Republic Of Iraq Public Expenditure Review

Author: The World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464802955
Size: 76.16 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Republic Of Iraq Public Expenditure Review from the Author: The World Bank. This Public Expenditure Review (PER) provides an integrated perspective on Iraq’s need to provide better public service delivery, while maintaining macroeconomic stability and fiscal discipline. The achievement of these objectives unfolds within a challenging context of revenue volatility, the need to diversify the economy, weak accountability mechanisms, and residual conflict. Reflecting these challenges, key socio-economic developmental indicators are stalled or even declining despite rapid growth in public spending. Indeed, the review shows that growth in spending has not been matched by absorptive capacity, let alone improved outcomes. The difficult task of constructing the fiscal institutions to embed the practices of good economic management remains a work-in-progress. The PER is one component of World Bank assistance to the government to improve public expenditure policy and management. The challenge for the Iraqi authorities in the years ahead will be to turn oil revenues into sustained welfare improvements. Macroeconomic stability alone is not enough to address social and economic development issues and to avoid a resource curse. Iraq’s oil wealth alone cannot generate sustainably high living standards for the majority of its population. Economic diversification is an imperative—both to create jobs and to promote income-generating opportunities for the Iraqi population. The key challenges for the authorities therefore are (i) to remove constraints to non-hydrocarbon economic activities; (ii) to ensure the efficient use of oil revenue; and (iii) to restrain the growth of current spending (in particular wage bill and subsidies) to free up resources for public investment, while maintaining essential safety nets and social support for the poor and disadvantaged. Public investment management is a crosscutting capability that is needed to meet Iraq’s development objectives. The government has the opportunity to take concrete steps now. The PER proposes approaches and actions to better use Iraq’s oil revenues by shifting to a save and invest via curbing inefficient spending and redirecting resources to public investment and basic services. As economic growth prospects are favorable in the medium-term, the Iraqi government has the opportunity to lay the foundations of a broadly diversified economy, with a reasonable footprint that provides decent public services and security while facilitating adequate economic freedom. Senior policy makers at the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Planning and line ministries are the primary audience of this work.

Managing Public Expenditure A Reference Book For Transition Countries

Author: Allen Richard
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264192603
Size: 75.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Managing Public Expenditure A Reference Book For Transition Countries from the Author: Allen Richard. Managing Public Expenditure presents a comprehensive and in-depth analysis of all aspects of public expenditure management from the preparation of the budget to the execution, control and audit stages.

Securing Development

Author: Bernard Harborne
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464807671
Size: 25.60 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Securing Development from the Author: Bernard Harborne. Securing Development: Public Finance and the Security Sector highlights the role of public finance in the delivery of security and criminal justice services. This book offers a framework for analyzing public financial management, financial transparency, and oversight, as well as expenditure policy issues that determine how to most appropriately manage security and justice services. The interplay among security, justice, and public finance is still a relatively unexplored area of development. Such a perspective can help security actors provide more professional, effective, and efficient security and justice services for citizens, while also strengthening systems for accountability. The book is the result of a project undertaken jointly by staff from the World Bank and the United Nations, integrating the disciplines where each institution holds a comparative advantage and a core mandate. The primary audience includes government officials bearing both security and financial responsibilities, staff of international organizations working on public expenditure management and security sector issues, academics, and development practitioners working in an advisory capacity.

Tax Expenditures In Oecd Countries

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264076905
Size: 38.49 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Tax Expenditures In Oecd Countries from the Author: OECD. This book sheds light on the use of tax expenditures, mainly through a study of ten OECD countries: Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. It highlights key trends and successful practices.

Oil Policies Oil Myths

Author: Fadhil J. Chalabi
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857719130
Size: 31.56 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Oil Policies Oil Myths from the Author: Fadhil J. Chalabi. There was a lot of haranguing over this I think, as Dr Chalabi took umbrage at OPEC being referred to as ‘notoriously opaque’ - this old version is still on the database and therefore on the website, the jacket blurb should read:_x000D_ _x000D_ The world of oil and OPEC (the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Companies) has often been misunderstood or seen as shrouded in mystique and myth. On the 50th anniversary of the foundation of OPEC, Fadhil Chalabi, a former ‘insider’ who spent many years at the heart of this organisation, dispels myths and invites us to discover the realities, environment and evolution of policies that have shaped OPEC and the oil industry. One of Carlos the Jackal’s OPEC hostages in 1975, the author interweaves his analysis with first-hand experiences that give authenticity to momentous events, from the time of Egypt under Nasser, Gaddafi’s Libya and Saddam’s Iraq. Crucially, Chalabi’s analysis encompasses Iraq’s oil politics and their influence on OPEC and the impact of Iran on its pricing policies, which began with the Shah’s dramatic campaign to maximise oil prices in 1973, followed by a period of volatile oil politics during Ayatollah Khomeini’s Revolution of 1978-79 and its aftermath, leading to the Iraq-Iran war._x000D_ _x000D_ Geopolitics have proved to be central to energy policies for both oil-rich and oil-needy countries. Today this garners even more attention, as the importance of the oil-rich countries of the Middle East, Africa and Latin America grows with the perennial demand for this resource. Oil Policies, Oil Myths explores the continuing importance of oil while examining the geopolitical influences that cause oil crises and price hikes and which undermine oil’s future. Chalabi’s expertise illuminates OPEC’s role in this, while showing its successes and its failures. _x000D_ _x000D_ Oil for the countries of OPEC has been pivotal in their political and economic development, but it is also a crucial tool in their diplomatic relations with the oil-consuming nations of the East and West. Notwithstanding a critique of its oil-supply management, Chalabi sees OPEC’s survival as essential. He re-appraises its fundamental role of securing the future availability of a vital global commodity and considers that the absence of OPEC would cause market mayhem, damage the world economy and our prospects for future energy supplies._x000D_ _x000D_ This book is essential reading for those who wish to look beyond the myths of oil and of OPEC, scrutinise oil policies and an organisation that is perceived by the press as legendary for its opacity, and to understand OPEC’s dramatic impact on the global energy industry, on world politics and economics._x000D_

