Modals In The Languages Of Europe

Author: Björn Hansen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110219204
Size: 24.49 MB
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Modals In The Languages Of Europe from the Author: Björn Hansen. This book is a collection of papers on modals in the languages of Europe, written by experts in the area of modality. It provides readers with a wealth of data and addresses the issues of under which circumstances modals are borrowed, from which linguistic materials they typically arise in these languages, and whether and how modals form a system which is separate from other word classes.

Modal And Focus Particles In Sign Languages

Author: Annika Herrmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 1614511810
Size: 31.29 MB
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Modal And Focus Particles In Sign Languages from the Author: Annika Herrmann. Bringing together the research fields of sign language linguistics and information structure, this book focuses on the realization of modal particles and focus particles in three European sign languages: German Sign Language, Sign Language of the Netherlands, and Irish Sign Language. As a cross-linguistic investigation based on a systematic methodological approach, the study analyzes the results particularly with regard to nonmanual features expressed by articulators such as the body, head, and face. The analyses of the data provide interesting insights into the syntax-prosody interface in sign languages and the interaction of syntax and prosody in general. Modal and focus particles have not been thoroughly investigated in sign languages. This volume presents the first study on this phenomenon and is thus an innovative contribution to the field. From a methodological and theoretical perspective, it draws on up-to-date linguistic tools and provides professionally elicited and annotated data. The book accounts for the results within existing theoretical models. Given its specific focus on nonmanuals, the book contributes to recent debates on information structure and the syntax-prosody interface and will be of special interest to both sign and spoken language linguists.

Modes Of Modality

Author: Elisabeth Leiss
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027270791
Size: 32.13 MB
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Modes Of Modality from the Author: Elisabeth Leiss. The volume aims at a universal definition of modality or ‚Äúillocutionary/speaker‚Äôs perspective force‚ÄĚ that is strong enough to capture the entire range of different subtypes and varieties of modalities in different languages. The central idea is that modality is all-pervasive in language. This perspective on modality allows for the integration of covert modality as well as peripheral instances of modality in neglected domains such as the modality of insufficieny, of attitudinality, or neglected domains such as modality and illocutionary force in finite vs. nonfinite and factive vs. non-factive subordinated clauses. In most languages, modality encompasses modal verbs both in their root and epistemic meanings, at least where these languages have the principled distribution between root and epistemic modality in the first place (which is one fundamentally restricted, in its strict qualitative and quantitative sense, to the Germanic languages). In addition, this volume discusses one other intricate and partially highly mysterious class of modality triggers: modal particles as they are sported in the Germanic languages (except for English). It is argued in the contributions and the languages discussed in this volume how modal verbs and adverbials, next to modal particles, are expressed, how they are interlinked with contextual factors such as aspect, definiteness, person, verbal factivity, and assertivity as opposed to other attitudinal types. An essential concept used and argued for is perspectivization (a sub-concept of possible world semantics). Language groups covered in detail and compared are Slavic, Germanic, and South East Asian. The volume will interest researchers in theoretical and applied linguistics, typology, the semantics/pragmatics interface, and language philosophy as it is part of a larger project developing an alternative approach to Universal Grammar that is compatible with functionalist approaches.

Grammaticalization And Pragmatics

Author: Corinne Rossari
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 1848551622
Size: 59.84 MB
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Grammaticalization And Pragmatics from the Author: Corinne Rossari. The studies collected in this volume deal with pragmatic factors involved in the evolution of grammatical or lexical forms or in the emergence of complex syntactic structures in various languages (Dutch, French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian and Spanish). They are set against the theoretical framework of grammaticalization. The main methodological tools are cross-linguistic contrastive analysis and diachronic perspective. The two main issues that emerge from these studies are the place of pragmatic factors in language change (input, output or setting/frame of the process) and the existence or otherwise of a prevailing mechanism for explaining change phenomena.

Aspects Of Modern Language Teaching In Europe

Author: Wolf Gewehr
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134691009
Size: 72.96 MB
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Aspects Of Modern Language Teaching In Europe from the Author: Wolf Gewehr. From the teaching of grammar to the teaching of literature; from classroom teaching to independent learning; from role-playing to CAL - few books on teaching languages cover such a wide field. In this book teaching experience and research from practitioners in four European countries throw new light on old problems faced every day, while others reveal innovative teaching methods and new insights into how teachers and learners interact. Sections include: *language learning strategies and computer-assisted language learning *facilitating individual progress through autonomous learning *how to bring a foreign country alive in the classroom *de-mythologising grammar teaching *how different types of dictionaries can make valuable contributions to language teaching *teaching and using idiomatic phrases.

