Recent Advances In The Theory And Application Of Fitness Landscapes

Author: Hendrik Richter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642418880
Size: 12.69 MB
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Recent Advances In The Theory And Application Of Fitness Landscapes from the Author: Hendrik Richter. This book is concerned with recent advances in fitness landscapes. The concept of fitness landscapes originates from theoretical biology and refers to a framework for analysing and visualizing the relationships between genotypes, phenotypes and fitness. These relationships lay at the centre of attempts to mathematically describe evolutionary processes and evolutionary dynamics. The book addresses recent advances in the understanding of fitness landscapes in evolutionary biology and evolutionary computation. In the volume, experts in the field of fitness landscapes present these findings in an integrated way to make it accessible to a number of audiences: senior undergraduate and graduate students in computer science, theoretical biology, physics, applied mathematics and engineering, but also researcher looking for a reference or/and entry point into using fitness landscapes for analysing algorithms. Also practitioners wanting to employ fitness landscape techniques for evaluating bio- and nature-inspired computing algorithms can find valuable material in the book. For teaching proposes, the book could also be used as a reference handbook.

Recent Advances In Intelligent Engineering Systems

Author: J√°nos Fodor
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642232299
Size: 56.12 MB
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Recent Advances In Intelligent Engineering Systems from the Author: J√°nos Fodor. This volume is a collection of 19 chapters on intelligent engineering systems written by respectable experts of the fields. The book consists of three parts. The first part is devoted to the foundational aspects of computational intelligence. It consists of 8 chapters that include studies in genetic algorithms, fuzzy logic connectives, enhanced intelligence in product models, nature-inspired optimization technologies, particle swarm optimization, evolution algorithms, model complexity of neural networks, and fitness landscape analysis. The second part contains contributions to intelligent computation in networks, presented in 5 chapters. The covered subjects include the application of self-organizing maps for early detection of denial of service attacks, combating security threats via immunity and adaptability in cognitive radio networks, novel modifications in WSN network design for improved SNR and reliability, a conceptual framework for the design of audio based cognitive infocommunication channels, and a case study on the advantages of fuzzy and anytime signal- and image processing techniques. Computational intelligence represents a widely spread interdisciplinary research area with many applications in various disciplines including engineering, medicine, technology, environment, among others. Therefore, third part of this book consists of 6 chapters on applications. This is a very important part of the volume because the reader can find in it a wide range of fields where computational intelligence plays a significant role.

First Passage Phenomena And Their Applications

Author: Ralf Metzler
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814590304
Size: 75.99 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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First Passage Phenomena And Their Applications from the Author: Ralf Metzler. The book contains review articles on recent advances in first-passage phenomena and applications contributed by leading international experts. It is intended for graduate students and researchers who are interested in learning about this intriguing and important topic. Contents:Arrival Statistics and Exploration Properties of Mortal Walkers (S B Yuste, E Abad and K Lindenberg)First Passage of a Randomly Accelerated Particle (T W Burkhardt)First Passage Problems in Anomalous Diffusion (A Rosso and A Zoia)First-Passage Times of Intermittent Random Walks (O Bénichou and R Voituriez)First-Passage Phenomena on Finite Inhomogeneous Networks (E Agliari and D Cassi)Effective Spectral Dimension in Scale-Free Networks (S Hwang, D-S Lee and B Kahng)First-Passage Statistics for Random Walks in Bounded Domains (R Voituriez and O Bénichou)First Passage Behavior of Multi-Dimensional Fractional Brownian Motion and Application to Reaction Phenomena (J-H Jeon, A V Chechkin and R Metzler)Trajectory-to-Trajectory Fluctuations in First-Passage Phenomena in Bounded Domains (T G Mattos, C Mejía-Monasterio, R Metzler, G Oshanin and G Schehr)Exact Record and Order Statists of Random Walk via First-Passage Ideas (G Schehr and S N Majumdar)First Passage in a Conical Geometry and Ordering of Brownian Particles (E Ben-Naim and P L Krapivsky)First Passage Time Problems in Biophysical Jump Processes with Fast Kinetics (P C Bressloff and J M Newby)First Passage Problems in Biology (T Chou and M R D'Orsogna)The Effect of Detection Mechanisms on Spatial Search and Foraging (D Campos and V Méndez)Search in Random Media with Lévy Flights (E Gelenbe and O H Abdelrahman)Exit Strategies: Visual Search and the Quitting Time Problem (T S Horowitz)Statistical Physics of Evolutionary Trajectories on Fitness Landscapes (M Manhart and A V Morozov)Some Applications of First-Passage Ideas to Finance (R Chicheportiche and J-P Bouchaud)First-Passage and Extremes in Socio-Economic Systems (J Masoliver and J Perelló)Transport and the First-Passage Time Problem with Application to Cold Atoms in Optical Traps (E Barkai and D A Kessler)The Excursion Set Theory in Cosmology (M Maggiore and A Riottoo)Self-Organized Escape Processes of Linear Chains in Nonlinear Potentials (T Gross, D Hennig and L Schimansky-Geier)Efficient Monte Carlo Methods for Simulating Diffusion-Reaction Processes in Complex Systems (D S Grebenkov) Readership: Researchers in stochastic processes, statistical physics, and mathematical physics. Key Features:Comprehensive update of the classical book by Sidney RednerApplications to wide-ranging and active fields of researchWell-known authors in the fieldKeywords:First Passage;Stochastic Processes;Diffusion;Biophysics;Non-Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics;Complex Systems;Econophysics

