Labor Tax Cuts And Employment A General Equilibrium Approach For France

Author: Raphael A. Espinoza
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498346251
Size: 47.89 MB
Format: PDF
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Labor Tax Cuts And Employment A General Equilibrium Approach For France from the Author: Raphael A. Espinoza. The paper presents a simple supply side, general equilibrium model to estimate the macroeconomic effects of labor tax cuts. The model assumes that output is produced using capital, unskilled and skilled workers, and public servants. Wage formation for skilled workers features a Blanchflower-Oswald wage curve, while the labor supply for unskilled workers is very elastic around the minimum wage for small changes in employment. The model is calibrated for France and used to estimate the output and employment effects induced by two recent tax reforms: the Crédit d’Impôt pour la Compétitivité et l’Emploi (CICE) and the Pacte de Solidarité Responsabilité (RSP). We find that the tax cuts, if not offset by other fiscal measures, would contribute overall to creating around 200,000 jobs in the short run (600,000 jobs in the long run). Since the model abstracts from demand side effects, the results should be interpreted as providing estimates of the effect of tax measures on potential output and potential employment.

Taxploitation

Author: Peter Saunders
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 55.51 MB
Format: PDF
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Taxploitation from the Author: Peter Saunders. In this new book, ten eminent authors explain why and how Australia’s system of personal income tax needs reforming.The total tax take in Australia is around the OECD average, but tax on people’s incomes is well above average. High income taxes undermine national prosperity. The top rate is out of line with most other western countries, which have been moving to lower and flatter rates. Because the threshold at which people start to pay tax is well below subsistence, people are taxed before they have earned enough to keep body and soul together. The interaction of tax and welfare creates dispiritingly high ‘effective marginal tax rates’ which deter people on welfare from looking for work and penalize low-wage families whenever they try to increase their take-home pay.The system is riddled with distortions and disincentive effects. There are so many special allowances, exemptions, credits, offsets and write-offs that tax law has become almost indecipherable, and gross amounts of money and time get spent trying to reduce liability to tax. Most really-high earners are paying a lower rate of tax than workers earning little more than average income. Retirement savings are viciously taxed, and because tax brackets are not indexed to inflation, the total tax-take increases year by year without anybody even realizing it. Outside of the federal government there is a mounting demand that something radical needs to be done to tackle these problems.This book looks at the options and demonstrates that the case for radical reform is now unanswerable.The Contributors:Peter Burn - National Senior Adviser, Australian Industry Group Lauchlan Chipman - Professor Emeritus, University of Wollongong and Central Queensland University Sinclair Davidson - Associate Professor, RMIT University Terry Dwyer - Consultant and Visiting Fellow, Australian National University John Humphreys - Independent Policy Analyst Barry Maley - Senior Fellow, Centre for Independent Studies Andrew Norton - Research Fellow, Centre for Independent Studies Alex Robson - Lecturer in Economics, Australian National University Peter Saunders - Social Research Director, Centre for Independent Studies Geoffrey de Q Walker - Professor Emeritus, University of Queensland, Barrister-at-law

Publications Catalog

Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 45.28 MB
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Publications Catalog from the Author: International Monetary Fund.