Regional Organizations And Peacemaking

Author: Peter Wallensteen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317696700
Size: 56.31 MB
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Regional Organizations And Peacemaking from the Author: Peter Wallensteen. This book analyses the new and difficult roles of regional organizations in peacemaking after the end of the Cold War and how they relate to the United Nations (UN). Regional organizations have taken an increasingly prominent role in international efforts to deal with international security. The book highlights the complex interaction between the regional and sub-regional organizations, on the one hand, and their relations with the United Nations, on the other. Thus, the general issues of UN and its authority are scrutinized from legal, practical and geopolitical perspectives. Taking on a broad geographical focus on Africa, the Arab world and Europe, the book also provides an extensive range of case studies, with detailed analysis of particular situations, organizations and armed conflicts. The authors scrutinise the heterogeneous relationship between the different organizations as well as the challenges to them: political resources, legal standing, financial assets, capabilities and organizational set up. Moreover, they investigate whether regional organizations, as compared to the UN, are better suited to deal with today’s intra-state conflicts. The book also aims to dissect the evolution of these institutions historically – in relation to Chapter VIII of the UN Charter which mentions the resort to 'regional arrangements’ for conflict management – as well as more generally in relation to the principles of international law and UN principles of peacemaking. This book, written by a mixture of established scholars, diplomats and high-level policymakers, will be of great interest to students as well as practitioners in the field of peace and conflict studies, regional security, international organisations, conflict management and IR in general.

Peacemaking And Peacekeeping For The New Century

Author: Olara A. Otunnu
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 0585114307
Size: 78.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Peacemaking And Peacekeeping For The New Century from the Author: Olara A. Otunnu. The UN's record in peace operations is long, various, distinguished by both accomplishments and failures, and most importantly, innovative. Unfulfilled expectations and escalating violence in Somalia, Rwanda, and Bosnia forced retrenchment upon UN peace operations_but at the same time, a new opportunity to enhance capacities, review strategies, redefine roles, and reaffirm responsibilities has opened up. Here, a dynamic group of leading diplomats, academics, and journalists combines forces with UN policymakers and leaders including current Secretary-General Kofi Annan and former Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali to explore how the international community can improve its practice in negotiating and implementing peace. They look at what works and what doesn't in UN peacemaking and peacekeeping, and then map out alternative futures for UN action in the 21st century.

Peacemaking From Practice To Theory 2 Volumes

Author: Susan Allen Nan
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313375771
Size: 18.28 MB
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Peacemaking From Practice To Theory 2 Volumes from the Author: Susan Allen Nan. In a world where conflict is never ending, this thoughtful compilation fosters a new appreciation of the art of peacemaking as it is understood and practiced in a variety of contemporary settings. • Contributions from an international, interdisciplinary team of 48 experts who bring together insights from peace and conflict resolution studies, anthropology, sociology, law, cultural studies, and political science • First-person narratives detailing the experiences of prominent peacemakers • Offers access to an ongoing, Internet-based, practice-to-theory project • An extensive bibliography of resources about peacemaking and related fields

Regional Organizations In African Security

Author: Fredrik Soderbaum
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317985761
Size: 32.90 MB
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Regional Organizations In African Security from the Author: Fredrik Soderbaum. The African continent is plagued by some of the most brutal and violent conflicts in the world. At the same time that warfare is changing, so has the state’s capacity to provide security and political stability to its citizens. This book deals with the role of regional organizations in Africa’s security. It focuses on three basic—yet often overlooked—questions: (1) the advantages and disadvantages of African regional and sub-regional organizations vis-à-vis other security mechanisms, (2) the official and unofficial reasons to intervene, and (3) whether security is actually protected by the peace activities carried out by the regional organizations. The contributors to the book—all leading researchers in the field—systematically assess and compare the role of the African Union (AU), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). This book was based on a special issue of African Security.

