Managing Budgeting In Government

Author: Great Britain: National Audit Office
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780102977295
Size: 60.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Managing Budgeting In Government from the Author: Great Britain: National Audit Office. The Government's ability to show that its spending decisions represent the best value for money is being hindered by the patchy availability of good information. Many aspects of government budgeting compare well with good budgeting practice - particularly in support of the Treasury's objective to control spending. The system is less effective at addressing objectives for prioritisation of public spending and delivery of value for money across government. In 2012-13, the Government expects to spend £683 billion. The Treasury designs and manages the Government's budgetary system; departments manage their spending within the rules Treasury sets. Its spending review 2010 (SR10) and subsequent annual budgets have focused on reducing spending to tackle the fiscal deficit. The NAO estimates that SR10 cost departments and the Treasury around £20 million to administer. There were improvements in the last spending review to how spending on capital projects was allocated. However, the approach to prioritising resource spending, which represents nearly 90 per cent of all controllable spending, was less structured. There are promising budgeting developments in some departments, including innovative methods of internal challenge, improved aspects of external challenge and strengthened links between performance and spending. The Treasury's main contact with departments is through spending teams which make valuable contributions to spending control. However, their ability to challenge proposals is hampered by limited information and high staff turnover - with only eight out of 52 staff members still in place 20 months after SR10.

Government Budgeting And Expenditure Management

Author: Salvatore Schiavo-Campo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317293312
Size: 80.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Government Budgeting And Expenditure Management from the Author: Salvatore Schiavo-Campo. The government budget should be the financial mirror of society's choices. Yet most people view budgeting as the epitome of eye-glazing subjects, rarely explained in a way that is understandable to the non-specialist and too often presented without adequate consideration of a country’s governance and institutional capacity. Government Budgeting and Expenditure Management fills a gap in the literature to redress these failings and does so in comparative international perspective. This book provides a comprehensive but pithy and easy-to-understand treatment of public financial management, taking into account a variety of special issues including budgeting in post-conflict situations, at subnational government levels, for military/security expenditures, and in countries with large extractive revenues. Distilling the lessons of budgeting reform in countries at different levels of income and administrative capacity, each chapter gradually progresses from the basic principles to the more technical aspects and then on to implementation issues, using concrete examples and illustrations from around the globe. Government Budgeting and Expenditure Management is ideally suited as the primary text for advanced undergraduate or graduate courses in government budgeting or public financial management, or as a supplementary text for courses in public finance, public economics, economic development, public administration or comparative politics. With its attention to practical implementation aspects, the book will also be of direct interest to practitioners, policy-makers, and government employee training organizations.

Managing Budgeting In Government

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Committee of Public Accounts
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780215054623
Size: 48.69 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Managing Budgeting In Government from the Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Committee of Public Accounts. The Government needs strong budgetary systems to be able to control and manage public spending and to provide high quality public services that offer value for money to the taxpayer. The 2010 Spending Review set a four-year spending total for each department and focused on reducing public spending and delivering the coalition Government's programme. The Treasury managed the Spending Review by collating bids from departments and challenging submissions. The process built on the experience of previous CSRs and was better managed, however concerns remain. Departments and the Treasury failed to take a longer term view on spending, making cuts in those budgets that were easiest to cut. For instance, whilst Treasury improved assessment processes to be able to rank capital projects, the overall level of capital investment was cut. Resource expenditure as a whole will increase in nominal terms, albeit at a much slower rate. There were gaps in data which made it difficult to compare options or benchmark spending proposals. There were no incentives for departments to collaborate on cross-government issues. There was no evidence of clear thinking on how one decision to save money in one budget area might lead to an increase in expenditure elsewhere. Decisions on where to spend or cut rest with Ministers and cannot be divorced from the political process. But these decisions need to be informed by rational analysis. Officials must do more to provide Ministers with reliable and comparable information to help them weigh up the effect of different spending options

Case Studies In Public Budgeting And Financial Management Revised And Expanded

Author: W. Bartley Hildreth
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824708887
Size: 13.86 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Case Studies In Public Budgeting And Financial Management Revised And Expanded from the Author: W. Bartley Hildreth. A resource for administrators seeking innovative ideas and supporting precedents in formulating policy, this book also provides a useful textbook for public administration and policy students. It employs a wealth of case studies in budgeting and financial management to demonstrate strategies in system implementation, policy formulation, government accounting, auditing, and financial reporting. With contributions from leading experts, it clarifies procedures to solve cutback and downsizing dilemmas using theoretical models, and provides pragmatic approaches to managing financial activities under budgetary strain. It also covers the evolution of a debt management policy.

