The Politics Of Information

Author: Frank R. Baumgartner
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022619826X
Size: 36.55 MB
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The Politics Of Information from the Author: Frank R. Baumgartner. How does the government decide what’s a problem and what isn’t? And what are the consequences of that process? Like individuals, Congress is subject to the “paradox of search.” If policy makers don’t look for problems, they won’t find those that need to be addressed. But if they carry out a thorough search, they will almost certainly find new problems—and with the definition of each new problem comes the possibility of creating a government program to address it. With The Politics of Attention, leading policy scholars Frank R. Baumgartner and Bryan D. Jones demonstrated the central role attention plays in how governments prioritize problems. Now, with The Politics of Information, they turn the focus to the problem-detection process itself, showing how the growth or contraction of government is closely related to how it searches for information and how, as an organization, it analyzes its findings. Better search processes that incorporate more diverse viewpoints lead to more intensive policymaking activity. Similarly, limiting search processes leads to declines in policy making. At the same time, the authors find little evidence that the factors usually thought to be responsible for government expansion—partisan control, changes in presidential leadership, and shifts in public opinion—can be systematically related to the patterns they observe. Drawing on data tracing the course of American public policy since World War II, Baumgartner and Jones once again deepen our understanding of the dynamics of American policy making.

The Global Politics Of Science And Technology Vol 2

Author: Maximilian Mayer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 364255010X
Size: 17.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Global Politics Of Science And Technology Vol 2 from the Author: Maximilian Mayer. An increasing number of scholars have begun to see science and technology as relevant issues in International Relations (IR), acknowledging the impact of material elements, technical instruments, and scientific practices on international security, statehood, and global governance. This two-volume collection brings the debate about science and technology to the center of International Relations. It shows how integrating science and technology translates into novel analytical frameworks, conceptual approaches and empirical puzzles, and thereby offers a state-of-the-art review of various methodological and theoretical ways in which sciences and technologies matter for the study of international affairs and world politics. The authors not only offer a set of practical examples of research frameworks for experts and students alike, but also propose a conceptual space for interdisciplinary learning in order to improve our understanding of the global politics of science and technology. The second volume raises a plethora of issue areas, actors, and cases under the umbrella notion techno-politics. Distinguishing between interactional and co-productive perspectives, it outlines a toolbox of analytical frameworks that transcend technological determinism and social constructivism.

Global Justice And The Politics Of Information

Author: Sky Croeser
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317629833
Size: 48.37 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Global Justice And The Politics Of Information from the Author: Sky Croeser. "Drawing on extensive interviews and fieldwork, this book illustrates the importance of contributions from local movements around the world to the struggle for global justice. Including detailed case studies on opposition to genetically-modified crops in the south of India, and the digital liberties movement, this book is vital reading for anyone trying to understand the changing relationship between science, technology, and progressive movements around the world"--

The Politics Of Size Perspectives From The Fat Acceptance Movement 2 Volumes

Author: Ragen Chastain
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440829500
Size: 77.79 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Politics Of Size Perspectives From The Fat Acceptance Movement 2 Volumes from the Author: Ragen Chastain. This book presents an unprecedented opportunity for people to hear from a simultaneously ostracized, ridiculed, and ignored group: fat Americans. Find out how the members of this very diverse group of people describe their actual lived experiences, quality of life, hopes and dreams, and demands. • Provides readers with unprecedented insights into the lived experiences of fat people, unfiltered by a media that can be steeped in "fat bias," as well as information about the science and research regarding obesity • Reframes the discussion about obesity from a medical issue to a social one and overturns misconceptions readers may have about overweight individuals • Provides support for readers, especially young women, who may be the subject of bullying and discrimination • Documents how obese people are as diverse as any group of individuals who share a single physical characteristic, encompassing every ethnicity, political and religious affiliation, and sexual orientation as well as vegans and athletes

A Politics Of Patent Law

Author: Kali Murray
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415565170
Size: 18.65 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A Politics Of Patent Law from the Author: Kali Murray. "There has been much written on the impact of the international treaties like the Trade Related Aspects on Intellectual Property (TRIPS), which lament the failure of patent systems to respond to the interests of a diverse set of non-profit, public interest, and non-corporate entities. But these studies have failed to examine why such inclusion has proven to be particularly difficult. This book examines how patent law can accommodate what James Boyle terms a "politics" that is a conceptual map of issues, a rough working model of costs and benefits, and a functioning coalition-politics of groups unified by common interest perceived in apparently diverse situations. A Politics of Patent Law surveys national statutory and case law, regional patent treaties, and international treaties, to understand how to craft a more "participatory bargain" in patent law. The book provides a substantive account about the ways in which the various types of participatory mechanisms currently operate, and examines how participatory mechanisms can be developed in patent law, particularly within the regional and international context. The book will set out a "tool-box" of participatory mechanisms which would allow for, and foster third party participation in the patent process"--

