Rogue States And Nuclear Outlaws

Author: Michael Klare
Publisher: Hill and Wang
ISBN: 146680601X
Size: 53.92 MB
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Rogue States And Nuclear Outlaws from the Author: Michael Klare. In this incisive examination of our national security policy, Michael Klare suggests that the Pentagon in effect established a new class of enemies when the Cold War came to an -unpredictable and hostile states in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Klare argues that the containment of these rising Third World powers-Iraq, Iran, Libya, and North Korea, especially-became the centerpiece of American military policy and the justification for near-Cold War levels of military sping.

Rogue States V Lkerrechtliche Aspekte Des Begriffs

Author: Timo Knaebe
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638359050
Size: 26.23 MB
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Rogue States V Lkerrechtliche Aspekte Des Begriffs from the Author: Timo Knaebe. Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2004 im Fachbereich Jura - Europarecht, Völkerrecht, Internationales Privatrecht, Note: 16 Punkte, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-UniversitĂ€t Frankfurt am Main, Veranstaltung: Konstitutionalisierung der internationalen Gemeinschaft oder amerikanischer Unilateralismus?, 37 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Einleitung SpĂ€testens seit 1994 warnen die USA vor einer neuen Bedrohung – der durch Rogue States, was ins Deutsche zumeist mit Schurkenstaat1 ĂŒbersetzt wird. Synonym zu diesem werden auch die Begriffe Outlaw, Pariah- oder Backlash-State2 und vor allem fĂŒr die Staaten Nord Korea, Iran und Kuba die Bezeichnung Axis of Evil verwandt. Wenngleich die se Begriffe in den Medien vieler LĂ€nder aufgegriffen wurden, so werden sie nur von wenigen Staaten, neben den USA durch das Vereinigte Königreich und die Ukraine, auch offiziell verwandt. Bis heute gĂ€nzlich ablehnend gegenĂŒber diesen Begriffen ist die Haltung der Permanent Five- LĂ€nder Russland, Frankreich und China. Nach ihrer Auffassung benutzten die USA den Term Schurkenstaaten, der als Sammelbegriff Gegenstand dieser Arbeit ist, nur, um so eine Rechtfertigung fĂŒr den Aufbau eines Nationalen Raketenabwehrsystems zu scha ffen3. Unklar bleibt also, ob demnach ein (zwischenstaatliches) Einvernehmen ĂŒber die rechtliche Existenz von Schurkenstaaten besteht, also lediglich die Verwendung dieses Begriffs im Verkehr zwischen den Staaten unterschiedlich gehandhabt wird oder ob es sich um ein bloßes Konstrukt, handelt, das (zumeist) unilaterale Vorgehen der USA gegen diese Staaten polisch und völkerrechtlich zu rechtfe rtigen. Die vorliegende Arbeit konzentriert sich auf die Herausarbeitung des Begriffs unter rein völkerrechtlichen Aspekten – bewusst außen vor gelassen wurde eine Einarbeitung der lediglich politisch kontrovers diskutierten Irak Problematik.

Rogue States And U S Foreign Policy

Author: Robert Litwak
Publisher: Woodrow Wilson Center Press
ISBN: 9780943875972
Size: 79.21 MB
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Rogue States And U S Foreign Policy from the Author: Robert Litwak. President Clinton and other U.S. officials have warned that "rogue states" pose a major threat to international peace in the post-Cold War era. But what exactly is a rogue state? Does the concept foster a sound approach to foreign policy, or is it, in the end, no more than a counterproductive political epithet? Robert Litwak traces the origins and development of rogue state policy and then assesses its efficacy through detailed case studies of Iraq, Iran, and North Korea. He shows that the policy is politically selective, inhibits the ability of U.S. policymakers to adapt to changed conditions, and has been rejected by the United States' major allies. Litwak concludes that by lumping and demonizing a disparate group of countries, the rogue state approach obscures understanding and distorts policymaking. In place of a generic and constricting strategy, he argues for the development of "differentiated" strategies of containment, tailored to the particular circumstances within individual states.

A Devil S Triangle

Author: Peter Brookes
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742549531
Size: 58.20 MB
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A Devil S Triangle from the Author: Peter Brookes. In a cold, hard slap across the face of Americans, Brookes warns that the terrorist threat has not subsided in the four years since 9/11, but in fact has escalated.

Rogue States

Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: South End Press
ISBN: 9780896086111
Size: 35.56 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Rogue States from the Author: Noam Chomsky. With his characteristic wit and exhaustive knowledge of world affairs, Chomsky addresses our most current international crises.

The Coming Crisis

Author: Victor A. Utgoff
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262710053
Size: 71.23 MB
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The Coming Crisis from the Author: Victor A. Utgoff. How will continued proliferation of nuclear weapons change the global political order? This collection of essays comes to conclusions at odds with the conventional wisdom. Stephen Rosen and Barry Posen explore how nuclear proliferation may affect US incentives to confront regional aggression. Stephen Walt argues that regional allies will likely prove willing to stand with a strong and ready United States against nuclear-backed aggression. George Quester and Brad Roberts examine long-term strategic objectives in responding to nuclear attack by a regional aggressor. Richard Betts highlights the potential for disastrous mistakes in moving toward and living in a world heavily populated with nuclear-armed states. Scott Sagan explains how the nuclear nonproliferation policies best suited to some states can spur proliferation by others. Caroline Ziemke shows how the analysis of a state's strategic personality can provide insights into why it might want nuclear weapons and how its policies may develop once it gets them. And, Victor Utgoff concludes that the United States seems more likely to intervene against regional aggression when the aggressor has nuclear weapons than when it does not.

