Managing Frontiers In Qing China

Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004335005
Size: 50.29 MB
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Managing Frontiers In Qing China from the Author: . This volume offers a comprehensive overview of the Lifanyuan and Libu, revising and assessing the state of affairs in the under-researched field of these two institutions. The contributors explore the imperial policies towards and the shifting classifications of minority groups in the Qing Empire. This volume offers insight into how China's past has continued to inform its modern policies, as well as the geopolitical make-up of East Asia and beyond.

From Frontier Policy To Foreign Policy

Author: Matthew Mosca
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804785384
Size: 68.79 MB
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From Frontier Policy To Foreign Policy from the Author: Matthew Mosca. Between the mid-eighteenth and mid-nineteenth centuries, Qing rulers, officials, and scholars fused diverse, fragmented perceptions of foreign territory into one integrated worldview. In the same period, a single "foreign" policy emerged as an alternative to the many localized "frontier" policies hitherto pursued on the coast, in Xinjiang, and in Tibet. By unraveling Chinese, Manchu, and British sources to reveal the information networks used by the Qing empire to gather intelligence about its emerging rival, British India, this book explores China's altered understanding of its place in a global context. Far from being hobbled by a Sinocentric worldview, Qing China's officials and scholars paid close attention to foreign affairs. To meet the growing British threat, they adapted institutional practices and geopolitical assumptions to coordinate a response across their maritime and inland borderlands. In time, the new and more active response to Western imperialism built on this foundation reshaped not only China's diplomacy but also the internal relationship between Beijing and its frontiers.

Asian Borderlands

Author: Charles Patterson Giersch
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674021716
Size: 29.17 MB
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Asian Borderlands from the Author: Charles Patterson Giersch. C. Patterson Giersch provides a groundbreaking challenge to the China-centered narrative of the Qing conquest through comparative frontier history and a pioneering use of indigenous sources. He focuses on the Tai domains of China's Yunnan frontier, part of the politically fluid borderlands, where local, indigenous leaders were crucial actors in an arena of imperial rivalry. Patterns of acculturation were multi-directional. Both Qing and Tai created a hybrid frontier government that was tested as Burma and Siam extended influence into the region. As Qing and Chinese migrants gained greater political and economic control in borderland communities, indigenes adopted select Chinese ways. Chinese language was useful for trade, and relations with imperial officials were eased by wearing the queue and donning imperial robes. But indigenous culture and livelihoods persisted, and Tai aristocrats adopted rituals and symbols of the Burmese and Siamese courts. Qing conquest and Chinese migration did not lead to simple patterns of incorporation and assimilation. Chinese economic and cultural influences were profound, but did not entirely undermine indigenous practices. These legacies, which would shape and complicate twentieth-century Chinese state building, hold an important key to understanding modern China.

The Sichuan Frontier And Tibet

Author: Yingcong Dai
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295989521
Size: 38.70 MB
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The Sichuan Frontier And Tibet from the Author: Yingcong Dai. Illuminating the complicated history of the struggle between the Zunghar Mongols and China over Tibet and the rise of Sichuan's importance as a key strategic area during China's last dynasty, Yingcong Dai explores the intersections of political and social history.--Yingcong Dai is associate professor of history at William Paterson University in New Jersey.

Empire At The Margins

Author: Pamela Kyle Crossley
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520230156
Size: 47.81 MB
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Empire At The Margins from the Author: Pamela Kyle Crossley. Focusing on the Ming and Qing eras, this book analyses crucial moments in the formation of cultural, regional and religious identities. It demonstrates how the imperial discourse is many-faceted, rather than a monolithic agent of cultural assimilation.

Across Forest Steppe And Mountain

Author: David A. Bello
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107068843
Size: 69.78 MB
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Across Forest Steppe And Mountain from the Author: David A. Bello. Using Manchu and Chinese sources, this book explores the environmental history of Qing China's Manchurian, Inner Mongolian, and Yunnan borderlands.

