Legislatures And The Budget Process

Author: J. Wehner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230281575
Size: 37.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 2562
Download Read Online

Legislatures And The Budget Process from the Author: J. Wehner. What is the role of legislatures in the budget process? Do powerful assemblies give rise to pro-spending bias? This survey of legislative budgeting tackles these questions using cross-national data and case studies. It highlights the tension between legislative authority and prudent fiscal policy, exploring strategies for reconciliation.

Role Of The Legislature In Budget Processes

Author: Mr. Ian Lienert
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1589069803
Size: 13.12 MB
Format: PDF
View: 4525
Download Read Online

Role Of The Legislature In Budget Processes from the Author: Mr. Ian Lienert. This paper examines the role of the legislature in budget processes. The paper highlights that for promoting good governance and fiscal transparency, the legislature’s active engagement in the budget process is essential. When fiscal policies and medium-term budgetary objectives are debated in parliament, budget strategies and policies are “owned” more widely. However, more active participation by the legislature runs the risk that fiscal discipline deteriorates. In countries where the legislature has unrestrained budget amendment authority, parliament is prone to introduce changes that increase spending or reduce taxes.

Legislative Oversight And Budgeting

Author: Rick Stapenhurst
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821376128
Size: 27.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 4480
Download Read Online

Legislative Oversight And Budgeting from the Author: Rick Stapenhurst. In most countries, parliament has the constitutional mandate to both oversee and hold government to account. In light of the increased focus on good governance, academics and legislative strengthening practitioners are re-examining parliament's oversight function with a view to increasing public financial accountability, curbing corruption, and contributing to poverty reduction. This volume brings together research from many different perspectives and many different legislative settings worldwide. As the country case studies in section III demonstrate, the accountability mechanisms or oversight tools available to the legislature vary based on constitutionally defined powers of the legislature, institutional arrangements between the branches of government, divisions of authority between national, regional, and local governments, the degree of legitimacy conferred on the legislature, and the resources available to it. The budget process provides critical opportunities. Section II of this volume is devoted to examining budget oversight from the formulation and approval of the budget, to implementation and the ex post examination of the public accounts. Special attention is also paid to mechanisms to assist parliaments such as Public Accounts Committees and independent parliamentary budget offices. This title will be of interest to parliamentarians and parliamentary staff, legislative strengthening practitioners, and students of legislative development.

Memos To The Governor Third Edition

Author: Dall W. Forsythe
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1589019245
Size: 33.15 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 4138
Download Read Online

Memos To The Governor Third Edition from the Author: Dall W. Forsythe. This revised and updated edition of Memos to the Governor is a concise and highly readable guidebook that explains in clear, understandable prose the technical, economic, and political dynamics of budget making. Updated with many new examples of budget quandaries from recent years, this book helps current and future public administrators untangle the knotty processes of budget preparation and implementation. Authors Dall W. Forsythe and Donald J. Boyd outline the budgeting process through a series of memos from a budget director to a newly elected governor—a format that helps readers with little or no background understand complicated financial issues. They cover all of the steps of budget preparation, from strategy to execution, explaining technical vocabulary, and discussing key topics including baseline budgeting, revenue forecasting, and gap-closing options. Forsythe and Boyd bring fresh insights into such issues as the importance of a multiyear strategic budget plan, the impact of the business cycle on state budgets, the tactical problems of getting budgets adopted by legislatures, and, of course, the relationship between governor and budget officer. Memos to the Governor is a painless, practical introduction to budget preparation for students of and practitioners in public administration and public-sector financial management.

Budgeting In The States

Author: Edward J. Clynch
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275980139
Size: 31.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 1186
Download Read Online

Budgeting In The States from the Author: Edward J. Clynch. Budgeting is a central activity in state government, and annual or biennial appropriations are the most important recurring decisions made by state legislatures. Gubernatorial recommendations reflect state agency program needs and portray the policy priorities of the chief executive. Legislative appropriations determine which agency programs, gubernatorial policy initiatives and legislative constituencies receive financial support. Budget execution decisions by state agencies determine how the policy decisions of the governor and legislature are actually implemented. In short, state budgeting determines how much money will be available for state spending, which policies will be initiated and implemented, and whose social and political values will prevail in state governance.

