Participating In Explanatory Dialogues

Author: Johanna D. Moore
Publisher: MIT Press (MA)
ISBN: 9780262133012
Size: 24.69 MB
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Participating In Explanatory Dialogues from the Author: Johanna D. Moore. While much has been written about the areas of text generation, text planning, discourse modeling, and user modeling, Johanna Moore's book is one of the first to tackle modeling the complex dynamics of explanatory dialogues. It describes an explanation-planning architecture that enables a computational system to participate in an interactive dialogue with its users, focusing on the knowledge structures that a system must build in order to elaborate or clarify prior utterances, or to answer follow-up questions in the context of an ongoing dialogue. Moore develops a model of explanation generation and describes a fully implemented natural-language system that is embedded in an existing expert system and that includes a generation component. Her main thesis is that shallow approaches to explanation such as paraphrasing the expert system's line of reasoning or filling in an explanation "schema" are not adequate for supporting dialogue, and that a more flexible approach is needed, one that is adaptive to context, aware of what is being said, and of what has gone before in the user's dialogue with the expert system. She argues that the problem with prior approaches is that they do not provide a representation of the intended effects of the components of an explanation, nor how these intentions are related to one another or to the rhetorical structure of the text. She proposes a computational solution to the question of how explanations can be synthesized in such a way that a system can later reason about the explanations it has produced to affect its subsequent utterances. ACL-MIT Series in Natural Language Processing

Echnology Assessment In Software Applications

Author: Harold F. O'Neil
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135442827
Size: 51.80 MB
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Echnology Assessment In Software Applications from the Author: Harold F. O'Neil. The essays in this anthology represent, in the broadest sense, an interpretive perspective of inquiry that has flourished in oral history for the past 15 years. This perspective considers oral history interviews as subjective, socially constructed and emergent events; that is, understanding, interpretation, and meaning of lived experience are interactively constructed. The impetus for this volume was the editor's fascination with the multifaceted complexity of the oral history interview method coupled with the belief that, despite many books that address methodological issues, no single work takes as its focus those complex, interactive processes which constitute the oral history interview. The editors' purpose in developing this anthology, therefore, was to provide a variety of essays which taken together address the possibilities and constraints inherent in oral history interviewing.

Survey Of The State Of The Art In Human Language Technology

Author: Giovanni Battista Varile
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521592772
Size: 65.91 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Survey Of The State Of The Art In Human Language Technology from the Author: Giovanni Battista Varile. Originally published in 1997, this book is concerned with human language technology. This technology provides computers with the capability to handle spoken and written language. One major goal is to improve communication between humans and machines. If people can use their own language to access information, working with software applications and controlling machinery, the greatest obstacle for the acceptance of new information technology is overcome. Another important goal is to facilitate communication among people. Machines can help to translate texts or spoken input from one human language to the other. Programs that assist people in writing by checking orthography, grammar and style are constantly improving. This book was sponsored by the Directorate General XIII of the European Union and the Information Science and Engineering Directorate of the National Science Foundation, USA.

Machine Conversations

Author: Yorick Wilks
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475756879
Size: 48.20 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Machine Conversations from the Author: Yorick Wilks. Machine Conversationsis a collection of some of the best research available in the practical arts of machine conversation. The book describes various attempts to create practical and flexible machine conversation - ways of talking to computers in an unrestricted version of English or some other language. While this book employs and advances the theory of dialogue and its linguistic underpinnings, the emphasis is on practice, both in university research laboratories and in company research and development. Since the focus is on the task and on the performance, this book provides some of the first-rate work taking place in industry, quite apart from the academic tradition. It also reveals striking and relevant facts about the tone of machine conversations and closely evaluates what users require. Machine Conversations is an excellent reference for researchers interested in computational linguistics, cognitive science, natural language processing, artificial intelligence, human computer interfaces and machine learning.

Current And New Directions In Discourse And Dialogue

Author: Jan C.J. van Kuppevelt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401000190
Size: 44.95 MB
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Current And New Directions In Discourse And Dialogue from the Author: Jan C.J. van Kuppevelt. This volume covers key topics in the field from a variety of leading researchers. In one volume, readers gain exposure to several perspectives in the areas of corpus annotation and analysis, dialogue system construction, theoretical perspectives on communicative intention, context-based generation, and modeling of discourse structure. Based on the 2nd SIGdial workshop on Discourse and Dialogue held in conjunction with Eurospeech 2001, it is of interest to researchers and practitioners in dialogue and discourse processing.

