Participating In Explanatory Dialogues

Author: Johanna D. Moore
Publisher: MIT Press (MA)
ISBN: 9780262133012
Size: 48.32 MB
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Participating In Explanatory Dialogues from the Author: Johanna D. Moore. While much has been written about the areas of text generation, text planning, discourse modeling, and user modeling, Johanna Moore's book is one of the first to tackle modeling the complex dynamics of explanatory dialogues. It describes an explanation-planning architecture that enables a computational system to participate in an interactive dialogue with its users, focusing on the knowledge structures that a system must build in order to elaborate or clarify prior utterances, or to answer follow-up questions in the context of an ongoing dialogue. Moore develops a model of explanation generation and describes a fully implemented natural-language system that is embedded in an existing expert system and that includes a generation component. Her main thesis is that shallow approaches to explanation such as paraphrasing the expert system's line of reasoning or filling in an explanation "schema" are not adequate for supporting dialogue, and that a more flexible approach is needed, one that is adaptive to context, aware of what is being said, and of what has gone before in the user's dialogue with the expert system. She argues that the problem with prior approaches is that they do not provide a representation of the intended effects of the components of an explanation, nor how these intentions are related to one another or to the rhetorical structure of the text. She proposes a computational solution to the question of how explanations can be synthesized in such a way that a system can later reason about the explanations it has produced to affect its subsequent utterances. ACL-MIT Series in Natural Language Processing

Echnology Assessment In Software Applications

Author: Harold F. O'Neil
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135442827
Size: 54.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Echnology Assessment In Software Applications from the Author: Harold F. O'Neil. The essays in this anthology represent, in the broadest sense, an interpretive perspective of inquiry that has flourished in oral history for the past 15 years. This perspective considers oral history interviews as subjective, socially constructed and emergent events; that is, understanding, interpretation, and meaning of lived experience are interactively constructed. The impetus for this volume was the editor's fascination with the multifaceted complexity of the oral history interview method coupled with the belief that, despite many books that address methodological issues, no single work takes as its focus those complex, interactive processes which constitute the oral history interview. The editors' purpose in developing this anthology, therefore, was to provide a variety of essays which taken together address the possibilities and constraints inherent in oral history interviewing.

Survey Of The State Of The Art In Human Language Technology

Author: Giovanni Battista Varile
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521592772
Size: 57.57 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Survey Of The State Of The Art In Human Language Technology from the Author: Giovanni Battista Varile. Originally published in 1997, this book is concerned with human language technology. This technology provides computers with the capability to handle spoken and written language. One major goal is to improve communication between humans and machines. If people can use their own language to access information, working with software applications and controlling machinery, the greatest obstacle for the acceptance of new information technology is overcome. Another important goal is to facilitate communication among people. Machines can help to translate texts or spoken input from one human language to the other. Programs that assist people in writing by checking orthography, grammar and style are constantly improving. This book was sponsored by the Directorate General XIII of the European Union and the Information Science and Engineering Directorate of the National Science Foundation, USA.

Machine Conversations

Author: Yorick Wilks
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475756879
Size: 47.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Machine Conversations from the Author: Yorick Wilks. Machine Conversationsis a collection of some of the best research available in the practical arts of machine conversation. The book describes various attempts to create practical and flexible machine conversation - ways of talking to computers in an unrestricted version of English or some other language. While this book employs and advances the theory of dialogue and its linguistic underpinnings, the emphasis is on practice, both in university research laboratories and in company research and development. Since the focus is on the task and on the performance, this book provides some of the first-rate work taking place in industry, quite apart from the academic tradition. It also reveals striking and relevant facts about the tone of machine conversations and closely evaluates what users require. Machine Conversations is an excellent reference for researchers interested in computational linguistics, cognitive science, natural language processing, artificial intelligence, human computer interfaces and machine learning.

Readings In Intelligent User Interfaces

Author: Mark T. Maybury
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 9781558604445
Size: 22.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Readings In Intelligent User Interfaces from the Author: Mark T. Maybury. This is a compilation of the classic readings in intelligent user interfaces. This text focuses on intelligent, knowledge-based interfaces, combining spoken language, natural language processing, and multimedia and multimodal processing.

Proceedings Of The Twentieth Annual Conference Of The Cognitive Science Society

Author: Cognitive Science Society (U.S.). Conference
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780805832310
Size: 34.62 MB
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Proceedings Of The Twentieth Annual Conference Of The Cognitive Science Society from the Author: Cognitive Science Society (U.S.). Conference. This volume features the complete text of the material presented at the Twentieth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. As in previous years, the symposium included an interesting mixture of papers on many topics from researchers with diverse backgrounds and different goals, presenting a multifaceted view of cognitive science. This volume contains papers, posters, and summaries of symposia presented at the leading conference that brings cognitive scientists together to discuss issues of theoretical and applied concern. Submitted presentations are represented in these proceedings as "long papers" (those presented as spoken presentations and "full posters" at the conference) and "short papers" (those presented as "abstract posters" by members of the Cognitive Science Society).

Proceedings Of The Twenty Second Annual Conference Of The Cognitive Science Society

Author: Cognitive Science Society (U.S.). Conference
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780805838794
Size: 47.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Proceedings Of The Twenty Second Annual Conference Of The Cognitive Science Society from the Author: Cognitive Science Society (U.S.). Conference. This volume features the complete text of the material presented at the Twenty-Second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. As in previous years, the symposium included an interesting mixture of papers on many topics from researchers with diverse backgrounds and different goals, presenting a multifaceted view of cognitive science. This volume includes all papers, posters, and summaries of symposia presented at the leading conference that brings cognitive scientists together. The 2000 Cognitive Science meeting dealt with issues of representing and modeling cognitive processes, as they appeal to scholars in all subdisciplines that comprise cognitive science: psychology, computer science, neuroscience, linguistics, and philosophy.

Technology Assessment In Software Applications

Author: Harold F. O'Neil
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum
ISBN: 9780805812480
Size: 45.43 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Technology Assessment In Software Applications from the Author: Harold F. O'Neil. This volume offers an expansion of ideas presented at a recent conference convened to identify the major strategies and more promising practices for assessing technology. The authors -- representing government, business, and university sectors -- helped to set the boundaries of present technology assessment by offering perspectives from computer science, cognitive and military psychology, and education. Their work explores both the use of techniques to assess technology and the use of technology to facilitate the assessment process. The book's main purpose is to portray the state of the art in technology assessment and to provide conceptual options to help readers understand the power of technology. Technological innovation will continue to develop its own standards of practice and effectiveness. To the extent that these practices are empirically based, designers, supporters, and consumers will be given better information for their decisions.