Advanced Manufacturing In The United States

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309464552
Size: 20.79 MB
Format: PDF
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Securing Advanced Manufacturing In The United States from the Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The Manufacturing USA initiative seeks to reinforce U.S.-based advanced manufacturing through partnerships among industry, academia, and government. Started in 2012 and established with bipartisan support by the Revitalize American Manufacturing and Innovation Act of 2014, the initiative envisages a nationwide network of research centers for manufacturing innovation. As of May 2017, 14 manufacturing innovation institutes had been established to facilitate the movement of early-stage research into proven capabilities ready for adoption by U.S. manufacturers. To better understand the role and experiences of the Manufacturing USA institutes to date, a committee of the Innovation Policy Forum of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop on May 23, 2017 drawing together institute directors and manufacturing policy experts along with leaders from industry, academia, and government. Participants addressed the role of the manufacturing institutes in increasing advanced manufacturing in the United States, examined selected foreign programs designed to support advanced manufacturing, and reviewed recent assessments of existing institutes. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Strategy For American Innovation

Author: Barack Obama
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437981240
Size: 17.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Strategy For American Innovation from the Author: Barack Obama. Pres. Obama's Innovation Strategy builds on over $100 billion of Recovery Act funds that support innovation, support for educ., infrastructure and others and novel regulatory and exec. order initiatives. It seeks to harness the ingenuity of the Amer. people and a dynamic private sector to ensure that the next expansion is more solid, broad-based, and beneficial than previous ones. The strategy focuses on critical areas where balanced gov't. policies can lay the foundation for innovation that leads to quality jobs and shared prosperity: (1) Invest in the Building Blocks of Amer. Innovation; (2) Promote Competitive Markets that Spur Productive Entrepreneurship; (3) Catalyze Breakthroughs for National Priorities. Illus. This is a print on demand publication.

Leadership And Policy Innovation From Clinton To Bush

Author: Joseph R. Cerami
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415527821
Size: 59.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Leadership And Policy Innovation From Clinton To Bush from the Author: Joseph R. Cerami. Throughout the Cold War there were longstanding efforts to control the spread of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) through extensive arms control, deterrence, and defense programs. Since then counterproliferation efforts by the U.S. and international community have accelerated. Given the attention to counterproliferation in the last decade, how effective was the leadership provided by President Clinton and his Secretaries of Defense, Aspin, Perry and Cohen, in providing innovative and effective policies for countering the proliferation of WMD? Comparing the cases of U.S.-North Korea Agreed Framework, the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program and U.S. and U.N. efforts in Iraq under Saddam Hussein, Joseph R. Cerami examines patterns of organizational leadership and policy innovation in the development and implementation of WMD policy initiatives. Rather than criticize the framework of American and international political institutions, this leadership perspective draws important insights on the capabilities of institutions to further U.S. and international goals and objectives in security policymaking. In doing so, the book argues that the U.S.'s role and the roles of its internal government agencies are most significant in international affairs. Smartly and appealingly positioned at the intersection of theory and practice, Cerami's book crafts a new perspective in international relations and public administration offering great potential for understanding as well as designing policy innovations to counter the proliferation of WMD in the 21st century.

Us Intervention Policy And Army Innovation

Author: Richard Lock-Pullan
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780714657196
Size: 53.21 MB
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Us Intervention Policy And Army Innovation from the Author: Richard Lock-Pullan. US Intervention Policy and Army Innovation examines how the US Army rebuilt itself after the Vietnam War and how this has affected US intervention policy, from the victory of the Gulf War to the failure of Somalia, the Bosnian and Kosovo interventions and the use of force post 9/11. Richard Lock-Pullan analyzes the changes in US military intervention strategy by examining two separate issues: the nature of the US Army as it rebuilt itself after the Vietnam War, and the attempts by the US to establish criteria for future military interventions. He first argues that US strategy traditionally relied upon national mobilization to co-ordinate political aims and military means; he subsequently analyzes how this changed to a formula of establishing militarily achievable political objectives prior to the use of force. Drawing on a vast body of material and on strategic culture and military innovation literature, Lock-Pullan demonstrates that the strategic lessons were a product of the rebuilding of the Army's identity as it became a professional all-volunteer force and that the Army's new doctrine developed a new 'way of war' for the nation, embodied in the AirLand Battle doctrine, which changed the approach to strategy. This book finally gives a practical analysis of how the interventions in Panama and the Gulf War vindicated this approach and brought a revived confidence in the use of force while more recent campaigns in Somalia, Kosovo and Bosnia exposed its weaknesses and the limiting nature of the Army's thinking. The legacy of the Army's innovation is examined in the new strategic environment post 9/11 with the operations in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Cyberspace Policy Review