The Oxford Handbook Of Cognitive Linguistics

Author: Dirk Geeraerts
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199890021
Size: 27.70 MB
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The Oxford Handbook Of Cognitive Linguistics from the Author: Dirk Geeraerts. The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics presents a comprehensive overview of the main theoretical concepts and descriptive/theoretical models of Cognitive Linguistics, and covers its various subfields, theoretical as well as applied. The first twenty chapters give readers the opportunity to acquire a thorough knowledge of the fundamental analytic concepts and descriptive models of Cognitive Linguistics and their background. The book starts with a set of chapters discussing different conceptual phenomena that are recognized as key concepts in Cognitive Linguistics: prototypicality, metaphor, metonymy, embodiment, perspectivization, mental spaces, etc. A second set of chapters deals with Cognitive Grammar, Construction Grammar, and Word Grammar, which, each in their own way, bring together the basic concepts into a particular theory of grammar and a specific model for the description of grammatical phenomena. Special attention is given to the interrelation between Cognitive and Construction Grammar. A third set of chapters compares Cognitive Linguistics with other forms of linguistic research (functional linguistics, autonomous linguistics, and the history of linguistics), thus giving a readers a better grip on the position of Cognitive Linguistics within the landscape of linguistics at large. The remaining chapters apply these basic notions to various more specific linguistic domains, illustrating how Cognitive Linguistics deals with the traditional linguistic subdomains (phonology, morphology, lexicon, syntax, text and discourse), and demonstrating how it handles linguistic variation and change. Finally they consider its importance in the domain of Applied Linguistics, and look at interdisciplinary links with research fields such as philosophy and psychology. With a well-known cast of contributors from around the world, this reference work will be of interest to researchers and advanced students in (cognitive) linguistics, psychology, cognitive science, and anthropology.

Covert Patterns Of Modality

Author: Werner Abraham
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443842915
Size: 11.18 MB
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Covert Patterns Of Modality from the Author: Werner Abraham. This typological overview compares the degree to which different languages have means to give expression to modality (possibility, necessity) without lexical and direct inflectional means. The criterial patterns derive from a variety of languages such as German, English, Chinese, French, Scandinavian, Italian, Romanian, Russian, Polish, and Gothic as well as Old High German. They encompass mainly the auxiliaries HAVE and BE, together with either an infinitival embedding of a full verb linked by the infinitival preposition TO, or other aspectual means. It is demonstrated that what appears as typical covert modal expressions in the Germanic languages, and the Indo-European ones in a wider sense, cannot be seen as a recurrent pattern in non-Indo-European languages. Yet, there are recurrent and plausible forms that allow for generalizations.

Parle 93 Parallel Architectures And Languages Europe

Author: Arndt Bode
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540568919
Size: 48.11 MB
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Parle 93 Parallel Architectures And Languages Europe from the Author: Arndt Bode. PARLE is an international, European based conference which focuses on the parallel processing subdomain of informatics and information technology. PARLE is intended to attract both industrial and academic participants with a balanced programme of theory and practice. This volume contains the proceedings of PARLE '93.

Evaluation Of Multilingual And Multi Modal Information Retrieval

Author: Carol Peters
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540749981
Size: 56.99 MB
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Evaluation Of Multilingual And Multi Modal Information Retrieval from the Author: Carol Peters. This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed postproceedings of the 7th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2006, held in Alicante, Spain, September 2006. The revised papers presented together with an introduction were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The papers are organized in topical sections on Multilingual Textual Document Retrieval, Domain-Specifig Information Retrieval, i-CLEF, [email protected], ImageCLEF, CLSR, WebCLEF and GeoCLEF.

Mood In The Languages Of Europe

Author: Björn Rothstein
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027205876
Size: 34.84 MB
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Mood In The Languages Of Europe from the Author: Björn Rothstein. This book is the first comprehensive survey of mood in the languages of Europe. It gives readers access to a collection of data on mood. Each article presents the mood system of a specific European language in a way that readers not familiar with this language are able to understand and to interpret the data. The articles contain information on the morphology and semantics of the mood system, the possible combinations of tense and mood morphology, and the possible uses of the non-indica-tive mood(s). The papers address the explanation of mood from an empirical and descriptive perspective. This book is of interest to scholars of mood and modality, language contact, and areal linguistics and typology.