Pachakutik And The Rise And Decline Of The Ecuadorian Indigenous Movement

Author: Kenneth J. Mijeski
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0896804771
Size: 48.88 MB
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Pachakutik And The Rise And Decline Of The Ecuadorian Indigenous Movement from the Author: Kenneth J. Mijeski. The mobilization of militant indigenous politics is one of the most important stories in Latin American studies today. In this critical work, Kenneth J. Mijeski and Scott H. Beck examine the rise and decline of Ecuador’s leading indigenous party, Pachakutik, as it tried to transform the state into a participative democracy. Using in-depth interviews with political activists, as well as a powerful statistical analysis of election results, the authors show that the political election game failed to advance the causes of Ecuador’s poor or the movement’s own indigenous supporters. Pachakutik and the Rise and Decline of the Ecuadorian Indigenous Movement is an extraordinarily valuable case study of Ecuador’s indigenous movement and the challenges it still faces.

The Rise Of Ethnic Politics In Latin America

Author: RaĂşl L. Madrid
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521195594
Size: 33.20 MB
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The Rise Of Ethnic Politics In Latin America from the Author: RaĂşl L. Madrid. Explores why indigenous movements have recently won elections for the first time in the history of Latin America.

Pachakutik

Author: Marc Becker
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 9781442207554
Size: 19.57 MB
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Pachakutik from the Author: Marc Becker. This authoritative book provides a deeply informed overview of one of the most dynamic social movements in Latin America. Focusing on contemporary Indigenous movements in Ecuador, leading scholar Marc Becker traces the growing influence of the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (CONAIE), which in 1990 led a powerful uprising that dramatically placed a struggle for Indigenous rights at the center of public consciousness. Activists began to refer to this uprising as a "pachakutik," a Kichwa word that means change, rebirth, and transformation, both in the sense of a return in time and the coming of a new era. Five years later, proponents launched a new political movement called Pachakutik to compete for elected office. In 2006, Ecuadorians elected Rafael Correa, who many saw as emblematic of the new Latin American left, to the presidency of the country. Even though CONAIE, Pachakutik, and Correa shared similar concerns for social justice, they soon came into conflict with each other. Becker examines the competing strategies and philosophies that emerge when social movements and political parties embrace comparable visions but follow different paths to realize their objectives. In exploring the multiple and conflictive strategies that Indigenous movements have followed over the past twenty years, he definitively documents the recent history and charts the trajectory of one of the Americas' most powerful and best organized social movements.

Millennial Ecuador

Author: Norman E Whitten
Publisher: University of Iowa Press
ISBN: 9781587294488
Size: 28.79 MB
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Millennial Ecuador from the Author: Norman E Whitten. In the past decade, Ecuador has seen five indigenous uprisings, the emergence of the powerful Pachakutik political movement, and the strengthening of the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador and the Association of Black Ecuadorians, all of which have contributed substantially to a new constitution proclaiming the country to be “multiethnic and multicultural.” Furthermore, January 2003 saw the inauguration of a new populist president, who immediately appointed two indigenous persons to his cabinet. In this volume, eleven critical essays plus a lengthy introduction and a timely epilogue explore the multicultural forces that have allowed Ecuador's indigenous peoples to have such dramatic effects on the nation's political structure.

From Peasant Struggles To Indian Resistance

Author: Amalia Pallares
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 9780806134598
Size: 20.46 MB
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From Peasant Struggles To Indian Resistance from the Author: Amalia Pallares. Looks at the politics and ethnic identity of the Native Americans of the Ecuadorian Andes.

