Religi Se Argumente Im S Kularen Verfassungsstaat Eine Demokratietheoretische Diskussion

Author: Daniel Jesche
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640124189
Size: 66.11 MB
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Religi Se Argumente Im S Kularen Verfassungsstaat Eine Demokratietheoretische Diskussion from the Author: Daniel Jesche. Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Theorie und Ideengeschichte, Note: 1,3, Universitat Bremen, 32 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Religion ist als Gegenstand offentlicher Diskussion wieder auf der Agenda angekommen. Dies ist nicht erst seit dem 11. September 2001 der Fall. Von der religiosen Rechten in den USA uber das Mullahregime im Iran und dem vermeintlichen Zusammenprall der Kulturen bis zur Debatte um das Tragen eines Kopftuchs in der Schule. Religion wird zusehends unter dem Gesichtspunkt ihrer Vereinbarkeit mit den sie umgebenden Rahmenbedingungen betrachtet. Demgegenuber herrschte in der akademischen Diskussion zur Rolle der Religion lange Zeit Stille(vgl. Haus 2003: 45). Dies mag am gangigen Perzeptionsmuster in den Sozialwissenschaften liegen, welches seit seinen Anfangen einen wahrlich paradigmatischen Status erlangt hat. Die Rede ist von der Sakularisierungsthese. Lange Zeit galt die Sachlage in Bezug auf die Religion als geklart, doch mehr und mehr setzt sich das Bewusstsein durch, dass die Austarierung von Religion und Politik in Form der liberalen Trennungsthese in den westlichen Demokratien einer Neuverortung bedarf. Um diese Neubewertung soll es hier gehen. Dabei stehen sich John Rawls mit seiner Konzeption eines Offentlichen Vernunftgebrauchs" und Jurgen Habermas, der fur eine Neukonzeption des Staatsburgerethos und eine Neuverteilung der Lasten des Pluralismus eintritt, gegenuber. Bevor diese Diskussion zum Hauptgegenstand werden kann, bedarf es zu allererst einer begrifflichen Auseinandersetzung mit der Religion. Das fur das Verhaltnis von Religion und Politik allgemein zugrunde liegende Beziehungsgeflecht soll im darauf folgenden zweiten Teil erarbeitet werden. Hierzu gehort einerseits die Schilderung der Bedeutung der Entstehung des modernen, sakularen Staates, die auch einen ersten Begriff von Sakularisierung mit sich bringt. Andererseits kommt es hier auf die gesellschaftliche K

The Myth Of Religious Violence

Author: William T Cavanaugh
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195385047
Size: 71.96 MB
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The Myth Of Religious Violence from the Author: William T Cavanaugh. Cavanaugh challenges conventional wisdom by examining how the twin categories of religion and the secular are constructed. He examines how timeless and transcultural categories of 'religion and 'the secular' are used in arguments that religion causes violence.

The Clash Of Civilizations And The Remaking Of World Order

Author: Samuel P. Huntington
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1416561242
Size: 66.40 MB
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The Clash Of Civilizations And The Remaking Of World Order from the Author: Samuel P. Huntington. The classic study of post-Cold War international relations, more relevant than ever in the post-9/11 world, with a new foreword by Zbigniew Brzezinski. Since its initial publication, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order has become a classic work of international relations and one of the most influential books ever written about foreign affairs. An insightful and powerful analysis of the forces driving global politics, it is as indispensable to our understanding of American foreign policy today as the day it was published. As former National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski says in his new foreword to the book, it “has earned a place on the shelf of only about a dozen or so truly enduring works that provide the quintessential insights necessary for a broad understanding of world affairs in our time.” Samuel Huntington explains how clashes between civilizations are the greatest threat to world peace but also how an international order based on civilizations is the best safeguard against war. Events since the publication of the book have proved the wisdom of that analysis. The 9/11 attacks and wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have demonstrated the threat of civilizations but have also shown how vital international cross-civilization cooperation is to restoring peace. As ideological distinctions among nations have been replaced by cultural differences, world politics has been reconfigured. Across the globe, new conflicts—and new cooperation—have replaced the old order of the Cold War era. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order explains how the population explosion in Muslim countries and the economic rise of East Asia are changing global politics. These developments challenge Western dominance, promote opposition to supposedly “universal” Western ideals, and intensify intercivilization conflict over such issues as nuclear proliferation, immigration, human rights, and democracy. The Muslim population surge has led to many small wars throughout Eurasia, and the rise of China could lead to a global war of civilizations. Huntington offers a strategy for the West to preserve its unique culture and emphasizes the need for people everywhere to learn to coexist in a complex, multipolar, muliticivilizational world.

