Industrial Clusters Migrant Workers And Labour Markets In India

Author: S. Uchikawa
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137408774
Size: 48.15 MB
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Industrial Clusters Migrant Workers And Labour Markets In India from the Author: S. Uchikawa. This book analyzes three points: employment conditions for migrant workers, the impact of industrialization as part of industrial clusters upon surrounding and outlying villages, and the labour market in industrial clusters. This book examines the cases of two newly developed industrial clusters: Ludhiana in Punjab and Tiruppur in Tamil Nadu.

Sweatshop Regimes In The Indian Garment Industry

Author: Alessandra Mezzadri
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107116961
Size: 25.65 MB
Format: PDF
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Sweatshop Regimes In The Indian Garment Industry from the Author: Alessandra Mezzadri. This book theorises the garment sweatshop in India as a complex 'regime' of exploitation and oppression, jointly crafted by global, regional and local actors, composed of factory and non-factory settings, and working across productive and reproductive realms. It engages with key debates on industrial modernity, modern slavery, and ethical consumerism.

Economic Transformation Of A Developing Economy

Author: Lakhwinder Singh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811001979
Size: 55.67 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Economic Transformation Of A Developing Economy from the Author: Lakhwinder Singh. Foreword by Prof. Kaushik Basu This book traces the development experience of one of India’s most dynamic and prosperous states, Punjab, which has provided the country with a much-needed degree of food security. The relative regression of Punjab’s economy in the post-economic reforms period and slow current economic growth give cause for concern. The contributions in this book address the question of why the structural transformation of Punjab’s economy has fallen into the middle-income trap. Each investigates the policy constraints influencing the relative stagnation of the economy and suggests appropriate measures for alleviating them. By integrating theoretical constructs and new evidence, the authoritative contributions diagnose the nature of the current problems and offer practical solutions. They cover important issues such as the crisis of agrarian transition, agrarian markets and distributive justice, employment growth and transition to non-agriculture sectors, fiscal policy, external factors in economic transformation, and perspectives on rejuvenating the state’s economy.

Economic Challenges For The Contemporary World

Author: Mausumi Das
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 9351508773
Size: 65.78 MB
Format: PDF
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Economic Challenges For The Contemporary World from the Author: Mausumi Das. Cutting-edge scholarship on various aspects of economic development!

Unsettled Settlers

Author: Arjan de Haan
Publisher: Uitgeverij Verloren
ISBN: 9789065504180
Size: 75.40 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Unsettled Settlers from the Author: Arjan de Haan.

Rural Migrants In Urban China

Author: Fulong Wu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135095272
Size: 77.27 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Rural Migrants In Urban China from the Author: Fulong Wu. After millions of migrants moved from the countryside into the cities in China, there was huge pressure to redevelop their enclaves. This emerging urbanism gave way to a new built environment through demolition and the development of new towns, the migrants lives entered a transient phase from an informal to a formal urbanity. This book looks at the migrants and their enclaves, known as the 'villages in the city'. Through an examination of their neighbourhoods, it reveals the characteristics and changes in the migrants' livelihood and living places.

