Legislatures And The Budget Process

Author: J. Wehner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230281575
Size: 33.12 MB
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Legislatures And The Budget Process from the Author: J. Wehner. What is the role of legislatures in the budget process? Do powerful assemblies give rise to pro-spending bias? This survey of legislative budgeting tackles these questions using cross-national data and case studies. It highlights the tension between legislative authority and prudent fiscal policy, exploring strategies for reconciliation.

Role Of The Legislature In Budget Processes

Author: Mr. Ian Lienert
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1589069803
Size: 61.38 MB
Format: PDF
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Role Of The Legislature In Budget Processes from the Author: Mr. Ian Lienert. This paper examines the role of the legislature in budget processes. The paper highlights that for promoting good governance and fiscal transparency, the legislature’s active engagement in the budget process is essential. When fiscal policies and medium-term budgetary objectives are debated in parliament, budget strategies and policies are “owned” more widely. However, more active participation by the legislature runs the risk that fiscal discipline deteriorates. In countries where the legislature has unrestrained budget amendment authority, parliament is prone to introduce changes that increase spending or reduce taxes.

Legislative Oversight And Budgeting

Author: Rick Stapenhurst
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821376128
Size: 22.60 MB
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Legislative Oversight And Budgeting from the Author: Rick Stapenhurst. In most countries, parliament has the constitutional mandate to both oversee and hold government to account. In light of the increased focus on good governance, academics and legislative strengthening practitioners are re-examining parliament's oversight function with a view to increasing public financial accountability, curbing corruption, and contributing to poverty reduction. This volume brings together research from many different perspectives and many different legislative settings worldwide. As the country case studies in section III demonstrate, the accountability mechanisms or oversight tools available to the legislature vary based on constitutionally defined powers of the legislature, institutional arrangements between the branches of government, divisions of authority between national, regional, and local governments, the degree of legitimacy conferred on the legislature, and the resources available to it. The budget process provides critical opportunities. Section II of this volume is devoted to examining budget oversight from the formulation and approval of the budget, to implementation and the ex post examination of the public accounts. Special attention is also paid to mechanisms to assist parliaments such as Public Accounts Committees and independent parliamentary budget offices. This title will be of interest to parliamentarians and parliamentary staff, legislative strengthening practitioners, and students of legislative development.

Performance Accountability And Combating Corruption

Author: Anwar Shah
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821369423
Size: 14.93 MB
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Performance Accountability And Combating Corruption from the Author: Anwar Shah. Performance based oversight and accountability can serve as an important antidote to government corruption, inefficiency, and waste. This volume provides an analytical framework and operational approaches needed for the implementation of results-based accountability. The volume makes a major contribution to the literature on public management and evaluation. Major subject areas covered in this book include: performance based accountability, e-government, network solutions to performance measurement and improvement; institutions of accountability in governance; legal and institutional framework to hold government to account; fighting corruption; external accountability; ensuring integrity of revenue administration; the role of supreme audit institutions on detecting fraud and corruption; and the role of parliamentary budget offices and public accounts committees.

Public Budgeting In Context

Author: Katherine G. Willoughby
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118913108
Size: 26.43 MB
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Public Budgeting In Context from the Author: Katherine G. Willoughby. Public budgeting structure, process, legal framework and policy with examples from industrialized and developing countries Public Budgeting in Context examines budgeting at all levels of U.S. government—federal, state, and local—and in a sample of governments around the world. The book assesses the context of public budgeting in these governments, especially the legal foundations for its practice and how the process and final budgets are impacted by governance structures, laws, various budget actors and different branches of government. The author presents focused attention on the influences on government budgets of the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government, the bureaucracy, the public and the media. In light of worldwide fiscal malaise, especially during and since the Great Recession, this book illustrates the heightened complexity of the budgeting environment that pervades all governments today—industrialized or developing, large or small. For those who like to dive into the details, the book presents numerous examples of public budgeting as practiced and points to the wealth of data available for analyses of the budgetary context and process, budget shares and results regarding virtually any government of interest. Chapters cover the constitutional and statutory provisions for budgeting in selected governments. Budget and policy agenda setting and executive leadership, legislative budget powers and the influence of the judiciary on modern government budgets are exposed. Budget execution requirements of the bureaucracy, the input of customers, clients and citizens to government budgets, and media influences on public budgets and agencies are highlighted. Budget mechanics—budget types, formats, timelines and reforms—are introduced and compared. Taxes and intergovernmental revenues are considered, with predominant tax choices at every level of government in the United States and those in a select, developing country represented. The book introduces an emerging method for investigating the outcomes of government spending—human rights budget analysis—and includes as an example the assessment of budget reform and results of public health spending in one selected government. Highlights of Public Budgeting in Context Offers a comprehensive text for understanding public budgeting in governments of a variety of contexts and capacities and across different levels Written by a noted expert in the field of public budgeting and financial management Contains illustrative examples from industrialized and developing countries Guides to innumerable datasets with information about governments and their budgets Includes a companion website filled with templates for budget and fiscal analysis Unravel the complex issues of modern public budgeting using this unique presentation of its practice in a variety of governments in the U.S. and a select sample from around the world.

