Human Rights Manual And Sourcebook For Africa

Author: Keir Starmer
Publisher: BIICL
ISBN: 0903067846
Size: 60.56 MB
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Human Rights Manual And Sourcebook For Africa from the Author: Keir Starmer. At a time when the issue of human rights in Africa is making many advances, Human Rights Sourcebook and Manual for Africa introduces easy-to-use jurisprudence. The first section covers key principles and human rights norms which are detailed in straightforward language. The second section is devoted to the death penalty, detailing the relevant provisions from both international and regional instruments and offering a comparative commentary as to how the principles and relevant rights relate to the death penalty. The third section summarizes key case law from international, regional and domestic African courts and tribunals. The case summaries detail the facts and decisions and include a headnote of relevant concepts for quick reference. The fourth section focuses on thirteen African countries, yet the reports are a useful comparative resource for all countries. From conducting the research and compiling the material for this final section, it is apparent that nothing like this has been attempted before in Africa. Much of the work emanates from primary research and investigation conducted by local research teams in the individual countries. Investigative research includes visiting prisons, physically counting the individuals on death row and interviewing the detainees to obtain their age and the length of time they had been on death row.

The Idea Of Human Rights

Author: Michael J. Perry
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195138283
Size: 32.85 MB
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The Idea Of Human Rights from the Author: Michael J. Perry. Inspired by a 1988 trip to El Salvador, Michael J. Perry's new book is a personal and scholarly exploration of the idea of human rights. Perry is one of our nation's leading authorities on the relation of morality, including religious morality, to politics and law. He seeks, in this book, to disentangle the complex idea of human rights by way of four probing and interrelated essays. * The initial essay, which is animated by Perry's skepticism about the capacity of any secular morality to offer a coherent account of the idea of human rights, suggests that the first part of the idea of human rights--the premise that every human being is "sacred" or "inviolable"--is inescapably religious. * Responding to recent criticism of "rights talk", Perry explicates, in his second essay, the meaning and value of talk about human rights. * In his third essay, Perry asks a fundamental question about human rights: Are they universal? In addressing this question, he disaggregates and criticizes several different varieties of "moral relativism" and then considers the implications of these different relativist positions for claims about human rights. * Perry turns to another fundamental question about human rights in his final essay: Are they absolute? He concludes that even if no human rights, understood as moral rights, are absolute or unconditional, some human rights, understood as international legal rights, are--and indeed, should be--absolute. In the introduction, Perry writes: "Of all the influential--indeed, formative--moral ideas to take center stage in the twentieth century, like democracy and socialism, the idea of human rights (which, again, in one form or another, is an old idea) is, for many, the most difficult. It is the most difficult in the sense that it is, for many, the hardest of the great moral ideas to integrate, the hardest to square, with the reigning intellectual assumptions of the age, especially what Bernard Williams has called 'Nietzsche's thought': 'There is not only no God, but no metaphysical order of any kind....' For those who accept 'Nietzsche's thought', can the idea of human rights possibly be more than a kind of aesthetic preference? In a culture in which it was widely believed that there is no God or metaphysical order of any kind, on what basis, if any, could the idea of human rights long survive?" The Idea of Human Rights: Four Inquiries will appeal to students of many disciplines, including (but not limited to) law, philosophy, religion, and politics.

International Law Concerning Child Civilians In Armed Conflict

Author: Jenny Kuper
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198264859
Size: 21.34 MB
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International Law Concerning Child Civilians In Armed Conflict from the Author: Jenny Kuper. Each year, many thousands of child civilians are killed, injured, or otherwise physically and psychologically harmed as a result of armed conflicts. There is a considerable body of international law which aims to minimise the harm inflicted on these children, and yet it is little known, or observed. This book is the first major international legal text to focus exclusively on child civilians. It addresses three main questions: (1) what are the precise rules incorporated in the pertinent body of law, and what are its implementation mechanisms? (2) how effective is it (with reference to recent conflicts involving Iraq) in helping to achieve some protection for child civilians? and (3) can it be rendered more effective? The book concludes by proposing a number of strategies to strengthen the impact of the applicable law. As the first detailed analysis of the surprisingly large body of law relevant to the treatment of child civilians, this book is an important contribution to a topical and highly charged human rights issue.