Advances In Intelligent Tutoring Systems

Author: Roger Nkambou
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642143636
Size: 25.53 MB
Format: PDF
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Advances In Intelligent Tutoring Systems from the Author: Roger Nkambou. May the Forcing Functions be with You: The Stimulating World of AIED and ITS Research It is my pleasure to write the foreword for Advances in Intelligent Tutoring S- tems. This collection, with contributions from leading researchers in the field of artificial intelligence in education (AIED), constitutes an overview of the many challenging research problems that must be solved in order to build a truly intel- gent tutoring system (ITS). The book not only describes some of the approaches and techniques that have been explored to meet these challenges, but also some of the systems that have actually been built and deployed in this effort. As discussed in the Introduction (Chapter 1), the terms “AIED” and “ITS” are often used int- changeably, and there is a large overlap in the researchers devoted to exploring this common field. In this foreword, I will use the term “AIED” to refer to the - search area, and the term “ITS” to refer to the particular kind of system that AIED researchers build. It has often been said that AIED is “AI-complete” in that to produce a tutoring system as sophisticated and effective as a human tutor requires solving the entire gamut of artificial intelligence research (AI) problems.

Intelligent Tutoring Systems

Author: Claude Frasson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540613275
Size: 40.98 MB
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Intelligent Tutoring Systems from the Author: Claude Frasson. This book presents the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, ITS '96, held in Montreal, Canada, in June 1996. The book contains 69 revised papers selected from a total of 128 submissions; also included are six invited papers from well-known speakers. All in all, the book reflects the state-of-the-art in the area. In particular the following topics are covered: advising systems, ITS architectures, cognitive models, design issues, empirical studies, formal models, learning environments, real-world applications, software tools for tutoring, student modelling, teaching and learning strategies, and multimedia and WWW.

Electric Words

Author: Yorick Wilks
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262231824
Size: 21.98 MB
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Electric Words from the Author: Yorick Wilks. The use of computers to understand words continues to be an area of burgeoning research. Electric Words is the first general survey of and introduction to the entire range of work in lexical linguistics and corpora -- the study of such on-line resources as dictionaries and other texts -- in the broader fields of natural-language processing and artificial intelligence. The authors integrate and synthesize the goals and methods of computational lexicons in relation to AI's sister disciplines of philosophy, linguistics, and psychology. One of the underlying messages of the book is that current research should be guided by both computational and theoretical tools and not only by statistical techniques -- that matters have gone far beyond counting to encompass the difficult province of meaning itself and how it can be formally expressed. Electric Words delves first into the philosophical background of the study of meaning, specifically word meaning, then into the early work on treating dictionaries as texts, the first serious efforts at extracting information from machine-readable dictionaries (MRDs), and the conversion of MRDs into usable lexical knowledge bases. The authors provide a comparative survey of worldwide work on extracting usable structures from dictionaries for computational-linguistic purposes and a discussion of how those structures differ from or interact with structures derived from standard texts (or corpora). Also covered are automatic techniques for analyzing MRDs, genus hierarchies and networks, numerical methods of language processing related to dictionaries, automatic processing of bilingual dictionaries, and consumer projects using MRDs.

Advances In Computers

Author: Marvin Zelkowitz
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080524412
Size: 26.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Advances In Computers from the Author: Marvin Zelkowitz. Advances in Computers covers new developments in computer technology. Most chapters present an overview of a current subfield within computers, with many citations, and often include new developments in the field by the authors of the individual chapters. Topics include hardware, software, theoretical underpinnings of computing, and novel applications of computers. This current volume includes six chapters on hardware development in the educational market, intelligent search strategies, domain specific languages and trustworthiness and risks in computer technology. The book series is a valuable addition to university courses that emphasize the topics under discussion in that particular volume as well as belonging on the bookshelf of industrial practitioners who need to implement many of the technologies that are described. Trustworthiness and risks in computer technology K-12 educational use of inexpensive handheld devices Domain specific languages

Hybrid Information Systems

Author: Ajith Abraham
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3790817821
Size: 28.65 MB
Format: PDF
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Hybrid Information Systems from the Author: Ajith Abraham. Hybrid intelligent systems are becoming a very important problem-solving methodology affecting researchers and practitioners in areas ranging from science and technology to business and commerce. This volume focuses on the hybridization of different soft computing technologies and their interactions with hard computing techniques, other intelligent computing frameworks, and agents. Topics covered include: genetic-neurocomputing, neuro-fuzzy systems, genetic-fuzzy systems, genetic-fuzzy neurocomputing, hybrid optimization techniques, interaction with intelligent agents, fusion of soft computing and hard computing techniques, other intelligent systems and hybrid systems applications. The different contributions were presented at the first international workshop on hybrid intelligent systems (HIS1) in Adelaide, Australia.