Us Foreign Policy And The Rogue State Doctrine

Author: Alex Miles
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415679745
Size: 44.25 MB
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Us Foreign Policy And The Rogue State Doctrine from the Author: Alex Miles. Concerns over Iran’s nuclear programme, North Korea’s nuclear brinkmanship and, in the past, Iraq’s apparent pursuit of WMD have captured the world’s attention, and dominated the agenda of the American foreign policy establishment. But, what led policymakers and the US military to emphasise the threat of rogue states at the end of the Cold War? Going behind the vivid language of the ‘axis of evil’ and portrayals of undeterrable and reckless rogue states, this work demonstrates how the rogue state doctrine satisfied both domestic and international goals in the Clinton and George W. Bush administrations, underpinning efforts to maintain US leadership and hegemony. It offers a clear picture of the policymaking process, taking a broad, historical approach that places the actions of US officials towards Iraq, Iran, North Korea, Libya and Cuba in a wider context. Through an understanding of the long-standing influences on the US approach we are better able to appreciate why, for instance, regime change dominated the post-9/11 agenda and led to the overthrow of Saddam Hussein. Explaining in detail how the tackling of rogue states became a central aim of US foreign policy, Miles examines whether there was continuity between the Clinton and Bush approach. He moves on to highlight the influence of Congress on the implementation of US policies and the difficulties the US faced in ‘selling’ its approach to allies and adapting its hard-line strategies to reflect developments within the targeted states. By considering the impulses and drivers behind the development of the rogue states approach, this work will extend the scope of existing work in the field and will be of interest to scholars and policymakers alike.

Tyranny Of The Weak

Author: Charles K. Armstrong
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801468930
Size: 80.35 MB
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Tyranny Of The Weak from the Author: Charles K. Armstrong. To much of the world, North Korea is an impenetrable mystery, its inner workings unknown and its actions toward the outside unpredictable and frequently provocative. Tyranny of the Weak reveals for the first time the motivations, processes, and effects of North Korea's foreign relations during the Cold War era. Drawing on extensive research in the archives of North Korea's present and former communist allies, including the Soviet Union, China, and East Germany, Charles K. Armstrong tells in vivid detail how North Korea managed its alliances with fellow communist states, maintained a precarious independence in the Sino-Soviet split, attempted to reach out to the capitalist West and present itself as a model for Third World development, and confronted and engaged with its archenemies, the United States and South Korea. From the invasion that set off the Korean War in June 1950 to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Tyranny of the Weak shows how—despite its objective weakness—North Korea has managed for much of its history to deal with the outside world to its maximum advantage. Insisting on a path of "self-reliance" since the 1950s, North Korea has continually resisted pressure to change from enemies and allies alike. A worldview formed in the crucible of the Korean War and Cold War still maintains a powerful hold on North Korea in the twenty-first century, and understanding those historical forces is as urgent today as it was sixty years ago.

The Emergency State

Author: David C. Unger
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101560320
Size: 36.63 MB
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The Emergency State from the Author: David C. Unger. Editor’s Choice, NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW “Ambitious and valuable” --WASHINGTON POST America is trapped in a state of war that has consumed our national life since before Pearl Harbor. Over seven decades and several bloody wars, Democratic and Republican politicians alike have assembled an increasing complicated—and increasingly ineffective—network of security services. Trillions of tax dollars have been diverted from essential domestic needs while the Pentagon created a worldwide web of military bases, inventing new American security interests where none previously existed. Yet this pursuit has not only damaged our democratic institutions and undermined our economic strength—it has fundamentally failed to make us safer. In The Emergency State, senior New York Times journalist David C. Unger reveals the hidden costs of America’s obsessive pursuit of absolute national security, showing how this narrow-minded emphasis on security came to distort our political life. Unger reminds us that in the first 150 years of the American republic the U.S. valued limited military intervention abroad, along with the checks and balances put in place by the founding fathers. Yet American history took a sharp turn during and just after World War II, when we began building a vast and cumbersome complex of national security institutions and beliefs. Originally designed to wage hot war against Germany and cold war against the Soviet Union, our security bureaucracy has become remarkably ineffective at confronting the elusive, non-state sponsored threats we now face. The Emergency State traces a series of missed opportunities—from the end of World War II to the election of Barack Obama—when we could have paused to rethink our defense strategy and didn’t. We have ultimately failed to dismantle our outdated national security state because both parties are equally responsible for its expansion. While countless books have exposed the damage wrought by George W. Bush's "war on terror," Unger shows it was only the natural culmination of decades of bipartisan emergency state logic—and argues that Obama, along with many previous Democratic presidents, has failed to shift course in any meaningful way. The Emergency State: America’s Pursuit of Absolute Security At All Costs reveals the depth of folly into which we’ve fallen, as Americans eagerly trade away the country’s greatest strengths for a fleeting illusion of safety. Provocative, insightful, and refreshingly nonpartisan, The Emergency State is the definitive untold story of how America became this vulnerable—and how it can build true security again.

Biological Warfare And Disarmament

Author: Susan Wright
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc
Size: 79.16 MB
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Biological Warfare And Disarmament from the Author: Susan Wright. This book proposes fresh approaches and concrete proposals to overcome one of the most intractable security problems of the twenty-first century. Visit our website for sample chapters!