Modes Of Religiosity

Author: Harvey Whitehouse
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759106154
Size: 50.96 MB
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Modes Of Religiosity from the Author: Harvey Whitehouse. Religions whatever else they may be are configurations of cultural information reproduced across space and time. Beginning with this seemingly obvious fact of religious transmission, Harvey Whitehouse goes on to construct a testable theory of how religions are created, passed on, and changed. At the center of his theory are two divergent 'modes of religiosity: ' the imagistic and the doctrinal. Drawing from recent advances in cognitive science, Whitehouse's theory shows how religions tend to coalesce around one of these two poles depending on how religious behaviors are remembered. In the 'imagistic mode, ' rituals have a lasting impact on people's minds, haunting not only our memories but influencing the way we ruminate on religious topics. These psychological features are linked to the scale and structure of religious communities, fostering small, exclusive, and ideologically heterogeneous ritual groupings or factions. In the 'doctrinal mode', on the other hand, religious knowledge is primarily spread through intensive and repetitive teaching; religious communities are contrastingly large, inclusive, and centrally regulated. While these tendencies have long been recognized in the history of the study of religion, the modes of religiosity theory is unique in that it explains why these tendencies exist. More importantly, Whitehouse does not give the final word, but invites us to join a series of collaborative networks among anthropologists, historians, archaeologists, and psychologists, currently trying to falsify, confirm, or refine the theory. Are you tired of the flood of descriptions and interpretations of religions which offer no clear strategy for evaluation, comparison, and testing? Modes of Religiosity can provide you with a new way to think when you think about religion."

Transformations Of Religiosity

Author: Gert Pickel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3531933264
Size: 52.61 MB
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Transformations Of Religiosity from the Author: Gert Pickel. Following the political and economic transformation processes in Eastern Europe the religious landscapes have also changed. While some countries display a revitalization of religion, others are continuously secularizing. The book explores this contrast, including different, empirical based studies on the topic in a wide range of Eastern European countries.

The Social Context Of Religiosity

Author: Jerry Delmas Cardwell
Publisher: University Press of Amer
ISBN: 9780819111357
Size: 16.57 MB
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The Social Context Of Religiosity from the Author: Jerry Delmas Cardwell. To find out more information about Rowman & Littlefield titles please visit us at

Modes Of Religiosity In Eastern Christianity

Author: Vlad Naumescu
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 382589908X
Size: 65.21 MB
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Modes Of Religiosity In Eastern Christianity from the Author: Vlad Naumescu. This volume offers original insights into the religious transformationstaking place in post-socialist western Ukraine. Applying acognitive theory based on two modes of religiosity, the doctrinaland the imagistic, Vlad Naumescu reveals the mechanisms ofreproduction and change that make the local eastern Christiantradition a living tradition of faith.


Author: Leonard C. Moffitt
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Size: 33.59 MB
Format: PDF
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Religiosity from the Author: Leonard C. Moffitt. Apparently all societies around the world and throughout recorded history pursue one form of mysticism or spirituality or other if not full religions. For some, these can command central roles. The initial question is Why. Sociological, psychological, and even genetic "causes" have received the credit. And some evidence does commend each of these--once people started engaging in some form of religiosity. But why did people begin to engage in mysticism or spirituality in the first place? This question underlies Moffitt's investigation. Obviously direct evidence does not exist for events so far back in antiquity; and all contemporary societies/cultures (even the least technologically complex) are far too removed and complicated to use for scientific testing of hypothesis. Still, the species Homo Sapiens of several tens of millennia ago had a genetic system sufficiently like ours today for us to explore likely scenarios. The one proposed in Religiosity stems from the kinds of apparent miracles, extrasensory, out-of-body and near-death experiences that occur in common formats all over the globe regardless of culture. The author makes no judgement on the "reality" of these incidents. Whether or not they actually occur as reported is far less important to this analysis than the fact that so many people have believed and still believe them to be real. After all, our "real world" is what we perceive it to be. Religiosity then looks at such aspects as how the world's major religions deal diversely with certain beliefs and practices, such as fertility, life-after-death, ethics, deities, creation, asceticism, and sin. It examines several cases of societal response to traumatic crises (as from utter defeat in war, pestilence, and collapse of a strong religious system) to see how people react in their faith. The book also considers the implications of taking scripture either allegorically or literally as God's dictated words.

The Revival Of Islam In The Balkans

Author: Olivier Roy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137517840
Size: 63.11 MB
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The Revival Of Islam In The Balkans from the Author: Olivier Roy. This book shifts analytical focus from macro-politicization and securitization of Islam to Muslims' choices, practices and public expressions of faith. An empirically rich analysis, the book provides rich cross-country evidence on the emergence of autonomous faith communities as well as the evolution of Islam in the broader European context.

Arguments And Icons Divergent Modes Of Religiosity

Author: Harvey Whitehouse
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191584169
Size: 39.14 MB
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Arguments And Icons Divergent Modes Of Religiosity from the Author: Harvey Whitehouse. Why do initiations in Papua New Guinea often subject novices to violence and terror? Why do some cargo cults lead to regional unity and others to regional divisions? How have features of cognitive processing in missionary Christianity contributed to new forms of identity among Melanesians? The theory of `modes of religiosity' which Whitehouse here develops answers these and a range of other questions about Melanesia with reference to a set of interconnections between styles of religious transmission, systems of memory, and patterns of political association. Although building his argument on detailed Melanesian ethnography, Whitehouse goes on to suggest that the theory of modes of religiosity may have wider applicability. Thus, in the final two chapters of this book, he explores such diverse topics as the spread of Reformed Christianity in sixteenth-century Europe, the interpretation of Upper Palaeolithic cave art, the genesis of tribal warfare, and the impact of literacy on social transmission and organization.

Participation And Beliefs In Popular Religiosity

Author: Francesco Zaccaria
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004180966
Size: 65.99 MB
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Participation And Beliefs In Popular Religiosity from the Author: Francesco Zaccaria. Exploring the relation between popular religious participation and beliefs about God, human suffering, Jesus Christ and the church, this empirical-theological study offers the picture of a complementary relation between popular religiosity and official religion within Italian Catholicism.

Religiosity Cognitive Dissonance And Attitude

Author: Anna-Sophia Fritsch
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656171920
Size: 19.68 MB
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Religiosity Cognitive Dissonance And Attitude from the Author: Anna-Sophia Fritsch. Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Psychology - Miscellaneous, grade: A, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Psychological Institute), course: Introduction to Individual and Context, language: English, abstract: In the United States of America, a high degree of attention has been paid to the issue of how to legislate abortion. During the past two decades, notions of the so-called Culture-Wars" emerged, referring to an increasing polarization of the American public over the abortion topic along the lines of religiously motivated pro-life" and secular pro-choice" activist groups. This paper is an effort to analyze from a psychological perspective how religiosity mediates people's attitudes towards abortion legislation, the hypothesis being that the more embedded a person is in an increasingly conservative religious community, the less likely she will be to experience cognitive dissonance over ambivalent topics like abortion, because she adheres to the amplified religious position on it. It was found that religiosity leads to more dismissive attitudes towards abortion in general. Furthermore, the more conservative a religious denomination is in the terms of Bible literalism, the stricter is the view of its adherents that abortion should be forbidden by law in most or all cases. As Bible literalism entails the belief of being indisputably right about any issue touched by it, it leads to attitude persistence, which keeps the pro-life" and pro-choice" activist groups from finding a compromise. However, contrary to what the Culture-Wars"-hypothesis suggests, data from public opinion polls do not show an increasing polarization in attitudes over the issue."