Knowledge Perspectives Of New Product Development

Author: Dimitris G Assimakopoulos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461402480
Size: 28.67 MB
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Knowledge Perspectives Of New Product Development from the Author: Dimitris G Assimakopoulos. New Product Development (NPD) is about the ideation, formulation, and implementation of new and superior solutions in the market. Beyond the obvious need for organizations to innovate in order to compete, embedded in any NPD program are knowledge, technological expertise, and the social networks that convert these capabilities into offerings that create value at every level—for customers, industries, communities, and regions. This volume provides an array of knowledge perspective in NPD across multiple levels of analysis and geographic regions, including Europe, the United States, China, Japan, and India, to explore the dynamics of NPD in today’s global environment. Presenting case studies from such industries as ICT services, semiconductors, software development, bio-technology, higher education, and even safety for children’s toys, and drawing from a variety of theoretical perspectives, including technology and knowledge management, sociology, economic geography, and organizational behavior, the authors highlight critical success and failure factors in NPD. Among the topics covered: New product development teams, including multi-functional and multi-site teams De-localization and off-shoring of tasks and processes Individual competencies and organizational capabilities University-industry interactions, high-tech clusters, and technology transfer Technology policy

Organising New Product Development

Author: Markus C. Becker
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 12.18 MB
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Organising New Product Development from the Author: Markus C. Becker. The paper analyses the organization of the new product development process at FIAT from a resource-based perspective. The focus is on organizational resources for integrating dispersed specialist knowledge required in the development of complex products. The analysis shows how the application of a resource-based perspective is able to uncover negative long-term effects of outsourcing on the knowledge base (hollowing out), despite beneficial short-term effects on cost.

Perspectives On Supplier Innovation

Author: Alexander Brem
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1908977035
Size: 54.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Perspectives On Supplier Innovation from the Author: Alexander Brem. Hardly anybody outside a company knows its products and processes better than its suppliers. Research confirms that intensive integration of suppliers in the value creation process positively influences the success of the company, particularly in highly competitive industries. This is a result of the progressing reduction in the depth of value creation of manufacturers and the increasing transfer of know-how towards suppliers. In multilevel business-to-business relationships, suppliers often have the best or the only access and comprehensive knowledge about the end users. Therefore, suppliers determine the scope of possible innovations, which most companies do not actively use. This unique volume provides a comprehensive overview of theories, concepts and especially empirical results on open innovation and the integration of suppliers. For this, authors from all over the world present their latest research results offering fascinating insights into collaborative approaches with suppliers. Contents:Introduction (Alexander Brem and Joe Tidd)Theories and Concepts:Advancing a Typology of Open Innovation (Peter Gianiodis, Scott C Ellis and Enrico Secchi)Open Innovation and the Integration of Suppliers — Literature Review and Discussion on Supplier Innovation (Alexander Brem and Gerd Schuster)Managing Open Innovation in New Product Development Projects: A Contingent Perspective (Hanna Bahemia and Brian Squire)Collaborative Product Development for Competing Suppliers (S Sinan Erzurumlu)Empirical Findings Based on Quantitative Research:Supplier Innovativeness and Supplier Pricing: The Role of Preferred-Customer Status (Holger Schiele, Jasper Veldman and Lisa Hüttinger)The Effect of Trade Policy Regimes on Firms' Learning From Suppliers How to Innovate (Jahan Ara Peerally and John Cantwell)The Relation Between Internal and External Open Innovation: A Study of Firms Located in the Goomi and Banwol-Sihwa Clusters in South Korea (Joseph Yun Jin-Hyo and Avvari V Mohan)Collaborative Approach Within the Open Innovation Framework: Russian Companies (Daria Podmetina, Maria Smirnova, Juha Väätänen and Marko Torkkeli)Rigidities Considered: Supplier Strategies for Integrated Innovation (Thorsten Teichert and Ricarda B Bouncken)Supplier Involvement in Customer New Product Development: New Insights From the Supplier's Perspective (Irina Tiemann, Nathalie Sick and Jens Leker)Insights From Case Study Research:Knowledge and Intellectual Property Management in Customer–Supplier Relations (Jaakko Paasi, Tuija Rantala, Katri Valkokari and Nari Lee)Procurement Procedures for Supplier Integration and Open Innovation in Process Development Projects (Per Erik Eriksson and David Rönnberg Sjödin)Organising Innovation Processes With Suppliers (Tina B Aune and Espen Gressetvold)Managing the Fuzzy Front End: Intra-Firm Versus Inter-Firm Networks (Jacob Høj Jørgensen, Erik Stavnsager Rasmussen, René Chester Goduscheit Bergenholtz and Carsten Bergenholtz)How New Product Development Service Suppliers Exchange Knowledge in Open Innovation Processes (Gabriele Colombo, Claudio Dell'Era and Federico Frattini)Managing Offshore Development: A Cultural Perspective (Petra Edoff, Christer Norström and Ylva Wretås)Wearing Different Hats: How Absorptive Capacity Differs in Open Innovation (Lance Newey)Generativity in Open Innovation Ecosystems: The iPhone and Android (Björn Remneland-Wikhamn, Jan Ljungberg, Magnus Bergquist and Jonas Kuschel)Crossing Horizons: Leveraging a Cross-Industry Innovation Search in the Front-End of the Innovation Process (Sabine Brunswicker and Ulrich Hutschek)Summary and Future Directions (Joe Tidd and Alexander Brem) Readership: Students and researchers who are interested in technology and innovation management. Keywords:Technology Management;Innovation Management;Innovation Process;Open Innovation;Supplier;Supply ChainKey Features:Includes latest research from leading academics in the fieldDiscusses all relevant aspects of supplier innovationProvides international approach with contribution from all over the worldReviews: “The diversity of topics and research approaches used in the papers is a key strength of the book. In most cases the methodology is well discussed to allow the researcher to replicate the research process…” Gregory J Bush Journal of Business-to-Business Marketing, 2014

