Village Housing In The Tropics

Author: Jane Drew
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135018219
Size: 75.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 900
Download Read Online

Village Housing In The Tropics from the Author: Jane Drew. Tropical Architecture, although now a highly contested and debated term, is the name given to European modern architecture that has been modified to suit the climatic and sometimes cultural context of hot countries. These hot countries were labelled ‘the tropics’ and were often European colonies, or countries that had recently won their independence. Fry & Drew’s book, written on the threshold of the end of the British Empire, was one of the first publications to offer practical advice to architects working in ‘the tropics’, based on the empirical studies they conducted whilst based in British West Africa during the Second World War. The book with its numerous illustrations, plans and easy to follow explanations became a key manual for all architects working in hot climates, and in particular those tasked with designing dwellings and small town plans. Although the Royal Engineers and Schools of Tropical Medicine had long been designing and campaigning for better planning, improved sanitation and had for example developed methods of cross-ventilation, this book became an instant hit. ‘Tropical Architecture’ suddenly bloomed into its own distinct canon, and by 1955 the Architectural Association had set up a course specialising in tropical architecture, led for a short time by Fry. Village Housing in the Tropics had a significant impact when it was written on a profession that had had little guidance on working in hot climates and on architecture students and universities who began to modify their courses to accommodate different conditions. Although from a post-colonial perspective many scholars now associate this architecture as being a continuation of the Imperial mission, this does not reduce the significance of the publication. Indeed, Tropical Architecture is regarded as being the forerunner to ‘green architecture’, developing passive low energy buildings that are tailored to suit their climate and built with local materials.

The Architecture Of Edwin Maxwell Fry And Jane Drew

Author: Iain Jackson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317044851
Size: 72.72 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 5110
Download Read Online

The Architecture Of Edwin Maxwell Fry And Jane Drew from the Author: Iain Jackson. Maxwell Fry and Jane Drew were pioneers of Modern Architecture in Britain and its former colonies from the late 1920s through to the early 1970s. As a barometer of twentieth century architecture, their work traces the major cultural developments of that century from the development of modernism, its spread into the late-colonial arena and finally, to its re-evaluation that resulted in a more expressive, formalist approach in the post-war era. This book thoroughly examines Fry and Drew's highly influential 'Tropical Architecture' in West Africa and India, whilst also discussing their British work, such as their post World War II projects for the Festival of Britain, Harlow New Town, Pilkington Brothers’ Headquarters and Coychurch Crematorium. It highlights the collaborative nature of Fry and Drew's work, including schemes undertaken with Elizabeth Denby, Walter Gropius, Denys Lasdun, Pierre Jeanneret and Le Corbusier. Positioning their architecture, writing and educational endeavours within a wider context, this book illustrates the significant artistic and cultural contributions made by Fry and Drew throughout their lengthy careers.

Europeanization In The Twentieth Century

Author: M. Conway
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230293123
Size: 47.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 1212
Download Read Online

Europeanization In The Twentieth Century from the Author: M. Conway. Europeanization is a term at the centre of contemporary political debate. In this innovative study, a team of British and German historians present the findings of their research project into how the concept and content of Europeanization needs to be understood as a historical phenomenon, which has changed its meaning during the twentieth century.

Lucy S Book

Author: Lucy Smith
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 36.85 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 3702
Download Read Online

Lucy S Book from the Author: Lucy Smith. In 1844, mourning the deaths of five children and the murders of two more, the widowed Lucy Mack Smith dictated a life story filled with tragedy but supported by a strong conviction of God's providence. She was, at the time, nearly seventy years old. This current, definitive edition provides the full rough draft of Lucy's history for the first time. For comparison, the text of the first published version is included side by side, with all variants from the six later editions in footnotes.

Tender Is The Night

Author: Francis Scott Fitzgerald
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780141045214
Size: 60.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7178
Download Read Online

Tender Is The Night from the Author: Francis Scott Fitzgerald. Dick and Nicole Diver have turned the French Riviera into the playground of the rich and glamorous. Among their circle is Rosemary Hoyt, the beautiful starlet, who is unaware of the corruption and dark secrets that haunt their marriage. When Dick becomes entangled with Rosemary, he fractures the delicate structure of his relationship with Nicole and the lustre of their life together begins to tarnish. Tender is the Night reflects not only Fitzgerald's own personal tragedy, but also the shattered idealism of the society in which he lived.

John And Charles Wesley

Author: HarperCollins Spiritual Classics
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0060576510
Size: 64.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 2396
Download Read Online

John And Charles Wesley from the Author: HarperCollins Spiritual Classics. John and Charles Wesley led the Methodist revival that swept eighteenth–century England and America and changed the face of Christianity forever. Their spirituality synthesized a unique blend of elements from the church fathers, Catholic mystics, and Protestant Reformers. This selection includes John's incisive writings on the spiritual life as well as the famous hymns of Charles, giving vibrant expression to the faith of the Wesleys. "About a quarter before nine, while he was describing the change which God works in the heart through faith in Christ, I felt my heart strangely warmed. I felt I did trust in Christ, Christ alone for salvation; and an assurance was given me that he had taken away my sins, even mine, and saved me from the law of sin and death." –– John Wesley