Author: U. s. National Security Council
Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
ISBN: 1616402229
Size: 40.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Cyberspace Policy Review from the Author: U. s. National Security Council. "The architecture of the Nation's digital infrastructure, based largely upon the Internet, is not secure or resilient." It's a horrifying wakeup call that bluntly opens this report on one of the most serious national security and economic threats the United States-and, indeed, the world-faces in the 21st century. And it sets the stage for the national dialogue on cybersecurity it hopes to launch. Prepared by the U.S. National Security Council-which was founded by President Harry S. Truman to advise the Oval Office on national security and foreign policy-this official government account explores: the vulnerabilities of the digital infrastructure of the United States what we can do to protect it against cybercrime and cyberterrorism how to protect civil liberties and personal privacy in cyberspace why a citizenry educated about and aware of cybersecurity risks is vital the shape of the public-private partnership all these efforts will require Just as the United States took the lead in creating the open, flexible structures of the early Internet, it must now take the initiative in ensuring that our digital networks are as secure as they can be, without stifling the unprecedented freedom of opportunity and access the information revolution has afforded us all. This report is the roadmap for making that happen, and it is required reading for anyone who works or plays in the 21st-century digital world: that is, all of us.

21st Century Innovation Systems For Japan And The United States

Author: Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309119782
Size: 27.42 MB
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21st Century Innovation Systems For Japan And The United States from the Author: Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy. Recognizing that a capacity to innovate and commercialize new high-technology products is increasingly a key for the economic growth in the environment of tighter environmental and resource constraints, governments around the world have taken active steps to strengthen their national innovation systems. These steps underscore the belief of these governments that the rising costs and risks associated with new potentially high-payoff technologies, their spillover or externality-generating effects and the growing global competition, require national R&D programs to support the innovations by new and existing high-technology firms within their borders. The National Research Council's Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) has embarked on a study of selected foreign innovation programs in comparison with major U.S. programs. The "21st Century Innovation Systems for the United States and Japan: Lessons from a Decade of Change" symposium reviewed government programs and initiatives to support the development of small- and medium-sized enterprises, government-university- industry collaboration and consortia, and the impact of the intellectual property regime on innovation. This book brings together the papers presented at the conference and provides a historical context of the issues discussed at the symposium.

The Complete Guide To Securing Your Own U S Patent

Author: Jamaine Burrell
Publisher: Atlantic Publishing Company
ISBN: 0910627053
Size: 54.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Complete Guide To Securing Your Own U S Patent from the Author: Jamaine Burrell. What do all of these famous inventions have in common: air conditioning, airbags, bandages, barbed wire, blow dryers, can openers, cement, chewing gum, computers, credit cards, doughnuts, jeans, microwave ovens, paper towels, Play-Doh, Post-it Notes, potato chips, roller coasters, safety pins, Scotch tape, skateboards, staplers, straws, sunscreen, typewriters, Viagra, zippers? They were all invented in the US by American inventors, and they all went on to make fortunes for the inventors and those companies licensing the ideas. Don t be left out, and don t spend thousands in unnecessary legal fees, you can file your own patent with the step-by-step guidance in this new book. According to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, the number of patents filed in the US increased from 186,507 in 1992 to 406,302 in 2005. Approximately one out of five patents are filed by the prospective owner/inventor. You ll find that only minimal assistance if any is needed from an attorney or agent in securing your patent. This book offers a simple, straightforward introduction to patent law written in layman s terms. This book is written for inventors not attorneys, and for those that want to save thousands on legal fees protecting their ideas and inventions. A patent protects an invention and gives an exclusive right to the benefits of an invention. A patent is in essence a contract between the United States government and holder of an invention. This new book will explain how to secure a patent on your own without expensive attorney fees. If you think you have a great invention then you need this extremely detailed and comprehensive guide to the process of getting a patent. The book covers everything needed and easily explained from the initial patent search to filing a successful and hopefully financially lucrative application. Even if you ultimately decide to use the services of a patent attorney which in some cases is recommended, this book will get the process started and still.