Securing U S Innovation

Author: Darren E. Tromblay
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442256362
Size: 24.25 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Securing U S Innovation from the Author: Darren E. Tromblay. As experienced by the United States, competition has played out in three distinct types of threat activity: sabotage (the destruction of capabilities), espionage (the theft of specific capabilities), and defection (the carrying of knowledge out of the country). Today, the changing innovation environment has created new challenges. Significant advances are being made in start-ups as well as larger companies who no longer rely on U.S. government contracts. Not only does this place a key element of national power in the hands of the private sector, but it often leaves Washington at an informational disadvantage in understanding technologies. This book analyzes these concepts from the perspective of the United States’ experience in the field of innovation security. Historical and recent examples illustrate the threats to innovation, the various approaches to mitigating them, and how the evolution of the innovative process now requires rethinking how the United States can benefit from and preserve its cutting edge human capital.

A Strategy For American Innovation

Author: U.S. Government
Publisher: Books LLC
ISBN: 9781234058906
Size: 60.71 MB
Format: PDF
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A Strategy For American Innovation from the Author: U.S. Government. Original publisher: [Washington, D.C.]: National Economic Council, Council of Economic Advisers, and Office of Science and Technology Policy, [2011] OCLC Number: (OCoLC)702485469 Subject: Job creation -- United States. Excerpt: ... i n T ro d u C T i o n Other " market failures " surround commercial invention, where markets may still fail to provide adequate incentives As discussed in Box 1, businesses typically capture only a small portion of the benefits of their innovations, partly because consumers enjoy a substantial share of the social gain and partly because follow-on innovations may be captured by other firms 5 This general issue calls for policies that enhance private sector innovation incentives These policies can act to lower commercial research costs through mechanisms such as the Research & Experimentation Tax Credit Other mechanisms enhance the demand for innovations For example, demonstration funding and government procurement can encourage the creation and deployment of next generation technologies, bringing private innovation incentives closer to the social interest Government procurement was used, for example, by the Defense Department to promote the development of the Internet Prize competitions ( see Box 2 ) can be especially useful in driving innovation for specific needs Collectively, these demand mechanisms can be targeted at well-defined national priority areas, such as clean energy, and can be especially useful in contexts where markets under-price an activity's costs, such as our national dependence on fossil fuel consumption Government also plays an essential role in setting and enforcing appropriate rules Foremost in the innovation context is a well-functioning property rights system Absent effective legal protections for innovators, other businesses can immediately exploit an innovator's idea, undermining the incen-tive to invent in the first place Public policy solves this problem through intellectual property rights - allowi...

Leadership And Policy Innovation From Clinton To Bush

Author: Joseph R. Cerami
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415527821
Size: 68.72 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Leadership And Policy Innovation From Clinton To Bush from the Author: Joseph R. Cerami. Throughout the Cold War there were longstanding efforts to control the spread of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) through extensive arms control, deterrence, and defense programs. Since then counterproliferation efforts by the U.S. and international community have accelerated. Given the attention to counterproliferation in the last decade, how effective was the leadership provided by President Clinton and his Secretaries of Defense, Aspin, Perry and Cohen, in providing innovative and effective policies for countering the proliferation of WMD? Comparing the cases of U.S.-North Korea Agreed Framework, the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program and U.S. and U.N. efforts in Iraq under Saddam Hussein, Joseph R. Cerami examines patterns of organizational leadership and policy innovation in the development and implementation of WMD policy initiatives. Rather than criticize the framework of American and international political institutions, this leadership perspective draws important insights on the capabilities of institutions to further U.S. and international goals and objectives in security policymaking. In doing so, the book argues that the U.S.'s role and the roles of its internal government agencies are most significant in international affairs. Smartly and appealingly positioned at the intersection of theory and practice, Cerami's book crafts a new perspective in international relations and public administration offering great potential for understanding as well as designing policy innovations to counter the proliferation of WMD in the 21st century.

Cyberspace Policy Review

Author: U. s. National Security Council
Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
ISBN: 1616402229
Size: 66.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Cyberspace Policy Review from the Author: U. s. National Security Council. "The architecture of the Nation's digital infrastructure, based largely upon the Internet, is not secure or resilient." It's a horrifying wakeup call that bluntly opens this report on one of the most serious national security and economic threats the United States-and, indeed, the world-faces in the 21st century. And it sets the stage for the national dialogue on cybersecurity it hopes to launch. Prepared by the U.S. National Security Council-which was founded by President Harry S. Truman to advise the Oval Office on national security and foreign policy-this official government account explores: the vulnerabilities of the digital infrastructure of the United States what we can do to protect it against cybercrime and cyberterrorism how to protect civil liberties and personal privacy in cyberspace why a citizenry educated about and aware of cybersecurity risks is vital the shape of the public-private partnership all these efforts will require Just as the United States took the lead in creating the open, flexible structures of the early Internet, it must now take the initiative in ensuring that our digital networks are as secure as they can be, without stifling the unprecedented freedom of opportunity and access the information revolution has afforded us all. This report is the roadmap for making that happen, and it is required reading for anyone who works or plays in the 21st-century digital world: that is, all of us.

