Recent Advances In The Theory And Application Of Fitness Landscapes

Author: Hendrik Richter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642418880
Size: 17.69 MB
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Recent Advances In The Theory And Application Of Fitness Landscapes from the Author: Hendrik Richter. This book is concerned with recent advances in fitness landscapes. The concept of fitness landscapes originates from theoretical biology and refers to a framework for analysing and visualizing the relationships between genotypes, phenotypes and fitness. These relationships lay at the centre of attempts to mathematically describe evolutionary processes and evolutionary dynamics. The book addresses recent advances in the understanding of fitness landscapes in evolutionary biology and evolutionary computation. In the volume, experts in the field of fitness landscapes present these findings in an integrated way to make it accessible to a number of audiences: senior undergraduate and graduate students in computer science, theoretical biology, physics, applied mathematics and engineering, but also researcher looking for a reference or/and entry point into using fitness landscapes for analysing algorithms. Also practitioners wanting to employ fitness landscape techniques for evaluating bio- and nature-inspired computing algorithms can find valuable material in the book. For teaching proposes, the book could also be used as a reference handbook.

First Passage Phenomena And Their Applications

Author: Ralf Metzler
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814590304
Size: 52.74 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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First Passage Phenomena And Their Applications from the Author: Ralf Metzler. The book contains review articles on recent advances in first-passage phenomena and applications contributed by leading international experts. It is intended for graduate students and researchers who are interested in learning about this intriguing and important topic. Contents:Arrival Statistics and Exploration Properties of Mortal Walkers (S B Yuste, E Abad and K Lindenberg)First Passage of a Randomly Accelerated Particle (T W Burkhardt)First Passage Problems in Anomalous Diffusion (A Rosso and A Zoia)First-Passage Times of Intermittent Random Walks (O Bénichou and R Voituriez)First-Passage Phenomena on Finite Inhomogeneous Networks (E Agliari and D Cassi)Effective Spectral Dimension in Scale-Free Networks (S Hwang, D-S Lee and B Kahng)First-Passage Statistics for Random Walks in Bounded Domains (R Voituriez and O Bénichou)First Passage Behavior of Multi-Dimensional Fractional Brownian Motion and Application to Reaction Phenomena (J-H Jeon, A V Chechkin and R Metzler)Trajectory-to-Trajectory Fluctuations in First-Passage Phenomena in Bounded Domains (T G Mattos, C Mejía-Monasterio, R Metzler, G Oshanin and G Schehr)Exact Record and Order Statists of Random Walk via First-Passage Ideas (G Schehr and S N Majumdar)First Passage in a Conical Geometry and Ordering of Brownian Particles (E Ben-Naim and P L Krapivsky)First Passage Time Problems in Biophysical Jump Processes with Fast Kinetics (P C Bressloff and J M Newby)First Passage Problems in Biology (T Chou and M R D'Orsogna)The Effect of Detection Mechanisms on Spatial Search and Foraging (D Campos and V Méndez)Search in Random Media with Lévy Flights (E Gelenbe and O H Abdelrahman)Exit Strategies: Visual Search and the Quitting Time Problem (T S Horowitz)Statistical Physics of Evolutionary Trajectories on Fitness Landscapes (M Manhart and A V Morozov)Some Applications of First-Passage Ideas to Finance (R Chicheportiche and J-P Bouchaud)First-Passage and Extremes in Socio-Economic Systems (J Masoliver and J Perelló)Transport and the First-Passage Time Problem with Application to Cold Atoms in Optical Traps (E Barkai and D A Kessler)The Excursion Set Theory in Cosmology (M Maggiore and A Riottoo)Self-Organized Escape Processes of Linear Chains in Nonlinear Potentials (T Gross, D Hennig and L Schimansky-Geier)Efficient Monte Carlo Methods for Simulating Diffusion-Reaction Processes in Complex Systems (D S Grebenkov) Readership: Researchers in stochastic processes, statistical physics, and mathematical physics. Key Features:Comprehensive update of the classical book by Sidney RednerApplications to wide-ranging and active fields of researchWell-known authors in the fieldKeywords:First Passage;Stochastic Processes;Diffusion;Biophysics;Non-Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics;Complex Systems;Econophysics

Bio Inspired Computing Theories And Applications

Author: Maoguo Gong
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811036144
Size: 80.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Bio Inspired Computing Theories And Applications from the Author: Maoguo Gong. The two-volume set, CCIS 681 and CCIS 682, constitutes the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Bio-Inspired Computing: Theories and Applications, BIC-TA 2016, held in Xi'an, China, in October 2016.The 115 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 343 submissions. The papers of Part I are organized in topical sections on DNA Computing; Membrane Computing; Neural Computing; Machine Learning. The papers of Part II are organized in topical sections on Evolutionary Computing; Multi-objective Optimization; Pattern Recognition; Others.

Evolutionary Algorithms And Chaotic Systems

Author: Ivan Zelinka
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642107079
Size: 64.70 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Evolutionary Algorithms And Chaotic Systems from the Author: Ivan Zelinka. This book discusses the mutual intersection of two fields of research: evolutionary computation, which can handle tasks such as control of various chaotic systems, and deterministic chaos, which is investigated as a behavioral part of evolutionary algorithms.

Advances In Evolutionary Computing

Author: Ashish Ghosh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540433309
Size: 29.83 MB
Format: PDF
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Advances In Evolutionary Computing from the Author: Ashish Ghosh. This book provides a collection of fourty articles containing new material on both theoretical aspects of Evolutionary Computing (EC), and demonstrating the usefulness/success of it for various kinds of large-scale real world problems. Around 23 articles deal with various theoretical aspects of EC and 17 articles demonstrate the success of EC methodologies. These articles are written by leading experts of the field from different countries all over the world.

