Pakistan Fourth And Fifth Reviews Under The Extended Arrangement And Request For Waivers Of Nonobservance Of Performance Criteria

Author: International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498319122
Size: 45.22 MB
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Pakistan Fourth And Fifth Reviews Under The Extended Arrangement And Request For Waivers Of Nonobservance Of Performance Criteria from the Author: International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.. A 36 month, SDR 4,393 million (425 percent of quota) Extended Arrangement under the EFF was approved by the Executive Board on September 4, 2013 and the third review was completed on June 27, 2014, with a total of SDR 1,440 million disbursed. Fifth and sixth tranches totaling of SDR 720 million will be available upon the completion of this review.

Pakistan Second Review Under The Extended Arrangement And Request For Waivers Of Nonobservance Of Performance Criteria Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Pakistan

Author: International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 147553583X
Size: 52.29 MB
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Pakistan Second Review Under The Extended Arrangement And Request For Waivers Of Nonobservance Of Performance Criteria Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Pakistan from the Author: International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.. This paper assesses Pakistan’s Second Review Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Non-Observance of Performance Criteria. Discussions focused on progress in addressing the main macroeconomic challenges facing the country and remedial actions to meet missed performance criteria. Pakistan’s economic growth is expected to remain modest with GDP growth forecast revised upward to 3.1 percent. The IMF report highlights that the preliminary data for the first quarter of FY13/14 showed 5 percent growth, mainly driven by services and manufacturing.

Imf Survey

Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 32.80 MB
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Imf Survey from the Author: International Monetary Fund.

High Value Natural Resources And Post Conflict Peacebuilding

Author: Päivi Lujala
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136536698
Size: 60.49 MB
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High Value Natural Resources And Post Conflict Peacebuilding from the Author: Päivi Lujala. For most post-conflict countries, the transition to peace is daunting. In countries with high-value natural resources – including oil, gas, diamonds, other minerals, and timber –the stakes are unusually high and peacebuilding is especially challenging. Resource-rich post-conflict countries face both unique problems and opportunities. They enter peacebuilding with an advantage that distinguishes them from other war-torn societies: access to natural resources that can yield substantial revenues for alleviating poverty, compensating victims, creating jobs, and rebuilding the country and the economy. Evidence shows, however, that this opportunity is often wasted. Resource-rich countries do not have a better record in sustaining peace. In fact, resource-related conflicts are more likely to relapse. Focusing on the relationship between high-value natural resources and peacebuilding in post-conflict settings, this book identifies opportunities and strategies for converting resource revenues to a peaceful future. Its thirty chapters draw on the experiences of forty-one researchers and practitioners – as well as the broader literature – and cover a range of key issues, including resource extraction, revenue sharing and allocation, and institution building. The book provides a concise theoretical and practical framework that policy makers, researchers, practitioners, and students can use to understand and address the complex interplay between the management of high-value resources and peace. High-Value Natural Resources and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding is part of a global initiative led by the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the University of Tokyo, and McGill University to identify and analyze lessons in natural resource management and post-conflict peacebuilding. The project has generated six edited books of case studies and analyses, with contributions from practitioners, policy makers, and researchers. Other books in the series address land; water; livelihoods; assessing and restoring natural resources; and governance.

Working In Health

Author: Marko Vujicic
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821378031
Size: 20.76 MB
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Working In Health from the Author: Marko Vujicic. Vanuatu is a traditionally male dominated and largely patriarchal society. Women have extremely low representation in parliament and in other decision making bodies. Despite this, women are increasingly involved in private sector development and in the market economy. Available statistics suggest that women own nearly 30 percent of all businesses and approximately 20 percent of small and medium-sized enterprises. Yet, government support for women's economic empowerment and women in business has been limited, and reforms are needed to the general legal framework to ensure gender equality.This v.

Europe S Role In Nation Building

Author: James Dobbins
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 083304138X
Size: 26.30 MB
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Europe S Role In Nation Building from the Author: James Dobbins. The European Union and its member nations have proven adept at mounting small-scale nation-building operations and should be ready to handle more substantial missions. Building on prior RAND work, this volume presents six case studies of recent European-led nation-building missions, in Albania, Sierra Leone, Macedonia, CĂ´te d'Ivoire, the Congo, and Bosnia, as well as a review of the Australian mission to the Solomon Islands.

Unlocking Pakistan S Revenue Potential

Author: Mr.Serhan Cevik
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475530536
Size: 19.89 MB
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Unlocking Pakistan S Revenue Potential from the Author: Mr.Serhan Cevik. Despite the significant progress in recent years, Pakistan’s tax revenue remains low relative to comparator countries and the tax effort expected for the country’s level of development. In light of the potential endogenity of tax revenue and economic growth, this paper contributes to the literature by developing a novel identification strategy to estimate the short-run and long-run elasticities of tax revenue. The empirical findings indicate that a tax system with low elasticity cannot take full advantage of economic growth. Accordingly, unlocking revenue potential is dependent on broadening the tax base, strengthening administration, and rationalizing tax policy across all levels of the general government.

Imf Financial Operations 2014

Author: International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484317440
Size: 79.54 MB
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Imf Financial Operations 2014 from the Author: International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.. IMF Financial Operations 2014 provides a broad introduction to how the IMF fulfills its mission through its financial activities. It covers the financial structure and operations of the IMF and also provides background detail of the financial statements for the IMF’s activities during the most recent financial year. This publication updates a previous report entitled Financial Organization and Operations of the IMF, first published in 1986 and last issued in 2001 (the sixth edition). That 2001 report reflected the seismic shifts in the global economy and in the IMF’s structure and operations that occurred after the fall of the Soviet Union and the various currency and financial crises of the 1990s. This revised and updated report covers more recent developments, including measures taken in response to the global financial crisis of 2007-09 and the institutional reforms aimed at ensuring that the IMF’s governance structure evolves in line with developments in the global economy, as well as reforms to the IMF’s income model.

Expanding Job Opportunities In Ghana

Author: Maddalena Honorati
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464809429
Size: 41.30 MB
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Expanding Job Opportunities In Ghana from the Author: Maddalena Honorati. Ghana was, until very recently, a success story in Africa, achieving high and sustained growth and impressive poverty reduction. However, Ghana is now facing major challenges in diversifying its economy, sustaining growth, and making it more inclusive. Most of the new jobs that have been created in the past decade have been in low-earning, low-productivity trade services. Macroeconomic instability, limited diversification and growing inequities in Ghana’s labor markets make it harder for the economy to create more jobs, and particularly, better jobs. Employment needs to expand in both urban areas, which will continue to grow rapidly, and rural areas, where poverty is still concentrated. The current fiscal and economic crisis is heightening the need for urgent reforms but limiting the room for maneuver and increasing pressure for a careful prioritization of policy actions. Going forward, Ghana will need to consider an integrated jobs strategy that addresses barriers to the business climate, deficiencies in skills, lack of competitiveness of job-creating sectors, problems with labor mobility, and the need for comprehensive labor market regulation. Ghana needs to diversify its economy through gains in productivity in sectors like agribusiness, transport, construction, energy, and information and communications technology (ICT) services. Productivity needs to be increased also in agriculture, in order to increase the earnings potential for the many poor who still work there. In particular, Ghana’s youth and women need help in connecting to these jobs, through relevant skills development and services that target gaps in information about job opportunities. Even with significant effort, most of Ghana’s population will continue to work in jobs characterized by low and fluctuating earnings for the foreseeable future, however, and they will need social safety nets that help them manage vulnerability to income shortfalls. More productive and inclusive jobs will help Ghana move to a second phase of structural transformation and develop into a modern middle-income economy.