Modals In The Languages Of Europe

Author: Björn Hansen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110219204
Size: 45.51 MB
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Modals In The Languages Of Europe from the Author: Björn Hansen. This book is a collection of papers on modals in the languages of Europe, written by experts in the area of modality. It provides readers with a wealth of data and addresses the issues of under which circumstances modals are borrowed, from which linguistic materials they typically arise in these languages, and whether and how modals form a system which is separate from other word classes.

Modal And Focus Particles In Sign Languages

Author: Annika Herrmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 1614511810
Size: 35.85 MB
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Modal And Focus Particles In Sign Languages from the Author: Annika Herrmann. Bringing together the research fields of sign language linguistics and information structure, this book focuses on the realization of modal particles and focus particles in three European sign languages: German Sign Language, Sign Language of the Netherlands, and Irish Sign Language. As a cross-linguistic investigation based on a systematic methodological approach, the study analyzes the results particularly with regard to nonmanual features expressed by articulators such as the body, head, and face. The analyses of the data provide interesting insights into the syntax-prosody interface in sign languages and the interaction of syntax and prosody in general. Modal and focus particles have not been thoroughly investigated in sign languages. This volume presents the first study on this phenomenon and is thus an innovative contribution to the field. From a methodological and theoretical perspective, it draws on up-to-date linguistic tools and provides professionally elicited and annotated data. The book accounts for the results within existing theoretical models. Given its specific focus on nonmanuals, the book contributes to recent debates on information structure and the syntax-prosody interface and will be of special interest to both sign and spoken language linguists.

Grammaticalization And Pragmatics

Author: Corinne Rossari
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 1848551622
Size: 60.24 MB
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Grammaticalization And Pragmatics from the Author: Corinne Rossari. The studies collected in this volume deal with pragmatic factors involved in the evolution of grammatical or lexical forms or in the emergence of complex syntactic structures in various languages (Dutch, French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian and Spanish). They are set against the theoretical framework of grammaticalization. The main methodological tools are cross-linguistic contrastive analysis and diachronic perspective. The two main issues that emerge from these studies are the place of pragmatic factors in language change (input, output or setting/frame of the process) and the existence or otherwise of a prevailing mechanism for explaining change phenomena.

Aspects Of Modern Language Teaching In Europe

Author: Wolf Gewehr
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134691009
Size: 65.33 MB
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Aspects Of Modern Language Teaching In Europe from the Author: Wolf Gewehr. From the teaching of grammar to the teaching of literature; from classroom teaching to independent learning; from role-playing to CAL - few books on teaching languages cover such a wide field. In this book teaching experience and research from practitioners in four European countries throw new light on old problems faced every day, while others reveal innovative teaching methods and new insights into how teachers and learners interact. Sections include: *language learning strategies and computer-assisted language learning *facilitating individual progress through autonomous learning *how to bring a foreign country alive in the classroom *de-mythologising grammar teaching *how different types of dictionaries can make valuable contributions to language teaching *teaching and using idiomatic phrases.

The Oxford Handbook Of Cognitive Linguistics

Author: Dirk Geeraerts
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199890021
Size: 29.93 MB
Format: PDF
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The Oxford Handbook Of Cognitive Linguistics from the Author: Dirk Geeraerts. The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics presents a comprehensive overview of the main theoretical concepts and descriptive/theoretical models of Cognitive Linguistics, and covers its various subfields, theoretical as well as applied. The first twenty chapters give readers the opportunity to acquire a thorough knowledge of the fundamental analytic concepts and descriptive models of Cognitive Linguistics and their background. The book starts with a set of chapters discussing different conceptual phenomena that are recognized as key concepts in Cognitive Linguistics: prototypicality, metaphor, metonymy, embodiment, perspectivization, mental spaces, etc. A second set of chapters deals with Cognitive Grammar, Construction Grammar, and Word Grammar, which, each in their own way, bring together the basic concepts into a particular theory of grammar and a specific model for the description of grammatical phenomena. Special attention is given to the interrelation between Cognitive and Construction Grammar. A third set of chapters compares Cognitive Linguistics with other forms of linguistic research (functional linguistics, autonomous linguistics, and the history of linguistics), thus giving a readers a better grip on the position of Cognitive Linguistics within the landscape of linguistics at large. The remaining chapters apply these basic notions to various more specific linguistic domains, illustrating how Cognitive Linguistics deals with the traditional linguistic subdomains (phonology, morphology, lexicon, syntax, text and discourse), and demonstrating how it handles linguistic variation and change. Finally they consider its importance in the domain of Applied Linguistics, and look at interdisciplinary links with research fields such as philosophy and psychology. With a well-known cast of contributors from around the world, this reference work will be of interest to researchers and advanced students in (cognitive) linguistics, psychology, cognitive science, and anthropology.