Quasispecies From Theory To Experimental Systems

Author: Esteban Domingo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319238981
Size: 53.46 MB
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Quasispecies From Theory To Experimental Systems from the Author: Esteban Domingo. This volume brings together recent developments in quasispecies theory extended to variable environments and practical applications in elucidating viral dynamics and treatment designs. In particular, the existence of an error threshold in rugged fitness landscapes has opened the way to a new antiviral strategy termed lethal mutagenesis, which is now under intensive theoretical, experimental and clinical investigation. As such the book explains how an understanding of quasispecies dynamics within infected organisms has increased our knowledge of viral disease events. From a clinical perspective, population dynamics highlights important problems for viral disease control, such as the selection of drug-resistant mutants that often accompanies treatment failures, and suggests means of increasing the effectiveness of antiviral treatments. The book is intended for students and scientists interested in basic and applied aspects of biophysics, chemistry, biology, evolution and medical virology.

The Microeconomics Of Complex Economies

Author: Wolfram Elsner
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124115993
Size: 80.42 MB
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The Microeconomics Of Complex Economies from the Author: Wolfram Elsner. The Microeconomics of Complex Economies uses game theory, modeling approaches, formal techniques, and computer simulations to teach useful, accessible approaches to real modern economies. It covers topics of information and innovation, including national and regional systems of innovation; clustered and networked firms; and open-source/open-innovation production and use. Its final chapter on policy perspectives and decisions confirms the value of the toolset. Written so chapters can be used independently, the book includes an introduction to computer simulation and pedagogical supplements. Its formal, accessible treatment of complexity goes beyond the scopes of neoclassical and mainstream economics. The highly interdependent economy of the 21st century demands a reconsideration of economic theories. Describes the usefulness of complex heterodox economics Emphasizes divergences and convergences with neoclassical economic theories and perspectives Fits easily into courses on intermediate microeconomics, industrial organization, and games through self-contained chapters

Recent Advances In Intelligent Engineering Systems

Author: J√°nos Fodor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642232280
Size: 27.59 MB
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Recent Advances In Intelligent Engineering Systems from the Author: J√°nos Fodor. This volume is a collection of 19 chapters on intelligent engineering systems written by respectable experts of the fields. The book consists of three parts. The first part is devoted to the foundational aspects of computational intelligence. It consists of 8 chapters that include studies in genetic algorithms, fuzzy logic connectives, enhanced intelligence in product models, nature-inspired optimization technologies, particle swarm optimization, evolution algorithms, model complexity of neural networks, and fitness landscape analysis. The second part contains contributions to intelligent computation in networks, presented in 5 chapters. The covered subjects include the application of self-organizing maps for early detection of denial of service attacks, combating security threats via immunity and adaptability in cognitive radio networks, novel modifications in WSN network design for improved SNR and reliability, a conceptual framework for the design of audio based cognitive infocommunication channels, and a case study on the advantages of fuzzy and anytime signal- and image processing techniques. Computational intelligence represents a widely spread interdisciplinary research area with many applications in various disciplines including engineering, medicine, technology, environment, among others. Therefore, third part of this book consists of 6 chapters on applications. This is a very important part of the volume because the reader can find in it a wide range of fields where computational intelligence plays a significant role.

Encyclopedia Of Theoretical Ecology

Author: Dr. Alan Hastings
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520951786
Size: 45.29 MB
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Encyclopedia Of Theoretical Ecology from the Author: Dr. Alan Hastings. This major reference is an overview of the current state of theoretical ecology through a series of topical entries centered on both ecological and statistical themes. Coverage ranges across scales‚ÄĒfrom the physiological, to populations, landscapes, and ecosystems. Entries provide an introduction to broad fields such as Applied Ecology, Behavioral Ecology, Computational Ecology, Ecosystem Ecology, Epidemiology and Epidemic Modeling, Population Ecology, Spatial Ecology and Statistics in Ecology. Others provide greater specificity and depth, including discussions on the Allee effect, ordinary differential equations, and ecosystem services. Descriptions of modern statistical and modeling approaches and how they contributed to advances in theoretical ecology are also included. Succinct, uncompromising, and authoritative‚ÄĒa "must have" for those interested in the use of theory in the ecological sciences.

Virus As Populations

Author: Esteban Domingo
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128009942
Size: 60.85 MB
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Virus As Populations from the Author: Esteban Domingo. Virus as Populations: Composition, Complexity, Dynamics, and Biological Implications explains fundamental concepts that arise from regarding viruses as complex populations when replicating in infected hosts. Fundamental phenomena in virus behavior, such as adaptation to changing environments, capacity to produce disease, probability to be transmitted or response to treatment, depend on virus population numbers and in the variations of such population numbers. Concepts such as quasispecies dynamics, mutations rates, viral fitness, the effect of bottleneck events, population numbers in virus transmission and disease emergence, new antiviral strategies such as lethal mutagenesis, and extensions of population heterogeneity to nonviral systems are included. These main concepts of the book are framed in recent observations on general virus diversity derived from metagenomic studies, and current views on the origin of viruses and the role of viruses in the evolution of the biosphere. Features current views on the key steps in the origin of life and origins of viruses Includes examples relating ancestral features of viruses with their current adaptive capacity Explains complex phenomena in an organized and coherent fashion that is easy to comprehend and enjoyable to read Considers quasispecies as a framework to understand virus adaptability and disease processes