Millikan And Her Critics

Author: Dan Ryder
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118328086
Size: 35.19 MB
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Millikan And Her Critics from the Author: Dan Ryder. Millikan and Her Critics offers a unique critical discussion of Ruth Millikan's highly regarded, influential, and systematic contributions to philosophy of mind and language, philosophy of biology, epistemology, and metaphysics. These newly written contributions present discussion from some of the most important philosophers in the field today and include replies from Millikan herself. Comprises 13 new essays that critically examine the highly regarded and influential work of Ruth Millikan Covers a wide range of Millikan's most important work, from philosophy of mind and language to philosophy of biology Features contributions by some of the most important and influential philosophers working today Includes original replies to critics by Millikan

The Routledge Handbook Of Philosophy Of Information

Author: Luciano Floridi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317633490
Size: 26.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Routledge Handbook Of Philosophy Of Information from the Author: Luciano Floridi. Information and communication technology occupies a central place in the modern world, with society becoming increasingly dependent on it every day. It is therefore unsurprising that it has become a growing subject area in contemporary philosophy, which relies heavily on informational concepts. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Information is an outstanding reference source to the key topics and debates in this exciting subject and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors the Handbook is divided into four parts: basic ideas quantitative and formal aspects natural and physical aspects human and semantic aspects. Within these sections central issues are examined, including probability, the logic of information, informational metaphysics, the philosophy of data and evidence, and the epistemic value of information. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Information is essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy, computer science and communication studies.

A Companion To The Philosophy Of Language 2 Volume Set

Author: Bob Hale
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118972082
Size: 57.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A Companion To The Philosophy Of Language 2 Volume Set from the Author: Bob Hale. “Providing up-to-date, in-depth coverage of the central question, and written and edited by some of the foremost practitioners in the field, this timely new edition will no doubt be a go-to reference for anyone with a serious interest in the philosophy of language.” Kathrin Glüer-Pagin, Stockholm University Now published in two volumes, the second edition of the best-selling Companion to the Philosophy of Language provides a complete survey of contemporary philosophy of language. The Companion has been greatly extended and now includes a monumental 17 new essays – with topics chosen by the editors, who curated suggestions from current contributors – and almost all of the 25 original chapters have been updated to take account of recent developments in the field. In addition to providing a synoptic view of the key issues, figures, concepts, and debates, each essay introduces new and original contributions to ongoing debates, as well as addressing a number of new areas of interest, including two-dimensional semantics, modality and epistemic modals, and semantic relationism. The extended “state-of-the-art” chapter format allows the authors, all of whom are internationally eminent scholars in the field, to incorporate original research to a far greater degree than competitor volumes. Unrivaled in scope, this volume represents the best contemporary critical thinking relating to the philosophy of language.

Animal Communication Theory

Author: Ulrich Stegmann
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107013100
Size: 76.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Animal Communication Theory from the Author: Ulrich Stegmann. An exploration of key concepts in the study of animal communication, covering case studies as well as more theoretical issues.

A Mark Of The Mental

Author: Karen Neander
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262036142
Size: 67.72 MB
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A Mark Of The Mental from the Author: Karen Neander. In A Mark of the Mental, Karen Neander considers the representational power of mental states -- described by the cognitive scientist Zenon Pylyshyn as the "second hardest puzzle" of philosophy of mind (the first being consciousness). The puzzle at the heart of the book is sometimes called "the problem of mental content," "Brentano's problem," or "the problem of intentionality." Its motivating mystery is how neurobiological states can have semantic properties such as meaning or reference. Neander proposes a naturalistic account for sensory-perceptual (nonconceptual) representations. Neander draws on insights from state-space semantics (which appeals to relations of second-order similarity between representing and represented domains), causal theories of reference (which claim the reference relation is a causal one), and teleosemantic theories (which claim that semantic norms, at their simplest, depend on functional norms). She proposes and defends an intuitive, theoretically well-motivated but highly controversial thesis: sensory-perceptual systems have the function to produce inner state changes that are the analogs of as well as caused by their referents. Neander shows that the three main elements -- functions, causal-information relations, and relations of second-order similarity -- complement rather than conflict with each other. After developing an argument for teleosemantics by examining the nature of explanation in the mind and brain sciences, she develops a theory of mental content and defends it against six main content-determinacy challenges to a naturalized semantics.

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia Of Philosophers In America

Author: John R. Shook
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472570561
Size: 21.22 MB
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The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia Of Philosophers In America from the Author: John R. Shook. For scholars working on almost any aspect of American thought, The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia to Philosophers in America presents an indispensable reference work. Selecting over 700 figures from the Dictionary of Early American Philosophers and the Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers, this condensed edition includes key contributors to philosophical thought. From 1600 to the present day, entries cover psychology, pedagogy, sociology, anthropology, education, theology and political science, before these disciplines came to be considered distinct from philosophy. Clear and accessible, each entry contains a short biography of the writer, an exposition and analysis of his or her doctrines and ideas, a bibliography of writings and suggestions for further reading. Featuring a new preface by the editor and a comprehensive introduction, The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia to Philosophers in America includes 30 new entries on twenty-first century thinkers including Martha Nussbaum and Patricia Churchland. With in-depth overviews of Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, Noah Porter, Frederick Rauch, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson, this is an invaluable one-stop research volume to understanding leading figures in American thought and the development of American intellectual history.