The Politics Of Non State Welfare

Author: Melani Cammett
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801470323
Size: 60.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Politics Of Non State Welfare from the Author: Melani Cammett. Across the world, welfare states are under challenge (or were never developed extensively in the first place) while non-state actors increasingly provide public goods and basic welfare. In many parts of the Middle East and South Asia, sectarian organizations and political parties supply basic services to ordinary people more extensively and effectively than governments. In sub-Saharan Africa, families struggle to pay hospital fees, and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) launch welfare programs as states cut subsidies and social programs. Likewise, in parts of Latin America, international and domestic NGOs and, increasingly, private firms are key suppliers of social welfare in both urban and rural communities. Even in the United States, where the welfare state is far more developed, secular NGOs and faith-based organizations are critical components of social safety nets. Despite official entitlements to public welfare, citizens in Russia face increasing out-of-pocket expenses as they are effectively compelled to seek social services through the private market. In The Politics of Non-state Social Welfare, a multidisciplinary group of contributors use survey data analysis, spatial analysis, in-depth interviews, and ethnographic and archival research to explore the fundamental transformation of the relationship between states and citizens. The book highlights the political consequences of the non-state provision of social welfare, including the ramifications for equitable and sustainable access to social services, accountability for citizens, and state capacity. The authors do not assume that non-state providers will surpass the performance of weak, inefficient, or sometimes corrupt states but instead offer a systematic analysis of a wide spectrum of non-state actors in a variety of contexts around the world, including sectarian political parties, faith-based organizations, community-based organizations, family networks, informal brokers, and private firms. Contributors: Scott Allard, University of Chicago; Jennifer N. Brass, Indiana University; Melani Cammett, Brown University; Linda Cook, Brown University; Ian Gough, London School of Economics; Michael Jennings, School of Oriental and African Studies; Anirudh Krishna, Duke University; Pauline Jones Luong, University of Michigan; Lauren M. MacLean, Indiana University; Alejandra Mizala, University of Chile; Alison Post, University of California, Berkeley; Ben Ross Schneider, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

The Politics Of Social Work

Author: Fred W Powell
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1847871550
Size: 60.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Politics Of Social Work from the Author: Fred W Powell. `Fred Powell argues for social work as civic engagement, promoting inclusion and justice through dialogue and trust. His book is an impressive combination of deep scholarship and fresh, up-to-date analysis of current issues'- Bill Jordan, University of Exeter `An illuminating discussion of the influence of postmodern trends on the practice of social work that also offers a bracing guide for the future of the profession. Social work practice, Powell argues, needs to be anchored in a commitment to an inclusive idea of citizenship, and especially the inclusion of the most vulnerable citizens'- Francis Fox-Piven, City University of New York `[T]his is an extraordinarily useful book for studies of social policy, especially in its presentation of a condensed history of social work's relationship to social policy... The book is well documented, well written and challenging. It stimulates more thought than is common in professional literature' - International Social Work The Politics of Social Work provides a major contribution to debates on the politics of social work at the beginning of the 21st Century. It locates social work within wider political and theoretical debates and deals with important issues currently facing social workers and the organisations in which they work. By setting the current crisis of identity social workers are experiencing in international context, Fred Powell analyses the choices facing social work in postmodern society. Fred Powell explores in this text contemporary and historical paradigms of social work from its Victorian origins to the development of reformist practice in the welfare state to radical social work, responses to social exclusion, the rennaissance of civil society, multiculturalism, feminism and anti-oppressive practice. In conclusion the he examines the options facing social work in the 21st century and argues for a civic model of social work based on the pursuit of social justice in an inclusive society. The Politics of Social Work will be essential reading for students on qualifying and post-qualifying social work courses, as well as courses in sociology, social policy, social administration and politics.

The Politics Of Information

Author: T. Blom
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137325410
Size: 35.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Politics Of Information from the Author: T. Blom. This collection presents the results of a research agenda which examines how information plays a key role in policymaking. As a very dynamic environment characterized by many different modes of information gathering and processing, the EU forms a particularly interesting case to test the politics of information approach.