Parle 93 Parallel Architectures And Languages Europe

Author: Arndt Bode
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540568919
Size: 76.43 MB
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Parle 93 Parallel Architectures And Languages Europe from the Author: Arndt Bode. PARLE is an international, European based conference which focuses on the parallel processing subdomain of informatics and information technology. PARLE is intended to attract both industrial and academic participants with a balanced programme of theory and practice. This volume contains the proceedings of PARLE '93.

Evaluation Of Multilingual And Multi Modal Information Retrieval

Author: Carol Peters
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540749981
Size: 68.30 MB
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Evaluation Of Multilingual And Multi Modal Information Retrieval from the Author: Carol Peters. This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed postproceedings of the 7th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2006, held in Alicante, Spain, September 2006. The revised papers presented together with an introduction were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The papers are organized in topical sections on Multilingual Textual Document Retrieval, Domain-Specifig Information Retrieval, i-CLEF, [email protected], ImageCLEF, CLSR, WebCLEF and GeoCLEF.

The Languages And Linguistics Of Europe

Author: Bernd Kortmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110220261
Size: 54.56 MB
Format: PDF
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The Languages And Linguistics Of Europe from the Author: Bernd Kortmann. Open publicationThe Languages and Linguistics of Europe: A Comprehensive Guide is part of the multi-volume reference work on the languages and linguistics of the continents of the world. The book supplies profiles of the language families of Europe, including the sign languages. It also discusses the areal typology, paying attention to the Standard Average European, Balkan, Baltic and Mediterranean convergence areas. Separate chapters deal with the old and new minority languages and with non-standard varieties. A major focus is language politics and policies, including discussions of the special status of English, the relation between language and the church, language and the school, and standardization. The history of European linguistics is another focus as is the history of multilingual European 'empires' and their dissolution. The volume is especially geared towards a graduate and advanced undergraduate readership. It has been designed such that it can be used, as a whole or in parts, as a textbook, the first of its kind, for graduate programmes with a focus on the linguistic (and linguistics) landscape of Europe.

Mood In The Languages Of Europe

Author: Björn Rothstein
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027205876
Size: 40.89 MB
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Mood In The Languages Of Europe from the Author: Björn Rothstein. This book is the first comprehensive survey of mood in the languages of Europe. It gives readers access to a collection of data on mood. Each article presents the mood system of a specific European language in a way that readers not familiar with this language are able to understand and to interpret the data. The articles contain information on the morphology and semantics of the mood system, the possible combinations of tense and mood morphology, and the possible uses of the non-indica-tive mood(s). The papers address the explanation of mood from an empirical and descriptive perspective. This book is of interest to scholars of mood and modality, language contact, and areal linguistics and typology.

Modality In English And Chinese

Author: Renzhi Li
Publisher: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 1581122357
Size: 52.20 MB
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Modality In English And Chinese from the Author: Renzhi Li. Modality is a grammatical, or semantic-grammatical, category. It is an important component of human languages. This is at least the case in most European languages. To what extent is it a near-universal? This thesis is to contribute to the question. It focuses on modal verbs in English and Chinese, two genetically and geographically unrelated languages, and analyzes what these two languages have in common and how they differ in their systems of modality. To achieve the aim, the thesis adopts the theoretical framework proposed by van der Auwera (1996, 1998 with Plungian, 2001) for the typological study of modality. Its language-specific descriptions involve the morphosyntactic features, notional functions, modal logic, and diachronic development. With these descriptions, it constructs a cross-linguistic database in a uniform, parallel structure. Then on the basis of this database, it deals with the cross-linguistic issues about modality in English and Chinese. Like many of the studies in this area, this research makes use of the well-sampled data in the relevant literature, thereby assuring the same degree of representativeness. When the data do not meet this need, it resorts to computer-based corpora. In the diachronic study of Chinese modality, quantitative analysis is adopted in proposing a development path for the senses of a modal. English translation is given particular attention in the description of Chinese modality and cross-linguistic analyses. One can only know one's own language only if one compares it with other languages. The present study is conducive to a better understanding of English and Chinese. It contributes not only to the investigation of language universals, but also to the study of human cognition and other linguistic or applied linguistic issues.