International Perspectives On Psychological Science Ii The State Of The Art

Author: Paul Bertelson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134832583
Size: 68.11 MB
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International Perspectives On Psychological Science Ii The State Of The Art from the Author: Paul Bertelson. The essays appearing in these two volumes are based on Keynote (Vol. 1) and State-of-the-Art (Vol. 2) Lectures delivered at the XXVth International Congress of Psychology, in Brussels, July 1992. The Brussels Congress was the latest in a series of conferences which are organized at regular intervals under the auspices of the International Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS), the main international organization in the field of Scientific Psychology. The first of those meetings took place in Paris in 1889. An important function of the International Congresses is to promote communication between different specializations in Psychology. Speakers were therefore asked to present lectures and discussions in their own fields of study, in a way that would be accessible to fellow psychologists active in other fields. State-of-the-Art lecturers were specifically asked to prepare a tutorial review on a topic which, in the view of the Program Committee, had recently given rise to particularly important developments. These contributions are included in Volume Two. Keynote lecturers were left free to address whatever subject they felt was of greatest interest. The chapters in Volume 1 are preceded by the Presidential Address by Mark R. Rosenzweig.

Interdisciplinary Anthropology

Author: Wolfgang Welsch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642116681
Size: 57.99 MB
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Interdisciplinary Anthropology from the Author: Wolfgang Welsch. This volume is the result of a research project entitled “Evolutionary Continuity – Human Specifics – The Possibility of Objective Knowledge” that was carried out by representatives of six academic disciplines (evolutionary biology, evolutionary anthropology, brain research, cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology and philosophy) over a period of three and a half years. The starting point for the project was the newly emerging riddle of human uniqueness: though the uniqueness of human beings is undisputable, all explanations for this fact have successively been discarded or refuted in recent decades. There is no special factor that could explain the particularities of human existence. Rather, all human skills derive from a continuous relation to pre-human skills, that is to say, to elements that were developed earlier in the phylogeny and were later inherited. But starting from abilities that are anything but special, how could the particularity of human beings have evolved? This was the guiding question of the project. In this work we try to answer it by addressing the following problems: How strong is evolutionary continuity in human beings? How can we understand that it gave way to cultural discontinuity? Which aspect of cultural existence is really unique to humans? Can the possibility of objective knowledge be seen as a (admittedly extreme) case in point? – The answers are meant to help clarify the central issue of contemporary scientific anthropology.

Towards An Embodied Science Of Intersubjectivity Widening The Scope Of Social Understanding Research

Author: Ezequiel Di Paolo
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889195295
Size: 18.75 MB
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Towards An Embodied Science Of Intersubjectivity Widening The Scope Of Social Understanding Research from the Author: Ezequiel Di Paolo. An important amount of research effort in psychology and neuroscience over the past decades has focused on the problem of social cognition. This problem is understood as how we figure out other minds, relying only on indirect manifestations of other people's intentional states, which are assumed to be hidden, private and internal. Research on this question has mostly investigated how individual cognitive mechanisms achieve this task. A shift in the internalist assumptions regarding intentional states has expanded the research focus with hypotheses that explore the role of interactive phenomena and interpersonal histories and their implications for understanding individual cognitive processes. This interactive expansion of the conceptual and methodological toolkit for investigating social cognition, we now propose, can be followed by an expansion into wider and deeply-related research questions, beyond (but including) that of social cognition narrowly construed. Our social lives are populated by different kinds of cognitive and affective phenomena that are related to but not exhausted by the question of how we figure out other minds. These phenomena include acting and perceiving together, verbal and non-verbal engagement, experiences of (dis-)connection, management of relations in a group, joint meaning-making, intimacy, trust, conflict, negotiation, asymmetric relations, material mediation of social interaction, collective action, contextual engagement with socio-cultural norms, structures and roles, etc. These phenomena are often characterized by a strong participation by the cognitive agent in contrast with the spectatorial stance typical of social cognition research. We use the broader notion of embodied intersubjectivity to refer to this wider set of phenomena. This Research Topic aims to investigate relations between these different issues, to help lay strong foundations for a science of intersubjectivity – the social mind writ large. To contribute to this goal, we encouraged contributions in psychology, neuroscience, psychopathology, philosophy, and cognitive science that address this wider scope of intersubjectivity by extending the range of explanatory factors from purely individual to interactive, from observational to participatory.

International Perspectives On Psychological Science Leading Themes

Author: Paul Bertelson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780863772986
Size: 31.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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International Perspectives On Psychological Science Leading Themes from the Author: Paul Bertelson. The essays appearing in these two volumes are based on Keynote (Vol. 1) and State-of-the-Art (Vol. 2) Lectures delivered at the XXVth International Congress of Psychology in Brussels, July 1992. The Brussels Congress was the latest in a series of conferences which are organized at regular intervals under the auspices of the International Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS), the main international organization in the field of Scientific Psychology. The first of those meetings took place in Paris in 1889. An important function of the International Congresses is to promote communication between different specializations in psychology. Speakers were therefore asked to present lectures and discussions in their own fields of study, in a way that would be accessible to fellow psychologists active in other fields. State-of-the-Art lecturers were specifically asked to prepare a tutorial review on a topic which, in the view of the Program Committee, had recently given rise to particularly important developments. These contributions are included in Volume Two. Keynote lecturers were left free to address whatever subject they felt was of greatest interest. The chapters in Volume 1 are preceded by the Presidential Address by Mark R. Rosenzweig.