Advances In Usability Evaluation

Author: Francesco Rebelo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466560541
Size: 13.59 MB
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Advances In Usability Evaluation from the Author: Francesco Rebelo. Successful interaction with products, tools and technologies depends on usable designs, accommodating the needs of potential users and does not require costly training. In this context, this book is concerned about emerging concepts, theories and applications of human factors knowledge focusing on the discovery and understanding of human interaction with products and systems for their improvement. The book is organized into four sections that focus on the following subject matters: • Usability Methods and Tools • Theoretical Issues in Usability • Usability in Web Environment • Miscellaneous In the section Usability Methods and Tools, studies related with new and improved methods and tools for the advancement in the efficiency of the usability studies is reported. In this context, this book provides studies, which cover everything from checklists and heuristics development to kaizen and biometrics measurement techniques. Also, the use of tools, like eye tracker, virtual reality and augmented reality is discussed. The section Theoretical Issues in Usability concentrates on theorical approaches of usability that allow justifying the impact of usability in our lives. Review studies about the importance of usability and connections between ergonomics and virtual reality were reported. General approaches raised the concepts of modeling and simulation to explain changes in human performance and accidents. The section Usability in Web Environment concentrates on studies associated with the use of the Internet environment and mainly discusses the development of new services and creates social communities. The section Miscellaneous shows various studies that focus on aesthetic, affective and emotional design, corporate and inclusive design.

Information Technology And Product Development

Author: Satish Nambisan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441910813
Size: 14.67 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Information Technology And Product Development from the Author: Satish Nambisan. Information Technology and Product Development: A Research Agenda presents important new research from varied disciplines aimed at developing new theoretical concepts and insights on the application of IT in product and service innovation. Drawing on the work of researchers in such varied management areas as information services, technology management, marketing, operations, business strategy and organizational behavior, the book redefines the role of IT in product and service development and the organizational and management issues underlying the successful deployment of IT in innovation contexts, and provides a foundation for future research on the diverse types of IT applications in product development and their potential impact on both product and service innovation. Reflecting two critical shifts in the service sector – the increased complexity and convergence in products and services, along with the rise of the Internet and rapid digitization of products and services – the book is organized into three sections. Section 1 presents four chapters that focus on the traditional areas of project and process management; Section 2 presents four chapters focusing on the emerging areas of collaborative innovation and knowledge co-creation; and Section 3 presents one chapter that draws it all together and identifies some of the important themes and issues for future research. This important new work has much to offer academic researchers in management in its in-depth theoretical analysis of the wide range of organizational and management issues associated with the application of IT in product and service development. It will also appeal to researchers and thought-leaders in consulting organizations whose primary area of interest is product development or IT applications.