Industrial Clusters And Micro And Small Enterprises In Africa

Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821386286
Size: 70.31 MB
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Industrial Clusters And Micro And Small Enterprises In Africa from the Author: World Bank. The World Bank, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Research Institute, and the Foundation for Advanced Studies on International Development (FASID), in collaboration with researchers affiliated with the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), recently conducted a study on Africa s domestic enterprises to improve the understanding of the constraints micro and small enterprises in Africa face in improving productivity and expanding their markets. In Africa, there are stark performance gaps between domestically owned enterprises and foreign-owned enterprises in terms of sales performance, productivity, and ability to reach distant markets. Among others, size appears to be a dominant factor in explaining the gap. Against this background, the study analyzes how naturally formed industrial clusters concentrations of enterprises engaged in same or closely related industrial activities in specific locations could potentially mitigate constraints Africa s micro and small enterprises face and enhance their business performance. The study is one of the first comprehensive quantitative inquiries on industrial clusters in Africa. The analysis specifically focuses on the role of spontaneously grown clusters of light manufacturing industries based on a set of original case studies of industrial clusters conducted for this research project. One of the key findings from the case studies was that cluster-based micro and small enterprises are performing better than similar micro and small enterprises outside of the clusters in terms of sales performance and ability to reach distant markets. Market access is a leading reason for cluster-based enterprises to choose their current locations. However, cluster-based enterprises face another set of unique growth constraints. By the very nature of spontaneous agglomera tion, new enterprises continue to flow to the clusters seeking the profit opportunities and better access to markets at such locations. The result can be intense competition in addition to increased congestion. Space constraints often impede growth within clusters. The lack of alternative locations available for industrial activities in the same cities, generic infrastructure bottlenecks, and unclear zoning policies and their unpredictable changes limit firms location choices and constrain their mobility. While competition should improve efficiency, lack of capacity among those competing cluster-based enterprises to invest and innovate does not generate growth out of the competition. The vast majority of naturally formed clusters of light manufacturing industries in Africa are still at a survival level, where agglomeration externalities are only limited to expand quantity but not quality as we observe in more advanced innovation-oriented clusters in elsewhere in the world. Existing studies on such natural industrial clusters in Africa have found that the lack of managerial skills among entrepreneurs running micro and small enterprises is a major constraint for innovation and growth in the clusters. As a part of this study, pilot managerial skills training programs were conducted in two industrial clusters on an experimental basis, where a group of randomly selected entrepreneurs within the clusters were given three-week long crush course of based management such as bookkeeping, marketing, business planning, and production management. The impact evaluation of the experiments showed significant positive impacts of the training programs on value added and gross profits of enterprises. Raising the current survival-type industrial clusters, which have been formed as a coping mechanism to weak investment climate, into more dynamic innovating clusters will be an important avenue for fostering growth of micro and small enterprises in Africa. While national efforts to improve investment climate and investments in human capital are undoubtedly important, there could be more targeted policies to be formulated, in complementing general policies, to support growth of micro and small domestic enterprises using existing industrial clusters as a natural springboard for their growth. In that context, the study discusses the merit of cluster-based managerial human capital development to build steps toward more innovation-oriented clusters, the importance of sound spatial planning policy, particularly at the local level in the context of urban planning, the need to expand market access and economic linkages for industrial clusters including regional integration and linkages with large enterprises.

Small And Medium Enterprises In India

Author: Satyaki Roy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135071411
Size: 73.99 MB
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Small And Medium Enterprises In India from the Author: Satyaki Roy. Small and medium enterprises (SME) have attracted increasing interest in the last few years, and industrialization is no longer seen as a linear way of development. This book analyzes how SME clusters emerge in a developing economy. Using India as a case study, it addresses one central question: If growth has largely failed to be inclusive so far, and if employing a work force in increasing returns activities through a different trajectory of industrialization is largely dependent upon industrial clusters of small and medium sized firms, then what are the structural infirmities and asymmetries that need to be taken into account in the context of framing policies related to industrial clusters? The book identifies the structural infirmities in industrial clusters in India, which could be typical to any of the developing countries and sharply in contrast to European success stories. Blending theory and empirical material, it provides a middle ground between the two extremes of a uniform policy assuming ‘one size fits all’, and a specific policy based on individual cases. The book redraws the broad contours where space and production processes mutually constitute each other, giving rise to outcomes somewhat generic to underdevelopment. It is of interest to academics working in the fields of economics, business administration/ management and development economics.

Challenging The Chip

Author: Ted Smith
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 9781592133314
Size: 36.73 MB
Format: PDF
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Challenging The Chip from the Author: Ted Smith. A revealing look at the dark side of the electronics industry and global efforts to move it toward greater sustainability and accountability.

Migration Modernity And Social Transformation In South Asia

Author: Filippo Osella
Publisher: Sage Publications Pvt. Ltd
ISBN: 9780761932093
Size: 51.39 MB
Format: PDF
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Migration Modernity And Social Transformation In South Asia from the Author: Filippo Osella. Human movement—and how it should be controlled—has become a major political issue in recent years. This volume reopens discussions on movement both within rural areas, and between villages, towns and cities—aspects and types of migration on which contemporary anthropology and sociology are largely silent—in South Asia. The book demonstrates how economic considerations apart, migrations are ‘projects of transformation’, in which migrants forge new identities and challenge the existing order.