Rethinking The Decline Of China S Qing Dynasty

Author: Daniel McMahon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317650433
Size: 36.88 MB
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Rethinking The Decline Of China S Qing Dynasty from the Author: Daniel McMahon. The many instances of regional insurgency and unrest that erupted on China’s borderlands at the turn of the nineteenth century are often regarded by scholars as evidence of government disability and the incipient decline of the imperial Qing dynasty. This book, based on extensive original research, argues that, on the contrary, the response of the imperial government went well beyond pacification and reconstruction, and demonstrates that the imperial political culture was dynamic, innovative and capable of confronting contemporary challenges. The author highlights in particular the Jiaqing Reforms of 1799, which enabled national reformist ideology, activist-oriented administrative education, the development of specialised frontier officials, comprehensive borderland rehabilitation, and the sharing of borderland administration best practice between different regions. Overall, the book shows that the Qing regime had sustained vigour, albeit in difficult and changing circumstances.

China S Last Imperial Frontier

Author: Xiuyu Wang
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 073916810X
Size: 55.28 MB
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China S Last Imperial Frontier from the Author: Xiuyu Wang. China's Last Imperial Frontier explores imperial China's frontier expansion in the Tibetan borderlands during the last decades of the Qing. The empire mounted a series of military attacks against indigenous chieftaincies and Buddhist monasteries in the east Tibetan region seeking to replace native authorities with state bureaucrats by redrawing the politically diverse frontier into a system of Chinese-style counties. Historically, at all the strategic frontier locations, the state had been for the most part outstripped by local institutions in political, military, and ideological strengths. With perceived threats from the Anglo-Russian “Great Game” accentuating Qing vulnerability in Tibet, the Sichuan government took advantage of the frontier crisis by encroaching upon local and Lhasa domains in Kham. Even though the Kham campaign was portrayed in Qing official discourse as a part of the nationwide reforms of “New Policies” (xinzheng) and administrative regularization (gaitu guiliu), its progress on the ground was influenced by the dynamics of interregional relations, including Sichuan’s competition with central Tibet, power struggles among Qing frontier officials, and varied Khampa responses to the new regime. The growing regionalism intensified the resistance of local forces to imperial authority. Despite the uneven results of the late Qing campaign, it had come to serve as an important source of sovereignty claims and policy inspirations for the subsequent governments.

Modern China S Ethnic Frontiers

Author: Hsiao-ting Lin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136923926
Size: 45.63 MB
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Modern China S Ethnic Frontiers from the Author: Hsiao-ting Lin. The purpose of this book is to examine the strategies and practices of the Han Chinese Nationalists vis-à-vis post-Qing China’s ethnic minorities, as well as to explore the role they played in the formation of contemporary China’s Central Asian frontier territoriality and border security. The Chinese Revolution of 1911, initiated by Sun Yat-sen, liberated the Han Chinese from the rule of the Manchus and ended the Qing dynastic order that had existed for centuries. With the collapse of the Qing dynasty, the Mongols and the Tibetans, who had been dominated by the Manchus, took advantage of the revolution and declared their independence. Under the leadership of Yuan Shikai, the new Chinese Republican government in Peking in turn proclaimed the similar "five-nationality Republic" proposed by the Revolutionaries as a model with which to sustain the deteriorating Qing territorial order. The shifting politics of the multi-ethnic state during the regime transition and the role those politics played in defining the identity of the modern Chinese state were issues that would haunt the new Chinese Republic from its inception to its downfall. Modern China's Ethnic Frontiers will be of interest to students and scholars of Chinese history, Asian history and modern history.

Taming China S Wilderness

Author: Assoc Prof Patrick Fuliang Shan
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409463893
Size: 19.91 MB
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Taming China S Wilderness from the Author: Assoc Prof Patrick Fuliang Shan. For most of its rule, the Qing dynasty (1644-1911) - whose historical homeland was in Heilongjiang - enforced a policy that prohibited Chinese immigration and settlement and maintained the region’s reputation as the Great Northern Wilderness. Covering the period between the reversal of the anti-immigration policy in 1900 and the Japanese annexation of Heilongjiang into their Manchuko state in 1931, this book investigates a territory undergoing rapid and sustained change, and adds to the on-going scholarly interest in border and frontier studies.