The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226458148
Size: 24.96 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 3890
Download Read Online

The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions from the Author: Thomas S. Kuhn. A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don’t arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of “normal science,” as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn’s essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn’s ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking’s introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.

The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226458083
Size: 80.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 6575
Download Read Online

The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions from the Author: Thomas S. Kuhn. Now available with a new Index, Kuhn's classic book offers "a landmark intelleectual history which has attracted attention far beyond its own immediate field (Nicholas Wade, Science). "Perhaps the best explanation of (the) process of discovery".--William Erwin Thompson, New York Times Book Review.

The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 39.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 6612
Download Read Online

The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions from the Author: Thomas S. Kuhn. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was originally published in 1962 as part of Foundations of the Unity of Science, which constituted volumes 1 and 2 of the International Encyklopoedia of Unified Science. The organizational chart above is reproduced from the copyright page of the enlarged, second edition of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions published separately by the University of Chicago Press in 1970

The Revolutions Of Scientific Structure

Author: Colin G Hales
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814616265
Size: 19.73 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 5328
Download Read Online

The Revolutions Of Scientific Structure from the Author: Colin G Hales. This book discusses two main cultural problems behind the failure of machine consciousness and artificial general intelligence (AGI) projects over many decades. The first problem recognizes that building a conscious AGI means building an artificial scientist. The book identifies the responsible pitfalls in mainstream scientific behavior and eliminates them by proposing a new operational framework for scientists called “Dual Aspect Science”. The second problem arises because scholars involved in machine consciousness and AGI essentially aim to replicate brains with computers. They are demonstrably not doing this, and this failure has been prevalent since the rise of computers. Instead, the book discusses the possibility of doing real empirical neuroscience by means of artificial materials that literally do what the brain does. Inspired by Thomas Kuhn, one of the most influential philosophers of science of the twentieth century, this compendium proposes a fresh perspective on machine consciousness, on AGI and, more generally, on how the machinery of science might need to change to accommodate it. Contents:PreambleIntroductionConsciousnessThe Route to Normal Science‘Normal’ ScienceThe Great BlockageCultural Learning Theory for ScientistsThe ‘Law of Scientific Behaviour’The Biology of Belief: Statement FormationHierarchy, Emergence and CausalityDual Aspect ScienceScientifically Testing for ConsciousnessThe Kuhnian Take: Wrapping UpMachine Consciousness and DAS Readership: Researchers, academics, professionals and graduate students in artificial intelligence, robotics, neuroscience, computational physics and nonlinear science. Keywords:Science;Neuroscience;Science of Consciousness;Machine Consciousness

Kuhn S The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions Revisited

Author: Vasso Kindi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136243208
Size: 52.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 6146
Download Read Online

Kuhn S The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions Revisited from the Author: Vasso Kindi. The year 2012 marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Up until recently, the book’s philosophical reception has been shaped, for the most part, by the debates and the climate in philosophy of science in the 1960s and 1970s; this new collection of essays takes a renewed look at this work. This volume concentrates on particular issues addressed or raised in light of recent scholarship and without the pressure of the immediate concerns scholars had at the time of the Structure’s publication. There has been extensive research on all of the major issues concerning the development of science which are discussed in Structure, work in which the scholars contributing to this volume have all been actively involved. In recent years they have pursued novel research on a number of topics relevant to Structure’s concerns, such as the nature and function of concepts, the complexity of logical positivism and its legacy, the relation of history to philosophy of science, the character of scientific progress and rationality, and scientific realism, all of which are brought together and given new light in this text. In this way, our book makes new connections and undertakes new approaches in an effort to understand the Structure’s significance in the canon of philosophy of science.

Kuhn S Structure Of Scientific Revolutions At Fifty

Author: Robert J. Richards
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022631717X
Size: 31.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 1724
Download Read Online

Kuhn S Structure Of Scientific Revolutions At Fifty from the Author: Robert J. Richards. Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was a watershed event when it was published in 1962, upending the previous understanding of science as a slow, logical accumulation of facts and introducing, with the concept of the “paradigm shift,” social and psychological considerations into the heart of the scientific process. More than fifty years after its publication, Kuhn’s work continues to influence thinkers in a wide range of fields, including scientists, historians, and sociologists. It is clear that The Structure of Scientific Revolutions itself marks no less of a paradigm shift than those it describes. In Kuhn’s “Structure of Scientific Revolutions” at Fifty, leading social scientists and philosophers explore the origins of Kuhn’s masterwork and its legacy fifty years on. These essays exhume important historical context for Kuhn’s work, critically analyzing its foundations in twentieth-century science, politics, and Kuhn’s own intellectual biography: his experiences as a physics graduate student, his close relationship with psychologists before and after the publication of Structure, and the Cold War framework of terms such as “world view” and “paradigm.”

The Cognitive Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

Author: Hanne Andersen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139452630
Size: 42.42 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 6747
Download Read Online

The Cognitive Structure Of Scientific Revolutions from the Author: Hanne Andersen. Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions became the most widely read book about science in the twentieth century. His terms 'paradigm' and 'scientific revolution' entered everyday speech, but they remain controversial. In the second half of the twentieth century, the new field of cognitive science combined empirical psychology, computer science, and neuroscience. In this book, the theories of concepts developed by cognitive scientists are used to evaluate and extend Kuhn's most influential ideas. Based on case studies of the Copernican revolution, the discovery of nuclear fission, and an elaboration of Kuhn's famous 'ducks and geese' example of concept learning, this volume, first published in 2006, offers accounts of the nature of normal and revolutionary science, the function of anomalies, and the nature of incommensurability.

Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions

Author: Paul Hoyningen-Huene
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226355511
Size: 26.43 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 3374
Download Read Online

Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions from the Author: Paul Hoyningen-Huene. Scholars from disciplines as diverse as political science and art history have offered widely differing interpretations of Kuhn's ideas, appropriating his notions of paradigm shifts and revolutions to fit their own theories, however imperfectly. Destined to become the authoritative philosophical study of Kuhn's work. Bibliography.

Kuhn S Structure Of Scientific Revolutions 50 Years On

Author: William J Devlin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319133837
Size: 50.30 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 5400
Download Read Online

Kuhn S Structure Of Scientific Revolutions 50 Years On from the Author: William J Devlin. In 1962, the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s Structure ‘revolutionized’ the way one conducts philosophical and historical studies of science. Through the introduction of both memorable and controversial notions, such as paradigms, scientific revolutions, and incommensurability, Kuhn argued against the traditionally accepted notion of scientific change as a progression towards the truth about nature, and instead substituted the idea that science is a puzzle solving activity, operating under paradigms, which become discarded after it fails to respond accordingly to anomalous challenges and a rival paradigm. Kuhn’s Structure has sold over 1.4 million copies and the Times Literary Supplement named it one of the “Hundred Most Influential Books since the Second World War.” Now, fifty years after this groundbreaking work was published, this volume offers a timely reappraisal of the legacy of Kuhn’s book and an investigation into what Structure offers philosophical, historical, and sociological studies of science in the future.

The Two Cultures

Author: C. P. Snow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107606144
Size: 74.75 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 2044
Download Read Online

The Two Cultures from the Author: C. P. Snow. The importance of science and technology and future of education and research are just some of the subjects discussed here.