Handbook Of Information Science

Author: Wolfgang G. Stock
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110235005
Size: 28.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Handbook Of Information Science from the Author: Wolfgang G. Stock. Dealing with information is one of the vital skills in the twenty-first century. It takes a fair degree of information savvy to create, represent and supply information as well as to search for and retrieve relevant knowledge. This Handbook is a basic work of information science, providing a comprehensive overview of the current state of information retrieval and knowledge representation. It addresses readers from all professions and scientific disciplines, but particularly scholars, practitioners and students of Information Science, Library Science, Computer Science, Information Management, and Knowledge Management.

The History Of Information Security

Author: Karl Maria Michael de Leeuw
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080550589
Size: 47.17 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The History Of Information Security from the Author: Karl Maria Michael de Leeuw. Information Security is usually achieved through a mix of technical, organizational and legal measures. These may include the application of cryptography, the hierarchical modeling of organizations in order to assure confidentiality, or the distribution of accountability and responsibility by law, among interested parties. The history of Information Security reaches back to ancient times and starts with the emergence of bureaucracy in administration and warfare. Some aspects, such as the interception of encrypted messages during World War II, have attracted huge attention, whereas other aspects have remained largely uncovered. There has never been any effort to write a comprehensive history. This is most unfortunate, because Information Security should be perceived as a set of communicating vessels, where technical innovations can make existing legal or organisational frame-works obsolete and a breakdown of political authority may cause an exclusive reliance on technical means. This book is intended as a first field-survey. It consists of twenty-eight contributions, written by experts in such diverse fields as computer science, law, or history and political science, dealing with episodes, organisations and technical developments that may considered to be exemplary or have played a key role in the development of this field. These include: the emergence of cryptology as a discipline during the Renaissance, the Black Chambers in 18th century Europe, the breaking of German military codes during World War II, the histories of the NSA and its Soviet counterparts and contemporary cryptology. Other subjects are: computer security standards, viruses and worms on the Internet, computer transparency and free software, computer crime, export regulations for encryption software and the privacy debate. - Interdisciplinary coverage of the history Information Security - Written by top experts in law, history, computer and information science - First comprehensive work in Information Security

The Handbook Of Geographic Information Science

Author: John P. Wilson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470766530
Size: 19.73 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Handbook Of Geographic Information Science from the Author: John P. Wilson. This Handbook is an essential reference and a guide to the rapidly expanding field of Geographic Information Science. Designed for students and researchers who want an in-depth treatment of the subject, including background information Comprises around 40 substantial essays, each written by a recognized expert in a particular area Covers the full spectrum of research in GIS Surveys the increasing number of applications of GIS Predicts how GIS is likely to evolve in the near future

Computer And Information Security Handbook

Author: John R. Vacca
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0123946123
Size: 14.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Computer And Information Security Handbook from the Author: John R. Vacca. The second edition of this comprehensive handbook of computer and information security provides the most complete view of computer security and privacy available. It offers in-depth coverage of security theory, technology, and practice as they relate to established technologies as well as recent advances. It explores practical solutions to many security issues. Individual chapters are authored by leading experts in the field and address the immediate and long-term challenges in the authors’ respective areas of expertise. The book is organized into 10 parts comprised of 70 contributed chapters by leading experts in the areas of networking and systems security, information management, cyber warfare and security, encryption technology, privacy, data storage, physical security, and a host of advanced security topics. New to this edition are chapters on intrusion detection, securing the cloud, securing web apps, ethical hacking, cyber forensics, physical security, disaster recovery, cyber attack deterrence, and more. Chapters by leaders in the field on theory and practice of computer and information security technology, allowing the reader to develop a new level of technical expertise Comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of security issues allows the reader to remain current and fully informed from multiple viewpoints Presents methods of analysis and problem-solving techniques, enhancing the reader's grasp of the material and ability to implement practical solutions

Comprehensive Handbook Of Iodine

Author: Victor R. Preedy
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080920863
Size: 10.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Comprehensive Handbook Of Iodine from the Author: Victor R. Preedy. Over two billion people worldwide are at risk for the spectrum of disorders known as "The Iodine Deficiency Disorders." 1-10% will suffer cretinism; 5-30% will have some sort of brain damage or neurological impairment and 30-70% will be hypothyroid. The causes of iodine deficiencies can be considered from both simplistic and more complex perspectives: From the leaching of iodine from soil resulting in crops with low iodine content to malnutrition resulting in impaired iodine absorption. Poor dietary diversification and impoverished socio-economic development can also lead to iodine deficiencies. Although it is possible to diagnose and treat deficiencies, there is still an ongoing dialogue regarding the detailed molecular pathology of iodine homeostatis, how hypothyroidism impacts the body tissues, and efficient diagnosis and treatment of the Iodine Deficiency Disorders. This Handbook provides a resource of information on the various pathways and processes based on different countries or diseases. Because there is a constant flow of new information on iodine and related disorders, the goal of this Handbook is to provide a base of scientific information upon which additional knowledge can be applied. Provides important information on one of the most common micro-nutrient deficiencies in the world, the most important "single nutrient-multiple consequences" paradigm today Includes information on iodine-related diseases, including those that are common, preventable and treatable Provides insight from a broad perspective of viewpoints -- from subcellular transports to economic impact

Encyclopedia Of Information Science And Technology Fourth Edition

Author: Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522522565
Size: 31.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Encyclopedia Of Information Science And Technology Fourth Edition from the Author: Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi. In recent years, our world has experienced a profound shift and progression in available computing and knowledge sharing innovations. These emerging advancements have developed at a rapid pace, disseminating into and affecting numerous aspects of contemporary society. This has created a pivotal need for an innovative compendium encompassing the latest trends, concepts, and issues surrounding this relevant discipline area. During the past 15 years, the Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology has become recognized as one of the landmark sources of the latest knowledge and discoveries in this discipline. The Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition is a 10-volume set which includes 705 original and previously unpublished research articles covering a full range of perspectives, applications, and techniques contributed by thousands of experts and researchers from around the globe. This authoritative encyclopedia is an all-encompassing, well-established reference source that is ideally designed to disseminate the most forward-thinking and diverse research findings. With critical perspectives on the impact of information science management and new technologies in modern settings, including but not limited to computer science, education, healthcare, government, engineering, business, and natural and physical sciences, it is a pivotal and relevant source of knowledge that will benefit every professional within the field of information science and technology and is an invaluable addition to every academic and corporate library.

