Religi Se Argumente Im S Kularen Verfassungsstaat Eine Demokratietheoretische Diskussion

Author: Daniel Jesche
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640124189
Size: 48.28 MB
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Religi Se Argumente Im S Kularen Verfassungsstaat Eine Demokratietheoretische Diskussion from the Author: Daniel Jesche. Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Theorie und Ideengeschichte, Note: 1,3, Universitat Bremen, 32 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Religion ist als Gegenstand offentlicher Diskussion wieder auf der Agenda angekommen. Dies ist nicht erst seit dem 11. September 2001 der Fall. Von der religiosen Rechten in den USA uber das Mullahregime im Iran und dem vermeintlichen Zusammenprall der Kulturen bis zur Debatte um das Tragen eines Kopftuchs in der Schule. Religion wird zusehends unter dem Gesichtspunkt ihrer Vereinbarkeit mit den sie umgebenden Rahmenbedingungen betrachtet. Demgegenuber herrschte in der akademischen Diskussion zur Rolle der Religion lange Zeit Stille(vgl. Haus 2003: 45). Dies mag am gangigen Perzeptionsmuster in den Sozialwissenschaften liegen, welches seit seinen Anfangen einen wahrlich paradigmatischen Status erlangt hat. Die Rede ist von der Sakularisierungsthese. Lange Zeit galt die Sachlage in Bezug auf die Religion als geklart, doch mehr und mehr setzt sich das Bewusstsein durch, dass die Austarierung von Religion und Politik in Form der liberalen Trennungsthese in den westlichen Demokratien einer Neuverortung bedarf. Um diese Neubewertung soll es hier gehen. Dabei stehen sich John Rawls mit seiner Konzeption eines Offentlichen Vernunftgebrauchs" und Jurgen Habermas, der fur eine Neukonzeption des Staatsburgerethos und eine Neuverteilung der Lasten des Pluralismus eintritt, gegenuber. Bevor diese Diskussion zum Hauptgegenstand werden kann, bedarf es zu allererst einer begrifflichen Auseinandersetzung mit der Religion. Das fur das Verhaltnis von Religion und Politik allgemein zugrunde liegende Beziehungsgeflecht soll im darauf folgenden zweiten Teil erarbeitet werden. Hierzu gehort einerseits die Schilderung der Bedeutung der Entstehung des modernen, sakularen Staates, die auch einen ersten Begriff von Sakularisierung mit sich bringt. Andererseits kommt es hier auf die gesellschaftliche K

The Myth Of Religious Violence

Author: William T Cavanaugh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199888884
Size: 60.60 MB
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The Myth Of Religious Violence from the Author: William T Cavanaugh. The idea that religion has a dangerous tendency to promote violence is part of the conventional wisdom of Western societies, and it underlies many of our institutions and policies, from limits on the public role of religion to efforts to promote liberal democracy in the Middle East. William T. Cavanaugh challenges this conventional wisdom by examining how the twin categories of religion and the secular are constructed. A growing body of scholarly work explores how the category 'religion' has been constructed in the modern West and in colonial contexts according to specific configurations of political power. Cavanaugh draws on this scholarship to examine how timeless and transcultural categories of 'religion and 'the secular' are used in arguments that religion causes violence. He argues three points: 1) There is no transhistorical and transcultural essence of religion. What counts as religious or secular in any given context is a function of political configurations of power; 2) Such a transhistorical and transcultural concept of religion as non-rational and prone to violence is one of the foundational legitimating myths of Western society; 3) This myth can be and is used to legitimate neo-colonial violence against non-Western others, particularly the Muslim world.

The Clash Of Civilizations And The Remaking Of World Order

Author: Samuel P. Huntington
Publisher: Penguin Books India
ISBN: 9780140267310
Size: 69.45 MB
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The Clash Of Civilizations And The Remaking Of World Order from the Author: Samuel P. Huntington. An Insightful And Powerful Analysis Of The Forces Driving Global Politics Today And Into The Next Century. In The Summer Of 1993 Foreign Affairs Published An Article Entitled The Clash Of Civilizations? By Samuel Huntington. No Article, According To The Editors Of That Distinguished Journal, Had Generated More Discussion Since George Kennan S X Article On Containment In The 1940 S. Now, Huntington Expands On His Article, Explores Further The Issues He Raised Then, And Develops Many New Penetrating And Controversial Analyses. In The Article, He Posed The Question Whether Conflicts Between Civilizations Would Dominate The Future Of World Politics. In The Book, He Gives His Answer, Showing Not Only How Clashes Between Civilizations Are The Greatest Threat To World Peace But Also How An International Order Based On Civilizations Is The Best Safeguard Against War.

Classical Sociology

Author: Bryan S Turner
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1847876854
Size: 10.32 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Classical Sociology from the Author: Bryan S Turner. In this book, one of the foremost sociologists of the present day, turns his gaze upon the key figures and seminal institutions in the rise of sociology. Turner examines the work of Karl Marx, Max Weber, Karl Mannheim, Georg Simmel, Emile Durkheim and Talcott Parsons to produce a rich and authoritative perspective on the classical tradition. He argues that classical sociology has developed on many fronts, including debates on the family, religion, the city, social stratification, generations and citizenship. The book defends classical perspectives as a living tradition for understanding contemporary social life and demonstrates how the classical tradition produces an agenda for contemporary sociology.