The Oxford Handbook Of Legislative Studies

Author: Shane Martin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191019070
Size: 17.12 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Oxford Handbook Of Legislative Studies from the Author: Shane Martin. Legislatures are political bodies essential to democracy and the rule of law. They present social scientists with numerous intriguing puzzles, with far-reaching implications for our understanding of political institutions. Why, and how, have these ancient assemblies, established in pre-democratic times, survived the transition to mass democracies? How have they adapted? How do they structure such processes as budgeting, legislation, and executive oversight? How do their members get selected, and what consequences flow from differences in these rules? What roles do committees and political parties play in contemporary legislatures? What functions do legislatures perform in autocratic, semi-democratic or recently democratized societies? What explains the similarities and differences in legislative rules, powers and recruitment? What are the policy and other consequences of variation in how legislatures are organized and function? The 33 chapters in The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies, written by 47 of the most distinguished legislative scholars, provide a comprehensive and up-to-date description and assessment of the state of the art in legislative studies. Key themes explored include theoretical paradigms and methodological approaches to the study of legislatures, representation and legislative careers, internal organization, the role of parties within legislatures and the role of legislatures in policy making and accountability. The Handbook also explores the emergence of parliaments in historical and contemporary contexts, including new democracies and trans-national institutions.

Budgeting In The States

Author: Edward J. Clynch
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275980139
Size: 14.70 MB
Format: PDF
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Budgeting In The States from the Author: Edward J. Clynch. Budgeting is a central activity in state government, and annual or biennial appropriations are the most important recurring decisions made by state legislatures. Gubernatorial recommendations reflect state agency program needs and portray the policy priorities of the chief executive. Legislative appropriations determine which agency programs, gubernatorial policy initiatives and legislative constituencies receive financial support. Budget execution decisions by state agencies determine how the policy decisions of the governor and legislature are actually implemented. In short, state budgeting determines how much money will be available for state spending, which policies will be initiated and implemented, and whose social and political values will prevail in state governance.

Budget Theory In The Public Sector

Author: Aman Khan
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9781567202816
Size: 27.97 MB
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Budget Theory In The Public Sector from the Author: Aman Khan. Opens new areas of inquiry into the art and skill of public sector budgeting, and sees it as an institutional process, decision making tool, and--when well done--a reflection of managerial efficiency.

The Executive Branch Of State Government

Author: Margaret Robertson Ferguson
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1851097716
Size: 66.20 MB
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The Executive Branch Of State Government from the Author: Margaret Robertson Ferguson. Discusses the roles, functions, and powers of state governors; the role of the executive branch in state politics; campaign politics and personal characteristics of governors; and the politics of the executive branch.

Civic Engagement In Public Policies

Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789211231731
Size: 79.99 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Civic Engagement In Public Policies from the Author: . This toolkit highlights emerging innovative processes, methods and mechanisms that foster the engagement of civil society, the private sector and citizens in general in public policies. It aims to assist governments, civil society and other relevant stakeholders in having a common and shared understanding of civic engagement and the necessary knowledge and capacity to establish, design, formulate, implement, evaluate and monitor public and socio-economic policies and programs with greater engagement of all stakeholders.--Publisher's description.