Jury State And Society In Medieval England

Author: J. Masschaele
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 023061616X
Size: 78.53 MB
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Jury State And Society In Medieval England from the Author: J. Masschaele. This book portrays the great variety of work that medieval English juries carried out while highlighting the dramatic increase in demands for jury service that occurred during this period.

The Fifteenth Century Inquisitions Post Mortem

Author: Michael A. Hicks
Publisher: Boydell Press
ISBN: 1843837129
Size: 68.35 MB
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The Fifteenth Century Inquisitions Post Mortem from the Author: Michael A. Hicks. Essays offering a guide to a vital source for our knowledge of medieval England.

Forensic Medicine And Death Investigation In Medieval England

Author: Sara M. Butler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317610253
Size: 70.17 MB
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Forensic Medicine And Death Investigation In Medieval England from the Author: Sara M. Butler. England has traditionally been understood as a latecomer to the use of forensic medicine in death investigation, lagging nearly two-hundred years behind other European authorities. Using the coroner's inquest as a lens, this book hopes to offer a fresh perspective on the process of death investigation in medieval England. The central premise of this book is that medical practitioners did participate in death investigation – although not in every inquest, or even most, and not necessarily in those investigations where we today would deem their advice most pertinent. The medieval relationship with death and disease, in particular, shaped coroners' and their jurors' understanding of the inquest's medical needs and led them to conclusions that can only be understood in context of the medieval world's holistic approach to health and medicine. Moreover, while the English resisted Southern Europe's penchant for autopsies, at times their findings reveal a solid understanding of internal medicine. By studying cause of death in the coroners' reports, this study sheds new light on subjects such as abortion by assault, bubonic plague, cruentation, epilepsy, insanity, senescence, and unnatural death.

Telling Tales

Author: Joel T. Rosenthal
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 9780271047935
Size: 56.64 MB
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Telling Tales from the Author: Joel T. Rosenthal.

The Criminal Trial In Later Medieval England

Author: John G. Bellamy
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802042958
Size: 44.11 MB
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The Criminal Trial In Later Medieval England from the Author: John G. Bellamy. This book represents the first full-length study of the English criminal trial in a crucial period of its development (1300-1550). Based on prime source material, The Criminal Trial in Later Medieval England uses legal treatises, contemporary reports of instructive cases, chancery rolls, state papers and court files and rolls to reconstruct the criminal trial in the later medieval and early Tudor periods. There is particular emphasis on the accusation process (studied in depth here for the first time, showing how it was, in effect, a trial within a trial); the discovery of a veritable revolution in conviction rates between the early fifteenth century and the later sixteenth (why this revolution occurred is explained in detail); the nature and scope of the most prevalent types of felony in the period; and the startling contrast between the conviction rate and the frequency of actual punishment. The role of victims, witnesses, evidence, jurors, justices and investigative techniques are analysed. John Bellamy is one of the foremost scholars in the field of English criminal justice and in The Criminal Trial in Later Medieval England gives a masterful account of what the medieval legal process involved. He guides the reader carefully through the maze of disputed and controversial issues, and makes clear to the non-specialist why these disputes exist and what their importance is for a fuller understanding of medieval criminal law. Those with a special interest in medieval law, as well as all those interested in how society deals with crime, will appreciate Professor Bellamy's clarity and wisdom and his careful blend of critical overview and new insights.

The Dearest Birth Right Of The People Of England

Author: John W. Cairns
Publisher: Hart Publishing
ISBN: 1841133256
Size: 49.33 MB
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The Dearest Birth Right Of The People Of England from the Author: John W. Cairns. While much fundamental research in the recent past has been devoted to the criminal jury in England to 1800,there has been little work on the nineteenth century, and on the civil jury . This important study fills these obvious gaps in the literature. It also provides a re-assessment of standard issues such as jury lenity or equity, while raising questions about orthodoxies concerning the relationship of the jury to the development of laws of evidence. Moreover, re-assessment of the jury in nineteenth-century England rejects the thesis that juries were squeezed out by judges in favour of market principles. The book contributes a rounded picture of the jury as an institution, considering it in comparison to other modes of fact-finding, its development in both civil and criminal cases, and the significance, both practical and ideological, of its transplantation to North America and Scotland, while opening up new areas of investigation and research.Contributors:John W CairnsRichard D FriedmanJoshua GetzlerRoger D GrootPhilip HandlerDaffydd JenkinsMichael LobbanGrant McLeodMaureen MulhollandJames C OldhamJ R PoleDavid J Seipp