International Perspectives On Spinal Cord Injury

Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241564660
Size: 22.43 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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International Perspectives On Spinal Cord Injury from the Author: World Health Organization. Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) has costly consequences, both for individuals and society. People are left dependent, are excluded from school, and are less likely to be employed. Worst of all, they risk premature death. SCI is both a public health and human rights challenge. With the right policy responses, it is possible to live, thrive and contribute with SCI anywhere in the world. People with SCI are people with disabilities, and they are entitled to the same human rights and respect as all other people with disabilities. Once a person with SCI has had their immediate health needs met, social and environmental barriers are the main obstacles to successful functioning and inclusion in society. It is essential to ensure that health services, education, transport and employment are available and accessible to people with SCI, alongside other people with disabilities. SCI will always be life-changing, but it need not be a tragedy and it need not be a burden. This report on SCI assembles and summarizes information on SCI, in particular the epidemiology, services, interventions and policies that are relevant, together with the lived experience of people with spinal cord injury across the life course and throughout the world and makes recommendations for actions based on this evidence that are consistent with the aspirations for inclusion and participation as expressed in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

International Perspectives On University Efficiency

Author: Matthias Klumpp
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
ISBN: 3832540105
Size: 76.39 MB
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International Perspectives On University Efficiency from the Author: Matthias Klumpp. Resource efficiency and economic considerations are a major topic in higher education systems. Universities are urged to improve their outputs as well as their processes. This book provides a multi-perspective collection of research approaches regarding university efficiency. Though based in Germany and connected to the BMBF research project HELENA at the University of Duisburg-Essen, many contributions provide international comparisons and analysis approaches. Also, most contributions are associated with the annual conferences of EAIR, the European Higher Education Society.

Critical Issues On Violence Against Women

Author: Holly Johnson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135006032
Size: 14.55 MB
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Critical Issues On Violence Against Women from the Author: Holly Johnson. Violence against women is a global problem and despite a wealth of knowledge and inspiring action around the globe, it continues unabated. Bringing together the very best in international scholarship with a rich variety of pedagogical features, this innovative new textbook on violence against women is specifically designed to provoke debate, interrogate assumptions and encourage critical thinking about this global issue. This book presents a range of critical reflections on the strengths and limitations of responses to violent crimes against women and how they have evolved to date. Each section is introduced with an overview of a particular topic by an expert in the field, followed by thoughtful reflections by researchers, practitioners, or advocates that incorporate new research findings, a new initiative, or innovative ideas for reform. Themes covered include: advances in measurement of violence against women, justice system responses to intimate partner violence and sexual assault, victim crisis and advocacy, behaviour change programs for abusers, and prevention of violence against women. Each section is supplemented with learning objectives, critical thinking questions and lists of further reading and resources to encourage discussion and to help students to appreciate the contested nature of policy. The innovative structure will bring debate alive in the classroom or seminar and makes the book perfect reading for courses on violence against women, gender and crime, victimology, and crime prevention.

Disaster Research

Author: Rasmus Dahlberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317531396
Size: 65.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Disaster Research from the Author: Rasmus Dahlberg. Given the tendency of books on disasters to predominantly focus on strong geophysical or descriptive perspectives and in-depth accounts of particular catastrophes, Disaster Research provides a much-needed multidisciplinary perspective of the area. This book is is structured thematically around key approaches to disaster research from a range of different, but often complementary academic disciplines. Each chapter presents distinct approaches to disaster research that is anchored in a particular discipline; ranging from the law of disasters and disaster historiography to disaster politics and anthropology of disaster. The methodological and theoretical contributions underlining a specific approach to disasters are discussed and illustrative empirical cases are examined that support and further inform the proposed approach to disaster research. The book thus provides unique insights into fourteen state-of-the-art disciplinary approaches to the understanding of disasters. The theoretical discussions as well as the diverse range of disaster cases should be of interest to both postgraduate and undergraduate students, as well as academics, researchers and policymakers.

Translational Medicine What Why And How An International Perspective

Author: B. Alving
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3318022853
Size: 13.25 MB
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Translational Medicine What Why And How An International Perspective from the Author: B. Alving. This book is the first to provide an aerial view, as well as detailed information, on ‘how’ activities in translational medicine are under development in countries such as the USA, China, the UK, and Taiwan. Institutions in each country are training investigators to work as sophisticated interdisciplinary teams. Investigators from 11 US academic health centers explain how they are incentivizing collaborations through pilot project programs, forming partnerships with business schools to promote efficient management of basic and clinical research, creating ethical, high-value public-private (industry) partnerships, improving efficiency with utilization of informatics, and engaging the community in research. The essential role of evaluation is explained in a clear and concise manner. The readers will also learn about the role of private funding in Taiwan and the vision of the government in China in developing multiple translational research centers. The UK is developing methodical approaches to patient needs across their lifespans; ongoing innovation is encouraged through incubator programs. With the emphasis on open innovation and sharing, the concepts and practice of translational medicine are spreading rapidly on an international scale.

Masculinity And Aspiration In An Era Of Neoliberal Education

Author: Garth Stahl
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317303016
Size: 56.79 MB
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Masculinity And Aspiration In An Era Of Neoliberal Education from the Author: Garth Stahl. This collection investigates the ways in which boys and young men negotiate neoliberal discourse surrounding aspiration and how neoliberalism shapes their identities. Expanding the field of masculinity studies in education, the contributors offer international comparisons of different subgroups of boys and young men in primary, secondary and university settings. A cross-sectional analysis of race, gender, and class theory is employed to illuminate the role of aspiration in shaping boys’ identities, which adds nuance to their complex "identity work" in neoliberal times.