Modes Of Religiosity

Author: Harvey Whitehouse
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759106154
Size: 35.54 MB
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Modes Of Religiosity from the Author: Harvey Whitehouse. Religions whatever else they may be are configurations of cultural information reproduced across space and time. Beginning with this seemingly obvious fact of religious transmission, Harvey Whitehouse goes on to construct a testable theory of how religions are created, passed on, and changed. At the center of his theory are two divergent 'modes of religiosity: ' the imagistic and the doctrinal. Drawing from recent advances in cognitive science, Whitehouse's theory shows how religions tend to coalesce around one of these two poles depending on how religious behaviors are remembered. In the 'imagistic mode, ' rituals have a lasting impact on people's minds, haunting not only our memories but influencing the way we ruminate on religious topics. These psychological features are linked to the scale and structure of religious communities, fostering small, exclusive, and ideologically heterogeneous ritual groupings or factions. In the 'doctrinal mode', on the other hand, religious knowledge is primarily spread through intensive and repetitive teaching; religious communities are contrastingly large, inclusive, and centrally regulated. While these tendencies have long been recognized in the history of the study of religion, the modes of religiosity theory is unique in that it explains why these tendencies exist. More importantly, Whitehouse does not give the final word, but invites us to join a series of collaborative networks among anthropologists, historians, archaeologists, and psychologists, currently trying to falsify, confirm, or refine the theory. Are you tired of the flood of descriptions and interpretations of religions which offer no clear strategy for evaluation, comparison, and testing? Modes of Religiosity can provide you with a new way to think when you think about religion."

Transformations Of Religiosity

Author: Gert Pickel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3531933264
Size: 31.51 MB
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Transformations Of Religiosity from the Author: Gert Pickel. Following the political and economic transformation processes in Eastern Europe the religious landscapes have also changed. While some countries display a revitalization of religion, others are continuously secularizing. The book explores this contrast, including different, empirical based studies on the topic in a wide range of Eastern European countries.

Modes Of Religiosity In Eastern Christianity

Author: Vlad Naumescu
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 382589908X
Size: 30.79 MB
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Modes Of Religiosity In Eastern Christianity from the Author: Vlad Naumescu. This volume offers original insights into the religious transformationstaking place in post-socialist western Ukraine. Applying acognitive theory based on two modes of religiosity, the doctrinaland the imagistic, Vlad Naumescu reveals the mechanisms ofreproduction and change that make the local eastern Christiantradition a living tradition of faith.

Religiosity

Author: Leonard C. Moffitt
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 27.83 MB
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Religiosity from the Author: Leonard C. Moffitt. Apparently all societies around the world and throughout recorded history pursue one form of mysticism or spirituality or other if not full religions. For some, these can command central roles. The initial question is Why. Sociological, psychological, and even genetic "causes" have received the credit. And some evidence does commend each of these--once people started engaging in some form of religiosity. But why did people begin to engage in mysticism or spirituality in the first place? This question underlies Moffitt's investigation. Obviously direct evidence does not exist for events so far back in antiquity; and all contemporary societies/cultures (even the least technologically complex) are far too removed and complicated to use for scientific testing of hypothesis. Still, the species Homo Sapiens of several tens of millennia ago had a genetic system sufficiently like ours today for us to explore likely scenarios. The one proposed in Religiosity stems from the kinds of apparent miracles, extrasensory, out-of-body and near-death experiences that occur in common formats all over the globe regardless of culture. The author makes no judgement on the "reality" of these incidents. Whether or not they actually occur as reported is far less important to this analysis than the fact that so many people have believed and still believe them to be real. After all, our "real world" is what we perceive it to be. Religiosity then looks at such aspects as how the world's major religions deal diversely with certain beliefs and practices, such as fertility, life-after-death, ethics, deities, creation, asceticism, and sin. It examines several cases of societal response to traumatic crises (as from utter defeat in war, pestilence, and collapse of a strong religious system) to see how people react in their faith. The book also considers the implications of taking scripture either allegorically or literally as God's dictated words.

Mind And Religion

Author: Harvey Whitehouse
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759106192
Size: 35.37 MB
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Mind And Religion from the Author: Harvey Whitehouse. This collection examines new psychological evidence for the modal theory and attempts to synthesize this theory with other theories of cognition and religion.

The Revival Of Islam In The Balkans

Author: Olivier Roy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137517840
Size: 19.37 MB
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The Revival Of Islam In The Balkans from the Author: Olivier Roy. This book shifts analytical focus from macro-politicization and securitization of Islam to Muslims' choices, practices and public expressions of faith. An empirically rich analysis, the book provides rich cross-country evidence on the emergence of autonomous faith communities as well as the evolution of Islam in the broader European context.

Participation And Beliefs In Popular Religiosity

Author: Francesco Zaccaria
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004180966
Size: 49.63 MB
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Participation And Beliefs In Popular Religiosity from the Author: Francesco Zaccaria. Exploring the relation between popular religious participation and beliefs about God, human suffering, Jesus Christ and the church, this empirical-theological study offers the picture of a complementary relation between popular religiosity and official religion within Italian Catholicism.

The Religiosity Of Evil

Author: James L. Whitmer
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 147598488X
Size: 59.84 MB
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The Religiosity Of Evil from the Author: James L. Whitmer. The Religiosity of Evil explores man's struggle within himself, balancing good against evil, and arriving at outcomes that oftentimes are difficult to explain. This compilation of short stories from the Wasteland requires the reader to delve into the inner confines of his own soul and weigh his or her own concepts of good and evil in assembling meaning from the actions of the characters. When dealing with religiosity, one must keep in mind that one man's religiosity is another man's evil.

Experiencing Religion

Author: Clara Saraiva
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643907273
Size: 39.70 MB
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Experiencing Religion from the Author: Clara Saraiva. The various ethnologists and anthropologists contributing to this volume focus on the "self"-perspective in relation to religion and spirituality: on how religiosity is personally thought, dreamt, imagined, created, felt, perceived and experienced, in its various subjective forms. The personal motive and practice in religion is here put to the front. One can see this perspective also reflected in today's society, in the ways people, most strongly in the West, are nowadays dealing with religion, religiosity or spirituality, often drifted far away from the institutional church organizations. As a deeply personal experience, it is amazing how little effort is undertaken in a scholarly way to put the personal reflections, utterings and experiences into words. A wide variety of personal religious or spiritual experiences, Christian and non-Christian, recent and historical, are now described and analysed in this fascinating volume. Clara Saraiva is a senior researcher at the Lisbon Institute for Scientific Tropical Research in Lisbon, a researcher of the Center for Research in Anthropology (cria) and a Professor at the Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, Universidade Nova de Lisboa. Peter Jan Margry is Professor for European ethnology at the University of Amsterdam and Senior Research Fellow at Meertens Institute, KNAW , Amsterdam. Lionel Obadia is professor in anthropology at the University of Lyon. Kinga Povedak is assistant research fellow at the has Research Group on Religious Culture,at Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Jose Mapril is lecturer in Anthropology at the New University of Lisbon and a research fellow at CRIA - New University of Lisbon (Centre for Anthropological Research).