Village Housing In The Tropics

Author: Jane Drew
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135018219
Size: 28.17 MB
Format: PDF
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Village Housing In The Tropics from the Author: Jane Drew. Tropical Architecture, although now a highly contested and debated term, is the name given to European modern architecture that has been modified to suit the climatic and sometimes cultural context of hot countries. These hot countries were labelled ‘the tropics’ and were often European colonies, or countries that had recently won their independence. Fry & Drew’s book, written on the threshold of the end of the British Empire, was one of the first publications to offer practical advice to architects working in ‘the tropics’, based on the empirical studies they conducted whilst based in British West Africa during the Second World War. The book with its numerous illustrations, plans and easy to follow explanations became a key manual for all architects working in hot climates, and in particular those tasked with designing dwellings and small town plans. Although the Royal Engineers and Schools of Tropical Medicine had long been designing and campaigning for better planning, improved sanitation and had for example developed methods of cross-ventilation, this book became an instant hit. ‘Tropical Architecture’ suddenly bloomed into its own distinct canon, and by 1955 the Architectural Association had set up a course specialising in tropical architecture, led for a short time by Fry. Village Housing in the Tropics had a significant impact when it was written on a profession that had had little guidance on working in hot climates and on architecture students and universities who began to modify their courses to accommodate different conditions. Although from a post-colonial perspective many scholars now associate this architecture as being a continuation of the Imperial mission, this does not reduce the significance of the publication. Indeed, Tropical Architecture is regarded as being the forerunner to ‘green architecture’, developing passive low energy buildings that are tailored to suit their climate and built with local materials.

The Architecture Of Edwin Maxwell Fry And Jane Drew

Author: Iain Jackson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317044851
Size: 24.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Architecture Of Edwin Maxwell Fry And Jane Drew from the Author: Iain Jackson. Maxwell Fry and Jane Drew were pioneers of Modern Architecture in Britain and its former colonies from the late 1920s through to the early 1970s. As a barometer of twentieth century architecture, their work traces the major cultural developments of that century from the development of modernism, its spread into the late-colonial arena and finally, to its re-evaluation that resulted in a more expressive, formalist approach in the post-war era. This book thoroughly examines Fry and Drew's highly influential 'Tropical Architecture' in West Africa and India, whilst also discussing their British work, such as their post World War II projects for the Festival of Britain, Harlow New Town, Pilkington Brothers’ Headquarters and Coychurch Crematorium. It highlights the collaborative nature of Fry and Drew's work, including schemes undertaken with Elizabeth Denby, Walter Gropius, Denys Lasdun, Pierre Jeanneret and Le Corbusier. Positioning their architecture, writing and educational endeavours within a wider context, this book illustrates the significant artistic and cultural contributions made by Fry and Drew throughout their lengthy careers.

Europeanization In The Twentieth Century

Author: M. Conway
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230293123
Size: 57.18 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Europeanization In The Twentieth Century from the Author: M. Conway. Europeanization is a term at the centre of contemporary political debate. In this innovative study, a team of British and German historians present the findings of their research project into how the concept and content of Europeanization needs to be understood as a historical phenomenon, which has changed its meaning during the twentieth century.

Lucy S Book

Author: Lucy Smith
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 75.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Lucy S Book from the Author: Lucy Smith. In 1844, mourning the deaths of five children and the murders of two more, the widowed Lucy Mack Smith dictated a life story filled with tragedy but supported by a strong conviction of God's providence. She was, at the time, nearly seventy years old. This current, definitive edition provides the full rough draft of Lucy's history for the first time. For comparison, the text of the first published version is included side by side, with all variants from the six later editions in footnotes.

Dante Gabriel Rossetti

Author: Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 62.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Dante Gabriel Rossetti from the Author: Dante Gabriel Rossetti.