A Republic Not An Empire

Author: Patrick J. Buchanan
Publisher: Regnery Publishing
ISBN: 1621571009
Size: 62.50 MB
Format: PDF
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A Republic Not An Empire from the Author: Patrick J. Buchanan. A Republic, Not an Empire: Reclaiming America's Destiny by Patrick J. Buchanan All but predicting the September 11 attack on the World Trade Center, Buchanan examines and critiques America's recent foreign policy and argues for new policies that consider America's interests first.

The Kurdistan Region Of Iraq

Author: World Bank World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464805490
Size: 32.85 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Kurdistan Region Of Iraq from the Author: World Bank World Bank. The Kurdistan region of Iraq is facing an economic and humanitarian crisis as a result of the influx of Syrian refugees which began in 2012 and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in 2014. The region's population increased by 28 percent over a short period, placing strains on the local economy, host community, and access to public services. This book provides national and regional policy makers with a technical assessment of the impact and stabilization costs needed for 2015 associated with the influx of refugees and IDPs. The stabilization cost for 2015 is estimated at US$1.4 billion in additional spending above and beyond the region's budget. This estimate could significantly increase should the crisis persist longer. The study highlights how prices and unemployment have increased, and refugees and IDPs entering the labor market are pushing wages down. A surge in violence led to supply side shocks. The ISIS crisis has had a significant effect on trade of goods and services. Transportation routes were disrupted. Foreign direct investment flows have declined and operations of foreign enterprises have been adversely affected. Disruption of public investment projects have had a negative impact on the economy. Based on the World Bank estimates, economic growth contracted by 5 percentage points in the region and the poverty rate more than doubled, rising from 3.5 percent to 8.1 percent. While the government has been responsive to addressing the needs of the displaced population up until now, more resources are needed to avert this humanitarian crisis and address the needs of the displaced population in the medium- and long-term. The report is an outcome of close collaboration between a wide spectrum of World Bank experts and regional government institutions and international partners.

The World Factbook

Author: Central Intelligence Agency
Publisher: Masterlab
ISBN: 8379912136
Size: 29.81 MB
Format: PDF
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The World Factbook from the Author: Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities. The World Factbook is prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency. Comprehensive guide full of facts, maps, flags, and detailed information. A must for travellers, businessmen, politicians, and all who wants to know more about our fascinating world. -- We share these facts with the people of all nations in the belief that knowledge of the truth underpins the functioning of free societies (From official webpage). Tags: world, guide, facts, almanach

America Goes Backward

Author: Stanley Hoffmann
Publisher: New York Review of Books
ISBN: 9781590171561
Size: 47.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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America Goes Backward from the Author: Stanley Hoffmann. "Wrong assumptions, immoderate and confused ends, served by a mixture of counterproductive, inadequate, mismanaged, and, at times, scandalous means": Stanley Hoffmann's verdict on the US invasion of Iraq carries an uneasy echo of his view of the US failure in Vietnam. Though it is not Vietnam, for Hoffmann the Iraq war is still a sign that America has gone in the wrong direction. In this book, he describes the many ways in which the Bush administration, particularly in its unilateralist determination to make war on Saddam Hussein, has undertaken a "wrecking operation" on post?World War II schemes of international cooperation, and he suggests a process by which democracies might reach agreement on when to collectively intervene in aid of nations suffering under oppressive regimes. Hoffmann goes on to analyze how the US risks being trapped in Iraq, and offers his ideas on the most effective strategies for both withdrawing US forces and helping the country achieve democracy and stability under multilateral supervision. "Too often," he finds, "this administration has given, to many Americans and even more to foreigners, the impression that it is drunk with power...." If we are to combat terrorism effectively, we should strive not for an arrogant American empire but for "a return to reality, to good sense, and to morality."