Abduction In Context

Author: Woosuk Park
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319489569
Size: 79.84 MB
Format: PDF
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Abduction In Context from the Author: Woosuk Park. This book offers a novel perspective on abduction. It starts by discussing the major theories of abduction, focusing on the hybrid nature of abduction as both inference and intuition. It reports on the Peircean theory of abduction and discusses the more recent Magnani concept of animal abduction, connecting them to the work of medieval philosophers. Building on Magnani's manipulative abduction, the accompanying classification of abduction, and the hybrid concept of abduction as both inference and intuition, the book examines the problem of visual perception together with the related concepts of misrepresentation and semantic information. It presents the author's views on caricature and the caricature model of science, and then extends the scope of discussion by introducing some standard issues in the philosophy of science. By discussing the concept of ad hoc hypothesis generation as enthymeme resolution, it demonstrates how ubiquitous the problem of abduction is in all the different individual scientific disciplines. This comprehensive text provides philosophers, logicians and cognitive scientists with a historical, unified and authoritative perspective on abduction.

William G Milliken

Author: Dave Dempsey
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472115457
Size: 18.89 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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William G Milliken from the Author: Dave Dempsey. "Bill Milliken has always been a thoroughgoing pluralist. He cherishes diversity and differences of opinion and he shuns extremism. . . . My hope is that history will show he was closer to the mark than the Republican Party of today." ---Congressman Sandy Levin "This is an outstanding and long-overdue biography of a man who set the standard for how a political figure should behave in a civilized society. Anyone who wants to understand modern Michigan history-or who wants to know how our politics and government could be better today-ought to read this book." ---Jack Lessenberry William Milliken, Michigan's longest-serving governor, stands as an icon of decency even among the state's most cynical political observers. Often seen by the public as a man above politics, Milliken was in truth an astute deal maker who governed by crafting coalitions with politicians that spanned the gamut from Detroit's hard-left Coleman Young to the rural conservatives of his own Republican Party. Born in Traverse City, Michigan, Milliken fought in World War II and returned home to run the family business, served as lieutenant governor from 1965 to 1969, and was then elected to four-year terms in 1970, 1974, and 1978. Milliken stepped down after fourteen years and a record of education reform, environmental protection, urban policy, and civil rights-and a series of bruising tax fights. Twenty years after leaving office Milliken's legacy of civility and willingness to work with political opponents stands tall. But his outspoken defense of traditional Republican values has cast him into a political no-man's land that makes this story as intensely emotional as it is relevant to today's no-holds barred politics. Dave Dempsey presents a fully developed picture of Milliken that reveals both his strengths and weaknesses while also providing the political and historical context of Milliken's time in office-and the lessons of his life and career for current and future politicians and the public. Dave Dempsey serves as Communications Director for Conservation Minnesota and consults for other environmental and conservation organizations across Minnesota and Michigan. He is author of William G. Milliken: Michigan's Passionate Moderate and Ruin and Recovery: Michigan's Rise as a Conservation Leader.

Varieties Of Meaning

Author: Ruth Garrett Millikan
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262134446
Size: 37.21 MB
Format: PDF
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Varieties Of Meaning from the Author: Ruth Garrett Millikan. How the various things that are said to have meaning—purpose, natural signs, linguistic signs, perceptions, and thoughts—are related to one another.

Author: Hillari Clinton
Publisher: Nash Format
ISBN: 6177279295
Size: 27.55 MB
Format: PDF
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from the Author: Hillari Clinton. Після програшу на президентських перегонах 2008 року, Гілларі Клінтон невдовзі приймає пропозицію посісти посаду держсекретаря, де пліч-о-пліч працює зі своїм колишнім суперником — Бараком Обамою. Ця книга — відверті спогади Клінтон про свою роботу у ролі очільника Держдепартаменту, який відповідає за один з основних напрямів діяльності Адміністрації президента — зовнішню політику. Книга «Важкі рішення» розповідає нам про те, що відбувалося за «зачиненими дверима»:проливає світло на війну в Афганістані та злісну проблему США — Сирію; показує, як Америка змогла вийти зі скандалу з WikiLeaks, не втративши обличчя; вкотре піднімає такі важливі питання, як проблема зміни клімату та порушення прав людини. У своїй книзі держсекретар постає перед нами і як сильна жінка-політик, і як любляча донька, дружина та матір. Клінтон довелося працювати у непрості часи, які вимагали важких рішень. Саме про ці рішення вона відверто розповідає у своїх мемуарах.