The Industrialisation Of Soviet Russia Volume 6 The Years Of Progress

Author: R. Davies
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113736257X
Size: 10.79 MB
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The Industrialisation Of Soviet Russia Volume 6 The Years Of Progress from the Author: R. Davies. Based on extensive research in formerly secret archives, this volume examines the progress of Soviet industrialisation against the background of the rising threat of aggression from Germany, Japan and Italy, and the consolidation of Stalin's power.

Farm To Factory

Author: Robert C. Allen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691006963
Size: 79.22 MB
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Farm To Factory from the Author: Robert C. Allen. To say that history's greatest economic experiment--Soviet communism--was also its greatest economic failure is to say what many consider obvious. Here, in a startling reinterpretation, Robert Allen argues that the USSR was one of the most successful developing economies of the twentieth century. He reaches this provocative conclusion by recalculating national consumption and using economic, demographic, and computer simulation models to address the "what if" questions central to Soviet history. Moreover, by comparing Soviet performance not only with advanced but with less developed countries, he provides a meaningful context for its evaluation. Although the Russian economy began to develop in the late nineteenth century based on wheat exports, modern economic growth proved elusive. But growth was rapid from 1928 to the 1970s--due to successful Five Year Plans. Notwithstanding the horrors of Stalinism, the building of heavy industry accelerated growth during the 1930s and raised living standards, especially for the many peasants who moved to cities. A sudden drop in fertility due to the education of women and their employment outside the home also facilitated growth. While highlighting the previously underemphasized achievements of Soviet planning, Farm to Factory also shows, through methodical analysis set in fluid prose, that Stalin's worst excesses--such as the bloody collectivization of agriculture--did little to spur growth. Economic development stagnated after 1970, as vital resources were diverted to the military and as a Soviet leadership lacking in original thought pursued wasteful investments.

The Years Of Hunger

Author: R. W. Davies
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
Size: 77.46 MB
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The Years Of Hunger from the Author: R. W. Davies. The fifth volume in a landmark series of independent volumes on the Industrialisation of Soviet Russia, this work covers the years 1929-1937, the crucial period of the first two five-year plans. In these years the Soviet Union became a great industrial power, and the economic system took the form which, in its main features, it retained until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Agriculture was collectivised and the whole economy was subordinated to central state planning: the Stalinist political regime was consolidated a new social structure emerged. This was the first attempt of a major country to manage economic and social development by a comprehensive plan. The weaknesses which ultimately led to its failure may partly be traced back to the 1930s: the tendency to overinvestment and overtaut planning, the inability to innovate, and the frustration of the grandiose efforts to modernise agriculture. While the Soviet system ultimately failed, Soviet industrialisation was a crucial stage in spreading the economic and social transformation which began in England in the middle of the eighteenth century to the thousands of millions of peasants who lived on the borders of starvation in Asia, Africa and Latin America.-- Publisher description.

Russian And Soviet Economic Performance And Structure

Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company
Size: 57.45 MB
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Russian And Soviet Economic Performance And Structure from the Author: . This study in transition economics, covers Russian and Soviet economic performance and looks at the origins of the Soviet economy, the administrative command economy and its decline, and contemporary Russia.

Everyday Stalinism

Author: Sheila Fitzpatrick
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198021690
Size: 42.32 MB
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Everyday Stalinism from the Author: Sheila Fitzpatrick. Here is a pioneering account of everyday life under Stalin, written by a leading authority on modern Russian history. Focusing on the urban population, Fitzpatrick depicts a world of privation, overcrowding, endless lines, and broken homes, in which the regime's promises of future socialist abundance rang hollowly. We read of a government bureaucracy that often turned life into a nightmare, and of how ordinary citizens tried to circumvent it. We also read of the secret police, whose constant surveillance was endemic at this time, and the waves of terror, like the Great Purges of 1937, which periodically cast society into turmoil.

The Commanding Heights

Author: Daniel Yergin
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 184737591X
Size: 14.16 MB
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The Commanding Heights from the Author: Daniel Yergin. The most powerful force in the world economy today is the redefinition of the relationship between state and marketplace - a process that goes by the name of privatization though this term is inadequate to express its far-reaching changes. We are moving from an era in which governments sought to seize and control the 'commanding heights' of the economy to an era in which the idea of free markets is capturing the commanding heights of world economic thinking. Basic views of how society ought to be organized are undergoing rapid change, trillions of dollars are changing hands and so is fundamental political power. Great new wealth is being created - as are huge opportunities and huge risks. Taking a worldwide perspective, including Britain, where the process began with Mrs Thatcher, Europe and the former USSR, China, Latin America and the US, THE COMMANDING HEIGHTS shows how a revolution in ideas is transforming the world economy - why it is happening, how it can go wrong and what it will mean for the global economy going into the twenty-first century.