The Oxford Handbook Of Legislative Studies

Author: Shane Martin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191019070
Size: 34.26 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 2746
Download Read Online

The Oxford Handbook Of Legislative Studies from the Author: Shane Martin. Legislatures are political bodies essential to democracy and the rule of law. They present social scientists with numerous intriguing puzzles, with far-reaching implications for our understanding of political institutions. Why, and how, have these ancient assemblies, established in pre-democratic times, survived the transition to mass democracies? How have they adapted? How do they structure such processes as budgeting, legislation, and executive oversight? How do their members get selected, and what consequences flow from differences in these rules? What roles do committees and political parties play in contemporary legislatures? What functions do legislatures perform in autocratic, semi-democratic or recently democratized societies? What explains the similarities and differences in legislative rules, powers and recruitment? What are the policy and other consequences of variation in how legislatures are organized and function? The 33 chapters in The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies, written by 47 of the most distinguished legislative scholars, provide a comprehensive and up-to-date description and assessment of the state of the art in legislative studies. Key themes explored include theoretical paradigms and methodological approaches to the study of legislatures, representation and legislative careers, internal organization, the role of parties within legislatures and the role of legislatures in policy making and accountability. The Handbook also explores the emergence of parliaments in historical and contemporary contexts, including new democracies and trans-national institutions.

Public Financial Management And Its Emerging Architecture

Author: Mr. M. Cangiano
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 147551221X
Size: 60.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 4443
Download Read Online

Public Financial Management And Its Emerging Architecture from the Author: Mr. M. Cangiano. The first two decades of the twenty-first century have witnessed an influx of innovations and reforms in public financial management. The current wave of reforms is markedly different from those in the past, owing to the sheer number of innovations, their widespread adoption, and the sense that they add up to a fundamental change in the way governments manage public money. This book takes stock of the most important innovations that have emerged over the past two decades, including fiscal responsibility legislation, fiscal rules, medium-term budget frameworks, fiscal councils, fiscal risk management techniques, performance budgeting, and accrual reporting and accounting. Not merely a handbook or manual describing practices in the field, the volume instead poses critical questions about innovations; the issues and challenges that have appeared along the way, including those associated with the global economic crisis; and how the ground can be prepared for the next generation of public financial management reforms. Watch Video of Book Launch

Public Budgeting Systems

Author: Robert D. Lee
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 0763746681
Size: 21.30 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 3858
Download Read Online

Public Budgeting Systems from the Author: Robert D. Lee. A complete and balanced reference, Public Budgeting Systems, Eighth Edition surveys the current state of budgeting throughout all levels of the United States government. The text emphasizes methods by which financial decisions are reached within a system as well as ways in which different types of information are used in budgetary decision-making. It also stresses the use of program information, since, for decades, budget reforms have sought to introduce greater program considerations into financial decisions. This updated text includes more cases studies and practical information, figures and charts to make the information more accessible, as well as additional student problems. Using this text, students will gain a first-rate understanding of methods by which financial decisions are reached within a system, and how different types of information are used in budgetary decision-making.

The Executive Branch Of State Government

Author: Margaret Robertson Ferguson
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1851097716
Size: 30.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 510
Download Read Online

The Executive Branch Of State Government from the Author: Margaret Robertson Ferguson. Discusses the roles, functions, and powers of state governors; the role of the executive branch in state politics; campaign politics and personal characteristics of governors; and the politics of the executive branch.

Comparing Post Soviet Legislatures

Author: Joel M. Ostrow
Publisher: Ohio State University Press
ISBN: 9780814208410
Size: 53.88 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 5359
Download Read Online

Comparing Post Soviet Legislatures from the Author: Joel M. Ostrow. One dilemma facing new or newly independent states, such as those of the former Soviet Union, is how to design effective legislatures when political parties are weak and fragmented or even nonexistent. In this book, Joel M. Ostrow develops a comparative institutional framework to explain marked differences in behavior across three post-Soviet legislatures: the Russian Supreme Soviet, the Russian State Duma, and the Estonian legislature. He argues that these differences in ability to manage political conflict can be explained in large measure by the design of the legislatures. Most significant is the choice of whether and how to include parties or partisan factors. Legislatures are an omnipresent component of modern democracy. Ostrow's comparative institutional design confirms the presumption of many political scientists that parties are essential for legislative consensus building. However it also reveals that parties may have paradoxical effects on a legislature's performance. In following the budget process in Russia and Estonia, Ostrow explores the consequences that different institutional designs have had on post-Soviet legislatures. He has found that how parties are included may determine how capable a legislature is at managing political conflict, both internally and with the executive branch of the government. The author was present at many of the committee hearings and legislative sessions he describes, and his firsthand observations and interviews with committee members enhance his analysis.