The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226458148
Size: 37.81 MB
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The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions from the Author: Thomas S. Kuhn. A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don’t arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of “normal science,” as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn’s essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn’s ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking’s introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.

The Revolutions Of Scientific Structure

Author: Colin G Hales
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814616265
Size: 50.78 MB
Format: PDF
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The Revolutions Of Scientific Structure from the Author: Colin G Hales. This book discusses two main cultural problems behind the failure of machine consciousness and artificial general intelligence (AGI) projects over many decades. The first problem recognizes that building a conscious AGI means building an artificial scientist. The book identifies the responsible pitfalls in mainstream scientific behavior and eliminates them by proposing a new operational framework for scientists called “Dual Aspect Science”. The second problem arises because scholars involved in machine consciousness and AGI essentially aim to replicate brains with computers. They are demonstrably not doing this, and this failure has been prevalent since the rise of computers. Instead, the book discusses the possibility of doing real empirical neuroscience by means of artificial materials that literally do what the brain does. Inspired by Thomas Kuhn, one of the most influential philosophers of science of the twentieth century, this compendium proposes a fresh perspective on machine consciousness, on AGI and, more generally, on how the machinery of science might need to change to accommodate it. Contents:PreambleIntroductionConsciousnessThe Route to Normal Science‘Normal’ ScienceThe Great BlockageCultural Learning Theory for ScientistsThe ‘Law of Scientific Behaviour’The Biology of Belief: Statement FormationHierarchy, Emergence and CausalityDual Aspect ScienceScientifically Testing for ConsciousnessThe Kuhnian Take: Wrapping UpMachine Consciousness and DAS Readership: Researchers, academics, professionals and graduate students in artificial intelligence, robotics, neuroscience, computational physics and nonlinear science. Keywords:Science;Neuroscience;Science of Consciousness;Machine Consciousness

The Cognitive Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

Author: Hanne Andersen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139452630
Size: 22.21 MB
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The Cognitive Structure Of Scientific Revolutions from the Author: Hanne Andersen. Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions became the most widely read book about science in the twentieth century. His terms 'paradigm' and 'scientific revolution' entered everyday speech, but they remain controversial. In the second half of the twentieth century, the new field of cognitive science combined empirical psychology, computer science, and neuroscience. In this book, the theories of concepts developed by cognitive scientists are used to evaluate and extend Kuhn's most influential ideas. Based on case studies of the Copernican revolution, the discovery of nuclear fission, and an elaboration of Kuhn's famous 'ducks and geese' example of concept learning, this volume, first published in 2006, offers accounts of the nature of normal and revolutionary science, the function of anomalies, and the nature of incommensurability.

Author: Ювал Ной Харарі
Publisher: Family Leisure Club
ISBN: 6171217425
Size: 54.43 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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from the Author: Ювал Ной Харарі. Дослідження, що стало світовим бестселером № 1 за версією The New York Times та лідером продажів на Amazon.com, ламає усталені уявлення про земну історію від появи людини й народження мови до сьогодення і примушує задуматися: шлях розвитку наших предків міг бути зовсім іншим. Долучіться до історичної розвідки, і вас приголомшать неочікувані й сміливі припущення. У книжці ви не знайдете нудної хронології та сухих дат, але разом з автором розмірковуватимете про численні «чому?». ▶ Чому Людина Розумна отримала шанс на майбутнє та що винищило її найближчих древніх родичів? ▶ Чому перехід від збиральництва до сільського господарства став пасткою для людини й погіршив її життя? ▶ Чому могутні імперії інків та монголів зазнали краху та були переможені нечисленними групами європейців? ▶ Що таке «теорія пліток» і як розмови про те, чого насправді не існує, підняли людину на вищий щабель цивілізації? ▶ Що спільного між релігією та ідеологією? Чим відрізняються християнство та буддизм? ▶ Як гроші та кредити стали однією з основних рушійних сил цивілізації? ▶ Чому зруйновані імперії досі керують людством?