English In International Deaf Communication

Author: Cynthia J. Kellett Bidoli
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039116102
Size: 61.78 MB
Format: PDF
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English In International Deaf Communication from the Author: Cynthia J. Kellett Bidoli. Outside English-speaking countries deaf people come into contact with the English language in specific domains; indirectly through interpretation and translation or directly by learning it as a foreign language. This volume explores a range of intercultural/interlinguistic encounters with English.

Civil Liberties And Human Rights In Twentieth Century Britain

Author: Chris Moores
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108124526
Size: 65.94 MB
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Civil Liberties And Human Rights In Twentieth Century Britain from the Author: Chris Moores. The National Council for Civil Liberties (NCCL) was formed in the 1930s against a backdrop of fascism and 'popular front' movements. In this volatile political atmosphere, the aim of the NCCL was to ensure that civil liberties were a central component of political discourse. Chris Moores's new study shows how the NCCL - now Liberty - had to balance the interests of extremist allies with the desire to become a respectable force campaigning for human rights and civil liberties. From new social movements of the 1960s and 1970s to the formation of the Human Rights Act in 1998, this study traces the NCCL's development over the last eighty years. It enables us to observe shifts and continuities in forms of political mobilisation throughout the twentieth century, changes in discourse about extensions and retreats of freedoms, as well as the theoretical conceptualisation and practical protection of rights and liberties.

The African Charter On Human And Peoples Rights

Author: Malcolm Evans
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139470841
Size: 54.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The African Charter On Human And Peoples Rights from the Author: Malcolm Evans. The African Charter of Human and Peoples' Rights came into force in 1986, and is unique in that it lacks a precedent. However, little scholarship exists analysing it as an operational system in practice. The success of the first edition of this book led to this updated second edition. Contributors include experts who have been actively involved in the implementation of the Charter - commissioners, NGOs and academics. Offering a detailed evaluation of the Charter as a mechanism for the promotion and protection of human rights in Africa, the contributions cover the Charter's reporting system, the interpretation of different rights by the Commission, the prospects for the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights and the role of NGOs. This authoritative and comprehensive volume will interest lawyers acting for government and non-governmental organisations, as well as academics and postgraduates.

The Access Of Individuals To International Justice

Author: Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191018910
Size: 66.20 MB
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The Access Of Individuals To International Justice from the Author: Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade. This book contends that the right of access to justice (at national and international levels) constitutes a basic cornerstone of the international protection of human rights, and conforms a true right to the Law. It amounts, lato sensu, to the right to the realization of justice. In such understanding, it comprises not only the formal access to a tribunal or judge, but also respect for the guarantees of due process of law, the right to a fair trial, and to reparations (whenever they are due), and the faithful execution of judgments. On its part, the right to an effective domestic remedy is a basic pillar of the rule of law in a democratic society. In its part, the right of international individual petition, together with the safeguard of the integrity of international jurisdiction, constitute the basic foundations of the emancipation of the individual vis-à-vis his own State. This is a domain that has undergone a remarkable development in recent years. It is submitted that the right of access to justice belongs today to the domain of jus cogens. Without it, there is no legal system at all. The protection of the human person in the most adverse circumstances has evolved amongst considerations of ordre public. Such recent evolution has been contributing to the gradual expansion of the material content of jus cogens. Furthermore, the very notion of "victim" (encompassing direct, indirect and potential victims) has been the subject of a considerable international case-law. Victims have had their cause vindicated in situations of utmost adversity, if not defencelessness (e.g., abandoned or "street children", undocumented migrants, members of peace communities in situations of armed conflict, internally displaced persons, individuals in infra-human conditions of detention, surviving victims of massacres).