Reform In The Middle East Oil Monarchies

Author: Anoushiravan Ehteshami
Publisher: Ithaca
ISBN: 9780863723230
Size: 61.34 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 6469
Download Read Online

Reform In The Middle East Oil Monarchies from the Author: Anoushiravan Ehteshami. Through articles by eminent academics and government officials, this book looks at issues surrounding reform in the Middle East oil monarchies and examines the drivers, progress and challenges for future change in this vitally strategic area of the world.

Good Governance In The Middle East Oil Monarchies

Author: Martin Hetherington
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113443152X
Size: 63.84 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 189
Download Read Online

Good Governance In The Middle East Oil Monarchies from the Author: Martin Hetherington. The concept of 'good governance' is of increasing importance, and is used by international organizations to ensure reasonable conformity to high standards in states which participate in the global trading regime and other international activities. This book examines the concept of good governance and how it is applied in the states of the Gulf Co-operation Council. These states are particularly important because of their strategic location and massive oil wealth. Moreover, as monarchies, in most cases without powerful democratic representative bodies, and as Islamic countries, with a different outlook from countries of the West, Western standards of good governance may need to be modified in order for them to be implemented effectively.

The Gulf States In International Political Economy

Author: Kristian Coates Ulrichsen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137385618
Size: 36.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7705
Download Read Online

The Gulf States In International Political Economy from the Author: Kristian Coates Ulrichsen. Kristian Coates Ulrichsen documents the startling rise of the Arab Gulf States as regional powers with international reach and provides a definitive account of how they have become embedded in the global system of power, politics, and policy-making.

Oil A Cultural And Geographic Encyclopedia Of Black Gold 2 Volumes

Author: Xiaobing Li
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610692721
Size: 79.72 MB
Format: PDF
View: 952
Download Read Online

Oil A Cultural And Geographic Encyclopedia Of Black Gold 2 Volumes from the Author: Xiaobing Li. Despite ongoing efforts to find alternatives, oil is still one of the most critical—and valuable—commodities on earth. This two-volume set provides extensive background information on key topics relating to oil, profiles countries that are major producers and consumers of oil, and examines relevant political issues. • Offers a complete resource that covers basic concepts relating to the oil industry as well as major incidents such as various oil spills and the specifics of the oil industry in key countries • Includes sidebars throughout the encyclopedia that present interesting information to supplement the main text as well as images, maps, and charts that provide additional meaning and context • Serves as an essential reference for students of social studies, geography, current events, political science, and environmental science

Citizenship In Transition

Author: Annemarie Profanter
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443864129
Size: 17.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 4381
Download Read Online

Citizenship In Transition from the Author: Annemarie Profanter. The revolutions of the Arab Spring have challenged the notion of what citizens in the countries affected expect from their governments, and also potentially created a new wave of migration, once again showing how the local and the global are connected in the identity of citizens and notions of citizenship. At the same time, this turmoil has called into question dominant modes of thinking about the Middle East and affected European government policy on immigration. Two broader developments – the change in the internal composition of liberal democracies, and the challenges imposed by globalization on the state – have led to the concept of citizenship being rethought, particularly in a transnational sense. By bringing together new perspectives, this timely and thought-provoking book deconstructs the processes that are shaping and reshaping issues of migration and integration in Europe, and illuminates emerging patterns in key issues such as citizenship and cultural identity, education, and second generation networks.

Oil Monarchies

Author: F. Gregory Gause
Publisher: Council on Foreign Relations
ISBN: 9780876091517
Size: 46.21 MB
Format: PDF
View: 5492
Download Read Online

Oil Monarchies from the Author: F. Gregory Gause. This timely book demystifies the politics of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, and Oman, and focuses on the new pressures that have emerged since the Gulf War. Gause illuminates the foreign policy tightrope these states walk in the Middle East: self-defense is problematic, regional pressures translate directly into the domestic arena, and relations with the United States cause as well as solve many problems. Gause examines the interplay of Islamic fundamentalism, tribalism, and, most importantly, oil wealth that has determined the power structure of the Gulf monarchies. He shows what influences really drive politics in the Middle East as well as how U.S. foreign policy must respond to them in order to forge more meaningful ties with each country and preserve the stability of a fragile region that is vital to U.S. interests.

Rentier Islamism

Author: Courtney Freer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190862017
Size: 69.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 2242
Download Read Online