The Political Economy Of Regional Peacemaking

Author: Steven E. Lobell
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472053078
Size: 34.29 MB
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The Political Economy Of Regional Peacemaking from the Author: Steven E. Lobell. In The Political Economy of Regional Peacemaking, scholars examine the efficacy of trade agreements, economic sanctions, and other strategies of economic statecraft for the promotion of peace both between rival states and across conflict-ridden regions more generally. In the introduction, Steven E. Lobell and Norrin M. Ripsman pose five central questions: (1) What types of economic statecraft, including incentives and sanctions, can interested parties employ? (2) Who are the appropriate targets in the rival states—state leaders, economic and social elites, or society as whole? (3) When should specific economic instruments be used to promote peace—prior to negotiations, during negotiations, after signature of the treaty, or during implementation of the treaty? (4) What are the limits and risks of economic statecraft and economic interdependence? (5) How can economic statecraft be used to move from a bilateral peace agreement to regional peace? The chapters that follow are grouped in three sections, corresponding to the three stages of peacemaking: reduction or management of regional conflict; peacemaking or progress toward a peace treaty; and maintenance of bilateral peace and the regionalization of the peace settlement. In each chapter, the contributors consider the five key questions from a variety of methodological, historical, cultural, and empirical perspectives, drawing data from the Pacific, the Middle East, Europe, Asia, and Latin America. The conclusion expands on several themes found in the chapters and proposes an agenda for future research.

Patterns Of Peacemaking

Author: A. Briggs
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136232575
Size: 68.31 MB
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Patterns Of Peacemaking from the Author: A. Briggs. First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Community Of Insecurity

Author: Laurie Nathan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317163397
Size: 21.21 MB
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Community Of Insecurity from the Author: Laurie Nathan. Exploring the formation, evolution and effectiveness of the regional security arrangements of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Nathan examines a number of vital and troubling questions: * why has SADC struggled to establish a viable security regime? * why has it been unable to engage in successful peacemaking?, and * why has it defied the optimistic prognosis in the early 1990s that it would build a security community in Southern Africa? He argues that the answers to these questions lie in the absence of common values among member states, the weakness of these states and their unwillingness to surrender sovereignty to the regional organization. Paradoxically, the challenge of building a co-operative security regime lies more at the national level than at the regional level. The author's perspective is based on a unique mix of insider access, analytical rigour and accessible theory.

Agenda For Change

Author: Klaus HĂĽfner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3663092259
Size: 52.52 MB
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Agenda For Change from the Author: Klaus HĂĽfner. The 50th anniversary of the United Nations Organisation is commemorated in 1995. The UN emerged at the end of the most bloody war in the history of contemporary civilization and it is understandable that its founding fathers were concerned first and foremost with the need "to save succeeding gen erations from the scourge of war." This great historical mission of the new international organisation was determined and designed by the allied powers that had won the war against the "enemy states." Cooperation of the perma nent members of the UN Security Council was the basic element of the effi ciency of post -war system of international peace and security. Apart from this main mission, the founding fathers of the United Nations declared their determination "to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and to promote social prog ress and better standards of life in larger freedom" (preamble, UN Charter).

Forces For Good

Author: Lorraine M. Elliott
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719069369
Size: 20.47 MB
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Forces For Good from the Author: Lorraine M. Elliott. Introduction - Lorraine Elliott & Graeme Cheeseman; Part I: Framing Contexts; 1. Cosmopolitan ethics and militaries as 'forces for good' - Lorraine Elliott; 2. Cosmopolitan military actions: who can and will act now? - Gwyn Prins; 3. The good state as cosmopolitan agent - Peter Lawler; 4.

Peacemaking And Democratization In The Western Hemisphere

Author: Tommie Sue Montgomery
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
Size: 35.61 MB
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Peacemaking And Democratization In The Western Hemisphere from the Author: Tommie Sue Montgomery. This text is a comprehensive study of the multilateral political, electoral, and military peacemaking and peace-building missions in Latin America and the Caribbean.