Kuhn S The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

Author: John Preston
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 144119889X
Size: 49.69 MB
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Kuhn S The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions from the Author: John Preston. Thomas Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is arguably one of the most influential books of the twentieth century and a key text in the philosophy and history of science. Kuhn transformed the philosophy and history of science in the twentieth century in an irrevocable way and still provides an important alternative to formalist approaches in the philosophy of science. In Kuhn's 'The Structure of Scientific Revolutions': A Reader's Guide, John Preston offers a clear and thorough account of this key philosophical work. The book offers a detailed review of the key themes and a lucid commentary that will enable readers to rapidly navigate the text. The guide explores the complex and important ideas inherent in the text and provides a cogent survey of the reception and influence of Kuhn's work.

Thomas Kuhn S Revolution

Author: James A. Marcum
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1847141943
Size: 53.62 MB
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Thomas Kuhn S Revolution from the Author: James A. Marcum. The influence of Thomas Kuhn (1922 -1996) on the history and philosophy of science has been truly enormous. In 1962, Kuhn's famous work, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, helped to inaugurate a revolution - the historiographic revolution - in the latter half of the twentieth century, providing a new understanding of science in which 'paradigm shifts' (scientific revolutions) are punctuated with periods of stasis (normal science). Kuhn's revolution not only had a huge impact on the history and philosophy of science but on other disciplines as well, including sociology, education, economics, theology, and even science policy. James A. Marcum's book focuses on the following questions: What exactly was Kuhn's historiographic revolution? How did it come about? Why did it have the impact it did? What, if any, will its future impact be for both academia and society? At the heart of the answers to these questions is the person of Kuhn himself, i.e., his personality, his pedagogical style, his institutional and social commitments, and the intellectual and social context in which he practiced his trade. Drawing on the rich archival sources at MIT, and engaging fully with current scholarship on Kuhn, Marcum's is the first book to show in detail how Kuhn's influence transcended the boundaries of the history and philosophy of science community to reach many others - sociologists, economists, theologians, political scientists, educators, and even policy makers and politicians.

Kuhn S The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions Revisited

Author: Vasso Kindi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136243208
Size: 19.39 MB
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Kuhn S The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions Revisited from the Author: Vasso Kindi. The year 2012 marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Up until recently, the book’s philosophical reception has been shaped, for the most part, by the debates and the climate in philosophy of science in the 1960s and 1970s; this new collection of essays takes a renewed look at this work. This volume concentrates on particular issues addressed or raised in light of recent scholarship and without the pressure of the immediate concerns scholars had at the time of the Structure’s publication. There has been extensive research on all of the major issues concerning the development of science which are discussed in Structure, work in which the scholars contributing to this volume have all been actively involved. In recent years they have pursued novel research on a number of topics relevant to Structure’s concerns, such as the nature and function of concepts, the complexity of logical positivism and its legacy, the relation of history to philosophy of science, the character of scientific progress and rationality, and scientific realism, all of which are brought together and given new light in this text. In this way, our book makes new connections and undertakes new approaches in an effort to understand the Structure’s significance in the canon of philosophy of science.

Kuhn S Structure Of Scientific Revolutions At Fifty

Author: Robert J. Richards
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022631720X
Size: 10.37 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Kuhn S Structure Of Scientific Revolutions At Fifty from the Author: Robert J. Richards. Thomas S. Kuhn s "Structure of Scientific Revolutions" (SSR) is one of the most important books published in the last hundred years. His language and concepts have permeated contemporary thought, and his arguments and positions are still alive and of real importance. "Kuhn s Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty "is a collection of essays by leading social scientists and philosophers that explores the origins of Kuhn s masterwork and its legacy a half-century on. The authors exhume important historical context for Kuhn s work, critically analyzing its foundations in twentieth-century science, politics, and more. They situate "SSR" within Kuhn s own intellectual biography, too: his experiences as a physics graduate student doing quintessential normal science, his close relationships with psychologists both before and after the publication of "SSR," and the Cold War framework of concepts such as world view and paradigm. The book s citation history is even used to reveal "SSR" s shifting audiences and changes in scholarly reading habits. And, of course, the contributors explore the central features of "SSR" by addressing the import of key Kuhnian concepts, both then and now, including revolution, scientific community, and inevitably the elusive yet still enticing paradigm. Anyone interested in Kuhn s ideas will profit from reading this book. "