Why Are Women More Religious Than Men

Author: Marta Trzebiatowska
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199608105
Size: 46.66 MB
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Why Are Women More Religious Than Men from the Author: Marta Trzebiatowska. Women are more religious than men in almost every society and religious tradition (both old and new). They are also more likely to pray, to worship, to believe in the afterlife, and to consult mediums, fortune-tellers, and horoscopes. This book presents comprehensive evidence for this gender gap in religiosity, discusses the competing explanations put forward by scholars and offers its own answer to the question: 'why are women more religious than men'? The keyargument is that as women's lives become less restricted by patriarchy and traditional religious norms, the gender gap is likely to decrease, or disappear altogether.

The Wandering Jews

Author: Joseph Roth
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393247392
Size: 73.18 MB
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The Wandering Jews from the Author: Joseph Roth. The classic portrait of a vanished people. Every few decades a book is published that shapes Jewish consciousness. One thinks of Wiesel's Night or Levi's Survival in Auschwitz. But in 1927, years before these works were written, Joseph Roth (1894-1939) composed The Wandering Jews. In these stunning dispatches written when Roth was a correspondent in Berlin during the whirlwind period of Weimar Germany, he warned of the false comforts of Jewish assimilation, laid bare the schism between Eastern and Western Jews, and at times prophesied the horrors posed by Nazism. The Wandering Jews remains as vital today as when it was first published. "[A] book of impassioned reportage and polemic...it is impossible not to feel a sympathetic wonder."—Michael Andre Bernstein, The New Republic "In these disturbing yet strikingly illuminating pages, the truth of Jewish destiny from long ago vibrates and sings..."—Elie Wiesel "No other writer...has come so close to achieving the wholeness that Lukacs cites as our impossible aim."—Nadine Gordimer "What a marvelous writer! Read him now. You can thank me later."—Michael Dirda, Washington Post Book World "[C]aptures and encapsulates Europe in those uncertain hours before the upheaval of a continent and the annihilation of a civilization."—Cynthia Ozick, author of Quarrel and Quandary "[A] writer well worth adding to the short list of giants such as Thomas Mann, Elie Wiesel, and Primo Levi."—Hadassah Magazine, Sanford Pinsker

Lives In Between

Author: Leo Spitzer
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781507829011
Size: 15.58 MB
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Lives In Between from the Author: Leo Spitzer. Focusing on several generations of families who were products of two or more social worlds - Afro-Brazilian, West African Creole, Austrian-Jewish - this book compares the social ascent "up from slavery" and "out of the ghetto" in the Century of Emancipation beginning with the French Revolution. It also explores the "predicament of marginality" in which assimilating individuals often find themselves as a consequence of barriers impeding their social integration and blocking their share of dominant privileges and powers. It studies the connections between individual consciousness of this predicament and the variety of responses to exclusion and subordination -- responses ranging from collaboration to revolt, from adaptation to exile, from resignation, to "passing," to suicide. By probing the connection between individual actions and perceptions of self and social reality, this book illuminates the complexity of the relationship between what Erik Erikson identified as that between life history and the historical moment.

In Search Of God The Mother

Author: Lynn E. Roller
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520210247
Size: 45.57 MB
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In Search Of God The Mother from the Author: Lynn E. Roller. This is the first thorough account of the nature and the spread of the cult of Cybele, the Great Mother, and the first to present her worship soberly as a religion rather than sensationally as an orgiastic celebration of self-castrated priest-attendants.

Early Antiquity

Author: I. M. Diakonoff
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226144674
Size: 64.25 MB
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Early Antiquity from the Author: I. M. Diakonoff. The internationally renowned Assyriologist and linguist I. M. Diakonoff has gathered the work of Soviet historians in this survey of the earliest history of the ancient Near East, Central Asia, India, and China. Diakonoff and his colleagues, nearly all working within the general Marxist historiographic tradition, offer a comprehensive, accessible synthesis of historical knowledge from the beginnings of agriculture through the advent of the Iron Age and the Greek colonization in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea areas. Besides discussing features of Soviet historical scholarship of the ancient world, the essays treat the history of early Mesopotamia and the course of Pharaonic Egyptian civilization and developments in ancient India and China from the Bronze Age into the first millennium B.C. Additional chapters are concerned with the early history of Syria, Phoenicia, and Palestine, the Hittite civilization, the Creto-Mycenaean world, Homeric Greece, and the Phoenician and Greek colonization. This volume offers a unified perspective on early antiquity, focusing on the economic and social relations of production. Of immense value to specialists, the book will also appeal to general readers. I. M. Diakonoff is a senior research scholar of ancient history at the Institute of Oriental Studies, Leningrad Academy of Sciences. Philip L. Kohl is professor of anthropology at Wellesley College.

Mind And Religion

Author: Harvey Whitehouse
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759106192
Size: 79.76 MB
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Mind And Religion from the Author: Harvey Whitehouse. This collection examines new psychological evidence for the modal theory and attempts to synthesize this theory with other theories of cognition and religion.