The Complete Guide To Securing Your Own U S Patent

Author: Jamaine Burrell
Publisher: Atlantic Publishing Company
ISBN: 0910627053
Size: 70.18 MB
Format: PDF
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The Complete Guide To Securing Your Own U S Patent from the Author: Jamaine Burrell. What do all of these famous inventions have in common: air conditioning, airbags, bandages, barbed wire, blow dryers, can openers, cement, chewing gum, computers, credit cards, doughnuts, jeans, microwave ovens, paper towels, Play-Doh, Post-it Notes, potato chips, roller coasters, safety pins, Scotch tape, skateboards, staplers, straws, sunscreen, typewriters, Viagra, zippers? They were all invented in the US by American inventors, and they all went on to make fortunes for the inventors and those companies licensing the ideas. Don t be left out, and don t spend thousands in unnecessary legal fees, you can file your own patent with the step-by-step guidance in this new book. According to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, the number of patents filed in the US increased from 186,507 in 1992 to 406,302 in 2005. Approximately one out of five patents are filed by the prospective owner/inventor. You ll find that only minimal assistance if any is needed from an attorney or agent in securing your patent. This book offers a simple, straightforward introduction to patent law written in layman s terms. This book is written for inventors not attorneys, and for those that want to save thousands on legal fees protecting their ideas and inventions. A patent protects an invention and gives an exclusive right to the benefits of an invention. A patent is in essence a contract between the United States government and holder of an invention. This new book will explain how to secure a patent on your own without expensive attorney fees. If you think you have a great invention then you need this extremely detailed and comprehensive guide to the process of getting a patent. The book covers everything needed and easily explained from the initial patent search to filing a successful and hopefully financially lucrative application. Even if you ultimately decide to use the services of a patent attorney which in some cases is recommended, this book will get the process started and still.

Understanding Terrorism

Author: Gus Martin
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452299757
Size: 71.11 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Understanding Terrorism from the Author: Gus Martin. The Fourth Edition of Gus Martin's Understanding Terrorism, once again offers a multidisciplinary, comprehensive exploration of contemporary terrorism that helps readers develop the knowledge and skills they need to critically assess terrorism in general and terrorist incidents in particular. The Fourth Edition presents new, updated theories, cases, and incidents as well as new photographs, updated tables, and enhanced graphics. An entirely new chapter is devoted to homeland security in the United States and Europe.

S T Strategies Of Six Countries

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309162685
Size: 10.18 MB
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S T Strategies Of Six Countries from the Author: National Research Council. An increase in global access to goods and knowledge is transforming world-class science and technology (S&T) by bringing it within the capability of an unprecedented number of global parties who must compete for resources, markets, and talent. In particular, globalization has facilitated the success of formal S&T plans in many developing countries, where traditional limitations can now be overcome through the accumulation and global trade of a wide variety of goods, skills, and knowledge. As a result, centers for technological research and development (R&D) are now globally dispersed, setting the stage for greater uncertainty in the political, economic, and security arenas. These changes will have a potentially enormous impact for the U.S. national security policy, which for the past half century was premised on U.S. economic and technological dominance. As the U.S. monopoly on talent and innovation wanes, arms export regulations and restrictions on visas for foreign S&T workers are becoming less useful as security strategies. The acute level of S&T competition among leading countries in the world today suggests that countries that fail to exploit new technologies or that lose the capability for proprietary use of their own new technologies will find their existing industries uncompetitive or obsolete. The increased access to information has transformed the 1950s' paradigm of "control and isolation" of information for innovation control into the current one of "engagement and partnerships" between innovators for innovation creation. Current and future strategies for S&T development need to be considered in light of these new realities. This book analyzes the S&T strategies of Japan, Brazil, Russia, India, China, and Singapore (JBRICS), six countries that have either undergone or are undergoing remarkable growth in their S&T capabilities for the purpose of identifying unique national features and how they are utilized in the evolving global S&T environment.

Securing The Future Of U S Air Transportation

Author: Studies and Information Services
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309090698
Size: 19.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Securing The Future Of U S Air Transportation from the Author: Studies and Information Services. As recently as the summer of 2001, many travelers were dreading air transportation because of extensive delays associated with undercapacity of the system. That all changed on 9/11, and demand for air transportation has not yet returned to peak levels. Most U.S. airlines continue to struggle for survival, and some have filed for bankruptcy. The situation makes it difficult to argue that strong action is urgently needed to avert a crisis of undercapacity in the air transportation system. This report assesses the visions and goals for U.S. civil aviation and technology goals for the year 2050.