Information Science In Transition

Author: Alan Gilchrist
Publisher: Facet Publishing
ISBN: 1856046931
Size: 43.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Information Science In Transition from the Author: Alan Gilchrist. Are we at a turning point in digital information? The expansion of the internet was unprecedented; search engines dealt with it in the only way possible - scan as much as they could and throw it all into an inverted index. But now search engines are beginning to experiment with deep web searching and attention to taxonomies, and the Semantic Web is demonstrating how much more can be done with a computer if you give it knowledge. What does this mean for the skills and focus of the information science (or sciences) community? Should information designers and information managers work more closely to create computer based information systems for more effective retrieval? Will information science become part of computer science and does the rise of the term informatics demonstrate the convergence of information science and information technology - a convergence that must surely develop in the years to come? Issues and questions such as these are reflected in this monograph, a collection of essays written by some of the most pre-eminent contributors to the discipline. These peer reviewed perspectives capture insights into advances in, and facets of, information science, a profession in transition. With an introduction from Jack Meadows the key papers are: Meeting the challenge, by Brian Vickery The developing foundations of information science, by David Bawden The last 50 years of knowledge organization, by Stella G Dextre Clarke On the history of evaluation in IR, by Stephen Robertson The information user, by Tom Wilson The sociological turn in information science, by Blaise Cronin From chemical documentation to chemoinformatics, by Peter Willett Health informatics, by Peter A Bath Social informatics and sociotechnical research, by Elisabeth Davenport The evolution of visual information retrieval, by Peter Enser Information policies, by Elizabeth Orna Disparity in professional qualifications and progress in information handling, by Barry Mahon Electronic scholarly publishing and open access, by Charles Oppenheim Social software: fun and games, or business tools?, by Wendy A Warr Bibliometrics to webometrics, by Mike Thelwall. This monograph previously appeared as a special issue of the Journal of Information Science, published by Sage. Readership: Reproduced here as a monograph, this important collection of perspectives on a skill in transition from a prestigious line-up of authors will now be available to information studies students worldwide and to all those working in the information science field.

Handbook Of Computational Molecular Biology

Author: Srinivas Aluru
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420036275
Size: 47.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Handbook Of Computational Molecular Biology from the Author: Srinivas Aluru. The enormous complexity of biological systems at the molecular level must be answered with powerful computational methods. Computational biology is a young field, but has seen rapid growth and advancement over the past few decades. Surveying the progress made in this multidisciplinary field, the Handbook of Computational Molecular Biology offers comprehensive, systematic coverage of the various techniques and methodologies currently available. Accomplished researcher Srinivas Aluru leads a team of experts from around the world to produce this groundbreaking, authoritative reference. With discussions ranging from fundamental concepts to practical applications, this book details the algorithms necessary to solve novel problems and manage the massive amounts of data housed in biological databases throughout the world. Divided into eight sections for convenient searching, the handbook covers methods and algorithms for sequence alignment, string data structures, sequence assembly and clustering, genome-scale computational methods in comparative genomics, evolutionary and phylogenetic trees, microarrays and gene expression analysis, computational methods in structural biology, and bioinformatics databases and data mining. The Handbook of Computational Molecular Biology is the first resource to integrate coverage of the broad spectrum of topics in computational biology and bioinformatics. It supplies a quick-reference guide for easy implementation and provides a strong foundation for future discoveries in the field.

Comprehensive Handbook Of Chemical Bond Energies

Author: Yu-Ran Luo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420007282
Size: 58.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Comprehensive Handbook Of Chemical Bond Energies from the Author: Yu-Ran Luo. Understanding the energy it takes to build or break chemical bonds is essential for scientists and engineers in a wide range of innovative fields, including catalysis, nanomaterials, bioengineering, environmental chemistry, and space science. Reflecting the frequent additions and updates of bond dissociation energy (BDE) data throughout the literature, the Comprehensive Handbook of Chemical Bond Energies compiles the most recent experimental BDE data for more than 19,600 bonds of 102 elements. The author organizes the data by bond type, functional group, bond order, bond degree, molecular size, and structure for ease of use. Data can also be located using the Periodic table. The book presents data for organic molecules, biochemicals, and radicals as well as clusters, ions, hydrogen- and surface-bonded species, van der Waals complexes, isotopic species, and halogen-clusters/complexes. It also introduces entirely new data for inorganics and organometallics. The final chapter summarizes the heats of formation for atoms, inorganic/organic radicals, and monoatomic ions in the gas phase. The Comprehensive Handbook of Chemical Bond Energies offers quick access to experimental BDE data in the most inclusive, well-organized, and up-to-date collection available today.

Fluid And Electrolytes In Pediatrics

Author: Leonard G. Feld
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781603272247
Size: 32.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Fluid And Electrolytes In Pediatrics from the Author: Leonard G. Feld. Features tables and information on various aspects of fluid, electrolyte and acid-base metabolism for general pediatrics, family practitioners, residents, medical students, nurses and the medical or surgical specialties. This book covers definition and pathophysiology, symptoms, diagnosis and causes, treatment and representative scenarios.