Prophets Of The Great Spirit

Author: Alfred A. Cave
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 080321555X
Size: 49.68 MB
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Prophets Of The Great Spirit from the Author: Alfred A. Cave. Prophets of the Great Spirit offers an in-depth look at the work of a diverse group of Native American visionaries who forged new, syncretic religious movements that provided their peoples with the ideological means to resist white domination. By blending ideas borrowed from Christianity with traditional beliefs, they transformed ?high? gods or a distant and aloof creator into a powerful, activist deity that came to be called the Great Spirit. These revitalization leaders sought to regain the favor of the Great Spirit through reforms within their societies and the inauguration of new ritual practices. Among the prophets included in this study are the Delaware Neolin, the Shawnee Tenkswatawa, the Creek ?Red Stick? prophets, the Seneca Handsome Lake, and the Kickapoo Kenekuk. Covering more than a century, from the early 1700s through the Kickapoo Indian removal of the Jacksonian Era, the prophets of the Great Spirit sometimes preached armed resistance but more often used nonviolent strategies to resist white cultural domination. Some prophets rejected virtually all aspects of Euro-American culture. Others sought to assure the survival of their culture through selective adaptation. Alfred A. Cave explains the conditions giving rise to the millenarian movements in detail and skillfully illuminates the key histories, personalities, and legacies of the movement. Weaving an array of sources into a compelling narrative, he captures the diversity of these prophets and their commitment to the common goal of Native American survival.

The Indian Great Awakening

Author: Linford D. Fisher
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019991284X
Size: 73.19 MB
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The Indian Great Awakening from the Author: Linford D. Fisher. The First Great Awakening was a time of heightened religious activity in the colonial New England. Among those whom the English settlers tried to convert to Christianity were the region's native peoples. In this book, Linford Fisher tells the gripping story of American Indians' attempts to wrestle with the ongoing realities of colonialism between the 1670s and 1820. In particular, he looks at how some members of previously unevangelized Indian communities in Connecticut, Rhode Island, western Massachusetts, and Long Island adopted Christian practices, often joining local Congregational churches and receiving baptism. Far from passively sliding into the cultural and physical landscape after King Philip's War, he argues, Native individuals and communities actively tapped into transatlantic structures of power to protect their land rights, welcomed educational opportunities for their children, and joined local white churches. Religion repeatedly stood at the center of these points of cultural engagement, often in hotly contested ways. Although these Native groups had successfully resisted evangelization in the seventeenth century, by the eighteenth century they showed an increasing interest in education and religion. Their sporadic participation in the First Great Awakening marked a continuation of prior forms of cultural engagement. More surprisingly, however, in the decades after the Awakening, Native individuals and sub-groups asserted their religious and cultural autonomy to even greater degrees by leaving English churches and forming their own Indian Separate churches. In the realm of education, too, Natives increasingly took control, preferring local reservation schools and demanding Indian teachers whenever possible. In the 1780s, two small groups of Christian Indians moved to New York and founded new Christian Indian settlements. But the majority of New England Natives-even those who affiliated with Christianity-chose to remain in New England, continuing to assert their own autonomous existence through leasing land, farming, and working on and off the reservations. While Indian involvement in the Great Awakening has often been seen as total and complete conversion, Fisher's analysis of church records, court documents, and correspondence reveals a more complex reality. Placing the Awakening in context of land loss and the ongoing struggle for cultural autonomy in the eighteenth century casts it as another step in the ongoing, tentative engagement of native peoples with Christian ideas and institutions in the colonial world. Charting this untold story of the Great Awakening and the resultant rise of an Indian Separatism and its effects on Indian cultures as a whole, this gracefully written book challenges long-held notions about religion and Native-Anglo-American interaction

Damned Nation

Author: Kathryn Gin Lum
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199375186
Size: 77.86 MB
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Damned Nation from the Author: Kathryn Gin Lum. Among the pressing concerns of Americans in the first century of nationhood were day-to-day survival, political harmony, exploration of the continent, foreign policy, and--fixed deeply in the collective consciousness--hell and eternal damnation. The fear of fire and brimstone and the worm that never dies exerted a profound and lasting influence on Americans' ideas about themselves, their neighbors, and the rest of the world. Kathryn Gin Lum poses a number of vital questions: Why did the fear of hell survive Enlightenment critiques in America, after largely subsiding in Europe and elsewhere? What were the consequences for early and antebellum Americans of living with the fear of seeing themselves and many people they knew eternally damned? How did they live under the weighty obligation to save as many souls as possible? What about those who rejected this sense of obligation and fear? Gin Lum shows that beneath early Americans' vaunted millennial optimism lurked a pervasive anxiety: that rather than being favored by God, they and their nation might be the object of divine wrath. As time-honored social hierarchies crumbled before revival fire, economic unease, and political chaos, "saved" and "damned" became as crucial distinctions as race, class, and gender. The threat of damnation became an impetus for or deterrent from all kinds of behaviors, from reading novels to owning slaves. Gin Lum tracks the idea of hell from the Revolution to Reconstruction. She considers the ideas of theological leaders like Jonathan Edwards and Charles Finney, as well as those of ordinary women and men. She discusses the views of Native Americans, Americans of European and African descent, residents of Northern insane asylums and Southern plantations, New England's clergy and missionaries overseas, and even proponents of Swedenborgianism and annihilationism. Damned Nation offers a captivating account of an idea that played a transformative role in America's intellectual and cultural history.