Bio Inspired Computing Theories And Applications

Author: Maoguo Gong
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811036144
Size: 25.23 MB
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Bio Inspired Computing Theories And Applications from the Author: Maoguo Gong. The two-volume set, CCIS 681 and CCIS 682, constitutes the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Bio-Inspired Computing: Theories and Applications, BIC-TA 2016, held in Xi'an, China, in October 2016.The 115 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 343 submissions. The papers of Part I are organized in topical sections on DNA Computing; Membrane Computing; Neural Computing; Machine Learning. The papers of Part II are organized in topical sections on Evolutionary Computing; Multi-objective Optimization; Pattern Recognition; Others.

Advances In Evolutionary Computing

Author: Ashish Ghosh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540433309
Size: 36.30 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Advances In Evolutionary Computing from the Author: Ashish Ghosh. This book provides a collection of fourty articles containing new material on both theoretical aspects of Evolutionary Computing (EC), and demonstrating the usefulness/success of it for various kinds of large-scale real world problems. Around 23 articles deal with various theoretical aspects of EC and 17 articles demonstrate the success of EC methodologies. These articles are written by leading experts of the field from different countries all over the world.

Handbook Of Competence And Motivation Second Edition

Author: Andrew J. Elliot
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462529623
Size: 32.17 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Handbook Of Competence And Motivation Second Edition from the Author: Andrew J. Elliot. Now completely revised (over 90% new), this handbook established the concept of competence as an organizing framework for the field of achievement motivation. With an increased focus on connecting theory to application, the second edition incorporates diverse perspectives on why and how individuals are motivated to work toward competence in school, work, sports, and other settings. Leading authorities present cutting-edge findings on the psychological, sociocultural, and biological processes that shape competence motivation across development, analyzing the role of intelligence, self-regulated learning, emotions, creativity, gender and racial stereotypes, self-perceptions, achievement values, parenting practices, teacher behaviors, workplace environments, and many other factors. As a special bonus, purchasers of the second edition can download a supplemental e-book featuring several notable, highly cited chapters from the first edition. New to This Edition *Most chapters are new, reflecting over a decade of theoretical and methodological developments. *Each chapter now has an applied as well as conceptual focus, showcasing advances in intervention research. *Additional topics: self-regulation in early childhood, self-determination theory, challenge and threat appraisals, performance incentives, achievement emotions, job burnout, gene-environment interactions, class-based models of competence, and the impact of social group membership. *Supplemental e-book featuring selected chapters from the prior edition.

