Law And Society In Later Medieval England And Ireland

Author: Travis R. Baker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317107764
Size: 71.51 MB
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Law And Society In Later Medieval England And Ireland from the Author: Travis R. Baker. Law mattered in later medieval England and Ireland. A quick glance at the sources suggests as much. From the charter to the will to the court roll, the majority of the documents which have survived from later medieval England and Ireland, and medieval Europe in general, are legal in nature. Yet despite the fact that law played a prominent role in medieval society, legal history has long been a marginal subject within medieval studies both in Britain and North America. Much good work has been done in this field, but there is much still to do. This volume, a collection of essays in honour of Paul Brand, who has contributed perhaps more than any other historian to our understanding of the legal developments of later medieval England and Ireland, is intended to help fill this gap. The essays collected in this volume, which range from the twelfth to the sixteenth century, offer the latest research on a variety of topics within this field of inquiry. While some consider familiar topics, they do so from new angles, whether by exploring the underlying assumptions behind England’s adoption of trial by jury for crime or by assessing the financial aspects of the General Eyre, a core institution of jurisdiction in twelfth- and thirteenth-century England. Most, however, consider topics which have received little attention from scholars, from the significance of judges and lawyers smiling and laughing in the courtroom to the profits and perils of judicial office in English Ireland. The essays provide new insights into how the law developed and functioned within the legal profession and courtroom in late medieval England and Ireland, as well as how it pervaded the society at large.

Slaves And Warriors In Medieval Britain And Ireland

Author: David R. Wyatt
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004175334
Size: 80.51 MB
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Slaves And Warriors In Medieval Britain And Ireland from the Author: David R. Wyatt. Modern sensibilities have clouded historical views of slavery, perhaps more so than any other medieval social institution. Anachronistic economic rationales and notions about the progression of European civilisation have immeasurably distorted our view of slavery in the medieval context. As a result historians have focussed their efforts upon explaining the disappearance of this medieval institution rather than seeking to understand it. This book highlights the extreme cultural/social significance of slavery for the societies of medieval Britain and Ireland c. 800-1200. Concentrating upon the lifestyle, attitudes and motivations of the slave-holders and slave-raiders, it explores the violent activities and behavioural codes of Britain and Ireland s warrior-centred societies, illustrating the extreme significance of the institution of slavery for constructions of power, ethnic identity and gender.

Married Women And The Law In Premodern Northwest Europe

Author: Cordelia Beattie
Publisher: Boydell Press
ISBN: 1843838338
Size: 14.58 MB
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Married Women And The Law In Premodern Northwest Europe from the Author: Cordelia Beattie. Fresh approaches to how premodern women were viewed in legal terms, demonstrating how this varied from country to country and across the centuries.

Cultural Exchange And Identity In Late Medieval Ireland

Author: Sparky Booker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107128080
Size: 53.51 MB
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Cultural Exchange And Identity In Late Medieval Ireland from the Author: Sparky Booker. Examines the complex interactions between English and Irish neighbours in the 'four obedient shires' and how this shaped English identity.

Medieval Women And The Law

Author: Noël James Menuge
Publisher: Boydell Press
ISBN: 9780851159324
Size: 23.88 MB
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Medieval Women And The Law from the Author: Noël James Menuge. Legal records illuminate womens' use of legal processes, with regard to the making of wills, the age of consent, rights concerning marriage and children, women as traders, etc.

The Language Of Abuse

Author: Sara Butler
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9047418956
Size: 38.63 MB
Format: PDF
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The Language Of Abuse from the Author: Sara Butler. Drawing on a wide range of legal and literary sources, this book offers a comprehensive investigation into the acceptability of violence in marriage at a time when social expectations of gender and marriage were in transition.

The Oxford Handbook Of Gender Sex And Crime

Author: Rosemary Gartner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199397295
Size: 40.70 MB
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The Oxford Handbook Of Gender Sex And Crime from the Author: Rosemary Gartner. Research on gender, sex, and crime today remains focused on topics that have been a mainstay of the field for several decades, but it has also recently expanded to include studies from a variety of disciplines, a growing number of countries, and on a wider range of crimes. The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime reflects this growing diversity and provides authoritative overviews of current research and theory on how gender and sex shape crime and criminal justice responses to it. The editors, Rosemary Gartner and Bill McCarthy, have assembled a diverse cast of criminologists, historians, legal scholars, psychologists, and sociologists from a number of countries to discuss key concepts and debates central to the field. The Handbook includes examinations of the historical and contemporary patterns of women's and men's involvement in crime; as well as biological, psychological, and social science perspectives on gender, sex, and criminal activity. Several essays discuss the ways in which sex and gender influence legal and popular reactions to crime. An important theme throughout The Handbook is the intersection of sex and gender with ethnicity, class, age, peer groups, and community as influences on crime and justice. Individual chapters investigate both conventional topics - such as domestic abuse and sexual violence - and topics that have only recently drawn the attention of scholars - such as human trafficking, honor killing, gender violence during war, state rape, and genocide. The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime offers an unparalleled and comprehensive view of the connections among gender, sex, and crime in the United States and in many other countries. Its insights illuminate both traditional areas of study in the field and pathways for developing cutting-edge research questions.

The Templars The Witch And The Wild Irish

Author: Maeve Brigid Callan
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801471982
Size: 73.19 MB
Format: PDF
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The Templars The Witch And The Wild Irish from the Author: Maeve Brigid Callan. Early medieval Ireland is remembered as the "Land of Saints and Scholars," due to the distinctive devotion to Christian faith and learning that permeated its culture. As early as the seventh century, however, questions were raised about Irish orthodoxy, primarily concerning Easter observances. Yet heresy trials did not occur in Ireland until significantly later, long after allegations of Irish apostasy from Christianity had sanctioned the English invasion of Ireland. In The Templars, the Witch, and the Wild Irish, Maeve Brigid Callan analyzes Ireland's medieval heresy trials, which all occurred in the volatile fourteenth century. These include the celebrated case of Alice Kyteler and her associates, prosecuted by Richard de Ledrede, bishop of Ossory, in 1324. This trial marks the dawn of the “devil-worshipping witch” in European prosecutions, with Ireland an unexpected birthplace. Callan divides Ireland’s heresy trials into three categories. In the first stand those of the Templars and Philip de Braybrook, whose trial derived from the Templars’, brought by their inquisitor against an old rival. Ledrede’s prosecutions, against Kyteler and other prominent Anglo-Irish colonists, constitute the second category. The trials of native Irishmen who fell victim to the sort of propaganda that justified the twelfth-century invasion and subsequent colonization of Ireland make up the third. Callan contends that Ireland’s trials resulted more from feuds than doctrinal deviance and reveal the range of relations between the English, the Irish, and the Anglo-Irish, and the church’s role in these relations; tensions within ecclesiastical hierarchy and between secular and spiritual authority; Ireland’s position within its broader European context; and political, cultural, ethnic, and gender concerns in the colony.

Violence Custom And Law

Author: Cynthia J. Neville
Publisher: Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748610730
Size: 69.62 MB
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Violence Custom And Law from the Author: Cynthia J. Neville. Centuries-long hostility between Scotland and England affected the pattern of criminal activity in the Anglo-Scottish Border lands. This is a fascinating account of how the area created and refined a new system of law to deal with the conflict in the thirteenth to fifteenth centuries.