Knowledge And Information Technology Management Human And Social Perspectives

Author: Gunasekaran, Angappa
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781591400721
Size: 67.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Knowledge And Information Technology Management Human And Social Perspectives from the Author: Gunasekaran, Angappa. Success in an increasingly competitive market depends on the quality of knowledge which organisations apply to their major business processes. For example, a supply chain depends on knowledge of diverse areas, including raw materials, planning, manufacturing, and distribution. Likewise, product development requires knowledge of consumer requirements, new science, new technology, and marketing. Knowledge is broadly defined as credible information that is of potential value to an organisation. Knowledge management (KM) is a function of generation and dissemination of information, developing a shared understanding of information, filtering shared understandings into degrees of potential value, and storing valuable knowledge within the confines of an accessible organisational mechanism.

Collaborative Knowledge Creation

Author: Anne Moen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9462090041
Size: 19.12 MB
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Collaborative Knowledge Creation from the Author: Anne Moen. This book presents perspectives on the knowledge creation metaphor of learning, and elaborates the trialogical approach to learning. The knowledge creation metaphor differs from both the acquisition and the participation metaphors. In a nutshell trialogical approaches seek to engage learners in joint work with shared objects and artefacts mediated by collaboration technology. The theoretical underpinnings stem from different origins, including Bereiter and Scardamalia’s theory on knowledge building and Engeström’s activity theory. The authors in this collection introduce key concepts and techniques, explain tools designed and developed to support knowledge creation, and report results from case studies in specific contexts. The book chapters integrate theoretical, methodological, empirical and technological research, to elaborate the empirical findings and to explain the design of the knowledge creation tools. The target audiences for this book are researchers, teachers and Human Resource developers interested in new perspectives on collaborative learning, technology-mediated knowledge creation, and applications of this in their own settings, for higher education, teacher training and workplace learning. The book is the result of joint efforts from many contributors who took part in the Knowledge-practices Laboratory (KP-Lab) project (2006-2011) supported by EU FP6.

Dynamics Of Economic Spaces In The Global Knowledge Based Economy

Author: Sam Ock Park
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317808541
Size: 63.57 MB
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Dynamics Of Economic Spaces In The Global Knowledge Based Economy from the Author: Sam Ock Park. This book addresses how economic spaces dynamically change within the context of the global knowledge-based economy. Specifically, it centers the discussion on integrated views of understanding and conceptualizing dynamic changes of global economy under the global megatrends of globalization, knowledge-based economy, information society, service world, climate change, and population aging. Focusing on East Asia, especially on Korea, it deals with case studies regarding the processes and patterns of these global dynamics, looking at economic spaces of various spatial scales and types of economic actors. This book develops a theoretical model for understanding and analysing the dynamics of economic spaces that are being reshaped within the larger global economy. It also emphasizes the analysis of empirical studies at the level of firm, region, and state by considering an evolutionary perspective over time. In developing its theoretical framework, this book examines regional resilience, intangible assets, service innovation, path dependence, and other notions related to the evolution of economic spaces, and incorporates these elements into real-world case studies. The integrated theoretical framework examined here contributes a new perspective on spatial disparities in the global economy. An integral model of service innovation; the integration of path dependence and regional resilience; the interaction between firm and region for the accumulation of intangible assets; and the roles of governments and global firms: these are all essential to understanding the dynamics of economic spaces in East Asia. The theoretical model and case studies in this book suggest policy implications for developing countries, especially in the Asian and African regions, with regard to regional development and innovation policies.

Evaluation And Performance Measurement Of Research And Development

Author: Vittorio Chiesa
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1849801940
Size: 33.13 MB
Format: PDF
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Evaluation And Performance Measurement Of Research And Development from the Author: Vittorio Chiesa. This book develops and illustrates a comprehensive, multi-level framework for the evaluation of industrial research and development (R&D) activities and the measurement of their performance. The framework encompasses a set of hierarchical, interrelated levels at which R&D evaluation and performance measurement could be undertaken. This enlightening book focuses on the single industrial firm to study performance measurement of R&D functions, projects and individual researchers or engineers. It also addresses R&D evaluation from the point of view of financial markets, with a focus on the relationship between R&D investments and the value of the traded firm. The book broadens tin scope to study the role of technology platforms as R&D coordination mechanisms and also looks at the evaluation of R&D policies. This book will be warmly welcomed by researchers and postgraduate students in disciplines concerned with innovation management, technology policy, and finance who wish to gain an updated overview of R&D evaluation and performance measurement as well as exploring different units of analysis.