Legislatures And The Budget Process

Author: J. Wehner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230281575
Size: 27.36 MB
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Legislatures And The Budget Process from the Author: J. Wehner. What is the role of legislatures in the budget process? Do powerful assemblies give rise to pro-spending bias? This survey of legislative budgeting tackles these questions using cross-national data and case studies. It highlights the tension between legislative authority and prudent fiscal policy, exploring strategies for reconciliation.

Legislative Oversight And Budgeting

Author: Rick Stapenhurst
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821376128
Size: 75.11 MB
Format: PDF
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Legislative Oversight And Budgeting from the Author: Rick Stapenhurst. In most countries, parliament has the constitutional mandate to both oversee and hold government to account. In light of the increased focus on good governance, academics and legislative strengthening practitioners are re-examining parliament's oversight function with a view to increasing public financial accountability, curbing corruption, and contributing to poverty reduction. This volume brings together research from many different perspectives and many different legislative settings worldwide. As the country case studies in section III demonstrate, the accountability mechanisms or oversight tools available to the legislature vary based on constitutionally defined powers of the legislature, institutional arrangements between the branches of government, divisions of authority between national, regional, and local governments, the degree of legitimacy conferred on the legislature, and the resources available to it. The budget process provides critical opportunities. Section II of this volume is devoted to examining budget oversight from the formulation and approval of the budget, to implementation and the ex post examination of the public accounts. Special attention is also paid to mechanisms to assist parliaments such as Public Accounts Committees and independent parliamentary budget offices. This title will be of interest to parliamentarians and parliamentary staff, legislative strengthening practitioners, and students of legislative development.

Role Of The Legislature In Budget Processes

Author: Mr. Ian Lienert
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1589069803
Size: 71.32 MB
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Role Of The Legislature In Budget Processes from the Author: Mr. Ian Lienert. This paper examines the role of the legislature in budget processes. The paper highlights that for promoting good governance and fiscal transparency, the legislature’s active engagement in the budget process is essential. When fiscal policies and medium-term budgetary objectives are debated in parliament, budget strategies and policies are “owned” more widely. However, more active participation by the legislature runs the risk that fiscal discipline deteriorates. In countries where the legislature has unrestrained budget amendment authority, parliament is prone to introduce changes that increase spending or reduce taxes.

The Oxford Handbook Of Legislative Studies

Author: Shane Martin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191019070
Size: 49.65 MB
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The Oxford Handbook Of Legislative Studies from the Author: Shane Martin. Legislatures are political bodies essential to democracy and the rule of law. They present social scientists with numerous intriguing puzzles, with far-reaching implications for our understanding of political institutions. Why, and how, have these ancient assemblies, established in pre-democratic times, survived the transition to mass democracies? How have they adapted? How do they structure such processes as budgeting, legislation, and executive oversight? How do their members get selected, and what consequences flow from differences in these rules? What roles do committees and political parties play in contemporary legislatures? What functions do legislatures perform in autocratic, semi-democratic or recently democratized societies? What explains the similarities and differences in legislative rules, powers and recruitment? What are the policy and other consequences of variation in how legislatures are organized and function? The 33 chapters in The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies, written by 47 of the most distinguished legislative scholars, provide a comprehensive and up-to-date description and assessment of the state of the art in legislative studies. Key themes explored include theoretical paradigms and methodological approaches to the study of legislatures, representation and legislative careers, internal organization, the role of parties within legislatures and the role of legislatures in policy making and accountability. The Handbook also explores the emergence of parliaments in historical and contemporary contexts, including new democracies and trans-national institutions.

Comparing Post Soviet Legislatures

Author: Joel M. Ostrow
Publisher: Ohio State University Press
ISBN: 9780814208410
Size: 19.84 MB
Format: PDF
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Comparing Post Soviet Legislatures from the Author: Joel M. Ostrow. One dilemma facing new or newly independent states, such as those of the former Soviet Union, is how to design effective legislatures when political parties are weak and fragmented or even nonexistent. In this book, Joel M. Ostrow develops a comparative institutional framework to explain marked differences in behavior across three post-Soviet legislatures: the Russian Supreme Soviet, the Russian State Duma, and the Estonian legislature. He argues that these differences in ability to manage political conflict can be explained in large measure by the design of the legislatures. Most significant is the choice of whether and how to include parties or partisan factors. Legislatures are an omnipresent component of modern democracy. Ostrow's comparative institutional design confirms the presumption of many political scientists that parties are essential for legislative consensus building. However it also reveals that parties may have paradoxical effects on a legislature's performance. In following the budget process in Russia and Estonia, Ostrow explores the consequences that different institutional designs have had on post-Soviet legislatures. He has found that how parties are included may determine how capable a legislature is at managing political conflict, both internally and with the executive branch of the government. The author was present at many of the committee hearings and legislative sessions he describes, and his firsthand observations and interviews with committee members enhance his analysis.