Acts Of Faith

Author: Rodney Stark
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520222021
Size: 53.93 MB
Format: PDF
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Acts Of Faith from the Author: Rodney Stark. "The authors offer a new, comprehensive paradigm for the social scientific study of religion. The book sets out to explain *why* people are religious and have the need to be religious, without discrediting organized religions as something foolish or irrational".--Résumé de l'éditeur.

The Desecularization Of The World

Author: Peter L. Berger
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 9780802846914
Size: 54.36 MB
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The Desecularization Of The World from the Author: Peter L. Berger. Theorists of "secularization" have for two centuries been saying that religion must inevitably decline in the modern world. But today, much of the world is as religious as ever. This volume challenges the belief that the modern world is increasingly secular, showing instead that modernization more often strengthens religion. Seven leading cultural observers examine several regions and several religions and explain the resurgence of religion in world politics. Peter L. Berger opens with a global overview. The other six writers deal with particular aspects of the religious scene: George Weigel, with Roman Catholicism;David Martin, with the evangelical Protestant upsurge not only in the Western world but also in Latin America, Africa, the Pacific rim, China, and Eastern Europe; Jonathan Sacks, with Jews and politics in the modern world; Abdullahi A. An-Na'im, with political Islam in national politics and international relations; Grace Davie, with Europe as perhaps the exception to the desecularization thesis; and Tu Weiming, with religion in the People's Republic of China.

Religion In Secular Society

Author: Bryan R. Wilson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198788371
Size: 78.24 MB
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Religion In Secular Society from the Author: Bryan R. Wilson. Fifty years after its publication, Bryan Wilson's Religion in Secular Society (1966) remains a seminal work. It is one of the clearest articulations of the secularization thesis: the claim that modernizations brings with it fundamental changes in the nature and status of religion. For Wilson, secularization refers to the fact that religion has lost influence at the societal, the institutional, and the individual level. Individual secularization is about the loss of authority of the Churches to define what people should believe, practise and accept as moral principles guiding their lives. In other words, individual piety may still persist, however, if it develops independently of religious authorities, then it is an indication of individual secularization. Wilson stresses that the consequences of the process of societalization in modern societies and on this basis he formulated his thesis that secularization is linked to the decline of community and is a concomitant of societalization. Revised and updated, Steve Bruce builds on Wilson's work by noting the changes in religious culture of the UK and US, in an appendix on major changes since the 1960s. Bruce also provides a critical response to the core ideas of Religion in Secular Society.

Sociology For Beginners

Author: Richard Osborne
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780956267870
Size: 39.49 MB
Format: PDF
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Sociology For Beginners from the Author: Richard Osborne. Sociology is the study of how society functions, or in some cases does not function. There are many competing schools of sociology with different conceptual systems. This introductory book traces the origins of these systems, from Enlightenment thought and the work of Auguste Comte to Karl Marx, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber. Also outlines are the rapid expansion of sociology in 20th-century America and Britain, the post-World War II dominance of Talcott Parsons, the Chicago School, the rise of Structuralism, postmodernism, globalisation and digital society.

The Role Of Religion In Modern Societies

Author: Detlef Pollack
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415397049
Size: 71.61 MB
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The Role Of Religion In Modern Societies from the Author: Detlef Pollack. Presenting a thorough understanding of the many ways in which religion interacts with modernization and its debates, respected scholars such as David Voas, Steve Bruce and Anthony Gill examine modern societies across the world in this splendid book.

Classical Horizons

Author: George E. McCarthy
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791455630
Size: 17.73 MB
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Classical Horizons from the Author: George E. McCarthy. Argues that classical social theory has its intellectual and moral roots in classical Greece. Winner CHOICE 2003 Outstanding Academic Title “McCarthy’s ... erudition may very well render this work a contemporary classic in the continuing discussion of a maturing discipline.” — CHOICE

Sociological Theories

Author: N. Jayapalan
Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist
ISBN: 9788171569205
Size: 64.18 MB
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Sociological Theories from the Author: N. Jayapalan. The Book Deals With All Aspects Of Sociological Theories In Detail From Auguste Compte To Arnold J. Toynbee. In The Introductory Chapter 1 Various Aspects Of Social Thought Have Been Described In An Excellent Manner. In The Following Chapters The Contributions Of Great Sociologists Like Auguste Compte, Karl Marx, Herbert Spencer, Sorokin, Max Weber, Cooley, Talcott Parsons, Vilfredo Pareto, Emile Durkheim, Ferdinand Tonnies, George Simmel, Thorstein Veblen, Robert K. Merton And Arnold J. Toynbee Have Been Discussed In A Clear And Lucid Way. Special Importance Has Been Given To Karl Marx And Emile Durkheim In Chapter 3 And 10 Respectively And Their Various Theories Have Been Given In A Graphic Manner So As To Meet The Requirements Of The Students Of Political Science And Public Administration In Particular And Other Students In General.