Classical Social Theory And Modern Society

Author: Edward Royce
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442243244
Size: 54.17 MB
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Classical Social Theory And Modern Society from the Author: Edward Royce. Karl Marx, Émile Durkheim, and Max Weber are indispensable for understanding the sociological enterprise. They are among the chief founders of the discipline and among the foremost theorists of modernity, and their work can stimulate readers to reflect on their own identities and worldviews. Classical Social Theory and Modern Society introduces students to these three thinkers and shows their continued relevance today. The first chapter sets the stage by situating the work of Marx, Durkheim, and Weber in the context of three modernizing revolutions: the Enlightenment, the French Revolution of 1789, and the Industrial Revolution. Three overview chapters follow that summarize the key ideas of each thinker, focusing on their contributions to the development of sociology and their conceptions of modern society. The last portion of the book explores the thinking of Marx, Durkheim, and Weber on four themes—the pathologies of modern society, the predicament of the modern individual, the state and democracy, and socialism versus capitalism. These thematic chapters place Marx, Durkheim, and Weber in dialogue with one another, offering students the opportunity to wrestle with conflicting ideas on issues that are still significant today. Classical sociology is essential to the teaching of sociology and also an invaluable tool in the education of citizens.

Telling The Truth About History

Author: Joyce Appleby
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393078914
Size: 77.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Telling The Truth About History from the Author: Joyce Appleby. "A fascinating historiographical essay. . . . An unusually lucid and inclusive explication of what it ultimately at stake in the culture wars over the nature, goals, and efficacy of history as a discipline."—Booklist

Nine Theories Of Religion

Author: Daniel Pals
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199859092
Size: 55.77 MB
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Nine Theories Of Religion from the Author: Daniel Pals. Nine Theories of Religion, third edition, considers nine of the most important religious theories that have been put forward since the scientific approach to religion first caught the imagination of nineteenth century scholars. In each case, the theory is presented by discussing the background of its major spokesman, discussing key ideas as they are presented in text, noticing its distinctive features in comparison with other theories, and recording the main objections raised by its critics.

Melanchthon Orations On Philosophy And Education

Author: Philipp Melanchthon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521586771
Size: 54.27 MB
Format: PDF
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Melanchthon Orations On Philosophy And Education from the Author: Philipp Melanchthon. This volume, first published in 1999, presents a translated and wide-ranging selection of Melanchthon's influential academic orations.

Public Vows

Author: Nancy F. COTT
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674029880
Size: 60.40 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Public Vows from the Author: Nancy F. COTT. We commonly think of marriage as a private matter between two people, a personal expression of love and commitment. In this pioneering history, Nancy F. Cott demonstrates that marriage is and always has been a public institution. From the founding of the United States to the present day, imperatives about the necessity of marriage and its proper form have been deeply embedded in national policy, law, and political rhetoric. Legislators and judges have envisioned and enforced their preferred model of consensual, lifelong monogamy--a model derived from Christian tenets and the English common law that posits the husband as provider and the wife as dependent. In early confrontations with Native Americans, emancipated slaves, Mormon polygamists, and immigrant spouses, through the invention of the New Deal, federal income tax, and welfare programs, the federal government consistently influenced the shape of marriages. And even the immense social and legal changes of the last third of the twentieth century have not unraveled official reliance on marriage as a pillar of the state. By excluding some kinds of marriages and encouraging others, marital policies have helped to sculpt the nation's citizenry, as well as its moral and social standards, and have directly affected national understandings of gender roles and racial difference. Public Vows is a panoramic view of marriage's political history, revealing the national government's profound role in our most private of choices. No one who reads this book will think of marriage in the same way again.

Recreating Motherhood

Author: Barbara Katz Rothman
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 9780813528748
Size: 60.88 MB
Format: PDF
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Recreating Motherhood from the Author: Barbara Katz Rothman. Selling "genetically gifted" human eggs on the free market for a hefty price. In vitro fertilization. Fetal rights. Prenatal diagnosis. Surrogacy. All are instances of biomedical and social "advancements" with which we have become familiar in recent years. Yet these issues are often regarded as distinct or only loosely related under the rubric of reproduction. Barbara Katz Rothman demonstrates how they form a complex whole that demands of us in response a woman-centered, class-sensitive way of understanding motherhood. We need a social policy for dealing with mothers and motherhood that is consistent with feminist politics and feminist theory. Her book show how we as a society must first recognize that the real needs of mother, father, and children have been swept aside in an attempt to reduce the complex process of human reproduction to a clinical event that can be controlled by medical technology. Rothman suggests ways to accomplish social and legal change that would allow technological advances to affirm motherhood and the mother-child relationship without cost to women's identity. This new edition of Recreating Motherhood contains exciting updates. Rothman shows how this material is key in understanding the family, not just motherhood. And a new chapter, "Reflections on a Decade," explores how new reproductive technologies combine with new marketing and new genetics to pose troubling social questions.