The Politics Of Information

Author: Frank R. Baumgartner
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022619826X
Size: 33.48 MB
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The Politics Of Information from the Author: Frank R. Baumgartner. How does the government decide what’s a problem and what isn’t? And what are the consequences of that process? Like individuals, Congress is subject to the “paradox of search.” If policy makers don’t look for problems, they won’t find those that need to be addressed. But if they carry out a thorough search, they will almost certainly find new problems—and with the definition of each new problem comes the possibility of creating a government program to address it. With The Politics of Attention, leading policy scholars Frank R. Baumgartner and Bryan D. Jones demonstrated the central role attention plays in how governments prioritize problems. Now, with The Politics of Information, they turn the focus to the problem-detection process itself, showing how the growth or contraction of government is closely related to how it searches for information and how, as an organization, it analyzes its findings. Better search processes that incorporate more diverse viewpoints lead to more intensive policymaking activity. Similarly, limiting search processes leads to declines in policy making. At the same time, the authors find little evidence that the factors usually thought to be responsible for government expansion—partisan control, changes in presidential leadership, and shifts in public opinion—can be systematically related to the patterns they observe. Drawing on data tracing the course of American public policy since World War II, Baumgartner and Jones once again deepen our understanding of the dynamics of American policy making.

The Global Politics Of Science And Technology Vol 2

Author: Maximilian Mayer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 364255010X
Size: 29.48 MB
Format: PDF
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The Global Politics Of Science And Technology Vol 2 from the Author: Maximilian Mayer. An increasing number of scholars have begun to see science and technology as relevant issues in International Relations (IR), acknowledging the impact of material elements, technical instruments, and scientific practices on international security, statehood, and global governance. This two-volume collection brings the debate about science and technology to the center of International Relations. It shows how integrating science and technology translates into novel analytical frameworks, conceptual approaches and empirical puzzles, and thereby offers a state-of-the-art review of various methodological and theoretical ways in which sciences and technologies matter for the study of international affairs and world politics. The authors not only offer a set of practical examples of research frameworks for experts and students alike, but also propose a conceptual space for interdisciplinary learning in order to improve our understanding of the global politics of science and technology. The second volume raises a plethora of issue areas, actors, and cases under the umbrella notion techno-politics. Distinguishing between interactional and co-productive perspectives, it outlines a toolbox of analytical frameworks that transcend technological determinism and social constructivism.

Global Justice And The Politics Of Information

Author: Sky Croeser
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317629833
Size: 42.78 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Global Justice And The Politics Of Information from the Author: Sky Croeser. "Drawing on extensive interviews and fieldwork, this book illustrates the importance of contributions from local movements around the world to the struggle for global justice. Including detailed case studies on opposition to genetically-modified crops in the south of India, and the digital liberties movement, this book is vital reading for anyone trying to understand the changing relationship between science, technology, and progressive movements around the world"--

Praeger Handbook Of Political Campaigning In The United States 2 Volumes

Author: William L. Benoit
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440831637
Size: 58.25 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Praeger Handbook Of Political Campaigning In The United States 2 Volumes from the Author: William L. Benoit. This work peels back the curtain on how political campaigns influence America, covering everything from social media to getting to the Oval Office. • Covers a wide variety of topics related to American political campaigns • Investigates political campaigns and theories of campaigning from multiple perspectives • Discusses strategic use of messaging language and message forms, including debates, television ads, and social media • Features case studies to facilitate understanding • Includes maps, tables, and figures to illustrate key points