American Indian History

Author: Camilla Townsend
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405159073
Size: 48.10 MB
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American Indian History from the Author: Camilla Townsend. This Reader from the Uncovering the Past series provides a comprehensive introduction to American Indianhistory. Over 60 primary documents allow the voices of natives toilluminate the American past Includes samples of native languages just above the fulltranslations of particular texts Provides comprehensive introductions and headnotes, as well asimages, an extensive bibliography, and suggestions for furtherresearch Includes such texts as a decoded Maya inscription, letterswritten during the French and Indian War on the distribution ofsmall pox blankets, and a diatribe by General George ArmstrongCuster shortly before he was killed at the Battle of the Little BigHorn

One Great Spirit

Author: Tae Swami
Publisher: Morgan James Publishing
ISBN: 1614480362
Size: 80.19 MB
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One Great Spirit from the Author: Tae Swami. Peace cycle. What is the beginning and destiny of man, we take birth and grow old and die, are we prepared to go to heaven, for the last three thousand years no one has gone to heaven, what is living in darkness, war and misery, Angels of darkness, Lords of darkness, gods of darkness. Also there is Kingdom of God in Heaven, Holy angels of light, Lords of light, God of light, and Great Spirit. In the former Peace cycle Moses led millions from Egypt to Israel. America is God’s country. In this peace cycle chosen people will be led separately to live in light, peace and love, all united with Holy angels, God and the Great Spirit, as teachers to guide us, to live perfect, pure, holy, united, with no leaders. Earthly education leads us to unhappiness, evil diseases, insecurity, and all types of problems. Man builds himself to destroy others, by wasting his time and energy, by making war machinery, medical system, laws, jails, polluted food, water and air, and so on. Most of the things we do on earth are a waste; men go round and round in the circles of darkness unable to come out. Men need much higher education to live a perfect life. All types of diseases can be healed with the help of Holy angels; water on the earth can be purified; the air of the earth can be purified. Earthquakes can be stopped; hard winter can be changed into good weather. Holy Angels will teach us all types of spiritual education but men have to prepare themselves with discipline and purity. Holy Angels taught us through chosen men to discover electricity, invent planes, ships and cars for our travel, worldwide telecommunication, schools and colleges but all that is part of the education. In the Father’s Kingdom all types of educations will be given to the chosen men of God.

Teaching Mysticism

Author: William B. Parsons
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190208635
Size: 53.61 MB
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Teaching Mysticism from the Author: William B. Parsons. The term ''mysticism'' has never been consistently defined or employed, either in religious traditions or in academic discourse. The essays in this volume offer ways of defining what mysticism is, as well as methods for grappling with its complexity in a classroom. This volume addresses the diverse literature surrounding mysticism in four interrelated parts. The first part includes essays on the tradition and context of mysticism, devoted to drawing out and examining the mystical element in many religious traditions. The second part engages traditions and religio-cultural strands in which ''mysticism'' is linked to other terms, such as shamanism, esotericism, and Gnosticism. The volume's third part focuses on methodological strategies for defining ''mysticism,'' with respect to varying social spaces. The final essays show how contemporary social issues and movements have impacted the meaning, study, and pedagogy of mysticism. Teaching Mysticism presents pedagogical reflections on how best to communicate mysticism from a variety of institutional spaces. It surveys the broad range of meanings of mysticism, its utilization in the traditions, the theories and methods that have been used to understand it, and provides critical insight into the resulting controversies.

In The Hands Of The Great Spirit

Author: Jake Page
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0684855771
Size: 29.50 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In The Hands Of The Great Spirit from the Author: Jake Page. Presents a complete history of the American Indians, drawing on historical documents, archaeological artifacts, and oral legends to profile early societies, clarify misconceptions, and describe recent revivals.