The Unpast

Author: R. S. Rose
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0896802434
Size: 80.70 MB
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The Unpast from the Author: R. S. Rose. Portuguese and Brazilian slave-traders shipped an estimated four million slaves to Brazil, in contrast to the 500,000 slaves that English vessels brought to America. With such a vast number in servitude in Brazil, controlling them became of primary importance. The Unpast: Elite Violence and Social Control in Brazil, 1954-2000 documents that the brutal methods used on plantations led directly to the phenomenon of Brazilian death squads. The Unpast examines how and why, after the abolition of slavery, elites in Brazil imported new methods to kill, torture, or disfigure dissidents and the poor to maintain dominance. Bringing a critical-historical analysis to events following the 1954 suicide of President Getulio Vargas, R.S. Rose takes the reader along a fifty-year path that shaped a nation's morals. He covers the misunderstood presidency of Joao Goulart; the overthrow of his government by a U.S. assisted military; the appalling dictatorship that followed; the efforts to rid the countryside of troublemakers; and the ongoing attempt to cleanse the urban environment of the needy, an endeavor that produced 32,675 victims in just two Brazilian states. The Unpast is the largest and most comprehensive study of suspected death-squad victims ever undertaken. It concludes with the sobering observation that nothing has really changed in present-day Brazil since the end of slavery in 1888. The Unpast is an expose of practices and attitudes in Latin America's largest country toward the poor, who---like slaves before them---are considered human rubbish worthy of anything to keep them under control. R.S. Rose is a visiting professor in history at the Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Crude Chronicles

Author: Suzana Sawyer
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822385759
Size: 28.41 MB
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Crude Chronicles from the Author: Suzana Sawyer. Ecuador is the third-largest foreign supplier of crude oil to the western United States. As the source of this oil, the Ecuadorian Amazon has borne the far-reaching social and environmental consequences of a growing U.S. demand for petroleum and the dynamics of economic globalization it necessitates. Crude Chronicles traces the emergence during the 1990s of a highly organized indigenous movement and its struggles against a U.S. oil company and Ecuadorian neoliberal policies. Against the backdrop of mounting government attempts to privatize and liberalize the national economy, Suzana Sawyer shows how neoliberal reforms in Ecuador led to a crisis of governance, accountability, and representation that spurred one of twentieth-century Latin America’s strongest indigenous movements. Through her rich ethnography of indigenous marches, demonstrations, occupations, and negotiations, Sawyer tracks the growing sophistication of indigenous politics as Indians subverted, re-deployed, and, at times, capitulated to the dictates and desires of a transnational neoliberal logic. At the same time, she follows the multiple maneuvers and discourses that the multinational corporation and the Ecuadorian state used to circumscribe and contain indigenous opposition. Ultimately, Sawyer reveals that indigenous struggles over land and oil operations in Ecuador were as much about reconfiguring national and transnational inequality—that is, rupturing the silence around racial injustice, exacting spaces of accountability, and rewriting narratives of national belonging—as they were about the material use and extraction of rain-forest resources.

Oil Sparks In The Amazon

Author: Patricia I. Vasquez
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 082034561X
Size: 64.95 MB
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Oil Sparks In The Amazon from the Author: Patricia I. Vasquez. "For decades, studies of oil-related conflicts focused on the causes and effects of natural resources mismanagement, commonly known as the "resource curse"-the paradoxical connection between oil wealth and economic busts (as in Venezuela) or, in a later twist, the link between the predatory behavior of armed rebel organizations and the abundant natural resources that funded their existence. Patricia Vasquez notes that oil busts and civil wars associated with the resource curse were quite different from the now-predominant local hydrocarbons disputes that are multiplying rapidly in Latin America. These more recent, localized disputes-over land, population displacement, water contamination, oil jobs that are promised but never materialize, etc.-primarily involve Indigenous groups with a different social and cultural identity from the rest of the population. Vasquez spent fifteen years making regular field visits to the oil-producing regions of Latin America and conducting hundreds of interviews with the various stakeholders in these local conflicts. Her book, based on this field research, analyzes the dynamics that characterize each of fifty-five social and environmental conflicts related to oil and gas extraction in the Andean countries (Peru, Ecuador, and Columbia). She is interested not in promulgating a new theory of conflict but in examining the triggers of local hydrocarbons disputes and providing policy recommendations to resolve or prevent them"--

From Movements To Parties In Latin America

Author: Donna Lee Van Cott
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521707039
Size: 30.56 MB
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From Movements To Parties In Latin America from the Author: Donna Lee Van Cott. Explains the formation in the 1990s of successful political parties in four Latin American countries.