Legislatures In The Policy Process

Author: David M. Olson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521381031
Size: 70.98 MB
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Legislatures In The Policy Process from the Author: David M. Olson. Thi book will be of interest to specialists and students of politics and economic policy making.

The Executive Branch Of State Government

Author: Margaret Robertson Ferguson
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1851097716
Size: 71.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Executive Branch Of State Government from the Author: Margaret Robertson Ferguson. Discusses the roles, functions, and powers of state governors; the role of the executive branch in state politics; campaign politics and personal characteristics of governors; and the politics of the executive branch.

State Legislatures Today

Author: Peverill Squire
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442247487
Size: 59.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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State Legislatures Today from the Author: Peverill Squire. A concise and provocative introduction to State Legislative Politics, State Legislatures Today is designed as a supplement for state and local government courses and upper level courses on legislative politics. The book examines state legislatures and state lawmakers, putting them in historical context, showing how they have evolved over the years, and differentiating them from Congress. It covers state legislative elections (including the impact of redistricting, candidate recruitment, etc.), the changing job description of state legislators, legislatures as organizations, the process by which legislation gets produced, and the influences upon legislators. Many things have happened in the five years since the popular first edition. Significant developments addressed in the new edition include: 1. The rise of the Tea Party Movement, which has contributed to the stalemate in Congress and greatly influenced legislative politics in many states. Indeed, the Tea Party’s greatest impact has been in state capitals, not in Washington, DC. 2. A marked increase in one-party government, resulting in greatest number of states with one-party government in at least fifty years. One-party government, of course, allows for dramatic policy shifts. Thus, governors and state legislatures have been able to make significant policy decisions while Congress and the President have been gridlocked. 3. A dramatic increase in the use of recall elections (Arizona, Michigan and Wisconsin) and referenda to challenge legislative policy decisions (Idaho, South Dakota, Ohio, and Washington), signaling a growing frustration with legislative policies in some states. Recall elections and referenda only occur at the state level. 4. Changes in term limits and budgeting laws in California directly affecting the work of the legislature in the largest state in the Union. 5. Highly visible state legislative policies on hot-button issues such as gun control, taxation, public employee benefits, teachers’ unions, taxation, abortion, immigration and education reform. The conflicts generated by these debates have produced incidents that captured national attention, perhaps most notably when Democrats in the Wisconsin Senate fled to Illinois to break quorum and prevent the Republicans from passing a measure limiting public unions in the state. 6. Efforts to profoundly alter the structure of some state legislatures, such as a measure to substantially reduce the number of legislative seats in Pennsylvania and a proposed initiative to radically increase the number of seats in California. 7. The culmination of a redistricting cycle in 2012 which alters the nature of many legislative districts and the course of politics and policy over the next decade. 8. A rare and historic “wave election” in 2010 that saw the Republican Party gain more than 700 seats in state legislatures.

Civic Engagement In Public Policies

Author:
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789211231731
Size: 79.30 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Civic Engagement In Public Policies from the Author: . This toolkit highlights emerging innovative processes, methods and mechanisms that foster the engagement of civil society, the private sector and citizens in general in public policies. It aims to assist governments, civil society and other relevant stakeholders in having a common and shared understanding of civic engagement and the necessary knowledge and capacity to establish, design, formulate, implement, evaluate and monitor public and socio-economic policies and programs with greater engagement of all stakeholders.--Publisher's description.

Hong Kong S Legislature Under China S Sovereignty

Author: Yu Gu
Publisher: Hotei Publishing
ISBN: 9004276289
Size: 69.41 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Hong Kong S Legislature Under China S Sovereignty from the Author: Yu Gu. In Hong Kong's Legislature Under China's Sovereignty: 1998-2013 Dr Gu Yu thoroughly analyses how Hong Kong’s legislature has impacted the law-making process as well as the financial control and supervision of the executive branch of the government.