Human Rights Manual And Sourcebook For Africa

Author: Keir Starmer
Publisher: BIICL
ISBN: 0903067846
Size: 21.82 MB
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Human Rights Manual And Sourcebook For Africa from the Author: Keir Starmer. At a time when the issue of human rights in Africa is making many advances, Human Rights Sourcebook and Manual for Africa introduces easy-to-use jurisprudence. The first section covers key principles and human rights norms which are detailed in straightforward language. The second section is devoted to the death penalty, detailing the relevant provisions from both international and regional instruments and offering a comparative commentary as to how the principles and relevant rights relate to the death penalty. The third section summarizes key case law from international, regional and domestic African courts and tribunals. The case summaries detail the facts and decisions and include a headnote of relevant concepts for quick reference. The fourth section focuses on thirteen African countries, yet the reports are a useful comparative resource for all countries. From conducting the research and compiling the material for this final section, it is apparent that nothing like this has been attempted before in Africa. Much of the work emanates from primary research and investigation conducted by local research teams in the individual countries. Investigative research includes visiting prisons, physically counting the individuals on death row and interviewing the detainees to obtain their age and the length of time they had been on death row.

Military Training And Children In Armed Conflict

Author: Jenny Kuper
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004136738
Size: 27.82 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Military Training And Children In Armed Conflict from the Author: Jenny Kuper. During recent armed conflicts - such as those in Iraq, the former Yugoslavia, and Rwanda - public attention was repeatedly caught by images of children, both as civilians and as soldiers. Those conflicts, like so many others, were vivid reminders that where there is armed conflict there are also, almost always, children. Soldiers and officers fulfil many roles in relation to such children - sometimes as combatants, sometimes as humanitarian workers, sometimes as protectors, and/or sometimes as enemies and abusers. This book aims to address three main questions: what are the obligations of officers of national armed forces in relation to children, either civilians or combatants, whom they or those under their command may encounter while participating in situations of armed conflict? How realistic and achievable are these obligations? How can compliance with them be encouraged, monitored, and/or enforced? The book examines these questions in the context of military training. In doing so, it has another inextricably linked aim: to see if there are ways in which the training of officers can improve the protection of children in armed conflict situations, in accordance with international law and policy. It is intended for use particularly by those involved in training of national armed forces, including officers themselves, and members of governments, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and inter-governmental organisations. It is hoped that it will also be of interest to lawyers, academics and others concerned with 'child rights' and related law and policy. It contains examples of actual training materials that can be modified for use in different countries and contexts.

The Idea Of Human Rights

Author: Michael J. Perry
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195138283
Size: 80.83 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Idea Of Human Rights from the Author: Michael J. Perry. Inspired by a 1988 trip to El Salvador, Michael J. Perry's new book is a personal and scholarly exploration of the idea of human rights. Perry is one of our nation's leading authorities on the relation of morality, including religious morality, to politics and law. He seeks, in this book, to disentangle the complex idea of human rights by way of four probing and interrelated essays. * The initial essay, which is animated by Perry's skepticism about the capacity of any secular morality to offer a coherent account of the idea of human rights, suggests that the first part of the idea of human rights--the premise that every human being is "sacred" or "inviolable"--is inescapably religious. * Responding to recent criticism of "rights talk", Perry explicates, in his second essay, the meaning and value of talk about human rights. * In his third essay, Perry asks a fundamental question about human rights: Are they universal? In addressing this question, he disaggregates and criticizes several different varieties of "moral relativism" and then considers the implications of these different relativist positions for claims about human rights. * Perry turns to another fundamental question about human rights in his final essay: Are they absolute? He concludes that even if no human rights, understood as moral rights, are absolute or unconditional, some human rights, understood as international legal rights, are--and indeed, should be--absolute. In the introduction, Perry writes: "Of all the influential--indeed, formative--moral ideas to take center stage in the twentieth century, like democracy and socialism, the idea of human rights (which, again, in one form or another, is an old idea) is, for many, the most difficult. It is the most difficult in the sense that it is, for many, the hardest of the great moral ideas to integrate, the hardest to square, with the reigning intellectual assumptions of the age, especially what Bernard Williams has called 'Nietzsche's thought': 'There is not only no God, but no metaphysical order of any kind....' For those who accept 'Nietzsche's thought', can the idea of human rights possibly be more than a kind of aesthetic preference? In a culture in which it was widely believed that there is no God or metaphysical order of any kind, on what basis, if any, could the idea of human rights long survive?" The Idea of Human Rights: Four Inquiries will appeal to students of many disciplines, including (but not limited to) law, philosophy, religion, and politics.

International Law Concerning Child Civilians In Armed Conflict

Author: Jenny Kuper
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198264859
Size: 77.96 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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International Law Concerning Child Civilians In Armed Conflict from the Author: Jenny Kuper. Each year, many thousands of child civilians are killed, injured, or otherwise physically and psychologically harmed as a result of armed conflicts. There is a considerable body of international law which aims to minimise the harm inflicted on these children, and yet it is little known, or observed. This book is the first major international legal text to focus exclusively on child civilians. It addresses three main questions: (1) what are the precise rules incorporated in the pertinent body of law, and what are its implementation mechanisms? (2) how effective is it (with reference to recent conflicts involving Iraq) in helping to achieve some protection for child civilians? and (3) can it be rendered more effective? The book concludes by proposing a number of strategies to strengthen the impact of the applicable law. As the first detailed analysis of the surprisingly large body of law relevant to the treatment of child civilians, this book is an important contribution to a topical and highly charged human rights issue.

English In International Deaf Communication

Author: Cynthia J. Kellett Bidoli
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039116102
Size: 45.95 MB
Format: PDF
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English In International Deaf Communication from the Author: Cynthia J. Kellett Bidoli. Outside English-speaking countries deaf people come into contact with the English language in specific domains; indirectly through interpretation and translation or directly by learning it as a foreign language. This volume explores a range of intercultural/interlinguistic encounters with English.

State Agency And The Patenting Of Life In International Law

Author: Bita Amani
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754674382
Size: 78.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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State Agency And The Patenting Of Life In International Law from the Author: Bita Amani. This important and timely volume considers competing international obligations in relation to the patenting of life, offering a pragmatic two-step approach to state agency to resolve apparent conflicts between the regulatory options afforded by economic globalization and the need to forge domestic laws that reflect community values.

Author: Дж. ван Б’юрен
Publisher: Издательство АО БАХВА
ISBN: 9668783069
Size: 68.97 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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from the Author: Дж. ван Б’юрен.

Author: Робертсон Джефрі
Publisher: Издательство АО БАХВА
ISBN: 9668783077
Size: 17.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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from the Author: Робертсон Джефрі.