Handbook Of Metaheuristics

Author: Michel Gendreau
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441916655
Size: 17.76 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Handbook Of Metaheuristics from the Author: Michel Gendreau. The rst edition of the Handbook of Metaheuristics was published in 2003 under the editorship of Fred Glover and Gary A. Kochenberger. Given the numerous - velopments observed in the eld of metaheuristics in recent years, it appeared that the time was ripe for a second edition of the Handbook. For different reasons, Fred and Gary were unable to accept Springer‚Äôs invitation to prepare this second e- tion and they suggested that we should take over the editorship responsibility of the Handbook. We are deeply honored and grateful for their trust. As stated in the rst edition, metaheuristics are ‚Äúsolution methods that orch- trate an interaction between local improvement procedures and higher level stra- gies to create a process capable of escaping from local optima and performing a robust search of a solution space. ‚ÄĚ Although this broad characterization still holds today, many new and exciting developments and extensions have been observed in the last few years. We think in particular to hybrids, which take advantage of the strengths of each of their individual metaheuristic components to better explore the solution space. Hybrids of metaheuristics with other optimization techniques, like branch-and-bound, mathematical programming or constraint programming are also increasingly popular. On the front of applications, metaheuristics are now used to nd high-quality solutions to an ever-growing number of complex, ill-de ned re- world problems, in particular combinatorial ones.

Dynamics

Author: Carlos M. Roithmayr
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316060616
Size: 20.13 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Dynamics from the Author: Carlos M. Roithmayr. This book is ideal for teaching students in engineering or physics the skills necessary to analyze motions of complex mechanical systems such as spacecraft, robotic manipulators, and articulated scientific instruments. Kane's method, which emerged recently, reduces the labor needed to derive equations of motion and leads to equations that are simpler and more readily solved by computer, in comparison to earlier, classical approaches. Moreover, the method is highly systematic and thus easy to teach. This book is a revision of Dynamics: Theory and Applications by T. R. Kane and D. A. Levinson and presents the method for forming equations of motion by constructing generalized active forces and generalized inertia forces. Important additional topics include approaches for dealing with finite rotation, an updated treatment of constraint forces and constraint torques, an extension of Kane's method to deal with a broader class of nonholonomic constraint equations, and other recent advances.

Principles Of Ecological Landscape Design

Author: Travis Beck
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610911997
Size: 28.35 MB
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Principles Of Ecological Landscape Design from the Author: Travis Beck. Today, there is a growing demand for designed landscapes‚ÄĒfrom public parks to backyards‚ÄĒto be not only beautiful and functional, but also sustainable. Sustainability means more than just saving energy and resources. It requires integrating the landscapes we design with ecological systems. With Principles of Ecological Landscape Design, Travis Beck gives professionals and students the first book to translate the science of ecology into design practice. This groundbreaking work explains key ecological concepts and their application to the design and management of sustainable landscapes. It covers biogeography and plant selection, assembling plant communities, competition and coexistence, designing ecosystems, materials cycling and soil ecology, plant-animal interactions, biodiversity and stability, disturbance and succession, landscape ecology, and global change. Beck draws on real world cases where professionals have put ecological principles to use in the built landscape. The demand for this information is rising as professional associations like the American Society of Landscape Architects adopt new sustainability guidelines (SITES). But the need goes beyond certifications and rules. For constructed landscapes to perform as we need them to, we must get their underlying ecology right. Principles of Ecological Landscape Design provides the tools to do just that.

Recent Advances In Intelligent Engineering Systems

Author: J√°nos Fodor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642232280
Size: 67.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2412
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Recent Advances In Intelligent Engineering Systems from the Author: J√°nos Fodor. This volume is a collection of 19 chapters on intelligent engineering systems written by respectable experts of the fields. The book consists of three parts. The first part is devoted to the foundational aspects of computational intelligence. It consists of 8 chapters that include studies in genetic algorithms, fuzzy logic connectives, enhanced intelligence in product models, nature-inspired optimization technologies, particle swarm optimization, evolution algorithms, model complexity of neural networks, and fitness landscape analysis. The second part contains contributions to intelligent computation in networks, presented in 5 chapters. The covered subjects include the application of self-organizing maps for early detection of denial of service attacks, combating security threats via immunity and adaptability in cognitive radio networks, novel modifications in WSN network design for improved SNR and reliability, a conceptual framework for the design of audio based cognitive infocommunication channels, and a case study on the advantages of fuzzy and anytime signal- and image processing techniques. Computational intelligence represents a widely spread interdisciplinary research area with many applications in various disciplines including engineering, medicine, technology, environment, among others. Therefore, third part of this book consists of 6 chapters on applications. This is a very important part of the volume because the reader can find in it a wide range of fields where computational intelligence plays a significant role.