Rentier Islamism from the Author: Courtney Freer. While scholars have long looked at the role of political Islam in the Middle East, it has been assumed that domestic politics in the wealthy monarchical states of the Arabian Gulf, so-called "rentier states" where taxes are very low and oil wealth subsidizes the needs of citizens, are largely unaffected by such movements. However, the long accepted rentier theory has been shortsighted in overlooking the socio-political role played by Muslim Brotherhood affiliates in the super-rentiers of Kuwait, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. While rentier state theory assumes that citizens of such states will form opposition blocs only when their stake in rent income is threatened, this book demonstrates that ideology, rather than rent, have motivated the formation of independent Islamist movements in the wealthiest states of the region. In the monarchical systems of Qatar and the UAE, Islamist groups do not have the opportunity to compete for power and therefore cannot use the ballot box to gain popularity or influence political life, as they do elsewhere in the Middle East. But, as this book points out, the division between the social and political sectors is often blurred in the socially conservative states of the Gulf, as political actors operate through channels that are not institutionalized. Simply because politics is underinstitutionalized in such states does not mean that it is underdeveloped; the informal realm holds considerable political capital. As such, the book argues that Brotherhood movements have managed to use the links between the social (i.e. informal personal networks) and political (i.e. government institutions) to gain influence in policymaking in such states.Using contemporary history and original empirical research, Courtney Freer updates traditional rentier state theory and argues that political Islam serves as a prominent voice and tool to promote more strictly political, and often populist or reformist, views supported by many Gulf citizens.

Globalization And The Politics Of Development In The Middle East

Author: Clement Moore Henry
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139490818
Size: 76.17 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 682
Download Read Online

Globalization And The Politics Of Development In The Middle East from the Author: Clement Moore Henry. In this 2010 edition of their book on the economic development of the Middle East and North Africa, Clement Henry and Robert Springborg reflect on what has happened to the region's economy since 2001. How have the various countries in the Middle East responded to the challenges of globalization and to the rise of political Islam, and what changes, for better or for worse, have occurred? Utilizing the country categories they applied in the previous book and further elaborating the significance of the structural power of capital and Islamic finance, they demonstrate how over the past decade the monarchies (as exemplified by Jordan, Morocco and those of the Gulf Cooperation Council) and the conditional democracies (Israel, Turkey and Lebanon) continue to do better than the military dictatorships or 'bullies' (Egypt, Tunisia and now Iran) and 'the bunker states' (Algeria, Iraq, Libya, Sudan, Syria and Yemen).


Author: Mehran Kamrava
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801454301
Size: 53.83 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 3042
Download Read Online

Qatar from the Author: Mehran Kamrava. The Persian Gulf state of Qatar has fewer than 2 million inhabitants, virtually no potable water, and has been an independent nation only since 1971. Yet its enormous oil and gas wealth has permitted the ruling al Thani family to exert a disproportionately large influence on regional and even international politics. Qatar is, as Mehran Kamrava explains in this knowledgeable and incisive account of the emirate, a "tiny giant": although severely lacking in most measures of state power, it is highly influential in diplomatic, cultural, and economic spheres. Kamrava presents Qatar as an experimental country, building a new society while exerting what he calls "subtle power." It is both the headquarters of the global media network Al Jazeera and the site of the U.S. Central Command's Forward Headquarters and the Combined Air Operations Center. Qatar has been a major player during the European financial crisis, it has become a showplace for renowned architects, several U.S. universities have established campuses there, and it will host the FIFA World Cup in 2022. Qatar's effective use of its subtle power, Kamrava argues, challenges how we understand the role of small states in the global system. Given the Gulf state's outsized influence on regional and international affairs, this book is a critical and timely account of contemporary Qatari politics and society.


Author: Allen James Fromherz
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857721429
Size: 44.50 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 2612
Download Read Online

Qatar from the Author: Allen James Fromherz. What role does Qatar play in the Middle East and how does it differ from the other Gulf states? How has the Al-Thani tribe shaped the history of modern Qatar? And how is a traditional tribal society adapting to its status as the world’s fastest growing economy?_x000D_ _x000D_ Qatar plays a crucial part in the Middle East today. With the second greatest natural gas resources in the region, Qatar’s economic clout is considerable. At the same time the Qatar story is replete with paradoxes: the state hosts the Al-Jazeera media network, an influential expression of Arab nationalism and anti-Americanism, while also hosting the principal US naval base in the region. Its leaders, like Saudi Arabia’s, adhere to the Wahhabi form of Sunni Islam, yet Qatar eyes its Saudi neighbours with suspicion. It is a fervent champion of the Palestinian cause, yet welcomes the Israeli Foreign Minister to present the Jewish state’s case in its capital, Doha._x000D_ _x000D_ With this groundbreaking modern history, Allen J. Fromherz presents a full portrait which analyses these paradoxes and Qatar’s growing regional influence within a broader historical context. He traces the rise and fall of the influence of the British, Saudi, Omani and Ottoman_x000D_ Empires, the challenges that independence has brought to Qatar and the intrigue and impact of the bloodless coups of 1972 and 1995. He gives particular weight to the nation’s economic history, analysing the state response to the economic distresses of the 1940s and the downturn of the 1980s, due to falling oil prices, and the sudden and unprecedented boom of 1995. He also addresses what the future holds for Qatar’s economy, as the country makes plans to move beyond a dependence on natural gas. Fromherz thus examines the issue that faces all Qataris, especially the ruling family: how to respond to rapid social, political and economic change, whilst maintaining tribal heritage and rule._x000D_ _x000D_ Drawing on original sources in Arabic, English and French, as well as his own fieldwork in Qatar, Fromherz offers a multi-faceted picture of the political, cultural, religious, social and economic make-up of modern Qatar, and its significance within the GCC states and the wider region.