The Politics Of Non State Welfare

Author: Melani Cammett
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801470323
Size: 40.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Politics Of Non State Welfare from the Author: Melani Cammett. Across the world, welfare states are under challenge (or were never developed extensively in the first place) while non-state actors increasingly provide public goods and basic welfare. In many parts of the Middle East and South Asia, sectarian organizations and political parties supply basic services to ordinary people more extensively and effectively than governments. In sub-Saharan Africa, families struggle to pay hospital fees, and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) launch welfare programs as states cut subsidies and social programs. Likewise, in parts of Latin America, international and domestic NGOs and, increasingly, private firms are key suppliers of social welfare in both urban and rural communities. Even in the United States, where the welfare state is far more developed, secular NGOs and faith-based organizations are critical components of social safety nets. Despite official entitlements to public welfare, citizens in Russia face increasing out-of-pocket expenses as they are effectively compelled to seek social services through the private market. In The Politics of Non-state Social Welfare, a multidisciplinary group of contributors use survey data analysis, spatial analysis, in-depth interviews, and ethnographic and archival research to explore the fundamental transformation of the relationship between states and citizens. The book highlights the political consequences of the non-state provision of social welfare, including the ramifications for equitable and sustainable access to social services, accountability for citizens, and state capacity. The authors do not assume that non-state providers will surpass the performance of weak, inefficient, or sometimes corrupt states but instead offer a systematic analysis of a wide spectrum of non-state actors in a variety of contexts around the world, including sectarian political parties, faith-based organizations, community-based organizations, family networks, informal brokers, and private firms. Contributors: Scott Allard, University of Chicago; Jennifer N. Brass, Indiana University; Melani Cammett, Brown University; Linda Cook, Brown University; Ian Gough, London School of Economics; Michael Jennings, School of Oriental and African Studies; Anirudh Krishna, Duke University; Pauline Jones Luong, University of Michigan; Lauren M. MacLean, Indiana University; Alejandra Mizala, University of Chile; Alison Post, University of California, Berkeley; Ben Ross Schneider, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

The Politics Of Freedom Of Information

Author: Ben Worthy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1526108526
Size: 35.19 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Politics Of Freedom Of Information from the Author: Ben Worthy. Why do governments pass freedom of information laws? The symbolic power and force surrounding FOI makes it appealing as an electoral promise but hard to disengage from once in power. However, behind closed doors compromises and manoeuvers ensure that bold policies are seriously weakened before they reach the statute book. The politics of freedom of information examines how Tony Blair's government proposed a radical FOI law only to back down in fear of what it would do. But FOI survived, in part due to the government's reluctance to be seen to reject a law that spoke of 'freedom', 'information' and 'rights'. After comparing the British experience with the difficult development of FOI in Australia, India and the United States - and the rather different cases of Ireland and New Zealand - the book concludes by looking at how the disruptive, dynamic and democratic effects of FOI laws continue to cause controversy once in operation.

Cyber Security And The Politics Of Time

Author: Tim Stevens
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316425290
Size: 27.22 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Cyber Security And The Politics Of Time from the Author: Tim Stevens. 'Cyber security' is a recent addition to the global security agenda, concerned with protecting states and citizens from the misuse of computer networks for war, terrorism, economic espionage and criminal gain. Many argue that the ubiquity of computer networks calls for robust and pervasive countermeasures, not least governments concerned at their potential effects on national and economic security. Drawing on critical literature in international relations, security studies, political theory and social theory, this is the first book that describes how these visions of future cyber security are sustained in the communities that articulate them. Specifically, it shows that conceptions of time and temporality are foundational to the politics of cyber security. It explores how cyber security communities understand the past, present and future, thereby shaping cyber security as a political practice. Integrating a wide range of conceptual and empirical resources, this innovative book provides insight for scholars, practitioners and policymakers.

The Politics Of Size Perspectives From The Fat Acceptance Movement 2 Volumes

Author: Ragen Chastain
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440829500
Size: 34.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Politics Of Size Perspectives From The Fat Acceptance Movement 2 Volumes from the Author: Ragen Chastain. This book presents an unprecedented opportunity for people to hear from a simultaneously ostracized, ridiculed, and ignored group: fat Americans. Find out how the members of this very diverse group of people describe their actual lived experiences, quality of life, hopes and dreams, and demands. • Provides readers with unprecedented insights into the lived experiences of fat people, unfiltered by a media that can be steeped in "fat bias," as well as information about the science and research regarding obesity • Reframes the discussion about obesity from a medical issue to a social one and overturns misconceptions readers may have about overweight individuals • Provides support for readers, especially young women, who may be the subject of bullying and discrimination • Documents how obese people are as diverse as any group of individuals who share a single physical characteristic, encompassing every ethnicity, political and religious affiliation, and sexual orientation as well as vegans and athletes