Cultural Evolution

Author: Peter J. Richerson
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 026231830X
Size: 79.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Cultural Evolution from the Author: Peter J. Richerson. Over the past few decades, a growing body of research has emerged from a variety of disciplines to highlight the importance of cultural evolution in understanding human behavior. Wider application of these insights, however, has been hampered by traditional disciplinary boundaries. To remedy this, in this volume leading researchers from theoretical biology, developmental and cognitive psychology, linguistics, anthropology, sociology, religious studies, history, and economics come together to explore the central role of cultural evolution in different aspects of human endeavor.The contributors take as their guiding principle the idea that cultural evolution can provide an important integrating function across the various disciplines of the human sciences, as organic evolution does for biology. The benefits of adopting a cultural evolutionary perspective are demonstrated by contributions on social systems, technology, language, and religion. Topics covered include enforcement of norms in human groups, the neuroscience of technology, language diversity, and prosociality and religion. The contributors evaluate current research on cultural evolution and consider its broader theoretical and practical implications, synthesizing past and ongoing work and sketching a roadmap for future cross-disciplinary efforts.ContributorsQuentin D. Atkinson, Andrea Baronchelli, Robert Boyd, Briggs Buchanan, Joseph Bulbulia, Morten H. Christiansen, Emma Cohen, William Croft, Michael Cysouw, Dan Dediu, Nicholas Evans, Emma Flynn, Pieter François, Simon Garrod, Armin W. Geertz, Herbert Gintis, Russell D. Gray, Simon J. Greenhill, Daniel B. M. Haun, Joseph Henrich, Daniel J. Hruschka, Marco A. Janssen, Fiona M. Jordan, Anne Kandler, James A. Kitts, Kevin N. Laland, Laurent Lehmann, Stephen C. Levinson, Elena Lieven, Sarah Mathew, Robert N. McCauley, Alex Mesoudi, Ara Norenzayan, Harriet Over, Ju ̈rgen Renn, Victoria Reyes-García, Peter J. Richerson, Stephen Shennan, Edward G. Slingerland, Dietrich Stout, Claudio Tennie, Peter Turchin, Carel van Schaik, Matthijs Van Veelen, Harvey Whitehouse, Thomas Widlok, Polly Wiessner, David Sloan Wilson.

The Ancient Economy

Author: Joseph Gilbert Manning
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804757553
Size: 51.66 MB
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The Ancient Economy from the Author: Joseph Gilbert Manning. Historians and archaeologists normally assume that the economies of ancient Greece and Rome between about 1000 BC and AD 500 were distinct from those of Egypt and the Near East. However, very different kinds of evidence survive from each of these areas, and specialists have, as a result, developed very different methods of analysis for each region. This book marks the first time that historians and archaeologists of Egypt, the Near East, Greece, and Rome have come together with sociologists, political scientists, and economists, to ask whether the differences between accounts of these regions reflect real economic differences in the past, or are merely a function of variations in the surviving evidence and the intellectual traditions that have grown up around it. The contributors describe the types of evidence available and demonstrate the need for clearer thought about the relationships between evidence and models in ancient economic history, laying the foundations for a new comparative account of economic structures and growth in the ancient Mediterranean world.

The Role Of Religion In Modern Societies

Author: Detlef Pollack
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134153821
Size: 10.54 MB
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The Role Of Religion In Modern Societies from the Author: Detlef Pollack. Does modernization lead to the decline of religion? This question lies at the centre of a key debate in the sociology of religion. During the past decade American scholars, using primarily American data, have dominated this debate and have made a strong case that the answer to this question is no. Recently, however, a new crop of European scholars, working with new sources of European data, have uncovered evidence that points toward an affirmitive answer. This volume pays special attention to these trends and developments to provide the reader with a more well-rounded understanding of the many ways in which religion interacts with modernization. Respected scholars such as David Voas, Steve Bruce and Anthony Gill examine modern societies across the world in this splendid book which will interest sociologists, political scientists, historians, and theologians in equal measure.

Modes Of Religiosity

Author: Harvey Whitehouse
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759106154
Size: 10.18 MB
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Modes Of Religiosity from the Author: Harvey Whitehouse. Religions whatever else they may be are configurations of cultural information reproduced across space and time. Beginning with this seemingly obvious fact of religious transmission, Harvey Whitehouse goes on to construct a testable theory of how religions are created, passed on, and changed. At the center of his theory are two divergent 'modes of religiosity: ' the imagistic and the doctrinal. Drawing from recent advances in cognitive science, Whitehouse's theory shows how religions tend to coalesce around one of these two poles depending on how religious behaviors are remembered. In the 'imagistic mode, ' rituals have a lasting impact on people's minds, haunting not only our memories but influencing the way we ruminate on religious topics. These psychological features are linked to the scale and structure of religious communities, fostering small, exclusive, and ideologically heterogeneous ritual groupings or factions. In the 'doctrinal mode', on the other hand, religious knowledge is primarily spread through intensive and repetitive teaching; religious communities are contrastingly large, inclusive, and centrally regulated. While these tendencies have long been recognized in the history of the study of religion, the modes of religiosity theory is unique in that it explains why these tendencies exist. More importantly, Whitehouse does not give the final word, but invites us to join a series of collaborative networks among anthropologists, historians, archaeologists, and psychologists, currently trying to falsify, confirm, or refine the theory. Are you tired of the flood of descriptions and interpretations of religions which offer no clear strategy for evaluation, comparison, and testing? Modes of Religiosity can provide you with a new way to think when you think about religion."