Modes Of Religiosity

Author: Harvey Whitehouse
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759106154
Size: 17.82 MB
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Modes Of Religiosity from the Author: Harvey Whitehouse. Religions whatever else they may be are configurations of cultural information reproduced across space and time. Beginning with this seemingly obvious fact of religious transmission, Harvey Whitehouse goes on to construct a testable theory of how religions are created, passed on, and changed. At the center of his theory are two divergent 'modes of religiosity: ' the imagistic and the doctrinal. Drawing from recent advances in cognitive science, Whitehouse's theory shows how religions tend to coalesce around one of these two poles depending on how religious behaviors are remembered. In the 'imagistic mode, ' rituals have a lasting impact on people's minds, haunting not only our memories but influencing the way we ruminate on religious topics. These psychological features are linked to the scale and structure of religious communities, fostering small, exclusive, and ideologically heterogeneous ritual groupings or factions. In the 'doctrinal mode', on the other hand, religious knowledge is primarily spread through intensive and repetitive teaching; religious communities are contrastingly large, inclusive, and centrally regulated. While these tendencies have long been recognized in the history of the study of religion, the modes of religiosity theory is unique in that it explains why these tendencies exist. More importantly, Whitehouse does not give the final word, but invites us to join a series of collaborative networks among anthropologists, historians, archaeologists, and psychologists, currently trying to falsify, confirm, or refine the theory. Are you tired of the flood of descriptions and interpretations of religions which offer no clear strategy for evaluation, comparison, and testing? Modes of Religiosity can provide you with a new way to think when you think about religion."


Author: Leonard C. Moffitt
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Size: 62.34 MB
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Religiosity from the Author: Leonard C. Moffitt. Apparently all societies around the world and throughout recorded history pursue one form of mysticism or spirituality or other if not full religions. For some, these can command central roles. The initial question is Why. Sociological, psychological, and even genetic "causes" have received the credit. And some evidence does commend each of these--once people started engaging in some form of religiosity. But why did people begin to engage in mysticism or spirituality in the first place? This question underlies Moffitt's investigation. Obviously direct evidence does not exist for events so far back in antiquity; and all contemporary societies/cultures (even the least technologically complex) are far too removed and complicated to use for scientific testing of hypothesis. Still, the species Homo Sapiens of several tens of millennia ago had a genetic system sufficiently like ours today for us to explore likely scenarios. The one proposed in Religiosity stems from the kinds of apparent miracles, extrasensory, out-of-body and near-death experiences that occur in common formats all over the globe regardless of culture. The author makes no judgement on the "reality" of these incidents. Whether or not they actually occur as reported is far less important to this analysis than the fact that so many people have believed and still believe them to be real. After all, our "real world" is what we perceive it to be. Religiosity then looks at such aspects as how the world's major religions deal diversely with certain beliefs and practices, such as fertility, life-after-death, ethics, deities, creation, asceticism, and sin. It examines several cases of societal response to traumatic crises (as from utter defeat in war, pestilence, and collapse of a strong religious system) to see how people react in their faith. The book also considers the implications of taking scripture either allegorically or literally as God's dictated words.

Religiosity And Work In The Lives Of Mortuary College Students

Author: Charles Lynn Gibson
Publisher: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 1599422972
Size: 68.88 MB
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Religiosity And Work In The Lives Of Mortuary College Students from the Author: Charles Lynn Gibson. The study investigated the failure to integrate faith in daily work--a multifaceted problem important for interdisciplinary studies in religion and society. The Purpose in Life (PIL) test and the Engagement in Meaningful Work Scale (EMWS) were used to research how religious faith impacted work perceptions of mortuary college students. Students from Gupton-Jones College of Funeral Service in Atlanta, Georgia and John A. Gupton College in Nashville, Tennessee were chosen as the respondents. The following research question was examined: What were the effects of religiosity on mortuary college student perceptions of purpose in life and the engagement in meaningful work? The study identified four facets of religiosity for observation: (1) belief, (2) attitude, (3) practice, and (4) group experience. The primary research objectives examined the variables of denominational preference, Christian affirmation, favorability toward the institutional church, active church membership, the number of religious disciplines practiced, and involvement in church activities. Secondary objectives of the study examined the demographics of age, gender, educational attainment, and experience in funeral service work. Two hypotheses with ten corollaries for each hypothesis were tested-- eight with a Kruskal-Wallis procedure, ten with a Mann-Whitney U procedure, and two with a Spearman's Rank Correlation procedure. Six independent variables demonstrated a significant relationship with PIL values--funeral service experience, denominational preference, Christian affirmation, active church membership, the number of religious disciplines practiced, and the involvement in church activities. Six variables demonstrated a significant or practically significant relationship with EMWS values--funeral service experience, denominational preference, favorability toward the institutional church, active church membership, the number of religious disciplines practiced, and the involvement in church activities. Conclusions drawn from the findings of the study had important implications for the fields of religion, psychology, business administration, and funeral service.

Modes Of Religiosity In Eastern Christianity

Author: Vlad Naumescu
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 382589908X
Size: 34.31 MB
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Modes Of Religiosity In Eastern Christianity from the Author: Vlad Naumescu. This volume offers original insights into the religious transformationstaking place in post-socialist western Ukraine. Applying acognitive theory based on two modes of religiosity, the doctrinaland the imagistic, Vlad Naumescu reveals the mechanisms ofreproduction and change that make the local eastern Christiantradition a living tradition of faith.

Mind And Religion

Author: Harvey Whitehouse
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759106192
Size: 27.61 MB
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Mind And Religion from the Author: Harvey Whitehouse. This collection examines new psychological evidence for the modal theory and attempts to synthesize this theory with other theories of cognition and religion.