The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226458148
Size: 76.80 MB
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The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions from the Author: Thomas S. Kuhn. A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don’t arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of “normal science,” as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn’s essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn’s ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking’s introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.

The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 53.49 MB
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The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions from the Author: Thomas S. Kuhn. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was originally published in 1962 as part of Foundations of the Unity of Science, which constituted volumes 1 and 2 of the International Encyklopoedia of Unified Science. The organizational chart above is reproduced from the copyright page of the enlarged, second edition of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions published separately by the University of Chicago Press in 1970

The Revolutions Of Scientific Structure

Author: Colin G Hales
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814616265
Size: 24.33 MB
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The Revolutions Of Scientific Structure from the Author: Colin G Hales. This book discusses two main cultural problems behind the failure of machine consciousness and artificial general intelligence (AGI) projects over many decades. The first problem recognizes that building a conscious AGI means building an artificial scientist. The book identifies the responsible pitfalls in mainstream scientific behavior and eliminates them by proposing a new operational framework for scientists called “Dual Aspect Science”. The second problem arises because scholars involved in machine consciousness and AGI essentially aim to replicate brains with computers. They are demonstrably not doing this, and this failure has been prevalent since the rise of computers. Instead, the book discusses the possibility of doing real empirical neuroscience by means of artificial materials that literally do what the brain does. Inspired by Thomas Kuhn, one of the most influential philosophers of science of the twentieth century, this compendium proposes a fresh perspective on machine consciousness, on AGI and, more generally, on how the machinery of science might need to change to accommodate it. Contents:PreambleIntroductionConsciousnessThe Route to Normal Science‘Normal’ ScienceThe Great BlockageCultural Learning Theory for ScientistsThe ‘Law of Scientific Behaviour’The Biology of Belief: Statement FormationHierarchy, Emergence and CausalityDual Aspect ScienceScientifically Testing for ConsciousnessThe Kuhnian Take: Wrapping UpMachine Consciousness and DAS Readership: Researchers, academics, professionals and graduate students in artificial intelligence, robotics, neuroscience, computational physics and nonlinear science. Keywords:Science;Neuroscience;Science of Consciousness;Machine Consciousness

The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226458083
Size: 15.41 MB
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The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions from the Author: Thomas S. Kuhn. Now available with a new Index, Kuhn's classic book offers "a landmark intelleectual history which has attracted attention far beyond its own immediate field (Nicholas Wade, Science). "Perhaps the best explanation of (the) process of discovery".--William Erwin Thompson, New York Times Book Review.

Kuhn S The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions Revisited

Author: Vasso Kindi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136243216
Size: 43.69 MB
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Kuhn S The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions Revisited from the Author: Vasso Kindi. The year 2012 marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Up until recently, the book’s philosophical reception has been shaped, for the most part, by the debates and the climate in philosophy of science in the 1960s and 1970s; this new collection of essays takes a renewed look at this work. This volume concentrates on particular issues addressed or raised in light of recent scholarship and without the pressure of the immediate concerns scholars had at the time of the Structure’s publication. There has been extensive research on all of the major issues concerning the development of science which are discussed in Structure, work in which the scholars contributing to this volume have all been actively involved. In recent years they have pursued novel research on a number of topics relevant to Structure’s concerns, such as the nature and function of concepts, the complexity of logical positivism and its legacy, the relation of history to philosophy of science, the character of scientific progress and rationality, and scientific realism, all of which are brought together and given new light in this text. In this way, our book makes new connections and undertakes new approaches in an effort to understand the Structure’s significance in the canon of philosophy of science.

States And Social Revolutions

Author: Theda Skocpol
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521294997
Size: 50.10 MB
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States And Social Revolutions from the Author: Theda Skocpol. Theda Skocpol shows how all three combine to explain the origins and accomplishments of social-revolutionary transformations.

Syntactic Structures

Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110218321
Size: 32.98 MB
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Syntactic Structures from the Author: Noam Chomsky.

The Two Cultures

Author: C. P. Snow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107606144
Size: 64.70 MB
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The Two Cultures from the Author: C. P. Snow. The importance of science and technology and future of education and research are just some of the subjects discussed here.

The Invention Of Science

Author: David Wootton
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 014191677X
Size: 27.78 MB
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The Invention Of Science from the Author: David Wootton. We live in a world made by science. How and when did this happen? This book tells the story of the extraordinary intellectual and cultural revolution that gave birth to modern science, and mounts a major challenge to the prevailing orthodoxy of its history. Before 1492 it was assumed that all significant knowledge was already available; there was no concept of progress; people looked for understanding to the past not the future. This book argues that the discovery of America demonstrated that new knowledge was possible: indeed it introduced the very concept of 'discovery', and opened the way to the invention of science. The first crucial discovery was Tycho Brahe's nova of 1572: proof that there could be change in the heavens. The telescope (1610) rendered the old astronomy obsolete. Torricelli's experiment with the vacuum (1643) led directly to the triumph of the experimental method in the Royal Society of Boyle and Newton. By 1750 Newtonianism was being celebrated throughout Europe. The new science did not consist simply of new discoveries, or new methods. It relied on a new understanding of what knowledge might be, and with this came a new language: discovery, progress, facts, experiments, hypotheses, theories, laws of nature - almost all these terms existed before 1492, but their meanings were radically transformed so they became tools with which to think scientifically. We all now speak this language of science, which was invented during the Scientific Revolution. The new culture had its martyrs (Bruno, Galileo), its heroes (Kepler, Boyle), its propagandists (Voltaire, Diderot), and its patient labourers (Gilbert, Hooke). It led to a new rationalism, killing off alchemy, astrology, and belief in witchcraft. It led to the invention of the steam engine and to the first Industrial Revolution. David Wootton's landmark book changes our understanding of how this great transformation came about, and of what science is.

The Scientific Revolution

Author: Steven Shapin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226750217
Size: 69.50 MB
Format: PDF
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The Scientific Revolution from the Author: Steven Shapin. Shapin claims that there was no such thing as the "Scientific Revolution," neither as a coherent chronological event nor as a movement in science. Instead he writes about how reformed practices of making the same observations led to the creation of "new" ideas.