Government Budgeting And Financial Management In Practice

Author: Gerald J. Miller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351565087
Size: 65.39 MB
Format: PDF
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Government Budgeting And Financial Management In Practice from the Author: Gerald J. Miller. The right turn in U. S. politics has increased conflict over both ends and means in government budgeting and financial management. Overlapping and competing views of the way the world works drive finance officials’ practice. Taking a new look at public financial management that acknowledges the multiple, competing realities, Government Budgeting and Financial Management in Practice: Logics to Make Sense of Ambiguity examines transaction cost economics and other small government, managed-by-the-market techniques as the latest reincarnation of public budgeting and financial management orthodoxy. Gerald J. Miller reviews new research on the continuing validity of the political dimension of government finance decisions and the multiple, intensely argued constructions of reality the finance official must make sense of. Miller discusses major advances in interpretive approaches to budgeting and finance and how they dominate writing in the broader field of public administration. He also examines the effects of the explosion of information systems, new budget techniques, nonconventional ways of spending, and new technologies. The book uses a question as the motivating force to understand some facets of today’s government budgeting, finance, and financial management: where do the critical assumptions come from to drive financial management? Miller takes the history of reform, developments in the field and the logics finance officials say they use as sources for these assumptions and examines what they reveal about constructions of the government finance world. Exploring new avenues of financial management thinking, the book discusses ambiguity and interpretations that move the unclear preferences, ends, and goals toward consensus. The author identifies an alternative approach to research that explains important facets of financial management. This approach is drawn directly from practice, events and problems in public organizations and from the creedal bent of many political actors in competition.

Local Government Budgeting

Author: Gerasimos A. Gianakis
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275952723
Size: 54.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Local Government Budgeting from the Author: Gerasimos A. Gianakis. Approaches local government budgeting as the internal resource allocation process of a highly differentiated organization that operates in a very political environment, and whose boundaries are particularly permeable during the formal budget process.

Government Budget Forecasting

Author: Jinping Sun
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420045833
Size: 30.58 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Government Budget Forecasting from the Author: Jinping Sun. Revenue and expenditure forecasting plays an important role in public budgeting and financial management, particularly during times of financial constraint, when citizens impose greater accountability upon government to use taxpayer dollars more efficiently. Despite its significance, revenue and expenditure forecasting is often overlooked in the budget process, and there is an imbalance between practice and research in this area. Based on the collaboration of budget scholars and practitioners, Government Budget Forecasting fulfills two purposes: Enhances the understanding of revenue and expenditure estimation both theoretically and practically Stimulates dialogue and debate among practitioners and academicians to identify good forecast practices as well as areas for improvement Divided into four parts, this comprehensive reference first examines forecast practices at the federal, state, and local levels, drawing on case studies that include California, Texas, and Louisiana. It then explores consensus systems and risk assessment, considering political factors and the costs of forecast errors. The text concludes with a call to transparency and guidance from a code of ethics, and a look at forecasting practices in emerging countries.

Managing Local Government Services

Author: Carl W. Stenberg
Publisher: ICMA Press
ISBN: 0873267095
Size: 29.31 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Managing Local Government Services from the Author: Carl W. Stenberg. Managing Local Government Services, 3rd ed. is a comprehensive text on the subject of local government services relevant to local governments of all sizes. This edition is refocused and updated to include the demographic, economic, technology and cultural trends that affect the management of service delivery. New chapters discuss the shift from ¿government¿ to ¿governance,¿ alternative methods of service delivery, community development, and the five management practices that are fast becoming the standard for professional local government management.Each chapter lays out the manager¿s responsibilities in each service area, and provides effective policies, practices, and procedures. Short case examples give you a practical look at the goals, challenges, and solutions in the manager¿s world.