God S Jury

Author: Cullen Murphy
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141977876
Size: 39.26 MB
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God S Jury from the Author: Cullen Murphy. From Cullen Murphy, editor at large of Vanity Fair, God's Jury is a chilling and powerful account of how the techniques used by the Spanish Inquisition created our modern world. For centuries states have used their power to censor, watch, manipulate and punish. God's Jury argues that the Inquisition - the Catholic body that existed for over 700 years - is not a medieval oddity, but is intrinsically bound up with modernity. From Vatican archives to Guantánamo Bay and the Third Reich, Cullen Murphy shows how the Inquisition's techniques - record-keeping, bureaucracy and a terrifying sense of certainty - are now standard operating procedure, and that the battle between private conscience and outside forces is the central contest of the modern era. Cullen Murphy is Vanity Fair's editor at large and the author of Are We Rome? and The Word According to Eve. He was previously the managing editor of The Atlantic Monthly. 'Lucid and provocative, blistering, cogent and powerful ... A persuasive argument that we still live in the world the inquisition made - a world of us and them, of moral self-righteousness and intellectual intolerance' Sunday Times 'Beguiling and horrifying ... a book rich in stories and imaginative connections' John Cornwell, author of Hitler's Pope 'A grand and scary tour of inquisitorial moments, racing back and forth in history from Torquemada to Dick Cheney' Adam Gopnik, New Yorker 'A dark but riveting tale, told with luminous grace' Michael Sandel, author of Justice and What Money Can't Buy 'God's Jury is a reminder, and we need to be constantly reminded, that the most dangerous people in the world are the righteous' Mark Bowden, author of Black Hawk Down and Guest of the Ayatollah

Bastard Feudalism And The Law Routledge Revivals

Author: John Bellamy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134672519
Size: 72.57 MB
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Bastard Feudalism And The Law Routledge Revivals from the Author: John Bellamy. This title, first published in 1989, was one of the first to directly address the legal dimension of bastard feudalism. John Bellamy explores the role and vulnerability of local officials and juries, the nature of the endemic land wars and the interference in the justice system by those at the top of the social chain. What emerges is a focus on the role of land in disputes, the importance of royal favour and political advantage and the attempt to suppress disruption. This is an interesting title, which will be of particular value to students researching the nature of late medieval and early Tudor feudalism, royal patronage and legal procedure.

Law And Society In Later Medieval England And Ireland

Author: Travis R. Baker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781472477385
Size: 72.17 MB
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Law And Society In Later Medieval England And Ireland from the Author: Travis R. Baker. Law mattered in later medieval England and Ireland. A quick glance at the sources suggests as much. From the charter to the will to the court roll, the majority of the documents which have survived from later medieval England and Ireland, and medieval Europe in general, are legal in nature. Yet despite the fact that law played a prominent role in medieval society, legal history has long been a marginal subject within medieval studies both in Britain and North America. To be sure, much good work has been done in this field, but there is much still to do. This volume, a collection of essays in honour of Paul Brand, who has contributed perhaps more than any other historian to our understanding of the legal developments of later medieval England and Ireland, is intended to help fill this gap. The essays collected in this volume, which range from the thirteenth to the sixteenth century, offer the latest research on a variety of topics within this field of inquiry. While some consider familiar topics, they do so from new angles, whether by exploring the underlying assumptions behind Englandâe(tm)s adoption of trial by jury for crime or by using well-known legal treatises as a window into the growing connections between bar and bench in the thirteenth century. Most however consider topics which have received little attention from scholars, from the significance of judges and lawyers smiling and laughing in the courtroom to the profits and perils of judicial office in English Ireland. Some focus on a single case to explore how the law worked itself out in practice, whether by examining the brief widowhood of a relatively young countess and how she came into full possession of her inheritance or by exploring the importance of a seemingly isolated case involving one parish church for understanding the broader legal development of church-crown relations in later medieval England. Others however take a longer view of their subjects, whether by tracing the history of legal services provided for the poor free of charge or by exploring lawyersâe(tm) professional identities and the interface with their private personas in later medieval England. In short, the essays provide new insights into how the law developed and functioned within the legal profession and courtroom in late medieval England and Ireland as well as how it pervaded the society at large.